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二甲基
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  dimethyl
     A Study on the Theory and Experiments of Dimethyl Ether Engine Spray & Atomization
     二甲基醚发动机喷射雾化的理论和实验研究
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     Gel Filtration of Fulvic Acid Ⅱ.On Sephadex Gel and in Dimethyl Sulfoxide Medium
     黄腐酸的凝胶过滤Ⅱ.在葡聚糖凝胶上与二甲基亚砜介质中的凝胶过滤
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     Application of amphoteric surface active agents in spectrophotometric analysis——The system of beryllium-chromazurol S-dodecyl dimethyl ammonium acetate
     两性表面活性剂在光度分析中的应用——“铍-铬天青S-十二烷基二甲基氨基乙酸”体系
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     Commercial experiment of flotation of lead and copper-bismuth ore with dimethyl ethylene acetylene methanol
     用二甲基乙烯乙炔甲醇作浮选铅及铜-铋矿的工业试验
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     STUDIES ON MICROSCOPIC AND SUBMICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF HUMAN PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA CELLS(HL-60) DURING DIFFERENTIATION INDUCED BY RETINOIDS AND DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
     维生素A类化合物和二甲基亚砜诱导人早幼粒白血病细胞(HL-60)分化的显微与亚显微结构研究
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  dimethylsilane
     Synthesis and characterization of copolyimides from bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)dimethylsilane dianhydride
     基于双-(3,4-苯二甲酸酐)二甲基硅烷共聚酰亚胺的合成及表征(英文)
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     Monomer bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)dimethylsilane dianhydride was synthesized from 4-bromo-1,2-dimethyl-benzene and dichlorodimethylsilane through Wurtz coupling reaction , oxidization and cyclization reaction with the overall yield of 24. 7% .
     从4-溴-1,2-二甲苯出发,经过三步反应合成了双-(3,4-苯二甲酸酐)二甲基硅烷单体,总产率为24.7%;
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     Synthesis and Characterization of Bis-(4-Phenyleneoxyl Phenyl)Dimethylsilane
     二(4-苯氧基苯基)二甲基硅烷的合成与表征
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     The silicon-containing poly(amic acid)s were synthesized from bis (3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)dimethylsilane dianhydride (SIDA),pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) and 4,4′-oxydianiline (4,4′-ODA) in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc).
     由双 (3,4 苯二甲酸酐 )二甲基硅烷、均苯四甲酸酐和 4 ,4′ 二氨基二苯醚制备了含硅聚酰胺酸 .
短句来源
     Bis(3,4 - dicarboxyphenyl)dimethylsilane dianhydride (SIDA) and pyromellitic dianhy-dride (PMDA) as well as 4,4' - diamino -3,3' - dimethyldiphenylmethane(MMDA) were used to prepare polyimides with good organo - solubility. The polyimides were prepared by solution polycondensation followed by chemical imidization.
     以双-(3,4-苯二甲酸酐)二甲基硅烷(SIDA)、均苯四甲酸酐和3,3’-二甲基-4,4’-二氨基二苯基甲烷(MMDA)为原料,通过溶液缩聚及化学酰亚胺化制备了3种有机可溶的聚酰亚胺。
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  “二甲基”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Application of N, N-Dimethylhydroxylamine in the Partition of Plutonium/Uranium and the Development of the Computer Simulation Program
     N,N-二甲基羟胺在铀钚分离中的应用和计算机程序的开发
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     Microwave-assisted Ring-opening Polymerization of 2, 2-Dimethyltrimethylene Carbonate and ε-Caprolactone
     2,2-二甲基三亚甲基碳酸酯和ε-己内酯的微波开环聚合
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     Synthesis and in Vitro Activities of 7-[(1S, 4S)-3, 3-Dimethyl-2-OXA-5-Azabicyclo[2.2.1] Heptan-5-YL]-Quinolones and Analogs
     7-[(1S,4S)-3,3-二甲基-2-氧杂-5-氮杂二环[2.2.1]庚烷基]-喹诺酮及其类似物的合成及抗菌活性的研究
短句来源
     PYRIMIDINE RESEARCH.THE ACTION OF CHLORINE ON MERCAPTOPYRIMIDINES.SYNTHESIS OF 4,5-DIMETHYL-CYTOSINE
     嘧啶的研究:氯对硫醇嘧啶的作用2-酮-4-氨基-5,6-二甲基-1,2-二氢-嘧啶的合成
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     SYNTHESIS OF 3, 4-DIMETHYL BENZOIC ACID——AN INTERMEDIATE FOR IRGAFEN PREPARATION
     益解分中同体—3,4-二甲基苯甲酸的合成
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  dimethyl
MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazol)-2,5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide) assay was performed to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity.
      
