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大支气管
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  “大支气管”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The involvement rate of large bronchi and small bronchi were 1.9% and 32.5% respectively.
     风湿病大支气管及小支气管的受累率分别为1.9%和32.5%(χ~2=96.54,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The image analysis showed that in the model group the area of collagen in the whole lung was expanded obviously. The expansion of subepithelial area in alveolar ducts, bronchia(diameter below 90 μm) and bronchi(diameter over 129 μm) was not obvious,but that in medium-sized bronchia(diameter between 90 and 129 μm) was obvious.
     图像分析结果显示,模型组胶原所占全肺面积明显增高,其肺泡管、小支气管(气管直径≤90μm)、大支气管(气管直径≥129μm)上皮下面积增大程度并不明显,而中等大小的支气管(气管直径>90<129μm)上皮下有明显的增生。
短句来源
     Methods:We analysed clinical and X-ray features of 25 cases with various proved diseases with extensive stenosis in tracheobronchia,including 8 bronchial tuberculosis,7 tracheobronchial malignent tumor,3 amyloidosis,2 relapsing polychondritis,5 intrathoracis "Saber-sheath" trachea.
     方法:分析已明确诊断的各种导致气管、大支气管广泛性狭窄的疾病25例,其中气管、大支气管结核8例、气管恶性肿瘤7例、淀粉样变性3例、复发性多软骨炎2例、胸内剑鞘状气管5例的临床与X线表现。
短句来源
     Results The lesions occurred in 1 - 3 grade bronchus could be approached with fiberbronchoscopic biopsy under direct vision.
     结果 单纯1~3级大支气管内病变,可采用纤支镜直视活检;
短句来源
     High Kilovoltage,Tomography in the Diagnosis of Major Bronchopathy
     大支气管疾病的体层、高千伏摄影诊断
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  相似匹配句对
     Treatment of mass haemoptysis by intra-arterial embolization via bronchial artery
     咯血的支气管动脉栓塞治疗
短句来源
     Bronchial artery embolization for treatment of hemoptysis
     支气管动脉栓塞治疗咯血
短句来源
     Big and Good Matter
     好事
短句来源
     Big Aristotle
     “”亚里士多德
短句来源
     THE TREATMENT OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA
     支气管哮喘的治疗
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  major bronchi
At autopsy, major bronchi were plugged with coagulated blood.
      
Endoscopy showed that the mucosal surfaces of the pharynx, trachea and major bronchi were destroyed.
      
The technique is applicable to demonstration of the anatomic features of other abnormalities of branching pattern or caliber of the trachea and major bronchi.
      
In the trachea and major bronchi TU-01 reacted with the entire epithelial layer; TU-02 reacted only with superficial layer; TU-03 reacted with superficial and basal layer; TU-04 reacted only with superficial layer.
      
Anomalies of the tracheobronchial tree took three major forms: abnormal distribution of cartilage in the walls of the trachea and major bronchi, intrinsic stenosis, and abnormal branching, the latter being that ofbronchus suis.
      
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This article is to report the result and experience of the clinical application of the extraluminal circumferential-suture ligation to close the bronchial stumps after pulmonary resections. This method was used for 469 times in 400 patients with various diseases including tuberculosis, lung cancer, and chronic suppurative disease with excellent results. After the use of this method, the incidence of the dreadful postoperative complication of broncho-pleural fistula was reduced to only 0.25%, and it never occurred...

This article is to report the result and experience of the clinical application of the extraluminal circumferential-suture ligation to close the bronchial stumps after pulmonary resections. This method was used for 469 times in 400 patients with various diseases including tuberculosis, lung cancer, and chronic suppurative disease with excellent results. After the use of this method, the incidence of the dreadful postoperative complication of broncho-pleural fistula was reduced to only 0.25%, and it never occurred when a main or a large bronchus was involved.It is pointed out that the advantage of this extraluminal circumferential-suture ligation method cannot be overemphasized and its success lies on two crucial steps as follows:1. The traditional open method to divide a bronchus is substituted with the new close method, which can avoid spraying the highly infectious bronchial contents into the pleural cavity to cause contamination. Thus the main source of infection is cut off.2. Every stitch of the circumferential suture is done extraluminally without penetrating the whole thickness of the bronchial wall or entering the infections bronchial lumen, which will further minimize the chance of infection.

