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    Experimental Study on Biological Characteristics and Wound Grafting of SV40 Transformed Human Keratinocytes
    SV40转化人朊细胞系的生物学特征及其创面移植的实验研究
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    Analysis of 73 Cases with Intertrochanteric Fracture of the Femur Treated by L-Angle Plate
    L-钢板固定治疗股骨转子间骨折73例疗效分析
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    Results bFGF-IR could be seen respectively in spinal motoneurons,sensory neurons,Lissauer tract and central canal in the adult monkey.
    结果bFGF-IR在成年猴脊髓腹神经元、背神经元、背Lissauer束和中央管(Ⅹ板层)均有分布.
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    [Results] In Group A,the average frontal correction was 61%. In Group B,the average frontal correction was 60%. In Group C,the average frontal correction was 52%.
    结果A组Cobb平均矫正率为61%,B组Cobb平均矫正率为60%,C组Cobb平均矫正率为52%。
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    ② puncturing through intervertebral edge:puncturing through L5 to 1/3 intervertebral disc to make the puncture point move up;
    ②盘缘穿刺法:穿刺针沿L5椎体后下斜行进针到椎间盘中前1/3处,从而使穿刺点上移;
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The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle), cerebellar...

The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle), cerebellar cortex type, and mixed type; end among them there are strikingly different clinical manifestations, treatments, and prognosis. The complement fixation reaction with the cerebrospinal fluid and the Conray Ventriculography are still effective examination methods in diagnosis of cystecercosis of posterior fossa. The surgical method was discussed for cysticercosis of posterior fossa. In this series, all of 57 cases were treated by operation. Its results were fairly good, the mortality of 3.5% was obtained.

本文对57例颅后窝脑囊虫病进行分析,其主要临床特点如下:颅内压增高呈间歇性梗阻性发作,小脑及脑干受损神经体征较少;脑脊液呈脑膜脑炎性变化。颅后窝脑囊虫病可分脑室型(第四脑室或导水管),软脑膜型(枕大池或桥脑小脑),小脑皮质型和混合型,其临床表现、治疗和予后各有不同。脑脊液囊虫补体结合试验和脑室碘水造影仍是诊断颅后窝脑囊虫病有效检查方法。对颅后窝脑囊虫病的手术方法进行讨论,本组57例均行手术,手术效果较好,手术死亡率3.5%。

Jejunal diverticulum is rarejand it seldom yields surgical problems. When the disease is complicated with perforation, hemorrahage or intestinal obstruction, surgical treatment has to be adopted. In this article 9 cases with obstruction of 10 jejunal diverticula during 1974 through 1981 are analysed. OF these, 5 showed multiple in number. In contrast to Meckel' s diverticulum jejunal diverticulum acquired by propulsion is characteristic of pseudo-diverticulum, frequently in multiple and in association with volvulus...

Jejunal diverticulum is rarejand it seldom yields surgical problems. When the disease is complicated with perforation, hemorrahage or intestinal obstruction, surgical treatment has to be adopted. In this article 9 cases with obstruction of 10 jejunal diverticula during 1974 through 1981 are analysed. OF these, 5 showed multiple in number. In contrast to Meckel' s diverticulum jejunal diverticulum acquired by propulsion is characteristic of pseudo-diverticulum, frequently in multiple and in association with volvulus in obstuction. The mechanism responsible for the development of obstruction is not entirely clear, but most authors support the idea that pseudodiverticular distention and vertical weight predispose angulation or kinking of the enlarged proximal bowel segment. Bowel resection containing diverticulum seems to be the best management. It is difficult to evaluate preop-eratively. Clinically, patients with incomplete bowel obstruction or intermittent abdominal pain should be subjected to a thorough radiography, which is the method of choice to diagnose earlier and to treat earlier.

空肠憩室较少见,一般不引起外科问题,但部份病人可引起穿孔,出血和梗阻等并发症,需作外科手术.本文就1974年~1981年间所收治的10例空肠憩室,(包括寿县人民医院3例)中9例引起小肠梗阻分进行析讨论.本组10例空肠憩室中有5例为多发性.多数作者认为非Meckel氏憩室是一后天性推进性憩室,又称为假性憩室,常为多发性.此类憩室引起小肠梗阻多为肠扭转,其发病机制尚不清楚.大多支持以下意见,假性憩室的膨胀以及其垂直重量,导致近端肠管成或扭曲而发生肠梗阻.治疗的方法以切除含憩室的空肠为宜.本病术前诊断困难,对临床有间歇腹痛、腹胀或慢性不全梗阻的患者,应作仔细的胃肠钡餐检查,以便早期发现,早期手术.

510 cases of Rickets clinically diagnosed below 3 were studied in Changsha ofHunan province.They were given X-ray examination of both wrists,left knee andleft ankle in antero-posterior view respectively.The data were analysed as follow.360 cases showed roentgen appearance of rickets,among which 292(57.3%)were inthe early stage,63(12.3%)in the healing stage,and 5(1%)showed moderatechanges.In the case of the early stage,the provisional zone of calcification manifestedpartial or complete blurring,irregular wavy...

510 cases of Rickets clinically diagnosed below 3 were studied in Changsha ofHunan province.They were given X-ray examination of both wrists,left knee andleft ankle in antero-posterior view respectively.The data were analysed as follow.360 cases showed roentgen appearance of rickets,among which 292(57.3%)were inthe early stage,63(12.3%)in the healing stage,and 5(1%)showed moderatechanges.In the case of the early stage,the provisional zone of calcification manifestedpartial or complete blurring,irregular wavy appearance;thinning;and decrease ofdensity.As the disease was progressive,the provisional zone of calcification graduallydisappeared and showed typical cupping appearance,resembling bristles of a brush.During the healing stage,the provisional zone of calcification reappeared and becamethick,or casted a transverse linear shadow of increased density in the rachitic metaphysiseither close to the epiphysis or on the diaphyseal side,or showed mottled calcificationscattered in the metaphyseal area.The earliest lesion appeared at the distal ends of the ulna involving one or bothcorners.At the same time,we had measured the width of the epiphyseal plate of the tubularbones in 34 normal children below 3.It is emphasized that while measuring theepiphyseal plate,the distal end of the femur at the intercondylar area is most reliable.From the above analysis of the cases,we suggested a roentgen classification ofrickets.

本文分析湖南长沙地区临床诊断为佝偻病的510例3岁以下婴幼儿双腕,左膝及踝的X 线正位照片,有360例出现 X 线改变,早期为292例(57.3%),表现为临时钙化带一部分或全部模糊,凸凹不平,变薄与密度减低。最早改变出现在尺骨远端的内侧和/或外侧。对34例正常3岁以下婴幼儿的管状骨进行了骺线宽度的测量,并提出股骨远端骺线测量应以髁间区为定点最为可靠。作者根据病例分析资料,初步拟出一个佝偻痛 X 线分期标准,供参考。

 
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