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语词
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  words
     The Notes on the Phrases and Words in Xianyu Jing(贤愚经)
     《贤愚经》语词札记
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     Analysis of ability in words recalled for 222 schizophrenia
     222例精神分裂症患者语词记忆能力的分析
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     The context of culture is the important factor to influence words translation.
     文化语境是影响语词翻译的重要因素。
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     Fuzzy Controller Based on Information Granulation and Computing with Words
     基于信息粒化和语词计算的模糊控制器
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     MethodsFuzzy interval of designating value was used and 138 medical male undergraduates completed seven-degree preference words scale;
     方法采用区间模糊统计方法,由138名医疗本科男性大学生完成七级好差度自然语词量表的赋值;
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  word
     2. The influence of the conversion of word class or compatible class in Korean language;
     2、受朝鲜语词类转换或兼类的影响。
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     RESULTS: A significant negative correlation was found between the results of L scale, continuous addition test and word discrimination test (r=-0.73, -0.32), and between L scale score and F scale score (r=-0.336).
     结果:L量表分与被试连续加法成绩和语词成绩均成负相关(r=-0.73,-0.32),其有统计学意义;
短句来源
     The Flaws of the Word Explanations of Zhouyi(周易) in Hanyu Da Cidian(汉语大词典)
     《汉语大词典》引《周易》语词指瑕
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     The Influence of Chinese & English Cultural Differences on Language Form & Word Meaning
     论中英文化差异对汉英语言形式及语词含义的影响
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     Image and Word in Twentieth-Century Art
     20世纪艺术中的图像和语词
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  phraseology
     The discussion of the nationality of the epic from content,phraseology,and style,is of great significance for further research.
     从史诗唱词部分的内容、语词、文体等三个方面探讨《格萨尔》史诗的民族性特征,对于进一步论证史诗的民族属性有着重要的方法论意义。
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     The essence of phraseology is concept and the reflection.
     语词的本质是观念,是"反映";
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     Connotative Meaning and Denotative Meaning of Phraseology
     语词的内涵意义和外延意义
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     A segmentation is designed by using the generalized concept of phraseology for the improvement of the MM arithmetic.
     并利用广义语词概念 ,设计了分词词典 ,改进了最大匹配分词算法 (MM) ;
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     The Relation Between Phraseology and Conception in the History of Chinese
     汉语语词与概念在历史发展中的关系
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  “语词”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Note on the Turkic Terms Tηrikn and Tojn
     突厥语词Tηrikn、Tojn的语义η及其文献学价值
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     ③ Explicit recognition test: The patient showed the equivalent performance as that of control group (1.08,-1.47, 1.202±1.777).
     ③在两次外显语词再认测验:患者均表现出与控制组同等的再认水平(d'为1.08,-1.47,1.202±1.777)。
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     A Lexical Study of Annotation of Erhya (尔雅注) by Guo Pu(郭璞) and the Compilins of Hanvu Da Cidian(汉语大词典)
     《尔雅》郭璞注语词研究与《汉语大词典》编纂
短句来源
     Study of the Lexicons in Travel Notes of Wutai Mountain in Tiantai(参天台五台山记)
     《参天台五台山记》语词初探
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     Comparative research on dialects between the version in 1978 and that in 1996 in modern Chinese dialect
     1978年版与1996年版《现代汉语词典》中方言语词的比较
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  words
The measure notion for a fuzzy code and a precise formulation of fuzzy codes and words have been discussed.
      
The present paper concerns with the formula of the count of primitive words and exchangeable primitive words.
      
In other words, below a certain threshold level of burial, the growth of plants is stimulated probably because of multiple factors.
      
A new method for estimating the frontier of a set of points (or a support, in other words) is proposed.
      
In other words, the adult organism has a common cell precursor for these tissues.
      
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  word
There are two model outputs, where either the first two characters form a word or the last two characters form a word.
      