Synthesis and Antimicrobial Evaluation of Some t(3)-Alkyl and t(3),t(5)-Dimethyl-r(2),c(6)-DI-2'-Furfurylpiperidin-4-one and its
      
A new series of p-benzoquinones, hydroquinones, and quinol dimethyl ethers substituted by a pyrazole ring either directly or after an oxoethyl linker was synthesized and screened for in vitro cytotoxic activity.
      
Synthesis and biological evaluation of 5,7-diaryl-4,4-dimethyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyridino[3,4-d]-1,2,3-thiadiazoles
      
Three 3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis-(2'-(4'-substituted-oxazolinyl)) furans were synthesized at 90%-94% yields from reaction of 3,4-dihydroxyfuran-2,5-dicar-boxylic acid or its dimethyl ester with chiral β-amino alcohol via a one-step process.
      
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  dimethylsilane
Organosilicon and carbofunctional organosilicon compounds were reacted with chloro(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane, disilaethane, and disilaethene to obtain previously unknown linear and heterocyclic products.
      
Reaction of Chloro(chlorodimethyl)dimethylsilane with O-Silylurethanes and Nicotinic Hydrazide in the Presence of Hexamethyldisi
      
The reaction of chloro(chlorodimethyl)dimethylsilane and hexamethyldisilazane with O-silylurethanes and nicotinic hydrazide gives rise to products whose structure is determined by the composition, structure, and basicity of intermediate compounds.
      
Reaction of N,N'-Bis(trimethylsilyl)-N-methyl-N'-arylureas with Chloro(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane
      
Hydrolysis of chloro[2-(ethynyldimethylsilyl)vinyl]dimethylsilane provides the trans-trans isomer of 1,3-bis[2-(ethynyldimethylsilyl)vinyl]tetramethyldisiloxane exclusively.
      
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Von Knorre first suggested the use of benzidine and o-tolidine for the determination of tungsten. With the latter reagent, he succeeded also in separat- ing tungstate from phosphate. Later on, o-dianisidine and vanillylidene benzidine have been proposed as precipitants for tungstate. The optimum pH ranges for the quantitative precipitation of tungstate by means of these precipitants and tetraminodiphenyl, which have not yet been found in the literature, are: benzidine pH: 2.0-5.5 o-tolidine 2.9-4.7 o-dianisidine...

Von Knorre first suggested the use of benzidine and o-tolidine for the determination of tungsten. With the latter reagent, he succeeded also in separat- ing tungstate from phosphate. Later on, o-dianisidine and vanillylidene benzidine have been proposed as precipitants for tungstate. The optimum pH ranges for the quantitative precipitation of tungstate by means of these precipitants and tetraminodiphenyl, which have not yet been found in the literature, are: benzidine pH: 2.0-5.5 o-tolidine 2.9-4.7 o-dianisidine 2.0-4.1 vanillylidene benzidine 1.7-3.9 tetraminodiphenyl 1.7-4.8 The effect of introducing various groups into the benzidine molecule upon the tungsten precipitating property is not profound. The relation between quantitative precipitation of tungstate with benzidine and the product of concentrations of both constituents before precipitation Was studied. It is found that quantitative precipitation of tungstate ions Can be realized only when the product of concentrations of reactants before precipitation is equal to or greater than 0.8 × 10~(-5), and the moles of benzidine added must be at least equal to that of tungstate. The gravimetlic determination of tungsten by means of o-tolidine may be applied to samples containing as low as 10 mg of rungsten trioxide in 200 ml solution, if an absolute error of 0. 5 mg can be tolelxted. For larger quantities of tungsten present in sample, the absolute errors amount to only 0.1-0.2 mg. Tetraminodiphenyl may be used as a tungsten precipitant, but no advantage over benzidine Wan found in our present studies.

1.用二胺聯苯及其數種衍生物沉澱鎢酸根時,其適宜的pH範圍如下:[4,4′]二胺聯苯 pH:2.0-5.5[3,3′]二甲基[4,4′]二胺聯苯 2.9-4.7[3,3′]二甲氧基[4,4′]二胺聯苯 2.0-4.1[4]對胺聯苯氮甲烯[2]甲苯酚 1.7-3.9[3,4,3′,4′]四胺聯苯 1.7-4.8 2.用[4,4′]二胺聯苯作沉澱劑時,二胺聯苯和鎢酸根在沉澱前的濃度之乘積與後者沉澱完全與否的關係,曾加研究。 3.用[3,3′]二甲基[4,4′]二胺聯苯作沉澱劑時,能测定低至10毫克的三氧化鎢。

