Results 57 cases of fetus abnormality were found by ultrasonography before birth,including 22 cases of abnormalities of nervous system,4 cases of digestive system,6 cases of the urinary system,1 case of cardiovascular system,10 cases of cheilopalatognathus,1 case of the conjoined twins,5 cases of eversion of viscera caused by umbilical hernia,4 cases of limb abnormalities and 4 cases of seroperitoneum.
Results The value of umbilical serum β2-m was(6. 27±3. 26) mg/L in congenital urological deformities, which was significantly higher than that in normal control group [ (4. 21 ±0.61) mg/L, P < 0. 05 ] .
Results:The median NMP22 value of urothelial cancer was 29.4 ×10 3 u/L,significantly higher than those of benign urological disease ( 10.1 ×10 3 u/L),other cancer ( 8.6 ×10 3 u/L) and healthy volunteer( 5.7 ×10 3 u/L)(P< 0.001 );
Result:The incidence of the complications in the patients with SCI were 82.4% in urological systems,among them 52% with urological infections,14.5% with chronic renal failure,10.5% with hydronephrosis,5.0% urinary stone.
The diagnosis of urinary tract infection in renal transplant patients is important because unrecognized bacterial infection may lead - in the worst case - to graft loss.
Results: In 55 % (17/31), diagnosis of urinary tract infection was confirmed by single bladder catheterization; in 26 % (8/31), urinary tract infection could be excluded, and in 19 % (6/31), bladder colonization without pyuria was found.
Urinary tract infections are the most frequent nosocomial infections, accounting for about 40% of all nosocomial infections.
We have, therefore, performed a literature search for randomized, controlled studies on the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (Medline, Cochrane Library, reference text books) published since 1981.
Based upon the CDC guideline, whose principles are still valid, updated guidelines for the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections have been developed by the National Reference Center for Hospital Hygiene.
The role of the kidneys in endotoxin aggression (EA) and the involvement of EA in disturbance of hemostasis were shown in 33 children with congenital urological pathology.
The numerous details of the case histories, and the clinical and urological findings were analyzed by computer, using statistical methods.
Fifty-six per cent of the sample showed urological functional abnormalities; only 78 patients (9.9%) presented with an organic urological disease.
The present study demonstrated the utility of a standardized urological protocol in the screening and detection of neurourological involvement in neurological diseases.
As most urogenital symptoms of MS can now be treated by conservative means, expert urological or gynaecological consultation should be requested only if more aggressive diagnostic or therapeutic measures are needed.