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极端温度
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  extreme temperature
    Trend of Annual Extreme Temperature and Its Relationship to Regional Warming in Northern China
    中国北方年极端温度的变化趋势与区域增暖的联系
短句来源
    The Comparative Analysis of the Changes of Extreme Temperature and Extreme Diurnal Temperature Range of Large Cities and Small Towns in Eastern China
    中国东部地区大城市和小城镇极端温度及日较差变化对比分析
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    Contrasted with average temperature, the change of extreme temperature is more unsteadily.
    极端温度的变化较之于平均温度更趋不稳定。
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    The results of extreme temperature events show that the density and frequency of annual extreme minimum temperature events was decreased strongly.
    极端温度事件的研究结果表明:年夜间(日间)极端低温事件不但强度降低而且发生的频数也在明显减少。
短句来源
    The study on the spacial distribution of trend coefficient of annual extreme temperature events points out that the trends in the annual hot days and cold nights are most significant,especially cold nights.
    年极端温度事件趋势系数的空间分布情况表明:年极端高、低温事件的显著变化主要表现在年极端高、低温事件发生频数的增减上。 在整个研究时段内全国大部分地区的夜间极端最低温度日数均是显著减少的。
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  extreme temperatures
    The spatial distributions of the frequency trend-coefficients of extreme temperature events have opposite relation with that of the extreme temperatures.
    极端温度事件的趋势系数空间分布与相应极端温度值的趋势系数空间分布具有很好的对应关系。
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    The study indicated that the scopes of temperature change were decreasing in recent 40 years except in April,November and December,and the extreme temperatures tended to mitigation.
    表明近40年各月(除4月、11月、12月)宁夏气温变化范围正在逐步减小,极端温度趋于缓和.
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  “极端温度”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Using T106 Data to Make The Ruling Forecasting of Maximum and Minimum Temperature
    用T106数值产品制作甘肃省极端温度逐日滚动预报
短句来源
    3) the interdecadal relation between the mean n variability of average temperature in summer and the extreme maximum temperature events is weak.
    并且与极端温度事件频数的相关关系要好于与极端温度事件强度的相关关系。 3)夏季平均温度均值、变率与极端高温事件在年代际尺度上联系不大。
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    The Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Change of Temperature and Precipitation Extremes Over China During the Second Half of the 20~(th)
    近五十年中国极端温度和降水事件变化规律的研究
短句来源
    Based on the dailysurface air temperature data from 200 stations and daily precipitation datathfrom 739 stations during the second half of the 20 century, schemes foranalyzing climate extremes were designed mainly according topercentiles of a non-parametric distribution and the gross errors in thedaily data were removed based on a newly designed Quality Controlprocedure.
    本文利用中国20世纪后半叶较为完整的逐日温度和降水观测资料,设计了严格的资料质量控制方法,以统计上的边缘分布的客观定义为主要依据,确定了极端温度和降水事件,研究揭示了近50年中国极端气候事件变化的规律,得到以下主要结果:
短句来源
    Probability Weighted Moments is an effective method to parameter estimation, with which calculation is simplified and the fitting precision areimproved.
    利用耿贝尔分布可以对我国极端温度的年极值进行渐进分布拟合,参数估计中的概率加权法是一种有效的估计方法。
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  extreme temperature
The recurrence and intensity of extreme temperature drops during the growing seasons of the past six centuries were reconstructed.
      
In particular, the extreme temperature range on Mercury may result in latitudinal variations in the size distribution of npFe0, and therefore the spectral properties of the soil.
      
The possibility of using this material for the manufacture of thermomechanical couplings intended for the design of extra reliable thermomechanical joints operating under extreme temperature conditions is considered.
      
To achieve a suitable resolution, with this particularly exacting high-temperature application, a short 5 m capillary column of extreme temperature stability has been used.
      
A method is developed that enables one to model extreme temperature regimes for heterogeneous reactions, to study the mechanisms of structure formation at a microscopic level, and to perform micrography of the process of interaction.
      
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  extreme temperatures
The TT strain proved to be more resistant to extreme temperatures.
      
Thermoregulation and Blood Circulation in Adults during Short-Term Exposure to Extreme Temperatures
      
Two groups of male and female subjects aged 36-50 years were examined prior to and after short-term exposure to extreme temperatures.
      
Response of microbial communities of Lake Baikal to extreme temperatures
      
They protect plants against overexcitation in strong light and dissipate the excess of absorbed energy, they scavenge reactive oxygen species formed during photooxidative stress and moderate the effect of extreme temperatures.
      
