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公共     
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  public
    Theoretical Analysis on the Provision Patterns of Public Goods
    公共物品提供模式的理论分析
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    The Study on the Supply Mechanism of Public Goods
    公共物品供给机制研究
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    Methodology Study on Public Policy Alternative Formulation
    公共政策方案研制程式的研究
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    A Theoretical Study of the Provision of Local Public Goods
    地方公共品供给的理论研究
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    Industry Competition and Public Policy Based on Two-Sided Market Theory
    基于双边市场理论的产业竞争与公共政策研究
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  the public
    Research on the mechanism of the Public Good's Adjustment
    公共品调节机制研究
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    The Orientation of Public Interest in the Public Policy
    公共政策的公共利益取向
短句来源
    The Public Philosophy and Government Behavior in Economic System Changes
    公共哲学与经济制度变迁中的政府行为
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    Analysis on Analytic Framework of the Public Choice Theory
    公共选择理论分析框架解析
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    Government Responsibilities in the Supply of the Public Goods
    公共品供给中的政府责任
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  pubic
    Is Pubic Relation Productivity?
    公共关系是生产力吗?──与邢媛、田也刚二位先生商榷
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    Research on Raising the Pubic Goods' Deposit Effect
    提高公共物品配置效率问题研究
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    Part Three The analysis of influence of "vote with hand" the mechanism on effective supply of pubic goods by governments.
    三、“以手投票”对政府有效提供公共产品影响的分析。
短句来源
    Chapter Four first of all discussed issues of responsibility identifying, revenue sources and decision-making mechanism in China’s rural pubic expenditure management.
    本文提出并运用了一个涉及支出责任、收入来源和决策机制的公共支出分析框架来考察中国的农村公共支出。
短句来源
    The remarkable characteristics of the public provision of our country’s planned economy are the monopoly in the public field, inefficiency of the provision of the pubic service, the serious bureaucracy, scarcity of fund, failing to achieve the objective of the revolution, the thought of cadre-oriented government, the fussy procedures of the government’s examination and approval, rigid price mechanism, lacking effective supervision, and so on.
    我国计划经济体制下的公共物品提供的显著特征就是公用事业领域垄断、公共服务供给的低效率、公共部门官僚作风严重、经费不足、改革缺乏应有的广度、深度和力度、“官本位”思想普遍存在、行政审批制度繁琐、价格问题、缺乏有效的监管制度,严重束缚我国当前市场经济下公共服务的供给。
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  in public
    PFI-Private Finance in Public Works
    公共项目私人融资新途径——PFI
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    The Analysis of Whole Flow about Introducing Knowledge Management in Public Sector
    公共部门导入知识管理的整体流程分析
短句来源
    The Analysis of Total Quality Management Theory in Public Sectors of China
    全面质量管理理论在我国公共部门的运用分析
短句来源
    PPP(Public -private partnerships),is a pattern of project financing in public infrastructure.
    PPP(Public-PrivatePartnership),即公共部门与私人企业合作模式,是公共基础设施的一种项目融资模式。
短句来源
    Considering the characters of the evaluation on public policy,the authors expatiate the basic concept and main methods of Beneficiary Satisfaction Index (BSI) and the application of BSI in Public Policy Evaluation.
    本文结合公共政策评价工作的特点,着重阐述了将“受益者满意度”评价的概念与方法引入公共政策的评价工作中,实施公共政策受益者满意度评价的意义和基本思路。
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      public
    Further research on public-key cryptosystems based on third-order recurrence sequence
          
    Properties of third-order recurrence sequences were investigated and a new variant of the GH public-key cryptosystem, which was further improved to be a probabilistic public-key cryptosystem, was proposed.
          
    Management pattern of ecological public welfare forests in South China
          
    The characteristics and actualities of ecological public welfare forests in South China are studied in this paper, including common and special management patterns.
          
    The authors also point out, based on ecological transformation and utilization, that ecological public welfare forests should be oriented to multiple benefit utilization to maintain sustainable management.
          
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      the public
    In present EIA cases, there are four participants in general: governments, enterprises, EIA organizations and the public.
          
    The public has held responsible for both social costs and social duties.
          
    The public supervises social costs produced by enterprises discharging pollutant in EIA.
          
    However public participation is mostly deputized by governments, which severely weaken the independence of the public as one participant in EIA.
          
    At present, the public as silent victims can not take actual part in EIA.
          
    更多          
      pubic
    High accumulations of calcium and phosphorus in women's pubic symphysis
          
    To elucidate compositional changes of the pubic symphysis (PS) by aging, elements of pubic symphyses (PSs) removed from 26 cadavers were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic-emission spectrometry.
          
    Calcanei were chosen for analysis of mineral contents in contrast with femoral, popliteal and common carotid arteries, internal jugular veins, and pubic symphysis.
          
    The study revealed that age-related changes of calcium contents in the ADs of TMJs were similar to those in women's pubic symphyses, but not those in intervertebral disks and menisci.
          
    Calcanei were chosen for analysis of mineral contents in contrast to arteries such as the femoral, popliteal, and common carotid arteries, veins such as superior and inferior venae cavae, internal jugular, and femoral veins, and pubic symphyses.
          
