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湖水面
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  lake level
     An approachfor paleo-channel trend analysis was proposed, which leads to delineating the multiple-orderpaleochannel belts and discovered the paleo Songhua River during Quantuo period. System-atic diagrams of sedimentary environment and river trend have revealed that the base level(lake level) directly affected the paleochannel size while the deep faults and fault-block activ-ities controlled the position and shift of paleo rivers respectively.
     进而提出古河流趋向分析法,勾绘出多级古河道带,发现了泉头期的古松花江,系统的沉积环境与河流趋向图表明,侵蚀基面(湖水面)的高低,直接影响河流规模,而深断裂和断块活动则控制河流位置与迁移。
短句来源
     Tertiary stratigraphic sequences are divided by the principle of sequence stratigraphy and on the basis of seismic reflection characteristics, ancient creature composition, variation of lake level and tectonic movement. The types of seismic facies are analysed, and the distribution and characteristics of the main depositional systems are summarized.
     根据地震反射特征、古生物组合、湖水面变化及构造变动,应用层序地层学原理,对下第三系进行层序划分,分析了地震相类型,总结出主要的沉积体系特征及其展布规律
短句来源
     Lake basin sequence is formed through and sedimentation, showing the changes of the sedimentary systems or system tracts in time and space with the lake level variation.
     湖盆层序是指在湖盆地内由沉积作用形成的一类层序,表现为随湖水面的升降变化沉积体系或体系域在时空上的变化。
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  “湖水面”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Analysis and Calculation of Free Surface Evaporation of the Nansihu Lake
     南四湖水面蒸发量分析计算
短句来源
     Analysis on Causes of the Water Level Variation of Ebinur Lake in Recent 50 Years
     艾比湖水面近50a变化成因分析
短句来源
     ESTIMATING THE WATER EVAPORATION FROM BOSTAN LAKE WITH SOME DIFFERENT METHODS
     博斯腾湖水面蒸发量计算方法比较与验证
短句来源
     Estimation of Water Evaporation and Water Balance in Ungauged Hulun Lake
     呼伦湖水面蒸发及水量平衡估计
短句来源
     Probe into the calculating method of evaporation capacity in Poyang Lake
     翻阳湖水面蒸发量计算方法探析
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  相似匹配句对
     History of Lake-level Fluctuations and Paleolimnological Evidences
     水面演变历史与古沼学证据
短句来源
     EVAPORATION FROM THE WATER SURFACE OF EBINUR LAKE AND THE AROUND ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
     艾比水面蒸发量及生态环境保护
短句来源
     Thousand-Islet Lake
     千岛
短句来源
     COMING TO THEWATER SURFACE
     浮出水面
短句来源
     Between Air and Water
     水面世界
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  lake level
The climate changed from moderate-dry to cool-wet, and then to warm-wet in turn, and the lake level rose accordingly, showing the characteristic of a high lake level.
      
The climate turned from the early warm-dry to the late warm-wet and the lake level fell and rose again.
      
Variably-grained relict sands at the depth of 12-20 m originated during a relatively low lake level.
      
A transfer function model with climatic indices as the input and the lake level as the output is proposed to describe the response of a lake to climate changes.
      
In this case, significant changes in the lake level may take place even without visible deviations of the annual averages of temperature and precipitation from their long-term standards.
      
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The water surface evaporation in Bosten Lake used in the past the est-imating value calculated through the data or formula of the other parts ofthe area, so that no on-the-spot data can argue its accuracy. This articlebased on the on-the-spot survey data beginning from April 1984 analyses thewater surface evaporation rule in Bosten Lake; through the on-the-spotsurvey data in the Hong-sha-liang peninsula of southern Lake obtains K_1(E601/φ20C M) , by the evaporation observation of 3000 mu of piscinarequires K_2...

