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对照组
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  control 28
     In vivo, AI6 was found to increase the intracellular cAMP concentration of fetal calf serum (FCS) elicited rat peritoneal Mφ (control: 28.5±3.2 pmol/mg protein, test: 41.0±4.1 pmol/mg protein; P<0.01).
     在体内,能使小牛血清诱发的(elicited)MφcAMP含量增高(对照组:28.5±3.17pmol/mg蛋白质,给药组:41.0±4.13pmol/mg蛋白质)。
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     Mean value in patients was 69.8±48.4ng/ml control 28.1±18.7ng/ml ( p<0.05. difference significant). Myocardial injury inspatients with diabetes mellitus could be resulted from: the alteration of substrate concentrarion, disturbance in myocardium metabolism,myocardial spotty necrosis, diabetic microangiopathies, autonomous neuropathies etc.
     采用RIA法测定糖尿病患者血清Mb的含量,结果疾病组:69.8±48.4ng/ml,正常对照组:28.1±18.7ng/ml,呈显著性差异(p〈0.05)。糖尿病患者的心肌损害可能由于心肌代谢底物浓度的改变,心肌代谢紊乱、点状坏死、微血管病变、自主神经病变等原因引起。
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     A allele frequency of arterial septal defect patients' mothers 10.87 % was significantly lower than that of control 28.15 %(P<0.05),with OR=0.31 (95 % CI:0.09~0.84),and no difference in other subgroups.
     房间隔缺损母亲突变等位基因频率为 10 87% ,明显低于对照组 2 8 15 % (P <0 0 5 ) ,OR =0 31(95 %CI:0 0 9~ 0 84 ) ;
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  “对照组28”译为未确定词的双语例句
     [Methods] Expression of CD3,CD4,CD8,CD4/CD8,B-cells on peripheral lymphocytes in 34 patients with type 1 diabetes and 38 patients with type 2 diabetes were determined with flow cytometry and compared with 28 normal controls.
     方法应用流式细胞术测定34例1型糖尿病患者及38例2型糖尿病患者T细胞亚群(CD3、CD4、CD4/CD8及B细胞、)并与正常对照组28例作比较。
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     Results in control group, CR 1 case, PR 11cases, MR 12 cases, S 3 cases and PD 1 case,the effective rate is 42.8%.
     结果对照组28例:CR1例、PR11例、MR12例、S3例、PD1例,有效率42.8%。
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     The controll group of 28 patients (M 25, F 3; age 67±7a ) received captopril 12.5-25mg, po, bid or tid for 4 wk.
     另设对照组28例(男性25例,女性3例;年龄67±7a),给予卡托普利12.5~25mg/次,po、bid或tid。 四周为一疗程。
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     Methods 60 rectum carcinoma patients,of which the civcombination chemotherapy group were 32,with L-OHP 150mg/m,day 1,continues from 10Am to 4Pm;
     方法60例直肠癌患者,其中时辰化疗组32例,对照组28例,时辰化疗组给予L-OHP150mg/m2,d1;
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     The above results were significantly different (x2=67.48, P<0.005) from thse observed in 28 controlled cases.
     各项指标与对照组28例比较(x~2=67.48,P<0.005),有非常显著性差异。
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     However, it was negative in non-ONID group.
     对照
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     Each rat in group C was injected 1 ml broth of U.U.
     C对照
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     The other 28 cases were control.
     对照28例,按常规护理。
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     28 cases in the control group was given only IV-CTXas therapeutic method.
     对照28例单用CTX冲击疗法。
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     26 cases hadvagino-operation delivery, the dystocia rate was 38.33% and 28.7396 for the control group (P<0.05).
     高于对照28.75%(P<0.05).
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  control 28
Species were subjected to acute, repeated exposure either to control (28°C) and decreased (21°C) temperature or to control and inereased (35°C) temperatureA.
      
The release of healthy-looking zooxanthellae by polyps exposed to elevated temperatures was significantly higher than those in the control (28°C).
      
However, voiding pressure remained low (34% of control) 28 days later.
      
Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco; EC?4.1.1.39) activase mRNA and protein synthesis were measured in the leaves of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants under control (28?°C) or heat-stress (41?°C) conditions.
      
It is named general Q-parametrization of all stabilizing controllers as we show that some ideas developed in this paper can be traced back to the pioneering work of Zames and Francis (IEEE Trans Automat control 28:585-601, 1983) on H∞-control.
      
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(1) White mice were exposed to 40 cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum on the abdomen for 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes. Five weeks later, mice were killed and searched for worms. The percentage of worms recovered in the 5-minute group was found to be low (33%), whereas the differences between those in the 10-minute (45%), 15-minute (51%) and 20-minute (54%) groups were non-significant. (2) Infected mice were treated with tartar emetic given by mouth for 2 weeks. After a holding period of 1, 2, 3 or 4 weeks, mice...