4-Methyl-5-ethyl-2-thiouracil,m.p.211°,was prepared according to the direc- tions of Johnson and Baily.4-Methyl-5-ethyl-uracil,m.p.236°,was formed in a 81% yield from 4-methyl-5-ethyl-2-thiouracil by boiling the latter with an aqueous solution of monochloroacetic acid.4-Methyl-5-ethyl-uracil reacted with phosphorous oxychloride and phosphorous pentachloride,giving 4-methyl-5-ethyl-2,6-dichloropy- rimidine in a 79% yield.This dichloropyrimidine boiled at 145° at 23mm,at 120° at 9mm,at 130° at 10mm,or at 130°...

4-Methyl-5-ethyl-2-thiouracil,m.p.211°,was prepared according to the direc- tions of Johnson and Baily.4-Methyl-5-ethyl-uracil,m.p.236°,was formed in a 81% yield from 4-methyl-5-ethyl-2-thiouracil by boiling the latter with an aqueous solution of monochloroacetic acid.4-Methyl-5-ethyl-uracil reacted with phosphorous oxychloride and phosphorous pentachloride,giving 4-methyl-5-ethyl-2,6-dichloropy- rimidine in a 79% yield.This dichloropyrimidine boiled at 145° at 23mm,at 120° at 9mm,at 130° at 10mm,or at 130° at 11mm;and melted at 33°.This dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium methoxide in methyl alcohol,with sodium ethoxide in ethyl alcohol,with sodium n-propoxide in n-propyl alcohol,with sodium isopropoxide in isopropyl alcohol,with sodium n-butoxide in n-butyl alcohol,with sodium isobutoxide in isobutyl alcohol,with sodium isopentoxide in isoamyl alcohol and with sodium benzoxide in benzyl alcohol,giving the corresponding 2,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine(b.p.113°/13mm,107°/7mm,115°/15mm,or 125°/ 18mm,),2,6-diethoxy-pyrimidine(b.p. 143°/20mm),2,6-di-n-propoxy-pyrimidine (b.p.131°/5mm),2,6-di-isopropoxy-pyrimidine(b.p.114°/5mm),2,6-di-n-butoxy- pyrimidine(b.p.175°/7mm),2,6-di-isobutoxy-pyrimidine(b.p.155°/5mm),2,6-di- isopentoxy-pyrimidine(b.p.170°/5mm)and 2,6-di-benzoxy-pyrimidine (b.p.221°/ 3mm)respectively. 4-Methyl-5-ethyl-2,6-dimethoxy pyrimidine rearranged partially in the pre- sence of methyl iodide at room temperature into 2-oxy-3,4-dimethyl-5-ethyl-6- methoxy-pyrimidine, m.p.81°,the structure of which was established by its be- havior on hydrolysis in the presence of concentrated hydrochloric acid,giving 3,4-dimethyl-5-ethyl-uracil,m.p.170-171°.Nevertheless,4-methyl-5-ethyl-2,6-di- methoxy-pyrimidine rearranged with ease into the isomeric and stable configura- tion,1,3,4-trimethyl-5-ethyI-uracil(b.p.190°/7mm,m.p.99-100°)by merely heat- ing at 280°-290° for six hours.Furthermore,the partially rearranged configura- tion,like 2-oxy-3,4-dimethyl-5-ethyl-6-methoxy-pyrimidine,was only stable,however, at this lower temperature;and further transformation into the isomeric and com- pletely rearranged modification took place by heating at 335-350° for six hours. In this case,1,3,4-trimethyl-5-ethyl-uracil(m.p.99-100°)was similarly isolated.

(1)4-甲基5-乙基-2,6-二氯代嘧啶曾用磷醯氯和五氯化磷与其相应的2,6-二羟基嘧啶作用制取。(2)4-甲基-5-乙基-2,6-二氯代嘧啶与醇钠作用,极易转变成4-甲基-5-乙基-2,6-二烷氧基嘧啶。(3)4-甲基-5-乙基-2,6-二甲氧基嘧啶和2-氧代-3,4-二甲基-5-乙基-6-甲氧基嘧啶在高温时重排成其稳定构型的(或称内醯胺)的异构体:1,3,4-三甲基-5-乙基-2,6-二氧代嘧啶。另一方面,4-甲基-5-乙基-2,6-二甲氧基嘧啶用碘代甲烷处理并长久放置则仅仅发生部分重排作用,得到2-氧代-3,4-二甲基-5-乙基-6-甲氧基嘧啶。

4-Methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine was prepared by heating 4-methyl-uracil with phosphorous oxychloride in the presence of phosphorous pentachloride; and it boiled at 97° at 7 mm, at 102° at 10 mm, or at 113° at 13 mm. 4-Methyl-2,6- dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium methoxide in anhydrous methyl alcohol, forming 4-methyl-2,6- dimethoxy-pyrimidine, which was isolated by ether extraction and pnrified by vacuum distillation. Pure 4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine boiled at 85-87° at 7 mm, or at 103° at 13 mm,...

