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项目功能差异dif
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  “项目功能差异(dif)”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The detection of differential item functioning (DIF) is crucial to ensuring the fairness of tests, which is an important approach to test if the item is biased or not.
     项目功能差异(DIF)检验是保证测验公平性的需要,也是判别测验题目是否有偏差的重要步骤。
短句来源
     Item response theory graded model was used to study Differential Item Function (DIF) between Chinese and Japanese samples on a measure of "environment sensitivity", which is a subscale of Shiba's simple personality inventory.
     利用IRT的等级模型调查了中日两组被试关于SHIBA简易人格量表中“环境敏感性”的项目功能差异(DIF)的现状。
短句来源
     Currently,there are several methods for identify Differential Item Functioning, which are in confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory fields.
     目前在验证性因素分析(CFA)和项目反应理论(IRT)两个领域,都有一些检验方法来识别项目功能差异(DIF)
短句来源
     In this study,we examine the validity equivalence between the Chinese and English versions of the IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) Child Cognitive Developmental Status Test, through unidimensional and multidimensional analysis of differential item functioning (DIF).
     本研究旨在从一维和多维的角度检测国际教育成效评价协会(IEA)儿童认知发展状况测验中中译英考题的项目功能差异(DIF)
短句来源
     Objective To detect the differential item functioning (DIF) using Item Response Theory graded model between the gender of college freshmen on a measure of emotion adaptation, witch is a subscale of “Student Adaptation to College” Questionnaire, and then discuss the impact of DIF.
     目的探讨项目功能差异(DIF)在研究大学新生情绪适应性性别差异中的作用。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Detection of Differential Item Functioning Based on Item Response Theory
     基于项目反应理论的项目功能差异检验
短句来源
     The common method of DIF has also be introduced.
     介绍项目功能差异的常用分析方法;
短句来源
     The Exploration and Research of Parametric Polytomous Differential Item Functioning Detection Method
     多等级试题项目功能差异DIF)参数方法的检测研究
短句来源
     DETECTION OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING IN ACHINESE VOCABULARY TEST
     汉语词汇测验中的项目功能差异初探
短句来源
     Application of Differential Item Functioning in Clinical Questionnaire
     项目功能差异在临床问卷分析中的应用
短句来源
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  differential item functioning (dif)
In addition, conditions under the general CLORs model are studied for the investigation of differential item functioning (DIF) by means of the Mantel-Haenszel procedure.
      
Through differential item functioning (DIF)statistical approach, possible gender biases were analyzed.
      
Objective: In this article, psychometric properties both of the total RAND-36 and of its subscales, such as unidimensionality, differential item functioning (DIF or item bias), homogeneity and reliabilities, are examined.
      
Differential item functioning (DIF) analysis can be used to test whether translations of items in multi-item scales are equivalent to the original.
      
Psychometric properties were examined using differential item functioning (DIF) which is the presence of systematic group differences in certain response items independent of the trait being measured.
      
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Item response theory graded model was used to study Differential Item Function (DIF) between Chinese and Japanese samples on a measure of "environment sensitivity", which is a subscale of Shiba's simple personality inventory. Several issues were addressed. The first issue was that proportion of DIF items is rather larger (3/4) on the scale. Second, the DIF items were affected by item content and thresholds, but was not affected by the item discrimination. Third, the Japanese multiple IRFs of the DIF items were...

Item response theory graded model was used to study Differential Item Function (DIF) between Chinese and Japanese samples on a measure of "environment sensitivity", which is a subscale of Shiba's simple personality inventory. Several issues were addressed. The first issue was that proportion of DIF items is rather larger (3/4) on the scale. Second, the DIF items were affected by item content and thresholds, but was not affected by the item discrimination. Third, the Japanese multiple IRFs of the DIF items were more similar than Chinese. It is proposed that identifying cultural differences by using the DIF items. Finally, a topic for future research was suggested.

利用IRT的等级模型调查了中日两组被试关于SHIBA简易人格量表中“环境敏感性”的项目功能差异(DIF)的现状。研究发现 :(1)量表中DIF的项目比例大 (3/ 4 ) ;(2 )DIF与项目内容、阈值有关而与区分度大小关系不大 ;(3)DIF项目间的日方特征曲线较之中方有较强的整合性。该研究利用DIF研究结果对跨文化的人格比较作了新尝试。最后提出了关于深化DIF研究的新课题。

Currently,there are several methods for identify Differential Item Functioning, which are in confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory fields.The major purpose of this article is to offer a comparison of these two methods with a special emphasis on their methodological similarities and differences,for polytomous unidimensional case.

目前在验证性因素分析(CFA)和项目反应理论(IRT)两个领域,都有一些检验方法来识别项目功能差异(DIF)。该文主要针对单维的多级计分项目,分别介绍CFA和IRT检测DIF的方法,并进行二者的比较。

In this study,we examine the validity equivalence between the Chinese and English versions of the IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) Child Cognitive Developmental Status Test, through unidimensional and multidimensional analysis of differential item functioning (DIF).The test data from the subjects of 871 Chinese children and 557 American children are analyzed.It was found that half of the items exhibited substantial DIF,suggesting that this test did not show functional...

In this study,we examine the validity equivalence between the Chinese and English versions of the IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) Child Cognitive Developmental Status Test, through unidimensional and multidimensional analysis of differential item functioning (DIF).The test data from the subjects of 871 Chinese children and 557 American children are analyzed.It was found that half of the items exhibited substantial DIF,suggesting that this test did not show functional equivalence between the two versions so that the users should be very cautious in using the test to compare group difference between Chinese and American children.On the other hand,approximately half of the DIF items favored American while the other half favored Chinese,suggesting the scale obtained from the raw scores was not seriously biased.Furthermore,the item infit statistics were not sensible to detecting DIF items.Three plausible causes of DIF were speculated.More content knowledge and experiment are needed to explore the causes of DIF.

本研究旨在从一维和多维的角度检测国际教育成效评价协会(IEA)儿童认知发展状况测验中中译英考题的项目功能差异(DIF)。我们分析的数据由871名中国儿童和557名美国儿童的测试数据组成。结果显示,有一半以上的题目存在实质的DIF,意味着这个测验对于中美儿童而言,并没有功能等值。使用者应谨慎使用该跨语言翻译的比较测试结果来比较中美两国考生的认知能力水平。所幸约有半数的DIF题目偏向中国,半数偏向美国,因此利用测验总分所建立的量尺,应该不至于有太大的偏误。此外,题目拟合度统计量并不能足够地检测到存在DIF的题目,还是应该进行特定的DIF分析。我们探讨了三种可能导致DIF的原因,尚需更多学科专业知识和实验来真正解释DIF的形成。

 
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