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   公共卫生机构 在 医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.066秒
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公共卫生机构
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  public health institutions
    Methodologies,models and application of cost accounting in public health institutions
    公共卫生机构成本核算的思路、模型和应用
短句来源
    Before 1980, all expenditures of public health institutions were compensated by govemment subsidy.
    在1980年实行筹资改革以前,公共卫生机构的一切支出全部由政府经费补偿;
短句来源
    There are two chareteristics in health finaning reform for public health in China that induced change of financing structure of public health institutions, one is relative declining of government subsidy, the other is charge for public health service.
    我国公共卫生筹资改革有两个明显特点:一是政府经费补助相对减少,二是对公共卫生服务实行有偿服务,改变了公共卫生机构的筹资结构。
短句来源
    This paper introduced some general information and background for cost accounting in public health institutions as well as the contents and purposes of cost accounting.
    介绍公共卫生机构成本核算的现况及背景,并对成本核算的层次、内容和目的进行了探讨。
短句来源
    Under the significant improvement of hardware circumstance in varied level of Chinese public health institutions by governmental investment,as one of the most important parts of software,quality of public health professionals is becoming bottleneck for public health development.
    在我国各级公共卫生机构“硬件”建设得到明显改善情况下,作为“软件”之一的公共卫生人才队伍素质已经成为制约公共卫生事业发展的关键因素。
短句来源
  public health institution
    Public Health Institution Performance Budgeting Management
    公共卫生机构的绩效预算管理——以县疾病预防控制中心为例
短句来源
  “公共卫生机构”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methodologies, models and applications for cost accounting were discussed. How to organize and implement cost accounting is suggested in the final part of the paper.
    提出了成本核算的思路和理论模型,探讨了成本核算在微观和宏观两个层面的应用以及如何在公共卫生机构内组织和实施成本核算工作。
短句来源
    Results: Public healthy staff average income is 30090.99 RMB in 2003, it was 0.89 times that of medical staff and 0.92 of civil servants, in which the national assigned portion only takes up 35.16%, 37.67%, 37.53%, 32.97% respectively in 4 different public healthy institution.
    结果:2003年公共卫生机构年人均收入为30090.99元,是医疗机构人员的89.0%,是公务人员的92.0%。 4类公共卫生机构(疾病预防控制中心、卫生监督所、疾病防治专业站(所)、卫生防疫站)国家统一工资占年收入的比重分别为35.19%、37.67%、37.53%、32.97%。
短句来源
    Methodologies,Models and Applications for Cost Accounting in Public Health Services
    公共卫生机构成本核算的思路、模型和应用
短句来源
    Research on the current salary level of public healthy staff in Jiangsu province
    江苏省公共卫生机构人员劳务报酬现况与影响因素分析
短句来源
    Basic Health Organizations and Basic Health Security in Rural Areas
    村级公共卫生机构与基本健康保障
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  public health institutions
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However, the success of groups requires a long term commitment from public health institutions and a recognition of how such groups must be adapted to different social environments.
      
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He researched a cholera epidemic that killed 500 people in a rainforest, demonstrating how public health institutions create expendable populations.
      
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  public health institution
The data on disease incidence rates for the individual municipalities, from 1997 to 2001, have been obtained from the Public Health Institution in charge of monitoring population health on the island.
      
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There are two chareteristics in health finaning reform for public health in China that induced change of financing structure of public health institutions, one is relative declining of government subsidy, the other is charge for public health service. Before 1980, all expenditures of public health institutions were compensated by govemment subsidy. But by the middle of 1990' s, the proportion of government subsidy to total income dropped down to 30% ~ 50%, which only covered the salary of staff, while the proportion...

There are two chareteristics in health finaning reform for public health in China that induced change of financing structure of public health institutions, one is relative declining of government subsidy, the other is charge for public health service. Before 1980, all expenditures of public health institutions were compensated by govemment subsidy. But by the middle of 1990' s, the proportion of government subsidy to total income dropped down to 30% ~ 50%, which only covered the salary of staff, while the proportion of revenue by charge went up to 50% ~ 70%. Although market-oriented financing for public health improves the viability and efficiency of institutions, it also reveals some serious problems. Economic incentives lead to surplus delivery of unnecessary health services and insufficient provision of essential health services. Charge for service decreaes the demand and utilization of preventive health service that has got positive impact on people, and lack of expenses subsidized by government results in lack of supply of public health products. Past experiences demonstrate that it brings about low efficiency of utilization of social resources that government is losing its role in health financing for public health. Charge for service restrains the demand for service of population, and increases the risk of disease. Market oriented health financing for public health is not a right choice for policy maker. When adopted, it will lead to a lot of ill side effects.

我国公共卫生筹资改革有两个明显特点:一是政府经费补助相对减少,二是对公共卫生服务实行有偿服务,改变了公共卫生机构的筹资结构。在1980年实行筹资改革以前,公共卫生机构的一切支出全部由政府经费补偿;在实行改革之后的90年代中期,政府经费占机构总收入的比例下降到30%-50%,仅能补偿人员工资,有偿收入所占比例相应地增加到50%-70%,以市场为导向的公共卫生筹资虽能提高机构的经济活力与生产效率,但同时也暴露出一些问题。经济激励机制导致了不必要卫生服务的过度提供与必要卫生服务的提供不足。有偿服务减少了人们对具有正外部效应的预防保健服务的需求和利用,政府经费不足导致了公共产品的供给不足。以往的实践证明:政府在公共卫生筹资中的作用减弱可导致社会资源利用的低效率;实行有偿服务会抑制人群对这些服务的需求,增加疾病发生的危险性;以市场为导向的公共卫生筹资改革不能作为一项政策选择,一旦采用这类政策,就会造成许多不良后果。

This paper introduced some general information and background for cost accounting in public health institutions as well as the contents and purposes of cost accounting. Methodologies, models and applications for cost accounting were discussed. How to organize and implement cost accounting is suggested in the final part of the paper.

介绍公共卫生机构成本核算的现况及背景,并对成本核算的层次、内容和目的进行了探讨。提出了成本核算的思路和理论模型,探讨了成本核算在微观和宏观两个层面的应用以及如何在公共卫生机构内组织和实施成本核算工作。

This paper introduced some general information and background for cost accounting in public health institutions as well as the contents and purposes of cost accounting.Methodologies,models and applications for cost accounting were discussed.How to organize and implement cost accounting was suggested in the final part of the paper.

文章介绍了公共卫生机构成本核算的现况及背景 ,并对成本核算的层次、内容和目的进行了探讨 ,提出了成本核算的思路和理论模型 ,探讨了成本核算在微观和宏观两个层面的应用以及如何在公共卫生机构内组织和实施成本核算工作

 
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