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  “球—”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Formulas for estimating 50% breakdown voltages of sphere-plane and ring-plane gaps are presented.
     提出了球—板间隙和环—板间隙正操作冲击50%击穿电压的估算公式。
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     At the content of 4.3 at.% Ag, the composite film had the most compact microstructure, the lowest friction coefficient and the smallest wear rate. The addition of Ag in the films increased obviously the environmental stability of tribological behavior compared to WS2 film. The WS_2-Ag nanocomposite films were deposited by sputtering the WS_2-Ag7.5% composite targets under different technological parameters.
     采用WS_2-Ag7.5%复合靶以不同工艺参数磁控溅射沉积了WS_2-Ag纳米复合薄膜,通过SEM、附着力自动划痕仪、球—盘式摩擦磨损试验仪研究不同工艺参数对复合薄膜组织结构和摩擦学性能的影响。
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     With HQ1 type friction and wear test machine,the test method for evaluating the running-in performances of internal combustion engine running-in oil was established by investigating the ball-ring rubbing pair under different test conditions.
     在HQ1型摩擦磨损试验机上,通过对球—环摩擦付在不同试验条件下的考察建立了评定内燃机磨合油磨合性能的试验方法。
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     New Globe-tube Soldering Techoology of Soldering Hollow Globe-Net-Shelf Struct ure
     焊接空心球网架结构球—管焊接新工艺
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     At the same time, the model of ball-flexible body impact system was built using Hertz contact theory, its equation was nonlinear integral equation.
     同时利用Hertz接触定律建立了球—弹性体撞击模型,其方程为含积分项的非线性动力学方程。
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     Hard Alloy Sphere
     硬质合金
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     The Invention of Ball
     的发明
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  sphere-
Data characterizing the effect of the nonsphericity of the particles, i.e., spheroids and sphere-cylinders, on the degree of violation are given.
      
In particular, previously known upper bounds are improved, and a new derivation of the sphere-packing bound is presented.
      
In particular, previously known upper bounds are improved and a new derivation of the sphere-packing bound is presented.
      
Three types of elements with an anisotropically conducting surface-a strip, a cylinder, and a sphere-that are of interest for certain applications are considered.
      
The calculation uses the linear muffin-tin orbitals (LMTO) method in the atomic-sphere-approximation (ASA), and yields results showing that both TbMn6Sn6 and DyMn6Sn6 are ferrimagnetic compounds with antiparallel aligned moments ofR and Mn atoms.
      
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Impact tests have been carried out on nodular cast iron in -the cast and forged conditions from -85℃ to 1070℃. The results indicate that nodular cast iron of predominantly ferritic matrix possesses two brittle temperature ranges (below 20℃ and between 550 and 700℃), and one comparatively more ductile range (between 850℃ and 1050℃).

本文描述高温冲击实验的技术,以及由-85℃至1070℃的铸态和锻造后的墨铸铁的冲击性能。研究结果找到了基体主要为铁素体的墨铸铁的两个变脆温度范围(-20℃以下和550℃至700℃之间)和一个比较具有韧性的温度范围(850℃与1050℃之间)。在这些温度范围内,曾考查试样的断口情况和断裂时的弯曲角度,并与其基体组织的变化相联系,进行讨论。最后,本文指出研究结果在墨铸铁的应用上所起的作用,以及在墨铸铁热加工时对于选择热加工温度的意义。

Upper air visibility and vertical visibility are different from horizontal far distance visibility. They have special signifigance in aviation.In this paper the atmospheric extinction coefficieat, the upper air visibility and vertical visibility are calculated by observing the polit balloons and radiosonde balloons.The principle of visibility instrument is used that is making use of optical wedge, photoelectric cell etc, to carry out the measurement. Foitzik 1947, Duntley 1948, and some other scientists have...

