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     Objective To investigate the association of HLA-DQA1*0501 and-DQA1*0201 alleles with autoimmune thyroid disea-(ses(AITDs)) patients in Shandong seashore areas,and evaluate the effects of iodine nutrition status on AITDs.
     目的探讨山东沿海地区自身免疫性甲状腺病(AITDs)与HLA等位基因DQA1*0501、DQA1*0201及碘营养状况对AITDs发病的影响。
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     The status on abroad environment protection information system established by 3S was introduced in details, and the development was prospected as well.
     详细介绍了国外利用3S技术建立环境保护信息系统的状况,对其发展进行了展望。
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     Objective: To investigate the association of HLA-DQA1*0301、DR9 alleles with AITDs patients in Shandong coastal areas and to evaluate the effect of iodine nutrition status on AITDs.
     目的:探讨山东沿海地区自身免疫性甲状腺病(AITDs)与HLA等位基因DQA1*0301、DR9的相关性; 并观察碘营养状况对AITDs发病的影响。
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     The Influence of Pulverized Coal Combustion Status on the Process of Pneumatic Drying of Nickel Concentrate
     粉煤燃烧状况对镍精矿气流干燥工艺的影响
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     Influence of socioeconomic status on mortality after stroke: Retrospective cohort study
     社会经济状况对卒中后死亡率影响的回顾性队列研究
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     Effect of Moisture Regime on Dynamics of Soil Organic Carbon Mineralization
     水分状况对水稻土有机碳矿化动态的影响
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     Effects of Water Supply Status in Media on Growth Characters of Tomato and Sweet Pepper Potting Seedlings and Study on Some Adaptive MEchanisms
     基质供水状况对番茄、甜椒穴盘苗生长特性的影响及其适应机制研究
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     The Effects and Mutual Action of Alloy Elements and SiC Particulate Surface Condition on the Interface of SiCp/Al Composites
     合金元素及增强体表面状况对SiCp/Al复合材料界面的影响及其交互作用
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     THE EFFECT OF THE THERMAL STATE OF EQUATORIAL EASTERN PACIFIC ON THE FREQUENCY OF TYPHOONS OVER WESTERN PACIFIC
     赤道东太平洋热力状况对西太平洋台风发生频率的影响
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     Failure Mechanisms of Unidirectional Composites——The Influences of Fiber Matrix and Interface on Strength
     单向复合材料的破坏机理——纤维、基体和界面状况对强度的影响
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     Influences of Enviromental Conditions on the welding Quality of 16MnR,15MnVR.15MnVNR Steel
     环境状况对16 MnR、15 Mn VR、15 Mn VNR钢焊接质量的影响
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This may indicate a small influence of the parental hormonal and immunological status on sex ratio, which was reported in many other mammal species including those related to sable.
      
Our results provide evidence for the regulatory effect of the glutathione redox status on the structural and functional state of synaptosomal membranes, and for its possible modulation by the CoA biosynthetic precursor.
      
Effects of mating status on copulation investment by male bushcricket Gampsocleis gratiosa (Tettigoniidae, Orthoptera)
      
Progressive status on PFBC-CC in China is presented in this paper.
      
Patients varied in terms of their apparent degree of mental illness, status on admission to the hospital (voluntary vs.
      
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In the present paper, a study is made in the transition regime on the basis of a system of two model kinetic equations of Krook.
      
The dependence of the limits of the inertial particle deposition regime on the phase velocity slip ahead of the bow shock is investigated.
      
This means that the change in the edge shape alone had no influence on the flow pattern at the nozzle exit or the boundary layer flow regime on the nozzle walls.
      
The dependence of the critical Reynolds number (at which a steady flow regime in the wake behind the cylinder is replaced by an oscillatory regime) on the cylinder-wall gap and the free-stream boundary layer thickness is found.
      
A technique for determining the criterion of transition from the laminar to the turbulent flow regime on a stabilized plasmatron channel section is proposed.
      
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The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed...