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Based on China′s extreme temperature data during 1951~1990, after minimizing the possible biases caused by station moving and urban heat island effect, and performing quality control procedure, this paper mainly studies the spatial and temporal distribution of variability and trends for extreme temperatures The results show that the variability of extreme minimum temperatures in most part of China in spring and autumn is greater than those in other seasons, especially in the northern China Variability of...

Based on China′s extreme temperature data during 1951~1990, after minimizing the possible biases caused by station moving and urban heat island effect, and performing quality control procedure, this paper mainly studies the spatial and temporal distribution of variability and trends for extreme temperatures The results show that the variability of extreme minimum temperatures in most part of China in spring and autumn is greater than those in other seasons, especially in the northern China Variability of extreme minimum temperatures in summer, however, is the smallest in most part of China There exist clear temporal (seasonal) differences in trends of China′s extreme temperatures The increasing trends of China′s extreme minimum temperatures in winter and autumn are both significant at the statistical t -test level of 99% and 97% respectively, while decreasing trend of all-China mean extreme maximum temperature is significant only in autumn at the statistical t -test level of 90% There also exist obvious regional differences in trends of extreme temperature in China Increasing trends of extreme minimum temperatures are obvious in all seasons in Northeast China, northern North China, central-eastern Inner Mongolia and the Sichuan-Tibet adjoining region, while decreasing trends of extreme maximum temperatures are obvious in the Yangtze River valley in autumn and winter, and in the lower reaches of the Yellow River in spring and summer

利用中国1951~1990年极端温度资料,在消除台站迁移和城市热岛效应的影响,并经过资料质量控制的基础上,对我国极端温度的变率和变化趋势的区域分布以及季节变化特征进行了分析研究。结果发现,近40年中国季极端最低温度的变率以春、秋两季为最大,大变率区域主要集中在北方;夏季是极端最低温度变率最小的季节。我国季极端温度的变化趋势存在较大的季节性差异;极端最低温度在冬、秋季增温趋势分别具有99%、97%的显著水平;极端最高温度只有在秋季,其降温趋势具有90%的显著水平。极端温度的变化趋势还存在明显的地域性差异;东北、华北北部、内蒙古中东部和川藏交界等地极端最低温度在各季表现出明显的增温趋势;长江流域地区极端最高温度在秋、冬季具有较为明显的降温趋势,黄河下游地区则在春、夏季表现出降温趋势。

Based on the meterological observation data in the Yangtze Delta in 1951~1995, this paper analyzes the climate change of meteorological clements such as mean air temperature and precipitation, maximum and minimum air temperature, major meteorological disasters. Results show that there are obviously a warming trend in winter,a cooling trend in summer, an increasing in the variability of mean air temperature and precipitation,and a rising in meteorological disaster frequency.

利用1951~1995 年长江三角洲的气象观测资料,研究分析了该地区近45 年来气温、降水及各种极端温度的变化、气候变率及主要气象灾害。结果表明,本区域近几十年来的气候变化趋于暖冬、凉夏,气温、降水变率加大,气象灾害频繁增多的特点十分明显。

Making objective prediction of temperature and precipitation with numerical weather prediction products,a common method is used in smoothing the numerical weather prediction product factors so as to filtrate noise.To compare smoothing factors with non smoothing ones,MOS forecast equations about daily extreme temperature and rainfall in 1—5 days at various Shandong weather stations were set up,with the two methods respectively and the use of T106 numerical weather prediction product data of during Jun.—Sep.from...

Making objective prediction of temperature and precipitation with numerical weather prediction products,a common method is used in smoothing the numerical weather prediction product factors so as to filtrate noise.To compare smoothing factors with non smoothing ones,MOS forecast equations about daily extreme temperature and rainfall in 1—5 days at various Shandong weather stations were set up,with the two methods respectively and the use of T106 numerical weather prediction product data of during Jun.—Sep.from 1995 to 1997.The two prediction results during Jul.—Sep.in 1999 were tested.It shows that forecast effect of non smoothness management is superior to that of the smoothness management.

在采用数值预报产品制作温度、降水客观预报时 ,一种常见的方法是对数值预报产品格点因子进行平滑处理 ,以利于过滤噪声。为了确定对格点因子进行平滑处理与非平滑处理的优劣 ,采用 1995~ 1997年 6~ 9月的国家气象中心 T10 6数值预报产品资料 ,分别建立了这两种方法的山东省各测站 1~ 5天日极端温度、降水量 MOS预报方程。并对 1999年 7~ 9月的预报结果进行了对比检验 ,结果表明 ,非平滑处理优于平滑处理的预报效果。

 
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