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  german
     The results of the low temperature impact tests show that the low temperature toughness of Chinese 09MnNiDR steel plate is equal to that of German's 13MnNi63 steel plate.
     低温冲击试验结果表明,我国09MnNiDR钢板的低温韧性与德国的13MnNi63钢板相当。
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     German Culture's Trait and Its Characteristics of Education in the 20~(th) Century
     20世纪德国的文化特质及其教育特征
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     Status about the management of hazardous industrial waste in German
     德国的工业危险废物管理
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     German Banking System and Its Capital Market
     德国的银行体系和资本市场
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     German European Policy
     德国的欧盟政策
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  germanic
     On Germanic vehicle inspection and test technology and the revelation
     德国的汽车检测技术及启示
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     In the modern weaving industry, weaving industrial fabrics has already become an important domain, whereas, this kind of fabric has characteristics of its own and makes demands on breadth, the traditional shuttle loom and shuttleless loom cannot meet weave needs, hereby, we introduce the concept of the heavy wide loom, there are some typical products such as the Germanic JURGENS loom and the Sweden TEXO loom etc.
     在现代织造业中,织制工业用织物已经成为一个重要的领域,鉴于此类织物本身的特性和对幅宽的要求,传统有梭织机与无梭织机均无法满足织制的要求,据此,我们引入了重型宽幅织机的概念,其典型的产品如:德国的尤根(JURGENS)织机,瑞典的TEXO织机等。
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     First through the collection and textual research of correlative data, the thesis studies Germanic social, architectural backgrounds, main architectural activities and the architect from late-19th-century to early-20th-century, thus tries to have a comprehensive and the whole understanding of the German domestic architecture style and the garden city theory at that time.
     首先通过相关资料的收集和考证,对19世纪末20世纪初德国的社会、建筑背景及主要的建筑活动和建筑师进行了论述,从而对当时德国国内的建筑风格和花园城市理论有一个较全面的、整体的了解。
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     The paper introduces the Germanic satellite positioning and navigation service. According to its precision、respond time、its purpose, it was divided into four-level service.
     本文介绍德国的卫星定位与导航服务,及其按精度、时间响应和目的所分成的四个级别的服务。
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     Germanic Economy Coordination Reserve System is focally stipulated in the Economic Stability and Growth Act. The reserve system is an efficient tool to overcome economic depression and realize the macroeconomic regulation aims,which is very helpful to Germanic macroeconomic regulation and economy development.
     德国的经济协调储备金制度由其《经济稳定与增长促进法》集中加以规定,这种储备金制度是克服经济衰退、实现宏观经济调控目标的有效工具,对德国的宏观调控实践及经济的发展发挥了巨大的作用。
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  “德国的”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Ligne Roset Furniture from Germany
     来自德国的LIGNE ROSET家具
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     N-ISDN Service in Germany
     N-ISDN在德国的发展
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     Petri Nets was raised by Carl Adam Petri in Germany and set forth by Peterson later.
     Petri网是由德国的Carl Adam Petri提出,后来由Peterson加以阐述。
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     Enterprises in Germany would like to invest the dual system of vocational education by actively participating in it.
     德国的企业主动参与双元制职业教育,愿意为发展双元制职业教育投资;
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     SAPOS-Germanic Satellite Positioning and navigation Service
     SAPOS-德国的卫星定位与导航服务
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  german
At the end of the article, the method is tested on real magnetic field data measured by the German geoscientific research satellite CHAMP.
      
Birkhauser Dictionary of Human Biology - Birkhauser Worterbuch der Humanbiologie; English-German/Deutsch-English (Reuter, P., an
      
The investigation was based on the processing of data of the angular velocity measurements made by the German system QSAM, as well as the data of measurements of microaccelerations performed by the QSAM system and by the French accelerometer BETA.
      
The ZEUS experimental setup operating at DESY (German Electron Synchrotron) is a many-purpose detector aimed at studying high-energy interactions of electrons and protons.
      
On the birthday of German Konstantinovich Budnikov
      
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  germanic
Aberration of morphogenesis of siliceous frustule elements of the diatom Synedra acus in the presence of germanic acid
      
Addition of germanic acid into the culture medium of the diatom Synedra acus subsp.
      
Model chemical experiments with over-saturated solutions of silicic acid in the presence of polyallylamine revealed that addition of 5% germanic acid considerably accelerated coagulation of silica.
      
Hence, the toxic effect of germanic acid on diatoms could be caused by changes in coagulation of silica.
      
The Southern Realm shows a connection with the Germanic Basin and more western Euramerican areas, which is documented for the Late Olenekian and occurred under influence of coastal marine conditions.
      
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Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of...

