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肝吸虫
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  liver fluke
     Effects of liver fluke ESA on Mφ NO production in guinea pig
     肝吸虫排泄分泌抗原对豚鼠腹膜MφNO产量的影响
短句来源
     Result The infection rate of parasites in 55 patients was 20% (11 cases),including the liver fluke in 10 cases, and the roundworm in 1.Conclusions The parasites infection of the biliary system is an important factor causing surgical diseases of the system,especially liver fluke infection in the natives of Binzhou area.
     结果 本组55 例的检出率为20 % (11/55) ,其中肝吸虫卵感染10 例(10/11 ,91 % ) ; 蛔虫卵感染1 例,(1/11 ,9 % ) 。
短句来源
     mixed infection with other parasites were also observed and 73.8% co-infected with liver fluke). Vacuolar forms were the most common in the fetal specimens.
     在人芽囊原虫混合其他寄生虫感染中,以肝吸虫占绝大多数(73.08%)。
短句来源
     Methods Through investigating fresh-water fishes infected by liver fluke worms in Fuzhou town to Dalian area,its epidemiology was analysed.
     方法通过对大连地区复州城中间宿主淡水鱼(麦穗鱼等6种)肝吸虫感染的调查,分析其流行病学特点。
短句来源
     Method Cluster sampling method was used in this study. ELISA-based liver fluke detection kit was used to detect IgG antibody of Chonorchis sinensis in serum.
     方法采用整群抽样方法调查不同类型人群,使用“肝吸虫抗体检测试剂盒”,采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测血清华支睾吸虫IgG抗体。
短句来源
  liver flukes
     Liver flukes associated diseases of liver and gall
     肝吸虫与肝胆疾病
短句来源
     Infection with liver flukes has been reported to be associated with some liver and gall diseases, especially the cholangiocarcinoma.
     肝吸虫感染与一些肝胆疾病,特别是胆管癌有关。
短句来源
     This paper reviews the epidemiological, clinical, experimental and pathological studies on the relationship between liver flukes infestation and diseases of liver and gall.
     该文对与肝吸虫感染相关的肝胆疾病的流行病学、临床、实验研究及病理学资料进行了综述。
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  “肝吸虫”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The sera of patients infected with other parasitic diseases were also detected by the two assays. The cross reaction rates with clonorchiasis of the two assays were 3.31% (1/32) and 6.25% (2/32), respectively, 14.81% (4/27) and 51.61(16/31) with paragonimiasis, 12.00% (3/25) and 4.00 (1/25) with HBV, respectively.
     与肝吸虫、肺吸虫和乙型肝炎患者的交叉反应率分别为3.13%(1/32)、14.81%(4/27)、12.00%(3/25)和6.25%(2/32)、51.61%(16/31)、4.00%(1/25)。
短句来源
     Intradermal test and stool examination were used for the survey and the positive rate for clonorchiasls of the 2 tests was 33.7% end 12.4% respectively.
     肝吸虫皮试阳性率和大便肝吸虫卵阳性率分别为33.7%和12.4%。
短句来源
     The positive rate of Clonorchis sinensis of 4590 people was 1.18%.
     肝吸虫检查4590人,阳性率为1.18%。
短句来源
     Results 1 561 people were in vestigated and overall prevalence was 56.37%(880 were infected). 4 species of i ntestinal parasites were identified. Among the infections, 792(50.74%) were inf ected with Clonorchis sinensis, 36(2.31%) with ascarid, 37(2.37%) with flagell ate, and 80(5.12%) with hookworm.
     结果共调查1561人,查出肠道寄生虫4种,感染总人数880人,感染率为56.37%,其中感染肝吸虫、蛔虫、鞭虫、钩虫人数分别为792、36、37、80人,感染率分别是50.74%、2.31%、2.37%和5.12%。
短句来源
     Results:Four hybridoma cell lines secreting McAbs again st CsA were named D 2G 8, D 2E 11 , E 11 H 8 and H 3B 4. T h e titers of D 2G 8, D 2E 11 , E 11 H 8 and H 3B 4 were 1∶64 000, 1 ∶128 000, 1∶32 000 and 1∶2 000 respectively.
     结果 :获得 4株稳定分泌抗肝吸虫成虫单抗的杂交瘤细胞株 D2 G8、D2 E1 1 、E1 1 H8和 H3B4 ,其 Ig类型鉴定结果均为 Ig G1,κ( kappa)型 ;
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  liver fluke
Polymorphism of the ND1 and CO1 Mitochondrial Genes in Populations of Liver Fluke Fasciola hepatica
      
Polymorphism of fragments of the ND1 and CO1 mitochondrial genes was for the first time found in four liver fluke Fasciola hepatica samples from Ukraine, Belarus, Moscow region, and Mordovia.
      
