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     Methods:Test animals(rats,mice,rabbits)were devided into the control group and HBO groups(HBO treatment for 5 or 10 days). The HBO treatment was pure oxygen(99 2%)inhalation for 2 hours each day under 0.25 MPa abs pressure.
     方法:将实验动物(大鼠,小鼠,兔)分为对照组和HBO组(HBO处理5天或10天),HBO处理为每天在0.25MPa(2.5ATA)压力下吸99.2%氧2小时。
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     Serum GASCAP could be detected as early as 2 weeks post infection of200 cercaria(medium infection),and 4 weeks post infection of 50 cercaria(light infe-ction).
     中度(200尾蚴/兔)和轻度(50尾蚴/兔)感染家兔可在感染后第2周和第4周检出GASCAP;
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     Eight species rabbits were used to study the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) by means of discontinuity polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
     利用不连续梯度聚丙烯酰胺圆盘凝胶电泳法,对新西兰兔、青紫蓝兔、比利时兔、日本大耳兔、加利福尼亚兔、德国巨兔、长毛兔(安哥拉兔)、哈白兔等8个品种家兔血清的乳酸脱氢酶同工酶(以下简称LDH同工酶)进行电泳分析。
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     The standard defects of 10 mm in diameter on the rabbits′ parietal bones were implanted with allogeneic (rabbit),and heterogenic (human,pig and sheep) BMG separately.
     以家兔颅顶骨直径10mm园形骨缺损作为动物模型,分别植入同种(兔)、异种(人、猪、羊)的骨基质明胶。
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     The flow velocity in middle cerebral artery(FVmca) of rabbits with head injury was studied by using transcranial Doppler(TCD)after the injection of venoruton.
     应用经颅多普勒超声技术观察了维脑路通注射液治疗脑外伤动物(兔)模型大脑中动脉血流速度(FVmca)。
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     The Rainbow Rabbit
     彩虹
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     Diagnosis of Rabbit Pasteurellosis
     巴氏杆菌病的诊断
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     Third the process of biological pattern recognition.
     (3嗅觉识别的过程。
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  rabbit)
The synthesized compounds were evaluated as perchlorides and methiodides by functional tests with rabbit vas deferens (putative M1), guinea-pig heart (M2) and guinea-pig ileum (M3).
      
The method is applied to the problem of power calculations for the score test of heteroscedasticity in European rabbit data (Ratkowsky, 1983).
      
The polyvinyl acetal sponge modified by chitosan was used as a hemostatic packing material for the injured rabbit nasal tissue.
      
Experimental cloning of embryos through human-rabbit inter-species nuclear transfer
      
The animal implantation test showed that the AZ31B alloy could slowly biodegrade in femur of the rabbit and form calcium phosphate around the alloy sample, with the Ca/P ratio close to the natural bone.
      
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Although the occurence of a coenzyme I-independant, particle-bound α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase in skeletal muscle of higher animals has long been recognized, little is known about its relation to the cytochrome system. Green has found that it is linked to cytochrome c but details of the electron transporting pathway has remained obscure. This problem has now been studied using the method of simultaneous action of two or more enzyme systems as described previously. Enzyme preparation obtained from thoroughly...

Although the occurence of a coenzyme I-independant, particle-bound α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase in skeletal muscle of higher animals has long been recognized, little is known about its relation to the cytochrome system. Green has found that it is linked to cytochrome c but details of the electron transporting pathway has remained obscure. This problem has now been studied using the method of simultaneous action of two or more enzyme systems as described previously. Enzyme preparation obtained from thoroughly washed rabbit muscle mince has been employed in the present investigation. It has been found that in the presence of the rabbit muscle enzyme preparation, succinate and α-glycerophosphate each interferes with the rate of oxidation of the other when they are oxidized simultaneously. The inhibition of α-glycerophosphate oxidase by succinate can be reversed by the addition of pyrophosphate, a powerful inhibitor of succinic dehydrogenase. With cytochrome c as electron acceptor, the overall rate of simultaneous oxidation of α-glycerophosphate, succinate and reduced coenzyme I (CoIH) does not represent the sum of the rates of their separate oxidation, but corresponds only to the highest of the three rates, i.e. the rate of oxidation of CoIH. It is, therefore, believed that the α-glycerophosphate-, succinate- and CoIH-cytochrome c reductase systems have a common, velocity limiting electron carrier which is most probably the linking factor first proposed by Slater. In agreement with this conclusion, the α-glycerophosphate oxidase of rabbit muscle preparation has been found to be sensitive to the action of 2,3-dimercaptopropanol. Using 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol, as acceptor, the overall rate of the simultaneous oxidation of succinate and α-glycerophosphate equals exacdy to the sum of the rates of their separate oxidation. Similar results have also been obtained even in presence of phenylurethane, which markedly inhibits the activity of succinic dehydrogenase and does not affect the activity of α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase. These facts suggest that cytochrome b is not involved in the oxidation of α-glycerophosphate in rabbit muscle preparation. The pathway of hydrogen or electron transfer of the particulate α-glycerophosphate oxidase system may, therefore, be represented as follow: (See also Fig. 4)