The water surface evaporation in Bosten Lake used in the past the est-imating value calculated through the data or formula of the other parts ofthe area, so that no on-the-spot data can argue its accuracy. This articlebased on the on-the-spot survey data beginning from April 1984 analyses thewater surface evaporation rule in Bosten Lake; through the on-the-spotsurvey data in the Hong-sha-liang peninsula of southern Lake obtains K_1(E601/φ20C M) , by the evaporation observation of 3000 mu of piscinarequires K_2 (piscine/E601) , and through the temperature measure deter-mines provisionally K_3(0.99), lastly gets the Lake surface evaporation asfollowing:E=K_1·K_2·K_3·E_0 E_0-φ20 CM evaporation.

大水面蒸发量计算是国内外水文工作多年一直探索的问题。因各地气候的差异性,蒸发量的多少与折算比值(K)都不尽相同。博斯腾湖(以下简称博湖)水面蒸发量以前均为借用外地资料或公式计算的估算值,对其估算值的正确与否没有一个较为准确的实测资料验证。本文就近年来在该湖所做的蒸发试验资料,对博湖水面蒸发量进行初步估算。

Clastic rocks as hydrocarbon reservoir are prevailed overwhelmingly in the continental lake basins. The smaller scales in basin area and water body of lake lead to more serious heterogeneities of interlayer, areal, inlayer and micropore scales in the continental clastic reservoirs than in the marine analogues. Eight clastic filling models can be distinguished in the lake basins depended on the tectonic setting, the evolutional stage when they deposited and the fluctuation of lake level. Under the background...

Clastic rocks as hydrocarbon reservoir are prevailed overwhelmingly in the continental lake basins. The smaller scales in basin area and water body of lake lead to more serious heterogeneities of interlayer, areal, inlayer and micropore scales in the continental clastic reservoirs than in the marine analogues. Eight clastic filling models can be distinguished in the lake basins depended on the tectonic setting, the evolutional stage when they deposited and the fluctuation of lake level. Under the background of long distance between the sediment source area and the depocenter and the gently gradient slope, the loniitudianl alluvial fan-braided river-meandering river-delta filling model is developed along the long axis, parallel to the strike of tectonic framework, of a lake basin, while the transversal alluvial fan -fan delta-sublacustrine fan filling model is developed in the steep, deeply faulted side along the short axis due to the short distance between the sediment source area and the depocenter and the steeply gradient slope. These two filling models can be regarded as the end-members in the lake basins, among them there are a series of transitional filling patterns developed. Some particular models can also be observed: the fluvial sandbodies all most cover the overall basin during the dying stage, and the sandflat prevails in the littoral environment during the evaporated stage in a saline lake.

陆相湖盆烃类储层以碎屑岩占绝对优势。湖盆规模及湖泊水体能量较小,导致碎屑岩储层比海相砂体有更严重的层间、平面、层内和微观非均质性。湖盆碎屑岩充填可归纳为八种模式,决定于构造位置、湖盆演化阶段和湖水面升降。在远源距和缓坡降背景下,沿长轴发育纵向冲积扇—辫状河—曲流河—三角洲充填模式;横向短轴深断裂一侧,在短源距和陡坡降背景下,发育横向冲积扇—扇三角洲—湖底扇充填模式。以这两种模式为端点类型,之间存在一系列过渡类型。此外还有一些特殊的模式:湖盆萎缩期几乎满盆为河流砂体;盐湖蒸发期滨岸地区以砂坪沉积为主。不同沉积环境的碎屑岩储层有各自的非均质性。冲积扇砾岩和含砾砂岩由于其以模态的粒度结构而具有复杂的孔隙结构,筛积物和泥石流沉积的出现加剧了储层的非均质性。河流砂体储层因其粒度向上变细和窄宽度,注水开发石油效果较差,但其产能一般都高。三角洲砂体具有与河流砂体相反的储层非均质性,注水效果好。滩坝砂体体积上很不重要,但以其高产和均质储层引起人们注意。湖底扇重力流砂体作为烃类储层主要位于扇中和断槽控制的水道式砂体和前缘透镜状砂体。通过露头调整丰富定量化的地质知识库以建立陆相储层地质模型,将是储层沉积学面临的主要任...