The features of the model include one word in context of OAS, the current OAS and word probability relation of two kinds of segmentation results.
      
The open test precision is 3.76 % better compared with that of the precision of common word probability method.
      
The algorithm of twice word segmentation based on the title and first sentences in paragraphs is investigated.
      
HDL Constructs in Linear Word-Level Decision Diagram Based Specification
      
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  phraseology
In so doing, the current work may well be of some help preparing the ground for any future research on Chinese phraseology towards a deeper and better understanding of the subject.
      
As its elaborate phraseology shows, Venus and Adonis is an encoded reply in which Elizabeth is the predatory tyrannical Venus and Burghley is the boar who kills Adonis.
      
Nutritional awareness is measured by tests for nutritional knowledge and level of understanding of nutritional phraseology.
      
The results indicate that exposure to television advertising during times characterized by a high proportion of child-oriented commercials is associated with lower scores on nutritional knowledge and understanding of nutritional phraseology.
      
Adding to the pressure of using correct phraseology is the knowledge that everybody on that frequency can hear you.
      
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In speech sound statistics, the word occurance deviates from Poisson distribution for random discrete variable. A new statistical distribution function is proposed in this paper to account for the law of occurance of speech words. It is reasoned that although a large vocabulary is in existence from which the words can be drawn arbitrarily, but the speaker draws only after deliberation. Thus, unlike the random occurance of simpler speech sounds, such as phonemes and letters, which obeys Poisson distribution for...

In speech sound statistics, the word occurance deviates from Poisson distribution for random discrete variable. A new statistical distribution function is proposed in this paper to account for the law of occurance of speech words. It is reasoned that although a large vocabulary is in existence from which the words can be drawn arbitrarily, but the speaker draws only after deliberation. Thus, unlike the random occurance of simpler speech sounds, such as phonemes and letters, which obeys Poisson distribution for discrete random processes the occurance of words is a random process modulated by the selection and processing of the speaker. This process closely resembles the narrow-band filtering of a random signal, and it is considered that something like the corresponding Rayleigh distribution function might fit better. Actual counting and test of fitness proved this. The cumulative distribution function is exactly Rayleigh's except that only integral numbers are taken for the variable, the distribution function thus built up is named discrete Rayleigh distribution function. The phonemes, letters and auxiliary words may occur in conjunction with many words and they have the properties of these words, and therefore they distribute, according to the reasoning of central limit theorem (used to discrete variables), as Poisson's. Tests also show this. In the test of significant between the observed distribution and hypothetical distribution (Poisson or discrete Rayleigh) the graph observation, variance or standard deviation comparison and x2 test were used. The latter is strict and the first is visual, but the variance comparison is simple and also quantitative. And in some cases the visual and variance methods show clear preference which the x2 test is not quite definite The simple way is to observe on the graph and then compare the variances.

在语音统计中,发现语词出现不符合无规出现的泊松分布。作者提出一个新的统计分布函数,用以描述语言中语词出现规律。考虑到虽然有大量语词供人自由选择,但实际使用是经过作者深思的。因此语词的出现有随机性质,也有经过选择、处理的痕迹。这种选择、处理与使一无规信号(例如,电噪声)通过一窄带滤波器很相似。因此估计相应的瑞利分布可能更为适合。试验结果正是如此,即语词的累计分布符合瑞利累计分布函数(但其变数只取整数值,因语词数是整数)。由此建立起的累计分布同于瑞利分布而变数只取整数值的分布函数称为离散瑞利分布函数。语音中的语助词、音素、字母等都是与多个语词同时出现的,其分布按统计学的中值极限定理(用于离散过程)的概念应是无规的,即遵守泊松分布函数。试验也证实此点。在试验实际分布与设想的分布(泊松分布或离散瑞利分布)是否适合时,所用方法有三种,即分布图上观察、均方差或标准偏差比较和χ~2试验。认为在三种方法中分布图上的观察比较直观,χ~2试验比较严谨,而标准偏差比较则比较简单也有定量意义。简单方法可能是在图上观察后,再用标准偏差定量比较。

Using the Standard immediate recall experimental design, we examined the span of STM for Chinese words and phrases. The data for single words, double-phonetic-compound words and four-character idiomsspeak for the hypothesis that STM is capable of storing a fixed number of chunks, but with rather strong effects of familiarity and complexity onSTM span. Furthermore, phonetic similarity caused a decrease in span. We also examined the morphological effects of the internal components of Chinese characters in forming...

