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高危出血患者
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  patients with high risk of hemorrhage
     Observation and Nursing Care of the Use of 30% Sodium Citrate in Hemodialysis of Patients with High Risk of Hemorrhage
     高危出血患者血液透析中应用30%枸橼酸钠的观察与护理
短句来源
     Conclusion High-concentration sodium citrate anticoagulation is safe,feasible and can be easily handled in regular hemodialysis. It is an ideal dialysate for hemodialysis in patients with high risk of hemorrhage.
     结论高浓度枸橼酸钠抗凝用于含钙透析液常规血液透析是安全可行的、护理方法易于掌握,是高危出血患者较为理想的透析方式。
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  “高危出血患者”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Medical therapy was indicated for the low-risk patients of hemorrhage confirmed by the monitor. Emergency operation shouldbe performed on high-risk patients of hemorrhage confirmed by the monitor so as toreduce the mortality which was as high as 47.1% by medical treatment.
     经监护确认为低危出血患者(79%)宜内科保守治疗,而属高危出血患者(21%),因病死率高达47.1%,应尽早急症手术,可望降低出血病死率。
短句来源
     Objective To solve the hemodialysis in patients at risk for bleeding.
     目的 研究解决高危出血患者血液透析的抗凝方法局部枸橼酸抗凝(RCA)在临床的应用和疗效。
短句来源
     Results:82 dialysis were performed successfully with this technique on 25 high bleeding risk patients.
     结果 :2 5例高危出血患者 82例次透析均顺利完成 ,未见出血加重。
短句来源
     Methods From January to April of 2005,forty-two critically ill patients by therapy of continuous venovenous hemofiltration(CVVH)were enrolled in our study.
     方法2005年1月至4月对四川大学华西医院的42例危重患者行连续性静脉-静脉血液滤过(CVVH)治疗,其中高危出血患者19例采用无肝素技术抗凝,设为观察组;
短句来源
     CONCLUSION Regional citrate anticoagulation is a safe, effective and simple method for hemodialysis patients at risk of bleeding
     结论:RCA透析安全、有效、简便,尤其适用于高危出血患者
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  相似匹配句对
     Analysis of High Risk Factors in Premature Infants with Intracranial Hemorrhage
     早产儿颅内出血高危因素分析
短句来源
     So it is an optimum technique of anticoagulation in patients at high risk of bleeding.
     为当前高危出血患者最佳抗凝方式。
短句来源
     High risk factors of upper gastrointestinal bleeding after neurosurgical procedures
     神经外科术后消化道出血高危因素分析
短句来源
     hyperemia and hemorrhage in gastrointestinal tract and lung.
     肺充血,出血
短句来源
     Hyperemia and haemorrhage occurred in the lungs.
     肺充血和出血
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From 1984 to 1988,162 patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding were monito-red with routine,special and adjuvant methods in this hospital.17 of them died(10.5%).The results of monitoring indicated that the mortality was closely relatedto severity of the first hemorrhage,the way of hemostasis and concomitant diseases(P<0.01).The time of routine monitoring was 2.5±1 days.Continual monitoring theamount of bleeding could be estimated the relapsing hemorrhage could be preventedand detected if any position and...

From 1984 to 1988,162 patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding were monito-red with routine,special and adjuvant methods in this hospital.17 of them died(10.5%).The results of monitoring indicated that the mortality was closely relatedto severity of the first hemorrhage,the way of hemostasis and concomitant diseases(P<0.01).The time of routine monitoring was 2.5±1 days.Continual monitoring theamount of bleeding could be estimated the relapsing hemorrhage could be preventedand detected if any position and type the location and nature of the bleeding determined,thus directing clinical treatment.Medical therapy was indicated for the low-risk patients of hemorrhage confirmed by the monitor.Emergency operation shouldbe performed on high-risk patients of hemorrhage confirmed by the monitor so as toreduce the mortality which was as high as 47.1% by medical treatment.

我院1984~1988年对162例上消化道出血患者进行常规、特殊和辅助监护,死亡17例(10.5%)。监护结果表明病死率与首次出血程度、出血止血方式及伴发病密切相关(P<0.01)。常规监护时间为2.5±1天。连续监护可较准确估计出血量、及早发现或预防再出血、确定出血部位和性质并指导临床治疗。经监护确认为低危出血患者(79%)宜内科保守治疗,而属高危出血患者(21%),因病死率高达47.1%,应尽早急症手术,可望降低出血病死率。

Objective To solve the hemodialysis in patients at risk for bleeding. Methods A 1.6 mol/L trisodium citrate solution, a standard calcium-containing bicarbonate dialysate and a standard hollow fiber capillary dialyzer were used. Results 72 dialysis were performed successfully with this technique on 6 stable and 17 high bleeding risk patients. Systemic anticoagulation didn't occur as a result of any dialysis procedure, and in no instance bleeding was observed. No severe dialyzer clotting was observed. There was...

