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次生细胞壁
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  secondary cell wall
     By now,there have been no ways to distinguish DNase activation and DNA fragmentation resulting from the activation from secondary cell wall formation.
     至今还无法将DNase活化及其引起的DNA断裂过程与次生细胞壁构建过程分开.
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  “次生细胞壁”译为未确定词的双语例句
     With fine and granular suspension cultures established from P. tomentosa, differential expression of 12 genes related to cell wall formation including cell expansion, cellulose synthesis, lignin synthesis, etc, were investigated by reverse transcript PCR (RT-PCR) technique.
     以单细胞和小细胞团二种悬浮培养体系为材料,利用反转录PCR技术(RT PCR),研究了毛白杨初生和次生细胞壁形成中若干相关基因的差异表达,包括与细胞伸展、纤维素合成、木质素合成等有关的12个基因。
短句来源
     In summary, the three chemical treatments all increased the MP yield, carboxymethylcellulose activity, the degradation rates of parenchyma, sclerenchyma and phloem and the extents of degradation of sclerenchyma (primarily secondary wall) to improve the digestibility and the nutritive value of RS.
     综上所述,NaOH、Urea和NH4HCO:处理可提高瘤胃微生物蛋白产量和梭甲基纤维素酶活力,明显加快薄壁组织、厚壁组织和维管束组织的韧皮部在瘤胃中的降解,提高厚壁组织(主要是次生细胞壁)在瘤胃中的降解程度,从而来提高稻草的干物质消化率,改善稻草的营养价值。
短句来源
     The contents of endogenous hormones were remarkbly higher in cotton ovule than in fibre cell at different phases.
     花后15~35天(即次生细胞壁加厚期)IAA的含量呈直线上升趋势,胚珠中各内源激素的含量显著高于纤维中的含量。
短句来源
     But PCD in plants is different from that in animals in that the products from PCD in plants can either be phagocytosed by other cells or used for constructing the cell's own secondary wall.
     也有一些不同 ,植物PCD的产物既可被其它细胞吸收利用 ; 也可用于构建自身的次生细胞壁
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     SECONDARY COLOUR OF JADEITE JADE
     翡翠的次生
短句来源
     Cell wall degradation enzyme is one of the important pathogen factors of F.
     细胞壁降解酶是F.
短句来源
     GENERATIVE CELL WALL OF ANGIOSPERMS
     被子植物生殖细胞的细胞壁
短句来源
     The Secondary Metabolism of Plant
     植物次生代谢
短句来源
     The results indicated that along with the formation and lignification of the secondary wall, great changes had taken place in the cell walls.
     结果表明 ,随着细胞次生壁的形成与木质化 ,细胞壁结构发生较大变化。
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  secondary cell wall
Initiation and coordinated and intrusive growth are considered, as well as formation of secondary cell wall, including its gelatinous layers, and senescence.
      
The maximum AA content was observed at the early stage of the secondary cell wall thickening in the tracheids of early and late xylem preceding lignification.
      
The formation of the secondary cell wall was shown to be most retarded.
      
These septa were covered with secondary cell wall material.
      
thermosulfurigenes EM1 contains pyruvate (4?μg?mg-1) is in agreement with the hypothesis that pyruvylated secondary cell wall polymers function as ligand for SLH domains.
      
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Three endogenous hormones including IAA,GA 3 and ZRs in cotton ovules and fibre were measured during several key stages of cotton fibre development.The results were showed as follows:3 days before bloom(the initial stage of cotton fibre cell),there were rather high contents of IAA and ZRs while 5—15 days after flowering,GA 3 increased rapidly,and 15_35 days post anthesis (the thickening period of secondary cell wall),IAA content appeared linear...