(一) 在經徹底冲洗的骨骼肌製劑中,[L-α]甘油磷酸和琥珀酸的氧化彼此干涉。琥珀酸對[L-α]甘油磷酸氧化的抑制作用能因加入抑制琥珀酸脫氫酶的焦磷酸而解除。 (二) 當用細胞色素c作受體時[L-α]甘油磷酸,還原輔酶I和琥珀酸三者同時氧化時總氧化速度僅相當其中氧化速度最高者即還原輔酶I單獨氧化的速度。[L-α]甘油磷酸氧化酶系也因[2,3]二氫硫基丙醇的處理而失效。 (三) 當用[2,6]二氯酚靛酚作受體時[L-α]甘油磷酸和琥珀酸同時氧化時速度完全等於二底料單獨氧化時速度的和。[L-α]甘油磷酸的氧化不受苯代氨甲酸乙酯的影響。 (四) 本文結果說明[L-α]甘油磷酸的氧化不通過細胞色素b而通過中間因子和細胞色素c連接。

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical...

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical qualitatively, and neither was there any marked quantitative difference. The lack of marked quantitative difference in their general pharmacological behavior is thus in strong contrast to their antimalarial activities, which vary tremendously from one another. These alkaloids, 2.5—10mg/kg given intravenously, produced a fall of blood pressure in all anesthetized dogs, usually associated with depressed cardiac contractions, and frequently an increase of the splenic and kidney volumes, while the respiration was not significantly affected. On the perfused rabbit heart, 0.2—2mg of them injected into the side tube of the cannula, always depressed the contractions, but in some cases slight augmentation preceeded the depression. The isolated frog heart was usually stimulated by the low concentrations of the alkaloidsand always depressed by their higher concentrations. In anesthetized dogs, the effects of these alkaloids on small intestines were inconsistent, stimulating in some cases and depressing in other cases; while the uterus was more commonly stimulated by them. In the concentrations used, these alkaloids always depressed the rabbit and dog intestines in vitro, but their effects on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig were dependant on the concentration, depressant in low concentrations, but usually stimulating or stimulating after transient depression in high concentrations. Their effects on the isolated uteri were still more complicated. On the rabbit nongravid uterus, their effects were in general not marked, in some cases there was slight stimulation and in other cases stimulation was preceeded by slight depression; but the gravid uterus was always stimulated by them. The nongravid uterus of the guinea pig was not significantly affected. As for the rat uterus, these alkaloids usually depressed the non-gravid and stimulated the gravid ones. α-, and β-Dichroine were also tested on the isolated non-gravid uterus of a monkey; only stimulation was observed.

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑...

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾試常山鹼甲、乙於一猴的未孕子宫,均有興奮作用。

Although there are records of the occurrence of Echidnophaga gallinacea (Westwood 1875) inChina, yet its exact locality is not clear. The discovery of the present species constitutes the secondspecies of Echidnophaga in China. In July 1953, a single specimen of a male flea was collected fromChi-tang, Tibet, off Ochotona gloveri Thomas and is described here as Echidnophaga ochotona sp. nov. The morphological characters of this species is near to the cosmopolitan E. gallinacea. But thenew species differs by having...

Although there are records of the occurrence of Echidnophaga gallinacea (Westwood 1875) inChina, yet its exact locality is not clear. The discovery of the present species constitutes the secondspecies of Echidnophaga in China. In July 1953, a single specimen of a male flea was collected fromChi-tang, Tibet, off Ochotona gloveri Thomas and is described here as Echidnophaga ochotona sp. nov. The morphological characters of this species is near to the cosmopolitan E. gallinacea. But thenew species differs by having 5 pairs of lateral planter bristles on the 5th hind tarsi, whereas E.gallinacea is provided with only 4 pairs. Minor differences are also present on the genitalia. Thereare variations in the numbet of lateral planter bristles on tarsi of the right fore- and mid-legs, eachwith 6 on the outer row. Other species with 5 pairs of planter bristles are E.bradyta J. et R. 1906 of Africa and E.macronychia J. et R. 1906 of Australia, but the new apecies differs from them by the characters of themale genitalia and claws respectively.

1.我国以往虽曾有过鸡食猬蚤的记录,但在地理分布上未得到明确。 2.1953年7月从西藏吉塘的葛氏鼠Ochotona gloveri Thomas体上采得雄蚤一只,经鉴定为新种,订名为Echidnophaga ochotona sp.nov. 3.本种的形态与分布普遍的鸡食猬蚤较近似,主要区别在于后腿第5跗节有5对侧跖鬃,而鸡食猬蚤的只有4对,另外在外生殖器上还有小的区别。 4.右前腿及右中腿第5跗节的侧跖鬃有变异现象,即外侧列各有6个,内侧列各有5个。

 
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