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis is a common disease in Southeast Asia, where an association with the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is postulated.
      
Fascioliasis is an uncommon zoonotic disease caused by Fasciola hepatica, a liver fluke, for which humans act as an accidental host, infected by the ingestion of water or raw aquatic vegetables contaminated with the metacercaria.
      
Liver fluke infestation in buffaloes causes a significant decrease in serum and bile Ca levels.
      
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  liver flukes
In order to study the rapid incorporation of amino acids into the vitelline glands and the ovary of liver flukes they were incubated for 10 minutes in dl-tyrosine-3-14C, l-methionine-35S, and glycine-2-14C, respectively.
      
Liver flukes were incubated in vitro in solutions containing hexachlorophene (HCP) or its synthesized dimethylether (HCPD).
      
Ultrastructural studies on the liver flukes after incubation in HCP or HCPD revealed that only HCP caused damage.
      
It can be calculated that after rabbit passage 4.5 liver flukes develop from 100F.
      
Activity of luxabendazole against liver flukes, gastrointestinal roundworms, and lungworms in naturally infected sheep
      
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Using the technique of paper chromatography, we have investigated the transaminationreactions between twenty-two different amino acids and α-ketoglutaric acid in the homogenate ofSchistosoma japonicum. The formation of glutamic acid was demonstrated with alanine, arginineand aspartic acid as substrates. The activities of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) in the homogenates of the worms were determined. For paired worms, the averagevalues found were in micromol./mg.N/hour,...

Using the technique of paper chromatography, we have investigated the transaminationreactions between twenty-two different amino acids and α-ketoglutaric acid in the homogenate ofSchistosoma japonicum. The formation of glutamic acid was demonstrated with alanine, arginineand aspartic acid as substrates. The activities of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) in the homogenates of the worms were determined. For paired worms, the averagevalues found were in micromol./mg.N/hour, 20.1 and 16.9 for GPT and GOT respectively.When estimated separately, the activities for female worms were found to be higher than those ofthe male worms. The optimal pH for both enzymes was 7.2-7.5; the optimal substrate concentrations werefound to be 0.02 M for α-ketoglutaric acid, and 0.2-0.4M for both DL-alanine and DL-asparticacid. Tartar emetic, Sb-58 and Fouadin had a notable inhibitory effect on GPT of S. japonicum.It was shown that both the forward and the reverse reactions were inhibited 50% by 10~(-4)Mtartar emetic. This inhibitory effect could be reversed by the addition of sodium dimercaptosuc-cinate. All these three compounds did not show any inhibitory effect on GPT in the mouse liver,but acted on the enzyme of Fasciola hepatica in a similar way as on that of S. japonicum. TheGOT of S. japonicum was inhibited only by Sb-58 but not by the other two antimonial drugs.

用纸上层析法测定了日本血吸虫匀浆对22种氨基酸与α-酮戊二酸的转氨作用,当用丙氨酸、精氨酸及天门冬氨酸作底物时,可明显地测出谷氨酸的生成。日本血吸虫的谷氨酸-两酮酸转氨酶(谷丙酶)及谷氨酸-草酰乙酸转氨酶(谷草酶)的活力经用比色法多次测定,所得结果波动不大,雌雄合抱虫活力的平均值(微克分子/毫克氮量/60分)谷丙酶为20.1,谷草酶为16.9。在雌雄虫分别测定中,雌虫的酶活力较高。二种酶的最适pH均为7.2—7.5,底物最适浓度α-酮戊二酸为0.02M,DL-丙氨酸及DL-天门冬氨酸同为0.2-0.4M。吐酒石、Sb-58及(月弟)芬对日本血吸虫的谷丙酶有明显的抑制作用,当吐酒石的浓度为10~(-4)M时正逆二个方向的反应均被抑制约5O%,这种抑制作用能被二巯基丁二酸钠所解除。锑剂对小白鼠肝脏的谷丙酶无作用,但对肝吸虫的作用与血吸虫相似。血吸虫的谷草酶亦能被Sb-58所抑制,但不受其他二种锑剂的影响。

Sheep red blood cells(SRBC), treated with tannic acid and glutaralde-hyde were sensitized with cysticercus fluid antigen, lyophilized and stored in ampoules at 4℃. Using such lyophilized sensitized SRBC a passive he-magglutination reaction on polystyrene plates was developed for the diagnosis of cysticercosis. Serum samples from 113 cases of cysticercosis and 196 cases of other diseases and normal controls were examined. A comparison was made of this reaction in parallel with an ordinary passive hemaggluti-nation...