Three endogenous hormones including IAA,GA 3 and ZRs in cotton ovules and fibre were measured during several key stages of cotton fibre development.The results were showed as follows:3 days before bloom(the initial stage of cotton fibre cell),there were rather high contents of IAA and ZRs while 5—15 days after flowering,GA 3 increased rapidly,and 15_35 days post anthesis (the thickening period of secondary cell wall),IAA content appeared linear rise.The contents of endogenous hormones were remarkbly higher in cotton ovule than in fibre cell at different phases.It was proposed that coordination between IAA and ZRs was essential for fibre differentiation;GA 3 advanced fibre elongation,ZRs inhibited fibre elongation;IAA was an important factor affecting the formation of fibre secondary cell wall.

在棉纤维分化和发育的几个重要阶段测定胚珠及纤维中生长素(IAA)、赤霉素(GA3)和细胞分裂素(ZRs)3类内源激素的含量。结果发现:开花前3天(即棉纤维细胞起始时期)IAA和ZRs的含量相当高;花后5~15天(即纤维伸长高峰期)GA3的含量处于快速增长期;花后15~35天(即次生细胞壁加厚期)IAA的含量呈直线上升趋势,胚珠中各内源激素的含量显著高于纤维中的含量。由此可知,棉纤维的分化需要生长素和细胞分裂素的共同作用;GA3促进纤维的伸长,ZRs抑制纤维的伸长;促进纤维次生壁形成的重要因素是IAA。

The differentiation progress of xylem cell consists of two progresses,one of which is closely related to other,programmed cell death and construction of secondary cell wall.The studies of the two progresses were respectively done,both they advanced greatly on cell biology and molecular biology.The studies on secondary cell wall were for a long time,and advanced more greatly than that on PCD.The studies on the dedifferentiation were less than the differentiation,and advanced significantly.

木质部细胞的分化过程包括了密切不可分的细胞程序死亡和次生壁构建两个过程。现在的研究主要是将两个过程分开来研究 ,各自在细胞生物学和分子生物学上取得了不少进展 ,有关次生细胞壁方面的研究时间长 ,成果也较大。有关木质部细胞脱分化的研究相对较少 ,但也已取得了可喜的进展。

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a natural cell death process controled by "death programme" coded by certain genes, occurring at certain stages of development, and commonly present in the process of plant development. PCD is the last stage of cell differentiation. The critical phase of cell differentiation occurs when the death programme is being run. PCD comprises of initiation, effector and degradation, during which the caspase family plays the key role. PCD is important in processes of plant development such...

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a natural cell death process controled by "death programme" coded by certain genes, occurring at certain stages of development, and commonly present in the process of plant development. PCD is the last stage of cell differentiation. The critical phase of cell differentiation occurs when the death programme is being run. PCD comprises of initiation, effector and degradation, during which the caspase family plays the key role. PCD is important in processes of plant development such as cell and tissue homeostasis and specialization, tissue differentiation and organ sculpting, and reactions to pathogens. The timing of morphological and biochemical changes are ordered during PCD. Some features of PCD in plants, including the changes in cell morphology and DNA degradation, are similar to those in animals. But PCD in plants is different from that in animals in that the products from PCD in plants can either be phagocytosed by other cells or used for constructing the cell's own secondary wall.

细胞程序死亡 (PCD)是在植物体发育过程中普遍存在的 ,在发育的特定阶段发生的自然的细胞死亡过程 ,这一死亡过程是由某些特定基因编码的“死亡程序”控制的。PCD是细胞分化的最后阶段。细胞分化的临界期就处于死亡程序执行中的某个阶段。PCD包含启动期、效应期和清除期三个阶段 ,其间caspase家族起着重要作用。PCD在细胞和组织的平衡、特化 ,以及组织分化、器官建成和对病原体的反应等植物发育过程中起着重要作用。PCD中的形态学变化和生物化学变化都有着严格的时序性。植物的PCD和动物的PCD有许多共性 ,包括细胞形态和DNA降解等变化。也有一些不同 ,植物PCD的产物既可被其它细胞吸收利用 ;也可用于构建自身的次生细胞壁

 
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