Mambo, Usudo, Okamoto firstly proposed the scheme which one original signer authorizes one proxy signer. It's 1 vs. 1. Hwang proposed the muliti-proxy signature scheme by combining the multi-signature with the proxy signature.
But EVA hopes to adjust the financial information to original state to reflect the real growth of shareholder value, it also hopes entrusts with the agent and trustee's common benefit foundation urging the agent taking action according to the trustee benefit maximization, thus it reduces even eliminates the proxy cost to achieve the rights and interests owner's benefit maximization.
Therefore, the choice of the operator performance evaluation’s index based on the incentive reward contracts is advantageous to resolve the agent question, reduce the proxy cost, raise the level of the management and enhance the operator's enthusiasm.
The state-owned enterprise drives the restraint mechanism is mechanism that governs the structure in the state-owned enterprise useful affects to the trustee and the agent two motive and the behavior, guarantees agent's behavior goal maintains consistently with the trustee, causes trustee's proxy cost and the inspector general cost smallest.
From 20 century 80 years on, the research center of microeconomics of banking turned its step to Information Asymmetry Model from Bank Risk Model, and Information Asymmetry Model assumes different attorney has different information as for correlative economic variables, so the attorney maybe try to gain self-interest by his information dominance.
The appearance of them lead to the problem of Adverse Select of the client and the MoralHazard of the attorney, which ultimately result in the short of market efficiency and the limit ofthe Venture Capital development.
Due to the division of management and owning right, in order to solve the agent problem, the client should have a method to control the attorney act according the goal, which makes the best for the client.
We believe financing structure affects corporate governance through at least three main channels: firstly," incentive function", financing structure mediates the conflict between the client and the deputy by affecting managers behavior;
From this point,this paper discusses issues of the party's capability in electronic arbitration agreement,electronic deputy and arbitration articles in electronic standard contract,and tries to seek measures to solve them for supporting the substantial validity of electronic arbitration agreement and ensuring the healthy development of arbitration system under network environment.
The second chapter gives a detailed comparison of managers position in their corporation structure in different countries, and discusses the situation of managers authority system in our country and the possible problems it might bring to the corporations internal structure, such as the confrontation between the authority of managers and the board, unclear understanding of managers position as plenipotentiary deputy for the corporation, the harm to the convenience and safety of transaction resulted from limitation of corporation authority, and so on.
The question of agency between the owner and the manager arises directlybecause of such characteristics of state-owned enterprises as: breakaway of theownership and the management auhority difference betWeen the goal function of theclient and deputy asymmetry of information, imbalance of risk and duty etc.
The fundamental approaches of resolving this credit non-equilibrium action are reorganizing the structure of state-owed bank's capitals, making bank detach from government intervention, improving the structure of corporate governance, establishing valid restriction and stimulation mechanism to deputy, and moreover accelerating the reformation of interest rate marketization.
The details of the synthetic sequence followed for the preparation of all these compounds having almost all the structural features required for a compound to act as a potent insulin sensitizing agent are reported.
9-O-methylfusarubin was isolated from a novel source, Fusarion oxysporum, and evaluated for its phytotoxic and chlorotic inducing properties in plants as well as its potential as an antineoplastic agent.
The enantiomeric excess of the reduction product was up to 83.2% with cyclohexane as the solvent, the molar ratio of ligand: reductive agent: β-acetonaphthalene is 0.04:1.6:1, and 72-hours reaction time at 0°C.
A highly cross-linked structure was formed in both the cores and the shells by using a cross-linking agent, which could prevent the migration of hydrophobic PS shells to the inside of particles.
Benzoxycarbonyl chloride was selected as amino group protection agent, and the yield was elevated by replacing sodium bicarbonate with triethyl amide as the acid's neutralizer.
As a proxy of the vegetation growing process, NDVI difference represents net primary productivity of vegetation at a certain time interval under an environment controlled by certain climatic conditions and other factors.
The akhmerovo granite massif: A proxy of mesoproterozoic intrusive magmatism in the Southern Urals
On the basis of the well-known reconstructions of global climate from proxy data, the conclusion is made that the current warming has been unprecedented during at least the past two millennia.
Designing efficient proxy signature schemes for mobile communication
Proxy signature is an active cryptographic research area, and a wide range of literatures can be found nowadays suggesting improvement and generalization of existing protocols in various directions.