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破裂孔
相关语句
  foramen lacerum
    The smallest distance between the left and right sides of foramen lacerum, carotid canal, internal acoustic port, and jugular foramen were 20.2, 14.0, 30.5 and 23.3 mm respectively.
    两破裂孔、两颈内动脉、两内耳门、两颈静脉孔间最小间距分别为 2 0 .2、1 4 .0、30 .5和 2 3 .3mm。
短句来源
    ③Abducens nerve was (5.69±1.45)mm superior to dural ring of foramen lacerum.
    ③展神经在海绵窦内距破裂孔硬膜环 ( 5 .69± 1.45 )mm。
短句来源
    The smallest distance to middle line of foramen lacerum, carotid canal and jugular foramen were 22 9, 8 4 and 19 5 mm respectively.
    颈内动脉管外口、破裂孔、颈静脉孔距中线最小间距分别为 2 2 9、8 4和 1 9 5mm。
短句来源
    abducent nerve was (5.69±1.45)mm superior to dural ring of foramen lacerum;
    ②展神经距破裂孔硬膜环 (5 .6 9± 1 .4 5 )mm ;
短句来源
    Results: Clival region had close relationship to pons, ventral medulla oblongata and the Ⅴ~Ⅻ cranial nerves. In the two sides of clival region, there were foramen lacerum, cartiod canal, internal acoustic port, jugular foramen.
    结果 :斜坡区与脑桥、延髓腹侧及第Ⅴ~Ⅻ对脑神经关系密切 ,两侧毗邻破裂孔、颈内动脉、内耳门及颈静脉孔。
短句来源
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  lacerated foramen
    The distances from the median line to the inner borders of oval foramen and lacerated foramen,outer entrance of carotid canal and inner border of outer entrance of hypoglossal canal were(23.30±1.97)mm,(10.56±2.39)mm,(25.07±2.77)mm and(16.98±1.99)mm respectively.
    卵圆孔、破裂孔、颈内动脉管外口、舌下神经管外口内侧缘距正中线的距离分别为(23.30±1.97)mm、(10.56±2.39)mm、(25.07±2.77)mm、(16.98±1.99)mm。
短句来源
    Results: The distance from central line to inner border of oval foramen, to lacerated foramen, to outer entrance of carotid canal and to inner border of outer entrance of hypoglossal canal were 23.33±2.04 mm, 10.54±2.65 mm, 25.24±2.85 mm, and 17.18±1.86 mm respectively.
    结果 :正中线距卵圆孔内侧缘、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、舌下神经管外口内侧缘分别为 2 3 .3 3± 2 .0 4mm ,10 .5 4±2 .65mm ,2 5 .2 4± 2 .85mm和 17.18± 1.86mm。
短句来源
  “破裂孔”译为未确定词的双语例句
    C3, lacerum;
    C3,破裂孔段;
短句来源
    lacerum (C 3);
    破裂孔段 (C3 ) ;
短句来源
    Resul ts:clival region had close relationships to pons, ventral medulla oblong ata and the Ⅴ~Ⅻ to cranial nerves. In the two study of clival region, there w ere lalerate foramena and inner carotid artery、internal acorstic port and jugla r vein foramena.
    结果:斜坡区与脑桥、延髓腹侧及第Ⅴ~Ⅻ对脑神经关系密切,两侧毗邻破裂孔、颈内动脉、内耳门及颈静脉孔。
短句来源
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  foramen lacerum
The pterygopalatine fossa is an important space because it communicates with the middle cranial fossa, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, foramen lacerum, and the infratemporal fossa via eight foramina and canals.
      
In the cases presented here, tumor resulted either from metastatic lymph nodes or had invaded through the suture of the temporal and sphenoid bones around the foramen lacerum to the middle cranial fossa and then infiltrated the temporal bone.
      
The intrapetrous carotid artery (ICA), cochlea (CH), eustachian tube (ET), foramen spinosum (FS), foramen ovale (FO) and anterior foramen lacerum (AFL) were exposed by drilling of the glenoid fossa and base of middle cranial fossa.
      
