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农耕业
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     Their close cultural connection is seen in livelihood, life, religion and customs. However, the two groups have many cultural differences.
     其文化的相近主要表现在生计、生活、宗教、习俗等方面 ,但由于历史原因 ,两种文化也存在一些差异 ,羌族受汉化较深 ,农耕业较先进 ;
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     Holland's Flower Industry
     荷兰的园艺
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     Chestnut industry in Europe
     欧洲的栗子
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     Grass economic is a very important portion of domestic economic from ancient to modern word both in the pasturage and the farming area.
     从古到今,草经济是国民经济中极为重要的部分,无论在畜牧养殖区还是在农耕种植区。
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Closely connected by geography and culture, the present Qiang and Baima Tibetans evolved from the ancient Qiang and the Di ethnic groups that shared the same origin. Their close cultural connection is seen in livelihood, life, religion and customs. However, the two groups have many cultural differences. The Qiang, much influenced by the Han culture, has fully developed its agriculture while the Baima has made less progress in this field.

羌族与白马藏人源于古代同源的羌族和氐族 ,是两支地域相邻且文化相近的族体。其文化的相近主要表现在生计、生活、宗教、习俗等方面 ,但由于历史原因 ,两种文化也存在一些差异 ,羌族受汉化较深 ,农耕业较先进 ;白马藏人多受藏文化影响 ,农业生产相对落后

Today's environmental problems in China have a long history. That agriculture developed widl in the valley of the Huanghe River during the Qin and Han Dynasties and troops were garrisoned and fields were plowed on the Loess Plateau in order to prevent the invasion of northern nomads leaded to large-scale deforestation and destruction of grasslands and caused irreversible damage to the originally fragile natural environment. Large population of immigration in the valley of the Changjiang River since...

Today's environmental problems in China have a long history. That agriculture developed widl in the valley of the Huanghe River during the Qin and Han Dynasties and troops were garrisoned and fields were plowed on the Loess Plateau in order to prevent the invasion of northern nomads leaded to large-scale deforestation and destruction of grasslands and caused irreversible damage to the originally fragile natural environment. Large population of immigration in the valley of the Changjiang River since the Tang and Song Dynasties resulted in the tension of plowland in the south. Inning in the lake area, logging in the mountainous region worsened the environment in the south. Large population, only agricultural economy and limited high-yield plowland were everlasting problems throughout the history of China. Scientific coordination of population, resource and environment is the key issue in contemporary China.

中国今天的环境问题有其历史发展的过程。秦汉时代在黄河流域普遍发展农耕业,以及为防御北部游牧民族的内侵,在黄土高原上驻兵屯田,大规模的伐垦森林和草原,使原来就非常脆弱的自然环境受到破坏,不可逆转。唐宋以后对长江流域的大规模人口迁徙,引起南方的耕地不足,围湖造田、开发山林,造成南方环境的恶化。人口的众多,单一农耕经济,高产可耕地又少,是我国历史上永恒的难题。人口、资源、环境的科学协调,是当代中国的首要问题。

In the early period of the Northern Wei Dynasty,Xianbei turned to engage mainly in farming instead of engaging mainly in nomadizing.One of the reasons was that famines constantly occurred because of frequent floods and droughts,so they had to develop farming to solve the problem of food supply.In addition,their turning to farming was the objective demand because after the nomadic people went down south,they had to change their way of life characterized by living scatteredly,so it was hard for them to engage...

In the early period of the Northern Wei Dynasty,Xianbei turned to engage mainly in farming instead of engaging mainly in nomadizing.One of the reasons was that famines constantly occurred because of frequent floods and droughts,so they had to develop farming to solve the problem of food supply.In addition,their turning to farming was the objective demand because after the nomadic people went down south,they had to change their way of life characterized by living scatteredly,so it was hard for them to engage mainly in animal husbandry.However,animal husbandry always occupied an important place in social production,which was closely related with military needs and diatary habit.

北魏前期,拓跋鲜卑从以游牧为主转向农耕为主,原因之一是水旱灾害频繁发生,饥荒不断,需要发展农耕业以解决粮食供应问题。此外,游牧民族南下后,不得不改变其散居的生活方式,难以继续以畜牧为主业,向农耕业转变是客观需要。不过,当时畜牧业始终在社会生产中占有很大的比重,这与军事需要和饮食习惯是密切相关的。

 
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