Through graphical investigation of Soviet coal and Chinese coal, the follow-ing important conclusions are obtained. (1) The inadequacy of old coal classification methods is discussed and anentirely new method of coal classification with volatile matter on combustiblebasis as abssicca and the coal characteristic coefficient β=2.35((H~P-0.126O~P+0.04N~P)/(C~P+0.375S_?~Pas ordinate is proposed, The graphical charts show perfectly satisfactory withthe different kinds of coal located in perfectly distinct areas of classification.Thus the detailed classification which the old methods fail to give out, is perfectlypossible with the new method. (2) The ultimate composition of coal on combustible basis, like C~2, 0~2, H~2,N~2 and the analytical moisture, W~a and their variation with the volatile matteron combustible basis and with each other is graphically investigated and it isfound that their variation with each other proceeded with distinct regularitywith the exception of sulphur and ash, so that their composition percentage canbe approximatety estimated with rough accuracy through these graphs and theclose check of analytical results of ultimate composition can be carried outthrough the use of these graphs. (3) a general relationship in the proximate and ultimate composition of the pure coal substance on combustible basis for typical Chinese coals can bederived with the following straight line formula for the average percentage of car-ben on combustible basis in terms of the volatile matter on combustible basisin the region of bituminous coal: C~2=93.3-(V~2/4.55) during (8

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解核对试验的数...

此文系用图解方法进行研究: (Ⅰ)煤的分类方法,以何种方法为最合适(图解图1—9); (Ⅱ)煤的成分变化是否有一定的规律,及其相互间是否有一定的关系(图解图10—20); (Ⅲ)煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系(图解图21—23); (Ⅳ)煤的发热量的变化(图解图24—28); (Ⅴ)燃煤所需理论空气量、理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量的变化(图解图29—31)。原始资料系利用:(1)中国各地产煤实用分析; (2)中国东北区及华北区原素分析; (3)苏联全苏热工研究所公布的固体及液体燃料的计算特性数据; (4)英国及德国的数据。图解研究结果,得出结论: 1.新的煤分类方法,以纯燃质挥发物为分类基础而同时结合煤的特性系数β的方法为最合适,或可认为近百年间国际间,对煤分类法的一个很重大的建议。 2.煤的成分变化,极有规律而成分间具有一定的关系。 3.煤的原素分析与实用分析间的关系,可用平均数值推演估计,而比较正确数据,可根据图解估计, 或可利用图解核对分析数据。 4.煤的发热量,即纯燃质氧弹发热量的变化极有规律,可用平均数据,利用近似公式推算,或按照肯定的煤的类别,根据图解来比较正确的估计,或利用图解核对试验的数据。 5.燃煤所需理论空气量,理论乾烟气量及湿烟气量均可用近似公式推算。

~~

本文系根据我国具体情况,提出多种方法,来配制1天强度不低于200公斤/公分~2、28天强度不低于400—600公斤/公分~2的快硬高强度混凝土,并对这些方法进行比较论证;目的在取消昂贵的蒸汽养护工序,以降低装配式钢筋混凝土构件的成本。 本文曾在1957年6月德国特累斯顿第二届国际装配式钢筋混凝土会议上宣读。

The title compounds are formed by the reaction of an o-diphenol group with an antimony atom and have,according to Causse,the characteristic■ linkage.Close observations made on these compounds revealed certain mistakes that had slipped into the literature.(1)Not as the conclusion drawn by Causse,only a few such antimonyl compounds(those from water soluble o-diphenols)may have the hydroxyl group on the antimony atom replaced by chlorine upon treatment with hydrochloric acid.We were unable to repeat the experiments...

