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输尿管部分梗阻
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  partial unilateral ureter obstruction
     Objective:To explore the role of connective tissue growth factor(CTGF) and nuclear factor-κB (NF–κB) in the renal on the process of renal interstitialfibrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction(UUO) and partial unilateral ureter obstruction (PUUO) in rats.
     目的:利用大鼠单侧输尿管梗阻(UUO)模型及单侧输尿管部分梗阻(PUUO)模型,探索不同程度输尿管梗阻以后大鼠肾脏结缔组织生长因子(CTGF)与核转录因子-κB(NF-κB)的表达及其意义。
短句来源
     Establishment of a model of partial unilateral ureter obstruction
     可逆性输尿管部分梗阻动物模型的建立
短句来源
     Objective To establish an experimental model of reversible partial unilateral ureter obstruction(PUUO),and investigate the morphological change caused by PUUO.
     目的建立可逆性输尿管部分梗阻(PUUO)动物模型,并观察部分梗阻肾脏形态学改变。
短句来源
     Study on Hydronephrosis and Renal Fibrosis Caused by Partial Unilateral Ureter Obstruction
     输尿管部分梗阻所致肾积水、肾纤维化的实验研究
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis caused by partial unilateral ureter obstruction(PUUO) and the improvement of tubulointerstitial fibrosis after obstruction was relieved.
     目的:研究单侧输尿管部分梗阻(PUUO)后肾间质纤维化的发生机制及梗阻解除后肾间质纤维化的恢复情况。
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  ureter partial obstruction
     Two cases of urine leakage were caused by ureter partial obstruction and one case by unsatisfactory anastomosis.
     输尿管部分梗阻致尿漏 2例 ,吻合不满意致尿漏 1例。
短句来源
     Conclusions:Double J stent blockage and ureter partial obstruction are the main cause of urine leakage in patients who had underwent staghorn calculi nephrolithotomy.
     结论 :双J管引流不畅和输尿管部分梗阻是导致尿漏的主要原因。
短句来源
  partial ureter obstruction
     Twenty-two models of right partial ureter obstruction were established by Cheng's method.
     采用Cheng’法制作右侧输尿管部分梗阻模型。
短句来源
  “输尿管部分梗阻”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Materials and Methods 20 healthy adult male rabbits aged more than 8 weeks with experimentally induced partial obstruction of right ureter were performed sequential MSCT perfusion,SPECT and CDFI before and 4 weeks after the establishment of hydronephrotic model.
     材料与方法8周龄以上成年健康雄性实验大白兔20只,制作右侧输尿管部分梗阻模型,分别在梗阻前、梗阻后4周行MSCT灌注扫描、单光子正电子发射计算机体层成像(SPECT)检查及彩色多普勒超声显像(CDFI)检测,取积水肾脏标本,光镜下观察病理学变化。
短句来源
     We used rabbit models with reversed partial ureteral obstruction to measure the renal hemodynamics by high resolution color Doppler flow image(CDFI), and analysed the value of the resistive index(RI)to predict the prognosis of the renal function recovery.
     本文采用一侧可复性输尿管部分梗阻模型,利用高分辨彩色多普勒显像(CDFI)根据肾动脉血流频谱,分析阻力指数(RI),探讨其在肾积水患者肾功能可复性预测中的价值。 结果显示:根据肾动脉RI的变化可以较准确地预测肾积水肾功能的恢复情况。
短句来源
     We use the reversible partial ureteral obstruction to measure renal artery hemody namics with high resolution color doppler flow image(CDFI)and analyse the value of resistive in dex(RI) in predicting the potenitial recovery of hydronephrosis.
     为探寻一种预测肾积水肾功能恢复的方法,应用一侧可复性输尿管部分梗阻模型,利用高分辨彩色多普勒显像(CDFI)测定肾动脉血流频谱,分析阻力指数(RI)在肾积水肾功能可复性预测中的价值。
短句来源
     Results: The GFR of obstructed kidney was decreased progressively,which reduced by 18.12% during the first postoperative week and then dropping slowly.
     结果:输尿管部分梗阻后GFR进行性下降,梗阻1周下降18.12%,以后明显减慢;
短句来源
     Methods 1.40 male New Zealand White rabbits were separated to four group: the group of unilateral ureteral complete obstruction, unilateral ureteral partial obstruction, sham-operated animals and comparative group.
     方法:1.将健康雄性新西兰大白兔40只随机分为4组:单侧输尿管部分梗阻组、单侧输尿管完全梗阻组、假手术组、正常对照组,每组10只。
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We used rabbit models with reversed partial ureteral obstruction to measure the renal hemodynamics by high resolution color Doppler flow image(CDFI), and analysed the value of the resistive index(RI)to predict the prognosis of the renal function recovery.The results indicated that RI can predict the potential recovery of hydronephrosis accurately. RI<0.7 indicates the renal function is normal,while 0.70.8 the impariment of renal function is...