(1) White mice were exposed to 40 cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum on the abdomen for 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes. Five weeks later, mice were killed and searched for worms. The percentage of worms recovered in the 5-minute group was found to be low (33%), whereas the differences between those in the 10-minute (45%), 15-minute (51%) and 20-minute (54%) groups were non-significant. (2) Infected mice were treated with tartar emetic given by mouth for 2 weeks. After a holding period of 1, 2, 3 or 4 weeks, mice were sacrificed. The differences between the number of worms remained in the 4 groups of mice were non-significant. Therefore, one week may be adopted as the holding period in the screening test for antimonials. (3) In the control group and in the treated group with tartar emetic 270 mg/kg/day, there was no significant difference between the number of worms remained in male and in female mice. But in the treated group with tartar emetic 170 mg/kg/day, the number of worms remained in female mice was less than that in male mice. Hence it is advisable to use equal number of both sexes of mice in experimental therapy. (4) After the treatment with tartar emetic, mice were divided into 2 grades according to the body weights. The number of worms remained in mice of the 2 grades revealed a significent difference only in the group with holding period of 3 weeks, but not in other groups.

(一)小白鼠腹部皮肤感染40条日本血吸虫尾蚴,感染时间自3至20分钟不等,5周後解剖,检查成虫数,发现感染尾蚴5分钟的成虫发育率较低(33%),而感染10分钟(45%),15分钟(51%)及20分钟(54%)之差别不显著。 (二)病员经口服吐酒石治疗2周後停药1,2,3或4周解剖,发现余存虫数之差别并不显著。所以可用1周作为比较锑剂疗效试验的停药时间。 (三)对照组及吐酒石270毫克/千克/天剂量组内,雌雄鼠体内余存虫数相差不显著,但在吐酒石1700毫克/千克/天治疗组内,雌鼠体内的余存虫数少於雄鼠体内的虫数。所以实验治疗所用的小白鼠最好是雌雄各半。 (四)吐酒石治疗後大小两级体重鼠体内余存虫数,仅在停药3周组内有显著的差别:其他组内则未见显著差别。

(1)The present communication is a continuation of previous study of drugs on the pathologico-physiological reactions of the infected rabbits.The following indices of the reactions were used,namely:(1) erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),(2) plasma fibrinogen content,(3) plasma gamma globulin content,(4) prothrombin time and (5)body weight. (2)It was shown that a full course of potassium antimony tartrate (PAT) could depress the abnormal rise of ESR of the infected rabbit.The effect was more striking in the...

(1)The present communication is a continuation of previous study of drugs on the pathologico-physiological reactions of the infected rabbits.The following indices of the reactions were used,namely:(1) erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),(2) plasma fibrinogen content,(3) plasma gamma globulin content,(4) prothrombin time and (5)body weight. (2)It was shown that a full course of potassium antimony tartrate (PAT) could depress the abnormal rise of ESR of the infected rabbit.The effect was more striking in the early (i.e.7th day after inoculation) than the late treatment (i.e.33rd day after inoculation).This effect of PAT on the ESR was found to be in parallelism with its therapeutic effect.This method may be utilized for evaluation of drugs against schistosomiasis. (3)Neither PAT nor strychnine had any effect on the ESR of the normal rabbit.Strychnine was also found to have no significant effect on the ESR of the infected rabbit,but it could markedly modify the inhibitory effect of the PAT. (4)The therapeutic effect of half-course of PAT was found to be about 10—20% less marked than that of combined treatment with strychnine. Strychnine alone did not show any therapeutic effect.It was also found that the dose of strychnine used in our experiment did not increase the toxicity of PAT as shown by mice toxicity test. (5)The therapeutic dose of PAT showed no effect on the plasma fibrinogen content of the normal rabbit but it could bring the increased plasma fibrinogen content back to normal in the infected animal. (6)After a course of PAT in the infected animal,the double peak rise of the palsma gamma globulin content was distinctly suppressed as compared with the control group.On the contrary,the new drug,1:7-Bis (p-dimethylaminophenoxy) heptane (APH) did not show the same effect, probably indicating its weak action against schistosomiasis. (7)The body weight of the PAT treated group was found to be much higher than the non-treated group,However,the group treated with APH showed a continuous drop of body weight. (8)It has been found,as by others,that the APH showed high toxicity and low therapeutic effect in the experimental animals.From the fact that APH showed pronounced effect on ESR and plasma fibrinogen content of the infected animal,one could not yet decide,with the available data,whether these effects are due to its action on the schistosome or its eggs,or to its toxic action on the host.