Using the Standard immediate recall experimental design, we examined the span of STM for Chinese words and phrases. The data for single words, double-phonetic-compound words and four-character idiomsspeak for the hypothesis that STM is capable of storing a fixed number of chunks, but with rather strong effects of familiarity and complexity onSTM span. Furthermore, phonetic similarity caused a decrease in span. We also examined the morphological effects of the internal components of Chinese characters in forming chunks. We made up pseudocharacters and noncharacters from character components, and found that the component units, and not the full composite patterns, behaved as chunks. Finally, by comparing two different stimilus presentation procedures as to their effects on STM span, we found that the strategy of controlling perception may somewhat increase STM span.

我们应用标准的立即回忆实验设计,考查汉语语词的短时记忆(STM)广度。以单音词,双音合成词和四字成语为材料的STM广度,基本上符合STM的组块假说(即STM能贮存一个固定数目的组块),但受到组块熟悉性和复杂性的较大影响。而且,语音的相似性引起广度的降低。汉字在字形上的相似性对广度没有什么影响。通过编制人工“汉字”,发现汉字的偏旁部首不是组块单位,而在人工“字”中却作为组块起作用。最后,比较了两种呈现刺激方式对STM广度的影响,发现有控制的知觉策略能增加STM广度。

On the basis of Chinese double-phonetic compound words, codeadditivity was carried out according to morphological, phonetic, andsemantic relationships of Chinese words, it was confirmed that Chinesewords and phrases can be used as suitable verbal materials and toprovide a new way for the research of verbal memory. The effects of code additivity is not mainly reflected in the processof acquirement of verbal memory, since verbal materials of both multiplecode and single code all possess approximately equal acquirement...

On the basis of Chinese double-phonetic compound words, codeadditivity was carried out according to morphological, phonetic, andsemantic relationships of Chinese words, it was confirmed that Chinesewords and phrases can be used as suitable verbal materials and toprovide a new way for the research of verbal memory. The effects of code additivity is not mainly reflected in the processof acquirement of verbal memory, since verbal materials of both multiplecode and single code all possess approximately equal acquirement levels.However, effects of code additivity manifested both in spontaneousrecovery and in fransition from short-term memory to long-termmemory.It could be considered that the effects of code additivity mainlyinfluence longterm retention and retrieval of information, and not ofmuch influence to the acquirement of information. In addition, thenumber of encoded dimensions of words, as an independent variable,seems unrelated to the serial-position curve under free-recall.

本实验在汉语双音合成词基础上,通过词与词之间在形码、音码和义码方面的关系,实现了一个以上的码的相加,从而证实汉语语词能为语词记忆的研究提供新的途径和适合需要的语词材料。 本实验结果发现,码的相加效应主要不反映在语词记忆的获得过程上,因为多个码与单一码的汉语语词材料都具有大致相等的获得水平,但在短时记忆的自发恢复和信息从短时记忆向长时记忆转换等现象上,已开始显露码的相加效应。在信息的长时保持和提取中,码的相加效应得到明显而有力的表现。而且,随着编码维量数的增加,其相加效应的优势也随之增加.因此可以认为,码的相加效应主要影响信息的长时保持和提取,而对信息的获得影响不大。此外,作为自变量的、被编码的词的维量数似乎与自由回忆下的系列位置曲线无关。

 
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