In terms of NCEP/NCAR daily reanalysis data sets, outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data, Reynold SST data and the R42L9 GOALS model, The effect of Bay of Bengal (BOB) deep convection heating with East Asian monsoon circulation and the relationship with ENSO were analyzed.

WZDGQ30 single chamber high pressure gas quenching vacuum furnace,WZGQ convection heating high pressure gas quenching vacuum furnace and WZLQH aluminium brazing vacuum furnace have been developed at home,while gas-fired vacuum furnace,semi-continuous and continuous vacuum furnaces,fluidized vacuum furnace,milti-purpose vacuum furnace,high temperature and superhigh pressure vacuum furnace,sintering vacuum furnace and vacuum furnace procluction line and so forth have been developed at abroad.

The influence of high vacuum heating and convection heating with high purity nitrogen and high purity argon gas protection when aged in vacuum tempering furnace on the properties of PH15 5 precipitated hardening stainless steel is investigated.

Simultaneously, the influences of the ENSO and anomaly of tropical convection heating on the propagation of the ISO are also indicated through the comparing analyses.

For the strong convective heating,Rossby wave-CISK modes propagate slowly eastward and northward respectively , which characters are in a good agreement with the properties of 30-60 day Low frequency oscillations.

Convective heating rates on the spherical segment entry face can be predicted by the use of wind tunnel results and stagnation-point theories of Lees and Detra-Kemp-Ridded.

With combined effect of cumulus convective heating and evaporation wind feedback,CISK Kelvin waves and CISK Rossby waves develop unstably, accounting for the intraseasonal oscillations in a way more completely and reasonably than the feedback of cumulus convective heating alone.

(1) In the stage of tropical cyclone, the cumulus convective heating and large-scale latent heating are the main factors to maintain its vertical motion.

The curves of critica1 shear (U_c~*) -wave number (A~(*2)) are used toanalyze the linear baroclinic instability influenced by β-effect, frictionand heating from convection.

To introduce heating principle of radiation and convection.

介绍辐射和对流加热原理。

At the surface the infrared radiation and free convection were considered as the boundary conditions and the penetration of the infrared radiation was considered as the energy generation in the samples in the heat transfer equation.

The properties of polyvinyl alcohol samples treated by convection heating and irradiation were compared.

The most favorable conditions to excite the CISK-Kelvin wave and CISK-Rossby wave are indicated: There is convection heating but not very strong in the atmosphere and there is weaker disturbance in the lower troposphere.

To this purpose, leavened cakes and short dough biscuits were baked to a final moisture of 3.5 and 3.0%, respectively, by means of conventional convection heating or different combinations of conventional and RF heating.

In this case, radiation heating facilitates the generation of subefflorescences, while convection heating promotes efflorescences.

Natural convection heating of liquids in closed containers

Convective heating of a blunt-nosed body in a nonuniform hypersonic gas stream

An investigation is made into the convective heating of a blunt-nosed body in an expanding stream of heated gas.

Microwave heating was used, together with the conventional convective heating, for thermal activation of the process.

suggest that the convective heating related to Indian nlon.uwn might he responsible for the development of WPA.

By linear analysis it is shown that the combination ofβ effect, friction and convective heating brings about the asymmetric phenomenon of margin curves.

Using a two-layer model, Pedlosky had studied baroclinic insta-bility of zonal flow on a frictionless β-plane and on a f-plane withfriction respectively. On the basis of his findings, baroclinic insta-bility on a β-plane with friction and with heating from convectivecondensation is investigated, yielding linear results. A nonlineartheory will be discussed in a separate paper. The curves of critica1 shear (U_c~*) -wave number (A~(*2)) are used toanalyze the linear baroclinic instability influenced by β-effect,...

Using a two-layer model, Pedlosky had studied baroclinic insta-bility of zonal flow on a frictionless β-plane and on a f-plane withfriction respectively. On the basis of his findings, baroclinic insta-bility on a β-plane with friction and with heating from convectivecondensation is investigated, yielding linear results. A nonlineartheory will be discussed in a separate paper. The curves of critica1 shear (U_c~*) -wave number (A~(*2)) are used toanalyze the linear baroclinic instability influenced by β-effect, frictionand heating from convection. It is shown that not on1y the β-effectalone could contribute to increasing stability but its combination withfriction and heating from convection can also make the curves ofcritical stability asymmetrical. This implies that the positive andnegative shears of equal absolute values may differ in stability. Fric-tion (r) may serve as a stabilizing factor, but the β-effect with aweak friction is less stable than that without friction. Heating fromconvection (m~*) always increases the baroclinic instability and makesfriction a destabilizing factor when m~*> 1. Under the condition ofm~*< 1 and that dissipation exists in layers both above and below,the long--wave cutoff for A~(*2)= L~(*2) appears in this model. And wavenumber of the short--wave cutoff increases infinitely as intensificationof heat (m~*→1) continues. In addition, medium--wave cutoffs also existin the critical curves.

A computer program has been developed for evaluation of thermal process of canned food. A group of temperature equations and the integration formula of lethality wcre used for the development. Since tmperature equations contain two experimental parameters, j and f values, which are widely used by food producers for description of thermal process, the program is the most reliable and simple to use, and suitable to both convection and conduction in heating food. It can be used to resolve two kinds of problems...

A computer program has been developed for evaluation of thermal process of canned food. A group of temperature equations and the integration formula of lethality wcre used for the development. Since tmperature equations contain two experimental parameters, j and f values, which are widely used by food producers for description of thermal process, the program is the most reliable and simple to use, and suitable to both convection and conduction in heating food. It can be used to resolve two kinds of problems of thermal process estimation, that is, determination of sterilizing value of a given thermal process and determination of a proper processing schedule, heating time and retort temperature to produce a desired sterilizing value for canned food with either simple heating curve or brocken heating curve having no more than one break point.

A highly truncated spectral model is used to study the self-exciting heating, dissipation and nonlinear action in the typhoon depression system. In the certain intensely heating condition of cumulus convection, the model exist three equilibrium states. A stability investigation of the equilibrium state triplets shows that two are stable while one is unstable. It is pointed out that the process of typhoon depression generation and development is the process in which steady-state equilbrium of the model envolves...

A highly truncated spectral model is used to study the self-exciting heating, dissipation and nonlinear action in the typhoon depression system. In the certain intensely heating condition of cumulus convection, the model exist three equilibrium states. A stability investigation of the equilibrium state triplets shows that two are stable while one is unstable. It is pointed out that the process of typhoon depression generation and development is the process in which steady-state equilbrium of the model envolves from gradual change to sudden change and from sudden change to gradual change in the phase space.