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社会文化意义
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    MethodThe research is based on transcripts of 15 focus group discussions conducted in 4 drug users treatment center in Gensu Province by the author in Oct. - Nov. 2002.Purpose of the researchBy knowing HIV related high-risk behaviors of drug users and related social and cultural factors, it is to provide a concrete, and socially and culturally appropriate suggestions so as to establish HIV/AIDS prevention stratege for the drug users treatment center in Gansu Province.
    认识戒毒所中吸毒人群与HIV感染有关的危险行为和危险因素以及相关社会文化环境,为在甘肃省戒毒所中建立HIV预防模式提供具体的、符合实际的、并从社会文化意义上适当的建议。
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  social and cultural meaning
It represents each death by standard features, having either essential value, for capturing the social and cultural meaning of individual casualties, or instrumental value, for relating patterns of casualties to possible causes and effects.
      
It is symbolic and carries cant social and cultural meaning.
      


Name is a symbol with abundant social and cultural meanings. The Chinese characters are visual cultural symbols, and each character has its special functions in its creation and appliance, so the Chinese people take names seriously. In naming, people from different classes pay attention to not only the combinations of the surnames and the names but also their implications: honour, wealth, promotion, etc. Besides, collocation of the five basic elements of wood, fire, earth, metal, and water is considered, agreement...

Name is a symbol with abundant social and cultural meanings. The Chinese characters are visual cultural symbols, and each character has its special functions in its creation and appliance, so the Chinese people take names seriously. In naming, people from different classes pay attention to not only the combinations of the surnames and the names but also their implications: honour, wealth, promotion, etc. Besides, collocation of the five basic elements of wood, fire, earth, metal, and water is considered, agreement of the number of the strokes of the name and the time of birth is considered, and femininity and masculinity are considered. The names of the Han women are full of symbols and expectations. If a woman is named after a flower, she is expected to be as beautiful as a flower; if she is named after virtues, she is expected to be virtuous and mild. Analyzed from the perspective of anthropology, names of the Han women contain more abstract connotations.

姓名是一个符号体系 ,它蕴涵着丰富的社会文化意义。中国字是最形象的文化符号之一 ,每个字的产生和运用都有着特殊的作用 ,因而中国人对于取名非常重视。不同阶级和家族在取名时 ,不仅注意到姓与名的结构和组合 ,还要考虑到其中的寓意 ,包括富贵荣华、升官发财之类的世俗意义。此外 ,有的名字还要考虑木、火、土、金、水的搭配 ,有的名字考虑到笔划的多少与生辰八字是否吻合 ,有的名字考虑到阴柔与强刚等。而中国女性的名字具有明显的象征和期盼性。如以花为名 ,希望如花似玉 ;以德为名 ,希望贤淑温柔等等。如果从人类学的角度来分析 ,这些名字的构成更有其深奥的内涵。

 
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