The title compounds are formed by the reaction of an o-diphenol group with an antimony atom and have,according to Causse,the characteristic■ linkage.Close observations made on these compounds revealed certain mistakes that had slipped into the literature.(1)Not as the conclusion drawn by Causse,only a few such antimonyl compounds(those from water soluble o-diphenols)may have the hydroxyl group on the antimony atom replaced by chlorine upon treatment with hydrochloric acid.We were unable to repeat the experiments of Causse on such a conversion for antimonyl gallic acid and antimonyl methyl gallate.(2)The antimonydioxy linkage is unstable toward hydrochloric acid,especially more concentrated ones.All compounds having such a group may be converted back into the original o-diphonol by hydrochloric acid.This observation is contrary to those recorded by Christianson and Hunter.(3)The same linkage is also unstable toward alkali,which is also contrary to the observations made by Christiansen and Causse.(4)Nevertheless,all such antimonyl compounds may still be recrystallized for purification from hydrochloric acid within limits of concentrations which vary with the compound in question.If the acid is much diluted,the compound is normally insoluble,but if it is more concentrated,it is liable to effect complete hydrolysis.The concentration suitable for the recrystallization is somewhere between these two limits.Generally,for compounds prepared from water insoluble o-diphenols the range of acid concentration is very narrow whereas for those from water soluble ones,though the range is much wider,the percentage of the recovery from recrystallization,as shown by antimonyl catechol and antimonyl pyrogallol with constant 15 minutes boiling,decreases with the concentration of the acid used. It is experimentally possible in the gallic acid series to bring the value of antimony content closer to that required theoretically by the recrystallization process.(5)It has been found that the aeetoxyl group attached to the ring is completely hydrolyzed to give a phenolic group during the process of recrystallization.in the gallic acid series,the carboxylic ester or amide group may practically survive the hydrolytic effect though a minute decomposition may be detected by the color test with 5% sodium bicarbonate.(6)1-Acetylpyrogallol has been prepared according to the German patent and converted into its antimonyl derivative by means of antimony trichloride in absolute alcohol.Thereby the original acetylpyrogallol must contain 1-acetylated compound,if it is not wholly this.The position of the acetyl group was not montioned in the original report.(7)One 1:1 antimonyl compound has been prepared by the action of tartar emetic or sodium antimonyI tartrate on 3-acetylgallic acid.This confirms the structure for the gallic acid derivative as proposed by Lesser and Gad on the solo ground of the color reaction with ferric chloride.This is,however,contrary to the statement made by Christiansen that if the hydrogen atom of one of the hydroxyl groups in gallic acid is replaced by an organic residue,the phenolic compound will no longer react with sodium antimonyl tartrate to give an antimony derivative.(8)Contrary to the statements by Causse and by Christiansen,catechol has been found to yield antimonyl derivative by tartar emetic in a more concentrated solution.The failure to give a precipitate in a more diluted solution is ascribed to the solubilizing effect of the acid potassium tartrate formed in the reaction.From such a solution the antimonyl catechol may also be precipitated by means of adding sodium chloride.

对于含■Sb-OH 基团的1:1鄰二酚型氧锑化合物作了性能上的观察,并尝试利用这类化合物以作分离或证明鄰二酚类:(1)惟有个别的少数这类锑化合物(母体水溶性的),其锑上的羟基能经盐酸处理而为氯原子所取代,故不能作为普遍的事实,如 Causse 所肯定者。(2)酚型锑二氧键遇一定浓度以上的盐酸则显不安定。每一含这基团的氧锑化合物都能经盐酸处理而得回原来的鄰二酚,与一般认为对盐酸稳定之说不同(Christianson及 Hunter)。(3)酚型锑二氧键对硷也不稳定,与 Causse 及 Christians(?)n 的结果亦不同。(4)这类氧锑化合物仍一般都能为一定浓度的盐酸重结晶而达到纯化,惟分子中不能兼含有乙酰化酚基,因其能完全水解而脱去乙酰基,至酯基或酰胺基则大致无碍,虽然各该基团有些许水解。(5)曾从按照一德国专利所获得的产物中,分离出1-乙酰焦没食子酚锑,从而说明在该产物中至少含有1-乙酰焦没食子酚。(6)以吐酒石或酒石酸锑钠制得3-乙酰没食子酸的氧锑化合物,从而证实了 Lesser与 Gad 所拟的乙酰基位置,并且证明 Christiansen 的结论不确。(7)儿茶酚能与吐酒石成锑化合物,至其所以...

对于含■Sb-OH 基团的1:1鄰二酚型氧锑化合物作了性能上的观察,并尝试利用这类化合物以作分离或证明鄰二酚类:(1)惟有个别的少数这类锑化合物(母体水溶性的),其锑上的羟基能经盐酸处理而为氯原子所取代,故不能作为普遍的事实,如 Causse 所肯定者。(2)酚型锑二氧键遇一定浓度以上的盐酸则显不安定。每一含这基团的氧锑化合物都能经盐酸处理而得回原来的鄰二酚,与一般认为对盐酸稳定之说不同(Christianson及 Hunter)。(3)酚型锑二氧键对硷也不稳定,与 Causse 及 Christians(?)n 的结果亦不同。(4)这类氧锑化合物仍一般都能为一定浓度的盐酸重结晶而达到纯化,惟分子中不能兼含有乙酰化酚基,因其能完全水解而脱去乙酰基,至酯基或酰胺基则大致无碍,虽然各该基团有些许水解。(5)曾从按照一德国专利所获得的产物中,分离出1-乙酰焦没食子酚锑,从而说明在该产物中至少含有1-乙酰焦没食子酚。(6)以吐酒石或酒石酸锑钠制得3-乙酰没食子酸的氧锑化合物,从而证实了 Lesser与 Gad 所拟的乙酰基位置,并且证明 Christiansen 的结论不确。(7)儿茶酚能与吐酒石成锑化合物,至其所以不能在较稀的水溶液中析出,乃受反应产品酸性酒石酸钾的溶解影响,若加以食盐,亦能析出。

 
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