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  journalism education
Romy Fr?hlich/Christina Holtz-Bacha (eds.): Journalism Education in Europe and North America: An International Comparison
      
MASC 691 Topics in Journalism Education Term course; 1-3 credits.
      
The Project purpose is to give students direct knowledge of community and industry standard music and journalism education.
      
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The study on foreign journalism in China has experienced three development stages since 1979. The first one (1979~1983) was the renewal of attitude towards Western journalism, featured by a transition from the complete negativism to the critical introduction. The area of research subject expanded during this period but with a limitation of traditional ideology. The second one (1984~1989) was a stage that made a feature of more objective introduction than criticism. During the third stage (in the 1990s), scholars...

The study on foreign journalism in China has experienced three development stages since 1979. The first one (1979~1983) was the renewal of attitude towards Western journalism, featured by a transition from the complete negativism to the critical introduction. The area of research subject expanded during this period but with a limitation of traditional ideology. The second one (1984~1989) was a stage that made a feature of more objective introduction than criticism. During the third stage (in the 1990s), scholars were working hard on developing a native Chinese journalism theory based on the imported one. Therefore, four transitions have occurred in foreign journalism study: 1, From a total denial to a partial affirmation; 2, from an ideological criticism to an academic study; 3, rethinking of the traditional Chinese journalism; 4, clarifying some academic issues. But, on the other hand, there have been some other existing problems in the study. The next steps should be: deeply understanding foreign journalist practices and their concepts, enhancing theoretical study, forming systematic concepts and schools.

改革开放以来 ,我国“外新史”研究经历了三个发展阶段 :第一阶段 (1 9791 983)是观念更新阶段 ,其特点是对西方新闻理论由完全彻底的批判转变为批判性地引进、批判性地介绍 ,研究范围有所扩大 ,但传统的思维方式仍然在一定程度上对人们产生着影响。第二阶段 (1 984~ 1 989)是大量引进、介绍阶段 ,其特点是由批判性引进、介绍转变为介绍多于批判 ,评价较为客观了。第三阶段 (90年代 )是理论渐趋成熟阶段 ,其特点是在引进、借鉴的基础上努力寻求符合中国实际的新闻传播学发展的道路 ,学科体系不断完善。伴随着三个阶段 ,“外新史”研究实现了四个转变 ,即从全盘否定到部分肯定的转变 ;从纯意识形态到学科研究的转变 ;对社会主义新闻理论进行了深刻的反思 ;逐步廓清了一些理论问题。“外新史”研究目前存在的问题是 :第一、对国外情况的了解仍然太少 ;第二、实践超前 ,理论研究滞后 ;第三、没有形成系统的理论和流派 ;第四、新闻教育相对落后。

Through examining the journalism education in this century, the author considers that the great achievements by American journalism education are owed to Bleyer and others, who brought the journalism education into modern college, and made its rational construction from the professional education into the liberal education. But China's journalism education stresses the skills and looks down upon the academy for a long time. It's never been open itself to humanity and social concerns, as a result crisis happens...

Through examining the journalism education in this century, the author considers that the great achievements by American journalism education are owed to Bleyer and others, who brought the journalism education into modern college, and made its rational construction from the professional education into the liberal education. But China's journalism education stresses the skills and looks down upon the academy for a long time. It's never been open itself to humanity and social concerns, as a result crisis happens in both the system and knowledge. This article points out that rationality of journalism education is embedded in comprehensiveness, scholarship and humanity.

本文通过对 2 0世纪新闻教育的考察 ,认为美国新闻教育的长足发展在于布莱耶等人把新闻教育植入到现代大学教育的生命里 ,并使其合理性建构由专业化需要推扩到贯注着人文精神内涵的通才教育之中。而中国新闻教育则长期游离于大学教育生命之外 ,表现出重“术”轻“学”、本位化、非人文化等弊端 ,显现出深刻的制度危机和知识危机。本文提出 ,新闻教育的合理性在于实现综合性、学术性和人文性。

The 20th century has witnessed the booming growth of journalistic education in China. We have not only obtained achievements on a large scale but also accumulated considerable experience in teaching and management. At the turn of the century, it is indispensable to trace back the development of journalistic education of this century and to summarize the experience as well as lessons, and to look into the undertaking for the coming century.

我国的新闻教育事业经过近百年的发展 ,已形成了比较大的规模 ,取得了丰硕的业绩 ,积累了丰富的办学经验。在新世纪的崭新一页揭开之时 ,认真回顾近百年来我国新闻教育的发展进步轨迹 ,总结新闻教育的经验和教训 ,展望 2 1世纪的新闻教育 ,很有必要

 
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