4-Methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine was prepared by heating 4-methyl-uracil with phosphorous oxychloride in the presence of phosphorous pentachloride; and it boiled at 97° at 7 mm, at 102° at 10 mm, or at 113° at 13 mm. 4-Methyl-2,6- dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium methoxide in anhydrous methyl alcohol, forming 4-methyl-2,6- dimethoxy-pyrimidine, which was isolated by ether extraction and pnrified by vacuum distillation. Pure 4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine boiled at 85-87° at 7 mm, or at 103° at 13 mm, and melted at 62-65°. It was recrystallized from petroleum ether, m.p. 65-66°. In the above reaction, there was isolated a white solid, suspending in the ethereal solution and being collected separately. This white solid, considered as a by-product, was dissolved in hot water and acidified with acetic acid, whereupon it separated in needles. After recrystallization from water, it melted at 201-202°. It was tentatively assigned to be 4-methyl-2-methoxy- uracil. Further, 2,6-dialkoxy-pyrimidines were prepared similarly as 4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxy- pyrimidine: 4-Methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium ethylate in anhydrous ethyl alcohol, forming 4-methyl-2,6-diethoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 110°/11 ram. 4-Methyl- 2,6-dichloropyrimidine was treated with sodium n-propoxide in normal propyl alcohol, forming 4-methyl-2,6-di-n-propoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 120°/5 mm. 4-Methyl- 2,6-dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium iso-propoxide in isopropyl alcohol, forming 4-methyl-2,6-di-isopropoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 103°/3 mm. The action of sodium n-butoxide in normal butyl alcohoI upon 4-methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidnie gave 4-methyl- 2,6-di-n-butoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 147-148°/5 mm. The action of sodium isobutoxide in isobutyl alcohol upon 4-methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine gave 4-methyl-2,6- isobutoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 132-133°/6 mm. The action of sodium isopentoxide in isopentyl alcohol upon 4-methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine gave 4 methyl-2,6-di-isopentoxy- pyrimidine, which boiled at 145-146°/3 mm. 4-Methyl-2,6-dichloropyrimidine reacted with sodium benzoxide in benzyl alcohol, giving 4-methyl-2,6-dibenzoxy-pyrimidine, which boiled at 231°/6 mm. 4-Methyl-2,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine was heated in a sealed tube at 330-350°, giving the completely rearranged isomeric compound, 1,3,4-trimethyl-uracil, which was purified by vacuum sublimation at 130° at 10 mm and then by recrystallization from 95% alcohol. The latter melted at 107-109°. Nevertheless, 4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine was dis- solved in methyl iodide, and kept at room temperature in the dark with occasional shaking; whereupon the partially rearranged product, 2-oxy-3,4-dimethyl-6-methoxy-pyrimidine, gradually separated out. After recrystallization from absolutealcohol, it melted at 134-135.5°. Its structure was established as follows: Pure 2-oxy-3,4-dimethyl-6-methoxy-pyrimidine was heated with dilute hydrochloric acid for one hour; whereupon 3,4-dimethyl-uracil, m.p. 220-221°, separated out. This partially rearranged product, 2-oxy-3,4-dimethyl-6-methoxy- pyrimidine was heated at 335-350° and was again transformed into its stable and completely rearranged modification, 1,3,4-trimethyl-uracil, which was purified by vacuum sublimation and then recrystallization from 95% alcohol. The latter melted at 109-110°.

(1)4-甲基-2,6-二氯代嘧啶與鈉醇和醇的溶液作用,可以形成相應的2,6-二烴氧基嘧啶。 (2)4-甲基-2,6-二甲氧基嘧啶加熱至高温度即可轉變成其穩定結構的異構體1,3,4-三甲基-2,6-二羥基嘧啶。另一方面,在碘代甲烷催化劑的影響下,部份轉變成2-氧代-3,4-二甲基-6-甲氧基嘧啶;此化合物加熱卽可發生完全的轉變作用而形成其異構體1,3,4-三甲基-2,6-二羥基嘧啶。

 
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