Upper air visibility and vertical visibility are different from horizontal far distance visibility. They have special signifigance in aviation.In this paper the atmospheric extinction coefficieat, the upper air visibility and vertical visibility are calculated by observing the polit balloons and radiosonde balloons.The principle of visibility instrument is used that is making use of optical wedge, photoelectric cell etc, to carry out the measurement. Foitzik 1947, Duntley 1948, and some other scientists have disscnsed the problem of vertical visibility. Their method is to carry out the calculation with given atmospheric extinction coefficient, while in practical application this calculation is the second step, what we need to find out first is the atmospheric extinction coefficient. In Duntley's paper, he assumes that within the limit of discussion, the intensity of sky light is constant. But this can only be true within a very thin layer of atmosphere, as to the atmosphere which is kilometres thick, it has to consider the attenuation of light by the atmosphere. Furthermore he assumes that the anisotropy of atmosphere's scattering function is invariant with height and then it is considered as a molecular atmosphere. But this has been proved by several authors in theory and in experiment to be not true, especially in the lower atmosphere. Certainly, Duntley's calculation is not accurate and is limited in application.A correction has been given to the above mentioned assumptions in this paper. Finally, the problem of light of source visibility in night and some other materials on observation are being discussed.

高空能见度,垂直能见度是和地平远程能见度不相同的。在航空方向,高空能见度与垂直能见度具有着特殊的意义。 本文藉助于测风气及雷送气的观测,计算大气削弱系数,从而计算高空能见度与垂直能见度。 我们利用莎罗诺夫能见度仪器的原理:利用光楔,光电池等进行测量。

A new method is proposed in this paper for the evaluation of the following three important kinds of three-center and four-center integrals needed in molecular quantum mechanics: (1) (2) (3) Obviously, integral (2) is a special case of integral (3), so we need only to evaluate the first and the third. The following equations have been obtained for the evaluation of the above-mentioned two kinds of integrals (4) (5) where (6) (7) (8) (9) R_0 in equation (4) is the distance of point a apart from the origin located...

A new method is proposed in this paper for the evaluation of the following three important kinds of three-center and four-center integrals needed in molecular quantum mechanics: (1) (2) (3) Obviously, integral (2) is a special case of integral (3), so we need only to evaluate the first and the third. The following equations have been obtained for the evaluation of the above-mentioned two kinds of integrals (4) (5) where (6) (7) (8) (9) R_0 in equation (4) is the distance of point a apart from the origin located in bc line, while that in equation (5) is the distance between the two chosen origins separately located in ab and cd lines. θ_0 is the angle made byand, and θ_(10), θ_(20) and θ_(12) are respectively the angles made by and,and,and, The fourth term of equation (5) is, in general, negligible except in the case of R_0, which is less than two Bohr units. We propose two methods for the evaluation of and : the first one is to choose the origin at the end-point of the bond and evaluate the integral strictly inside and outside the sphere of radius, while the second one is to choose the origin at the mid-point of the bond and evaluate its value inside and outside the ellipsoid passing through the end-point of. The calculation involved in the second method is quite simple and, of course, a small error is introduced in changing the region of integration from the sphere to the ellipsoid, but it is quite negligible in comparison with the result of our first method. Equation (4) is exact in all cases, while equation (5) is exact in many cases but also involves certain errors in some other cases. From our actual calculations, we draw the conclusion that equation (5) is almost exact in the evaluation of integrals L_(aa, bc) and L_(ab, cd) and that certain error is involved in the evaluation of integral L_(ab, bc), but the error introduced does not exceed ten per cent.

在本篇文章中,我們建議了一種新方法來計算量子力學中的三中心和四中心積分;這方法此以往的好,因為計算簡單,應用廣闊,結果也比較可靠。我們用來計算三中心吸引能的公式[方程(5)]是在任何情况下都是正確的,而用來計算三中心和四中心的排斥能積分公式[方程(18)]在某些情况下是正確的,在另一些情况却能引進一些誤差。在計算非相隣鍵的積分時引進的誤差很小,可以忽略不計;在計算相隣鍵的積分時引進的誤差此較大,但不超過百分之十。我們建議兩種計算A_u和B_u的方法,一種方法是以鍵的一個端點爲原點,嚴格按照內外的區域積分;另一種方法是以鍵的中點為原點,按照橢圓體的內外區域積分。前一種方法理論上嚴密,然而後一種方法計算簡單,收斂性快,引進的誤差也不大;尤其在計算相隣鍵的三中心排斥能的積分時,似乎後一方法得到的結果還比前一方法好。在本文中,為了容易說明起見,常常引用吸引能和排斥能這兩個名詞,實際我們的方法,是用來計算下列三類積分:它們不僅包括吸引能和排斥能積分,也把交换積分包括在內,甚至可以在更廣泛的意義上看待上列積分。若σ_1,σ_2也是Φ_1和Φ_2的函數時,仍可以用我們的一般展開理論處理,不過要此本文複雜。

 
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