The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed that various organs of rice plant gave different responses to the status of nitrogen supply, and to the same organs, their responses of nitrogen varies at different stages of growth. At the tillering stage, a strongly intensified and less persistent supply of nitrogen, as in the case of ammonium sulphate, promoted the assimilation of dry matter in leaf blade, and consequently enlarged the leaf areas. Such an effect on the leaf blade, however, terminated after the internode elongating stage, and more accumulation of dry matter was found in the stems. Top dressing of manures, pertinently after the internode elongating stage, gave a moderate but persistent supply of nitrogen at that time and resulted the formation of large and healthy ears. Under theexperimental condition, such treatments have been proved favourable to the growth and yield of rice.2. The influence on the growth of the organs, as resulted by changing the status of nitrogen supply, is mainly induced by the rate of accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in plant. A strongly intensified, but less persistent, nitrogen supply accelerates the rate of translocation of nitrogenous materials, while a less intensified but rather persistent supply of nitrogen retains more nitrogenous materials in leaf blade.3. It is evidently that the demand of nitrogen supplying status of rice plant differs at different growing stages. Under the experimental condition, high yields of rice crops were attained by a slower but persistent rate of nitrogen suppy in the tillering stage; a faster but less persistent rate in the internode elongating stage and also a moderate but persistent rate in the penicle differentiating stage. Since property of soil nitrogen varies in different soil type, the regulation of nitrogen supplying status by fertilization should be different in cach cases.

1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生长的需要以調...

1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生长的需要以調节土壤的氮素供应強度及其持續时間,造成最和諧与最有效的土壤——植物供求关系。

Based on the biometrical data obtained during the period of 1970-1977, the sexual maturity, fecundity and growth characteristics of Yellow Sea herring have been studied. A number of fisheries biological, parameters have been acquired from this study. The results are summarized as follows. 1. Yellow Sea herring reaches maturity at the age of 2 years and 99% of the fish of this age become matured. Sexually matured 1 year old fish and immatured 2 years old fish are very few, both of them constitute only 1% of the...

Based on the biometrical data obtained during the period of 1970-1977, the sexual maturity, fecundity and growth characteristics of Yellow Sea herring have been studied. A number of fisheries biological, parameters have been acquired from this study. The results are summarized as follows. 1. Yellow Sea herring reaches maturity at the age of 2 years and 99% of the fish of this age become matured. Sexually matured 1 year old fish and immatured 2 years old fish are very few, both of them constitute only 1% of the same age group. This shows the characteristics of sexual maturation of the fish. The first maturity of the fish is confined to a definite age. It also shows that the recruitment of the fish is rather quick. The minimum fork length and body weight of mature individuals for the first time were: 200mm and 80g for female and 168mm and 46g for male respectively. At the time when large quantities of the fish begin to mature the fork length and body weight for both males and females vary between 210-250mm and 90-110g respectively. There is no great difference in fork length and body weight between males and females. 2. From the fish sampled individual absolute fecundity of Yellow Sea herring E is found to be 19.3-78.1 thousand eggs, individual relative fecundity E/L (fork length) 93-269 eggs and E/W (net body weight) 210-379 eggs. Individual absolute fecundity E and individuall relative fecundity E/L increase with the increasing of net body weight in a linear relationship; with the increasing of fork length in an exponential functional relationship and with the increasing of age in a stepwise relationship. Because the number of eggs per unit weight is quite stable, individual relative fecundity E/W has no relationship with the variances of weight, length and age. 3. The development of eggs of Yellow Sea herring exhibits a definite synchronism. The fish belongs to the type of spawning once in every reproductive season. 4. The rate of growth of Yellow Sea herring varies with seasons and it can be definitely divided into several stages. It is fast in summer and slow in autumn and early winter. But it becomes fast again from late winter to its prespawning period. At the spawning and post spawning period—the recovery phase, the rate of growth reaches its minimum level. However, even in this period the phenomenon of cessation of growth never appears. This growth aspect is connected with seasonal variation of feeding. 5. The von Bertalanffy equation expressed a general rule of the yearly growth of Yellow Sea herring. Based on the parameters presented in this paper and by the method for determining the optimum number, the following values have been obtained: L_∞=305, W_∞=253, K=0.66, t_o=-0.198 and t_1=1.5. Before the fish reach the age of three years old, they grow more rapidly. At the early stage of growth the fish increase in length more rapid than in weight. When they reach sexual maturation of the first time weight increase is more rapid than length increase. After they are 4 years old, rate of growth slows down. Length increase ceases earlier than weight increase. 6. The growth aspect of Yellow Sea herring has certain influence on fecundity and sexual maturation, but it has no definite correlation with the density of population. And it is not reliabe to assess the abundance of resources by the growth aspect of the fish.