陆相湖盆烃类储层以碎屑岩占绝对优势。湖盆规模及湖泊水体能量较小,导致碎屑岩储层比海相砂体有更严重的层间、平面、层内和微观非均质性。湖盆碎屑岩充填可归纳为八种模式,决定于构造位置、湖盆演化阶段和湖水面升降。在远源距和缓坡降背景下,沿长轴发育纵向冲积扇—辫状河—曲流河—三角洲充填模式;横向短轴深断裂一侧,在短源距和陡坡降背景下,发育横向冲积扇—扇三角洲—湖底扇充填模式。以这两种模式为端点类型,之间存在一系列过渡类型。此外还有一些特殊的模式:湖盆萎缩期几乎满盆为河流砂体;盐湖蒸发期滨岸地区以砂坪沉积为主。不同沉积环境的碎屑岩储层有各自的非均质性。冲积扇砾岩和含砾砂岩由于其以模态的粒度结构而具有复杂的孔隙结构,筛积物和泥石流沉积的出现加剧了储层的非均质性。河流砂体储层因其粒度向上变细和窄宽度,注水开发石油效果较差,但其产能一般都高。三角洲砂体具有与河流砂体相反的储层非均质性,注水效果好。滩坝砂体体积上很不重要,但以其高产和均质储层引起人们注意。湖底扇重力流砂体作为烃类储层主要位于扇中和断槽控制的水道式砂体和前缘透镜状砂体。通过露头调整丰富定量化的地质知识库以建立陆相储层地质模型,将是储层沉积学面临的主要任务。

On the whole, the Last Glaciation in monsoonal Asia should be termed as the Dali Glaciation which is quite in accord with the Zyryanka Glaciation in Northeast Asia. Twenty-one sites of glacial remnants with credible evidence have been briefly discussed in this paper. Glaciers developed on the coastal mountains of monsoonal Asia for the first time. However, the size of the glaciers of the Dali Glaciation were generally smaller, except for those in the southeastern Qinghai-Xizang (Tipet) plateau and the mountains...

On the whole, the Last Glaciation in monsoonal Asia should be termed as the Dali Glaciation which is quite in accord with the Zyryanka Glaciation in Northeast Asia. Twenty-one sites of glacial remnants with credible evidence have been briefly discussed in this paper. Glaciers developed on the coastal mountains of monsoonal Asia for the first time. However, the size of the glaciers of the Dali Glaciation were generally smaller, except for those in the southeastern Qinghai-Xizang (Tipet) plateau and the mountains in Northeast Asia where the conditions for palaeoglacire development were more favourable. The Last Glaciation is characterized by smaller glacier in the late Dali Glaciation compared to that of the earlier period in monsoonal Asia. Between the earlier and late Dali Glaciation, there was Megainterstadial, during which the climate was changable and the water levels of inland lakes reached the highest in the Late Pleistocene. It was cold and humid in the North China Plain where cold-resistant species like Picea and Abies were extensively distributed. In Siberia, the climate became warm and permafrost melted during the Salawusu-Karginsky Megainstadial. The snow line of the Dali Glaciation curved southward to form a big trough in the region near the Pacific Ocean. This shows that the difference of humidity between continent and ocean increased. This indicated that summer monsoon receded and the East Asia Trough moved southward. The Last Glaciation in monsoonal Asia developed under the impact of intense neotectonic uplift. In this paper the author suggests that no large ice-sheet covered the Qinnghai-Xizang plateau during the Pleistocene.

季风亚洲末次冰期可统一称为大理冰期,古冰川首次出现于东亚海岸山地,内陆高山高原则冰川规模缩小。早期大理冰期冰川规模大于晚期,是季风亚洲的特色。古雪线在亚洲东海岸形成向南弯曲的大槽,是大理冰期夏季风衰弱、海陆的干湿对比加剧以及东亚大槽南移的结果。53000—27000 aB.P.之间为萨拉乌苏-卡尔金斯克大间冰段,气候冷暖多变,西伯利亚冻土融化,华北平原为喜冷云杉林占据,内陆湖水面普遍升高。构造运动对古冰川发育有明显影响。青藏高原大冰盖是不存在的。

 
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