Das Halbbasissyndrom (Garcin) ist analog dem Syndrom des Foramen jugulare, des Foramen lacerum (Vernet), des Sulcus cavernosus, des Jaccodschen Syndroms u.
      
A medially directed artery to the external carotid rete arises from the commencement of the promontory artery and joins the caudal end of the rete, whose cranial end lies in the foramen lacerum.
      
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By means of a planimeter and skulls adjusted in the eye-ear plane, measurements of areas of the foramen ovale, spinosum, lacerum, jugulae and orifice of the canalis caroticus on both sides of the external surface of the skull base have been taken on 100 adult skulls collected in Chengdu. The symmetry of these areas has been studied. The main results of the study are given below: 1. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen ovale is approximately equal on the two sides and the difference in area between...

By means of a planimeter and skulls adjusted in the eye-ear plane, measurements of areas of the foramen ovale, spinosum, lacerum, jugulae and orifice of the canalis caroticus on both sides of the external surface of the skull base have been taken on 100 adult skulls collected in Chengdu. The symmetry of these areas has been studied. The main results of the study are given below: 1. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen ovale is approximately equal on the two sides and the difference in area between the two sides is less than 1%. In 44%, the right side is larger, and in 52%, the left is larger. 2. In 5% of the whole series, the area of the foramen spinosum is approximately equal on the two sides. In 42%, the right side is larger, and in 53%, the left is larger. 3. In 4% of the whole series, the area of the foramen lacerum is approximately equal on the two sides. In 46%, the right side is larger, and in 50%, the left is larger. 4. In 3% of the whole series, the area of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 76%, the right side is larger, and in 21%, the left is larger. 5. In 3% of the whole series, the area of the anterior part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 50%, the right side is larger, and in 47%, the left is larger. 6. In 17% of the whole series, the area of the intermediate part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 37%, the right side is larger, and in 46%, the left is larger. 7. In 2% of the whole series, the area of the posterior part of the foramen jugulae is approximately equal on the two sides. In 79%, the right side is larger, and in 19%, the left is larger. 8. In 5% of the whole series, the area of the orifice of the canalis caroticus is approximately equal on the two sides. In 58%, the right side is larger, and in 37%, the left is larger. Moreover, a quantitative analysis of the bilateral areas has been carried out. The foramen area is highly positive in correlation With the product of its length and width. Therefore, the regression formulas of the areas are as follows: The foramen ovale-right, ■=1.5129+0.6699x (r=0.9417); left, ■=0.3695+0.6876x(r=0.8949). The foramen spinosum-right, ■=0.7827+0.6089x (r=0.8755); left, ■=0.3499+0.6695x (r=0.9207). The foramen lacerum-right, ■=9.4190+0.4480x (r=0.9147); left, ■=13.5198+0.4082x (r=0.8493). The foramen jugulaeright, ■=18.3913+0.5092x (r=0.8843); left,■=11.3561+0.5744x (r=0.9193). The anterior part of the foramen jugulae-right, Y=3.3141+0.4858x (r=0.8330); left, ■=3.2294+0.4854x (r=0.8452) The intermediate part of the foramen jugulae-right, ■=2.5434+0.4311x (r=0.7942); left, Y=1.7547+0.5227x (r=0.8366). The posterior part of the foramen jugulae-right,■=1.3470+0.6311x (r=0.8273); left, ■=0.9110+0.6586x (r=0.9480). The orifice of the canalis caroticus-right, ■=1.0986+0.6794x (r=0.9128); left, ■=1.5038+0.6590x (r=0.9219). (x is the product of the length and width of its foramen).

本文对100具成都出土的成人颅骨颅底外面的卵圓孔、棘孔、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、颈静脉孔及其所分三部(前部、中间部、后部)的长径、宽径和面积等进行了测量,并研究了上述各孔左右面积的对称性。卵圆孔:左>右52.00±5.00%,右>左44.00±4.96%;棘孔:左>右53.00±4.99%,右>左42.00±4.96%;破裂孔:左>右50.00±5.00%,右>左46.00±4.98%;颈动脉管外口:左>右37.00±4.83%,右>左58.00±4.94%;颈静脉孔:左>右21.00±4.07%,右>左76.00±4.27%。而其前部:左>右47.00±4.99%,右>左50.00±5.00%;中间部:左>右46.00±4.98%,右>左37.00±4.83%;后部:左>右19.00±3.92%,右>左79.00±4.07%。颈静脉孔、颈静脉孔后部右>左的百分比明显地大于左>右的百分比(x~2分别为60.96,72.04)。本文还进一步研究了当孔两侧不对称时,左右面积的大小倍数关系。颅底孔的非对称性对临床有参考价值,面积的比较比常用的长、宽径比较更为正确、灵敏。为方便实用,本文列出了上...