(一)本文报告了药物对于血吸虫病病兔及正常家兔的红血球沉降率,血浆纤维蛋白,丙种球蛋白,凝血酶元时值及体重的影响。(二)酒石酸锑钾的治疗,无论在家兔患病的早期或后期,均可抑制其血沉的加速,而以早期治疗的抑制作用更为显著。同时这个抑制血沉的作用与治疗后的成虫发育率是符合的。因此利用这种方法,可以考虑作为研究一些治疗血吸虫病药物的疗效指标。(三)酒石酸锑钾及士的宁本身对正常家兔的血沉并不引起改变,士的宁对于病兔的血沉也无明显作用,但士的宁可以影响酒石酸锑钾对病兔血沉的抑制作用。 (四)半疗程剂量酒石酸锑钾并用士的宁之疗效较单独应用半疗程剂量酒石酸锑钾者为高(10—20%),而单独应用士的宁并无任何疗效,轻度激动量士的宁也不增加酒石酸锑钾的毒性。(五)酒石酸锑钾的治疗剂量对于正常家兔之血浆纤维蛋白元无明显影响,但能使病兔增高之血浆纤维蛋白元回复正常。(六)酒石酸锑钾的治疗可以使病兔的丙种球蛋白在一定时期内保持在接近正常值范围内,这一抑制作用与感染对照组相比,甚为明显,而氨苯氧烷却无此作用,这一点可能与疗效是有关系的。(七)酒石酸锑钾治疗后的病兔之体重较感染对照组病兔显著增高,而经氨苯氧烷治疗...

(一)本文报告了药物对于血吸虫病病兔及正常家兔的红血球沉降率,血浆纤维蛋白,丙种球蛋白,凝血酶元时值及体重的影响。(二)酒石酸锑钾的治疗,无论在家兔患病的早期或后期,均可抑制其血沉的加速,而以早期治疗的抑制作用更为显著。同时这个抑制血沉的作用与治疗后的成虫发育率是符合的。因此利用这种方法,可以考虑作为研究一些治疗血吸虫病药物的疗效指标。(三)酒石酸锑钾及士的宁本身对正常家兔的血沉并不引起改变,士的宁对于病兔的血沉也无明显作用,但士的宁可以影响酒石酸锑钾对病兔血沉的抑制作用。 (四)半疗程剂量酒石酸锑钾并用士的宁之疗效较单独应用半疗程剂量酒石酸锑钾者为高(10—20%),而单独应用士的宁并无任何疗效,轻度激动量士的宁也不增加酒石酸锑钾的毒性。(五)酒石酸锑钾的治疗剂量对于正常家兔之血浆纤维蛋白元无明显影响,但能使病兔增高之血浆纤维蛋白元回复正常。(六)酒石酸锑钾的治疗可以使病兔的丙种球蛋白在一定时期内保持在接近正常值范围内,这一抑制作用与感染对照组相比,甚为明显,而氨苯氧烷却无此作用,这一点可能与疗效是有关系的。(七)酒石酸锑钾治疗后的病兔之体重较感染对照组病兔显著增高,而经氨苯氧烷治疗后之病兔,其体重仍日见减轻。(八)氨苯氧烷有较高的毒性,但疗效甚低,它对病兔的血沉及纤维蛋白元所出现的抑制作用,究竟属于对血吸虫或其虫卵的作用,抑系对于病兔机体的毒性作用,目前还不能肯定。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than the latepicked fruits.The effect of delaying the har est on the reduction of the diseaseproducing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the consrol; (2) low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature raving from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking alsolute value for consideration, Truits are more susceptible to the dicease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of Storage, the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease beingmore pronounced for the lare-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones, and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments, paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection.Its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones, and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature The castor oil paper packing turns out to Le almost of no effect, moreover, it has the tendency of stimulating the decelopment of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the Control in the first year, whereas in the second year, it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season hewever, the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the latepicked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment is found to lesimilar to tlat of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the alove mentloned treatments cause very shight and almost no sign of disease, whereas, in the latter period, the di(?)ease is found to develop rapidly, the transition time leing approximately on the first decade of Marcl for the eary-pcled fruit, and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity, the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day, the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February, while in the seconl year,when the temperature is comparatively low, fluctuating letween 2—10℃ every day, quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-piced fruits. Hovever, the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storagee to the orbinary room temperature,the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the earlypicked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits, the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate, amyl acetate an acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treatment, the results are rather irregular, altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control, This may be due to lack of materials for.experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclution that the"Hoo-pee" of Ralls apples is truely the Scald, but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。 6.蘋果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。 7.应用某些挥发性物质处理蘋果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。 8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。 9.从试验结果可以确定国光蘋果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变,但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

 
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