Sheep red blood cells(SRBC), treated with tannic acid and glutaralde-hyde were sensitized with cysticercus fluid antigen, lyophilized and stored in ampoules at 4℃. Using such lyophilized sensitized SRBC a passive he-magglutination reaction on polystyrene plates was developed for the diagnosis of cysticercosis. Serum samples from 113 cases of cysticercosis and 196 cases of other diseases and normal controls were examined. A comparison was made of this reaction in parallel with an ordinary passive hemaggluti-nation reaction and a complement fixation test. It was found that the he-magglutination reaction posseses the following advantages:1) High sensitivity with a postive rate of 95.6% in. proved cases of cysticercosis. Comparison of the three tests among 100 cases showed a higher positive rate by the two hemagglutination tests(98%)than the complement fixation test(91%), the hemagglutination test using lyophilized sensitized SRBC usually giving a higher titer than the ordinary hemagglutination reaction. 2) High specificity. There was no cross reaction in 25 cases of clo-norchiasis, 1 case of echinococcosis, 19 cases of brain tumor and 1 case of tuberculous pleurisy and there was no false positive reaction in 150 healthy subjects.3 ) Only 25 μ1 of serum are needed for each test , and so blood from earlobe and finger tips can be used.4) Performance is simple and endpoint can be read within 1 hour.5) The lyophilized sensitized SRBC can be kept for more than one year without loss of activity.

本文报导用冻干致敏羊红细胞进行囊虫病间接血凝平板微量试验检查囊虫病113例及其他疾病和健康对照共196例的结果,同时与一般间接血凝和补体结合试验进行了平行对比观察,发现本法具有下述主要优点;(1)灵敏度高,检出率高达95.6%。在100例囊虫病的三种方法平行对比观察中,两种间接血凝法检出率为98%,超过补体结合试验(91%),而冻干间接血凝效价高于一般间接血凝试验。(2)特异性较强,肝吸虫病25例,棘球蚴病1例,脑瘤19例,胸膜结核1例,健康人150例均未出现阳性反应。(3)血清用量少,每次试验只需样品25微升(可用耳血或指血)。(4)操作简单,反应快速,一小时内即可报告结果。(5)保存时间长,抗原致敏的羊红细胞冻干后保存,一年后效价仍稳定不减。鉴于以上优点,我们建议由生物制品部门批量生产供应基层医疗防治单位应用。

In 1965, a survey on clonorchis was carried out among 1,365 persons in 2 production brigates of the Shuangchiao Commune near Beijing. Intradermal test and stool examination were used for the survey and the positive rate for clonorchiasls of the 2 tests was 33.7% end 12.4% respectively. The infection rate for the 2~16 age group was found to be significantly higher than that of the group over 16. Of 267 fresh-water snails (Parafossarulus striatulus) examined, One snail (0.38%) was found to harbour clonorchis cercariae....

In 1965, a survey on clonorchis was carried out among 1,365 persons in 2 production brigates of the Shuangchiao Commune near Beijing. Intradermal test and stool examination were used for the survey and the positive rate for clonorchiasls of the 2 tests was 33.7% end 12.4% respectively. The infection rate for the 2~16 age group was found to be significantly higher than that of the group over 16. Of 267 fresh-water snails (Parafossarulus striatulus) examined, One snail (0.38%) was found to harbour clonorchis cercariae. 6 species of fresh-water fishes were captured and examined for clonorchis metacercaria and the positive rate in Pseudorasbora parrs and Abbottina rivuiaris was found to be 80.7% and 37.3% respectively. Each gram of flesh of the former might contain 173~962 metacercariae. Of 6 domestic cats examined. 3 were positive for clonorchis ova. In cooperation with barefoot dorctors, health campaign was conducted and proper treatments were given to those found to be infected. Of these, 146 were treated at home with hexachloroparaxylol. The immediate cure rate obtained was 88.1%. In 1972, a resurvey was made in the same area with the same methods. The positive rate obtained by intradermal test and stool examination was 15.0% and 3.8% respectively, indicating that the infection rate was declining

1965年对2个生产队共1,365人进行有关本病调查。肝吸虫皮试阳性率和大便肝吸虫卵阳性率分别为33.7%和12.4%。同地区2~16岁年龄组的感染率明显高于16岁以上者。检查纹沼螺267只,一只(0.38%)查见肝吸虫尾幼。检查6种鱼,麦穗鱼和虎头鱼的肝吸虫囊幼感染率分别为80.7%和37.3%。每克麦穗鱼带囊173~962个。查6只猫,3只便有肝吸虫卵。在当地赤脚医生协助下,边查、边治、边做预防卫生宣传。已查出虫卵的146例,就地用六氯对二甲苯进行治疗,近期疗愈率为88.1%。1972年应用同样方法对当地进行复查,皮试和肝吸虫卵阳性率已分别降低至15.0%和3.8%。

 
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