本文根据1970—1977年生物学测定资料,对黄海鲱鱼(青鱼)的性成熟、生殖力和生长特性进行了分析讨论,获得了一些渔业资源生物学参数,其要点如下: 1.黄海鲱鱼2岁时99%的个体达性成熟,1岁鱼性成熟者和2岁鱼性未成熟者极少,约占1%左右,表现出初次性成熟年龄集中,补充速度快的特点。初次性成熟的最小叉长和体重:雌鱼是200毫米、80克;雄鱼是168毫米、46克。开始大量性成熟的叉长和体重,雌雄两性差异不大,都在210—250毫米、90—110克范围内。 2.在计数样本范围内,黄海鲱鱼个体绝对生殖力E为1.93—7.81万粒,个体相对生殖力E/L(叉长)为93—269粒,E/W(纯体重)为210—379粒。个体绝对生殖力E和个体相对生殖力E/L与纯体重呈直线增长关系,与叉长呈幂函数增长关系,与年龄呈阶段性增长关系。因单位重量卵子数量较为稳定,个体相对生殖力E/W与重量、长度、年龄的变化无关。 3.黄海鲱鱼卵子发育具有明显的同步性,属一次排卵类型。 4.黄海鲱鱼年内生长有明显的阶段性,即夏季生长迅速,秋季及冬初生长缓慢,冬末至产卵前又重新加速,产卵期及产卵后恢复期生长量最小,但没有出现明显的停止现象。这一规律与摄...

本文根据1970—1977年生物学测定资料,对黄海鲱鱼(青鱼)的性成熟、生殖力和生长特性进行了分析讨论,获得了一些渔业资源生物学参数,其要点如下: 1.黄海鲱鱼2岁时99%的个体达性成熟,1岁鱼性成熟者和2岁鱼性未成熟者极少,约占1%左右,表现出初次性成熟年龄集中,补充速度快的特点。初次性成熟的最小叉长和体重:雌鱼是200毫米、80克;雄鱼是168毫米、46克。开始大量性成熟的叉长和体重,雌雄两性差异不大,都在210—250毫米、90—110克范围内。 2.在计数样本范围内,黄海鲱鱼个体绝对生殖力E为1.93—7.81万粒,个体相对生殖力E/L(叉长)为93—269粒,E/W(纯体重)为210—379粒。个体绝对生殖力E和个体相对生殖力E/L与纯体重呈直线增长关系,与叉长呈幂函数增长关系,与年龄呈阶段性增长关系。因单位重量卵子数量较为稳定,个体相对生殖力E/W与重量、长度、年龄的变化无关。 3.黄海鲱鱼卵子发育具有明显的同步性,属一次排卵类型。 4.黄海鲱鱼年内生长有明显的阶段性,即夏季生长迅速,秋季及冬初生长缓慢,冬末至产卵前又重新加速,产卵期及产卵后恢复期生长量最小,但没有出现明显的停止现象。这一规律与摄食的季节变化有关。 5.von Bertalanffy生长方程表达了黄海鲱鱼年问生长的一般规律,根据本文提出的参数最佳值测定方法,求得:L_∞=305,W_∞=253,k=0.66,t_o=-0.198,t_I=1.5。黄海鲱鱼3岁以前生长较为迅速,但生长初期,以长度生长较快,至初次性成熟前后,以重量生长较快;4岁以后生长变得缓慢了,长度生长较重量生长提前结束。 6.生长状况对黄海鲱鱼的生殖力及性成熟均有一定影响,但与种群密度之间无明显的相关关系,以生长的好坏来判断资源状况是没有把握的。

In this paper, a comparative calculation has been carried out for several ships according to the IMCO Resolution A. 167 and the Rules for stability of Seagoing Ships of the people's Republic of China (1974). Then, the paper describes that the different stability criteria should be satisfied on the basis of different load conditions, and indicates that the dynamical stability requirement (i.e. the requirement of the three areas under the statical stability curve) provided by the Resolution A. 167 for ships under...

In this paper, a comparative calculation has been carried out for several ships according to the IMCO Resolution A. 167 and the Rules for stability of Seagoing Ships of the people's Republic of China (1974). Then, the paper describes that the different stability criteria should be satisfied on the basis of different load conditions, and indicates that the dynamical stability requirement (i.e. the requirement of the three areas under the statical stability curve) provided by the Resolution A. 167 for ships under ballast condition and for ships with larger windage area under all load conditions are too relaxed. Therefore it is necessary to point out that the weather criteria should be supplemented into IMCO Resolution A. 167, and attention should be paid to the facts mentioned above while using the IMCO Resolution A. 167.

本文根据中国海船稳性规范(1974年)和政府间海事协商组织(简称海协)A、167决议要求,对现有的一些船舶进行比较计算。然后阐述了船舶各种装载状况对各项稳性指标的不同要求;并指出:对于受风面积大的船舶以及船舶的压载情况,海协A、167决议要求过低,有必要在A、167决议中加入气象衡准。在使用海协A、167决议时,上述情况应予以注意。

 
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