本文报告环缝结扎法处理肺切除支气管残端的临床结果。在400例包括肺结核、肺癌和肺慢性化脓症等的肺切除术中处理了469例次支气管,按病例数计算,具有严重危害性的并发症,术后支气管胸膜瘘的发生率减到0.25%而且未见发生于主或大的支气管。本文强调本方法优点,并认为成功的关键在于将老式的开放处理方法改进为闭合式,避免了截断支气管时,支气管分泌物的外喷污染胸膜腔和缝线穿过有高度感染性的管腔的不良后果。

The broncho-tomographic and fiberoptic bronchoscopic findings of 100 confirmed cases of lung cancer were studied and analyzed to compare the diagnostic value and the limitations of the two procedures. It was found that certain features shown on a bronchogram could be characteristic of the pathological nature. A squamous carcinoma was usually located in a bronchial branch larger than a segmental bronchiole. An intraluminal mass was often found, and the lesion usually grew locally and metastasized to the regional...

The broncho-tomographic and fiberoptic bronchoscopic findings of 100 confirmed cases of lung cancer were studied and analyzed to compare the diagnostic value and the limitations of the two procedures. It was found that certain features shown on a bronchogram could be characteristic of the pathological nature. A squamous carcinoma was usually located in a bronchial branch larger than a segmental bronchiole. An intraluminal mass was often found, and the lesion usually grew locally and metastasized to the regional lymph nodes. Undifferentiated cancers manifested themselves by extensive narrowing of the involved bronchial branch with lymphatic metastasis, and an intraluminal mass could only be seen in a few cases. Adenocarcinomas were often found in the segmental or subsegmental bronchioles and spread proximally. Their main features were narrowing of the bronchial lumen, cancer cell infiltration, and thickening of the mucous membrane, and there was early lymphatic metastasis.On the basis of the findings mentioned above, it can be concluded that broncho-tomography serves only to disclose primarily the pathological nature of a lung lesion, while with the aid of fiberoptic bron- choscopy one can visualize the intraluminal mass and the pathological changes of the bronchial wall directly, and to ascertain the definite pathology of the lesion through biopsy. But for those lesions occurring distal to the segmental bronchioles, it can still be difficult to reach a correct pathological diagnosis even with fiberoptic bronchoscopy. It is suggested that fiberoptic brochoscopy with biopsy under the guide of broncho-tomographic findings be practised to improve further the diagnostic accuracy of lung cancers.

本文收集我院病理确诊为肺癌100例,对其平片和支气管分层片所见与纤支镜资料进行对照分析,比较各自在诊断肺癌方面的作用和限度。结果认为,鳞癌多发生在段以上大支气管,管腔内常见块影,病变多为局部扩散和转移;未分化癌表现为广泛性支气管狭窄及淋巴结转移,少数可见腔内肿块;腺癌多发生于肺段或亚肺段支气管,并向近端蔓延,以管腔狭窄、浸润及粘膜肥厚为主,有早期淋巴结转移。根据这些特征,支气管分层可初步估计肺癌的病理类型。纤支镜可见到管腔内肿物及管壁病理改变,通过活检能明确细胞类型,但对肺段以远癌瘤,也难确诊。作者认为支气管分层引导下进行镜检和活检,可进一步提高肺癌诊断的正确率。

Dynamic morphologic observation on cultured tissues of human trachea and lung infected with adenovirus Type 3 (3 -AdV) was carried out. Specific inclusion bodies appeared 5 - 8 days after inoculation with 3 - AdV and were mainly distributed in the bronchioles and respiratory bronchiolar epithelial cells. They were also seen in the epithelial cells of the mucosa and glands of bronchi ; No necrosis similar to that of adenovirus pneumonia was found in the neighboring tissue cells. This means that the direct killing...

Dynamic morphologic observation on cultured tissues of human trachea and lung infected with adenovirus Type 3 (3 -AdV) was carried out. Specific inclusion bodies appeared 5 - 8 days after inoculation with 3 - AdV and were mainly distributed in the bronchioles and respiratory bronchiolar epithelial cells. They were also seen in the epithelial cells of the mucosa and glands of bronchi ; No necrosis similar to that of adenovirus pneumonia was found in the neighboring tissue cells. This means that the direct killing action of adenovirus is not the main pathogeesis of severe necrosis of adenovirus pneumonia.

对感染Ⅲ型腺病毒人气管及肺器官培养组织进行了动态的形态学观察。在接种病毒后8~15天出现了特异性包含体,主要分布在细支气管和呼吸性支气管上皮细胞,也可见于大支气管上皮细胞及腺细胞。与包含体细胞相邻的上皮细胞生长良好,未见腺病毒肺炎时常见的大片坏死,说明单纯腺病毒的直接杀细胞作用不是引起腺病毒肺炎时组织严重坏死的主要机理。

 
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