We used rabbit models with reversed partial ureteral obstruction to measure the renal hemodynamics by high resolution color Doppler flow image(CDFI), and analysed the value of the resistive index(RI)to predict the prognosis of the renal function recovery.The results indicated that RI can predict the potential recovery of hydronephrosis accurately. RI<0.7 indicates the renal function is normal,while 0.70.8 the impariment of renal function is completely irreversible,and 23 cases with radiologically non-functioning obstructed kidney studied in the wake of our experiment reserach provided comparable results.

本文采用一侧可复性输尿管部分梗阻模型,利用高分辨彩色多普勒显像(CDFI)根据肾动脉血流频谱,分析阻力指数(RI),探讨其在肾积水患者肾功能可复性预测中的价值。结果显示:根据肾动脉RI的变化可以较准确地预测肾积水肾功能的恢复情况。当RI<0.7,肾功能正常;当0.7<RI<0.8时,肾功能可能部分或完全得以恢复;当RI>0.8时,肾功能不能恢复。在以上实验的基础上,经过对23例IVP不显影的肾积水患者进行检测研究,亦获相同结论。我们认为,CDFI可以较准确地预测肾积水患者肾功能的可复性,为临床治疗方法的选择提供理论依据。

We use the reversible partial ureteral obstruction to measure renal artery hemody namics with high resolution color doppler flow image(CDFI)and analyse the value of resistive in dex(RI) in predicting the potenitial recovery of hydronephrosis. The result indicats that RI may help in predicting which kidney can potientially recover: RI<0.7, the renal function is normal,while RI from 0.7 to 0.8. the renal function can partial or completely recover,RI>0.8,the impari ment of renal function is completely irreveriable,and...

We use the reversible partial ureteral obstruction to measure renal artery hemody namics with high resolution color doppler flow image(CDFI)and analyse the value of resistive in dex(RI) in predicting the potenitial recovery of hydronephrosis. The result indicats that RI may help in predicting which kidney can potientially recover: RI<0.7, the renal function is normal,while RI from 0.7 to 0.8. the renal function can partial or completely recover,RI>0.8,the impari ment of renal function is completely irreveriable,and RI can be used in the following up the result of operation of hydronephrosis.

为探寻一种预测肾积水肾功能恢复的方法,应用一侧可复性输尿管部分梗阻模型,利用高分辨彩色多普勒显像(CDFI)测定肾动脉血流频谱,分析阻力指数(RI)在肾积水肾功能可复性预测中的价值。结果显示:RI对预测肾功能的可复性有较好的指导作用,当RI<0.7,肾功能正常;0.7<RI<0.8,肾功能可部分或完全恢复;当RI>0.8,肾功能不能恢复。RI还可用于肾积水的术后随访。认为CDFI可预测肾积水肾功能恢复情况,为临床选择治疗方法提供可靠依据。

Purpose:To study the pathogenesis of urine leakage in patients with staghorn calculi after nephrolithotomy. Methods:The relationship between urine leakage and urine diversion method, extend of pelvicaliceal injury, type of renal pelvis, passageway situation of the ureter were analysed in six patients with urine leakage which were happened in one hundred fifty cases of staghorn calculi after nephrolithotomy. Results:Three cases of urine leakage were caused by double J stent coagulum blockage, in which two cases...

Purpose:To study the pathogenesis of urine leakage in patients with staghorn calculi after nephrolithotomy. Methods:The relationship between urine leakage and urine diversion method, extend of pelvicaliceal injury, type of renal pelvis, passageway situation of the ureter were analysed in six patients with urine leakage which were happened in one hundred fifty cases of staghorn calculi after nephrolithotomy. Results:Three cases of urine leakage were caused by double J stent coagulum blockage, in which two cases occurred in patients with severe pelvicaliceal injury and one case in platelet decrease. Two cases of urine leakage were caused by ureter partial obstruction and one case by unsatisfactory anastomosis. Conclusions:Double J stent blockage and ureter partial obstruction are the main cause of urine leakage in patients who had underwent staghorn calculi nephrolithotomy. It is suggested that nephrostomy should be taken besides double J stent usage in the patients with severe pelvicaliceal injury. Ureteral passageway situation and coagulogram should be concerned and treated in case of abnormality before operation.

目的 :探讨鹿角形肾结石取石术后尿漏原因。方法 :分析 15 0例鹿角形肾结石取石术后发生尿漏的6例患者的尿液引流方式、肾盂肾盏损伤程度、肾盂类型以及输尿管通畅情况等与发生尿漏的关系。结果 :6例尿漏患者中 ,双J管引流不畅致尿漏 3例 ,其中 2例为肾内型肾盂伴术中肾盂肾盏损伤严重 ,血凝块堵塞双J管 ,1例为血小板减少出血致双J管堵塞。输尿管部分梗阻致尿漏 2例 ,吻合不满意致尿漏 1例。结论 :双J管引流不畅和输尿管部分梗阻是导致尿漏的主要原因。建议肾内型肾盂鹿角形结石取石时 ,如果肾盂肾盏损伤较重 ,在双J管内引流同时应行肾造瘘 ;术前应充分了解输尿管通畅情况和凝血功能状态 ,必要时并作处理

 
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