    更多          
      in public
    Regularities in the dynamics of this process have been established, which allows us to discuss possible changes in public health under new hydroclimatic conditions, in particular, under global climate changes.
          
    This circumstance means that the technique that we presented in the paper can be applied for voice transmission over the Internet (VoIP) and in public switched telephone networks (PSTN).
          
    An interactive algorithm for portfolio bi-criteria optimization of R>amp;D projects in public organizations
          
    Therefore we systematically analyzed protein sequences available in public database and predicted 1237 protein clusters as potential alternative translational initiation events.
          
    American emphasis on the equal social distribution of drinking problems; and Soviet drinking practices which encourage rapid consumption in public locations vs.
          
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    The principle of distribution according to work can not be fully realized because there are many kinds of ownership, and commodity production and commodity exchange prevail. The distribution principle at elementary stage of socialism is distribution according to merits,i.e., distribution according to he merits made by various productive elements in the creation of social wealth. It takes the forms of wages, salaries, interests, dividends and bonuses. This principle will ensure equal opportunity for all, higher...

    The principle of distribution according to work can not be fully realized because there are many kinds of ownership, and commodity production and commodity exchange prevail. The distribution principle at elementary stage of socialism is distribution according to merits,i.e., distribution according to he merits made by various productive elements in the creation of social wealth. It takes the forms of wages, salaries, interests, dividends and bonuses. This principle will ensure equal opportunity for all, higher efficiency, optimal deployment of resources and promote rapid development of social productive forces.

    由于社会主义初级阶段还存在着多种所有制成份,还存在着商品生产和商品交换,国家、企业和个人都还具有相对独立的经济利益,国民收入中的积累与消费的比倒、劳动者的现实利益与长远利益和个人需要与公共需要的选择等还不能完全由国家统一规定,企业和个人还都具有不同程度的收入分配和积累的自主权,所以,还不能完全实行按劳分配。社会主义初级阶段的分配原则是接贡献分配,也就是按各种生产要素在社会财富的创造中所作出的实际贡献进行分配。社会主义初级阶段的各种收入都是按贡献分配的形式——工资是根据劳动的贡献而给予劳动者的报酬;薪金是根据经营管理的贡献而给予企业家的报酬;利息、股息和红利等是根据资金或资本的贡献而给予资产所有者的报酬。各种生产要素的贡献是由各生产要素的边际收益决定的。而各种收入的决定,又是通过市场机制实现的。在社会主义初级阶段,只有贯彻按贡献分配的愿则,才能确保机会均等,提高效率,实现资源的最优配置,促进社会生产力的迅速发展。

    In this paper the hypothesis prerequisite for resource optimal allocation under -market economy structure and the basic concept of ineffective market are analysed, and the principles that government intervention should obey and the reasons that arouse inactive intervention are also presented, Then the author discussed the features of natural resources as public goods and the necessity and complexity in protection, utilization and exploitation of natural resources according to its characteristics and market principles....

    In this paper the hypothesis prerequisite for resource optimal allocation under -market economy structure and the basic concept of ineffective market are analysed, and the principles that government intervention should obey and the reasons that arouse inactive intervention are also presented, Then the author discussed the features of natural resources as public goods and the necessity and complexity in protection, utilization and exploitation of natural resources according to its characteristics and market principles. Furtherly the concept, structure, process system, logical system, and knowledge system of the systems engineering for natural resource management are expounded, and the methods for analysis of the benefit cost is introduced.

    本文系统分析了市场经济体制下资源优化配置的假设前提与市场失灵的基本概念,阐明了政府干预应遵循的原则以及造成政府失灵的原因。着重讨论了自然资源作为公共物品的特征以及从自然特点出发,按照市场原则保护、利用与开发自然资源的必要性和复杂性。论述了自然资源管理系统工程的定义、结构、过程系统、逻辑系统和知识系统,并扼要介绍了效益费用分析法。

    The market economy runs depending upon its inner mechanism,however,themarket mechanism can not resolove many problems,such as the competions are not complete insome aspects,the public goods for the society can not reflect the outer costs and the outer interests,the production activities cause destruction in ecosystem,bad consumption actionsinfluence social safety and people’s health,the economy fluctuates frequently,tow end division enlarges,many trades are illegal,etc. Hence,it is necessary for the government...

    The market economy runs depending upon its inner mechanism,however,themarket mechanism can not resolove many problems,such as the competions are not complete insome aspects,the public goods for the society can not reflect the outer costs and the outer interests,the production activities cause destruction in ecosystem,bad consumption actionsinfluence social safety and people’s health,the economy fluctuates frequently,tow end division enlarges,many trades are illegal,etc. Hence,it is necessary for the government tointerfere and adjust the market economy properly so as to overcome its shortcomings.

    市场经济依靠其内在机制而运作,但市场机制并不能解决市场经济中的许多问题,例如市场竞争的不完全性,社会公共财货不能依赖自由市场提供,市场价格不能反映外部成本与外部利益,生产活动引起生态破坏,不良消费行为影响社会安全和国民健康,经济波动激烈,两极分化扩大,不法交易,等等。这就需要政府对市场经济进行适当干预,以克服市场机制的缺陷。

     
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