Objective To solve the hemodialysis in patients at risk for bleeding. Methods A 1.6 mol/L trisodium citrate solution, a standard calcium-containing bicarbonate dialysate and a standard hollow fiber capillary dialyzer were used. Results 72 dialysis were performed successfully with this technique on 6 stable and 17 high bleeding risk patients. Systemic anticoagulation didn't occur as a result of any dialysis procedure, and in no instance bleeding was observed. No severe dialyzer clotting was observed. There was a significant decline in whole blood ionized calcium during citrate dialysis (0.981±0.11 vs 0.907 ±0.12 mmol/L, P < 0.01) , but was still in the normal levels. There were significant increasements in serum HCOf and pH during citrate dialysis, but no patient developed obvious metabolic alkalosis symptoms. In addition, absence of citrate intoxication by serial measurements of serum citrate levels was documented. Conclusion Regional citrate anticoagulation is a safe, effective and simple method of performing hemodialysis in patients with chronic or acute renal failure at risk for bleeding.

目的 研究解决高危出血患者血液透析的抗凝方法局部枸橼酸抗凝(RCA)在临床的应用和疗效。方法 采用1.6mol/L的枸橼酸钠、空心纤维透析器和普通合碳酸氢盐透析液,观察RCA透析对患者出血、体外循环凝血、血游离钙(Ca~(2+))、总钙(Ca)、K~+、Na~+、pH、HCO_3~-、Scr、BUN及血清枸橼酸浓度的影响。结果 23例急、慢性肾衰患者共行72例次RCA透析,其中17例高危出血患者64例次,未见有引起或加重出血者。透析器及管路未见发生严重凝血现象,无明显电解质、酸碱平衡紊乱症状。透析后血清枸橼酸浓度为0.9324±0.3623mmol/L。结论 RCA透析安全、有效、简便,尤其适用于高危出血患者

OBJECTIVE To observe the efficiency of trisodium citrate solution for anti coagulation in hemodialysis patients at risk of bleeding. METHODOLOGY 20 patients with chronic renal failure and 3 with acute renal failure were included in this trial. Trisodium citrate solution of 1 6 mol/L was applied to the 23 patients undergoing standard calcium containing bicarbonate dialysis. Standard hollow fiber capillary dialyzer were used. RESULTS By using this technique, 72 session of hemodialysis were performed successfully...

OBJECTIVE To observe the efficiency of trisodium citrate solution for anti coagulation in hemodialysis patients at risk of bleeding. METHODOLOGY 20 patients with chronic renal failure and 3 with acute renal failure were included in this trial. Trisodium citrate solution of 1 6 mol/L was applied to the 23 patients undergoing standard calcium containing bicarbonate dialysis. Standard hollow fiber capillary dialyzer were used. RESULTS By using this technique, 72 session of hemodialysis were performed successfully on 6 stable and 17 high risk patients of bleeding. Systemic anticoagulation resulted from dialysis procedure was not observed, no bleeding complication was observed. No severe dialyzer clotting was observed. There was a significant decline in whole blood ionized calcium during citrate dialysis(0 981±0 11 vs 0 907±0 12 mmol/L, P <0 01), but was still in the normal levels. There was a significant increment in serum HCO - 3 and pH after the dialysis with no patient developed obvious metabolic alkalosis symptoms. No citrate intoxication was observed by sequential measurements of serum citrate levels. CONCLUSION Regional citrate anticoagulation is a safe, effective and simple method for hemodialysis patients at risk of bleeding

目的:研究解决高危出血患者血液透析的抗凝方法———局部枸橼酸抗凝(RCA)的临床应用和疗效。方法:采用16mol/L的枸橼酸钠、空心纤维透析器和普通含钙碳酸氢盐透析液,观察RCA透析对患者出血、体外循环凝血、血游离钙、总钙、K+、Na+、pH、HCO-3、Scr、BUN及血清枸橼酸浓度的影响。结果:23例急、慢性肾衰患者共行72例次RCA透析,其中17例高危出血患者64例次,未见有引起或加重出血者。透析器及管路未见发生严重凝血现象,无明显电解质,酸碱平衡紊乱症状。透析后血清枸橼酸浓度为09324±03623mmol/L。结论:RCA透析安全、有效、简便,尤其适用于高危出血患者

 
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