本文对100具成都出土的成人颅骨颅底外面的卵圓孔、棘孔、破裂孔、颈动脉管外口、颈静脉孔及其所分三部(前部、中间部、后部)的长径、宽径和面积等进行了测量,并研究了上述各孔左右面积的对称性。卵圆孔:左>右52.00±5.00%,右>左44.00±4.96%;棘孔:左>右53.00±4.99%,右>左42.00±4.96%;破裂孔:左>右50.00±5.00%,右>左46.00±4.98%;颈动脉管外口:左>右37.00±4.83%,右>左58.00±4.94%;颈静脉孔:左>右21.00±4.07%,右>左76.00±4.27%。而其前部:左>右47.00±4.99%,右>左50.00±5.00%;中间部:左>右46.00±4.98%,右>左37.00±4.83%;后部:左>右19.00±3.92%,右>左79.00±4.07%。颈静脉孔、颈静脉孔后部右>左的百分比明显地大于左>右的百分比(x~2分别为60.96,72.04)。本文还进一步研究了当孔两侧不对称时,左右面积的大小倍数关系。颅底孔的非对称性对临床有参考价值,面积的比较比常用的长、宽径比较更为正确、灵敏。为方便实用,本文列出了上述各孔由孔长径、宽径乘积推算孔面程的回归方程,并列出了由颈静脉孔长径、宽径乘积推算颈静脉孔后部面积的回归方程。

Congenital anomalies of the foramen

根据200具干颅骨颅底片的调查,卵圆孔、棘孔及其相邻骨结构除一般大小、形状和轮廓有不同变化外,下列5种变异较为特殊:(1)卵圆孔呈圆形;(2)卵圆孔和棘孔间的骨性变异;(3)蝶导静脉孔变异和双卵圆孔;(4)双棘孔和棘孔缺如;(5)卵圆孔和/或棘孔内后缘缺损。本文阐明了这些变异常与颅中凹原始破裂孔和有关动静脉的胚胎发育异常有关。这些变异的出现率虽不高,但容易误认为病理性改变,应加以鉴别。

Objective: To provide a detailed anatomic data of the clival region for operative approach in this region. Methods: Sectional slices from four adult head specimens were made and 30 cadaver head specimens were dissected microsurgically. The clival region on these specimens were observed and measured.Results: Clival region had close relationship to pons, ventral medulla oblongata and the Ⅴ~Ⅻ cranial nerves.In the two sides of clival region, there were foramen lacerum, cartiod canal, internal acoustic port, jugular...

Objective: To provide a detailed anatomic data of the clival region for operative approach in this region. Methods: Sectional slices from four adult head specimens were made and 30 cadaver head specimens were dissected microsurgically. The clival region on these specimens were observed and measured.Results: Clival region had close relationship to pons, ventral medulla oblongata and the Ⅴ~Ⅻ cranial nerves.In the two sides of clival region, there were foramen lacerum, cartiod canal, internal acoustic port, jugular foramen.The average length of clival region was 40.5 mm and it was divided into superior, middle and inferior parts.The smallest distance between the left and right sides of foramen lacerum, carotid canal, internal acoustic port, and jugular foramen were 20.2, 14.0, 30.5 and 23.3 mm respectively. Conclusion: Knowing the shape and position relationship between the clival region and it's environment is favorable for preserving the important structures in clival region.

目的 :探讨斜坡区各结构的形态及相互间的毗邻关系 ,为斜坡区相关的手术入路提供解剖基础。方法 :①使用大脑切片机 ,对 4个尸头标本切制 0 .5~ 1 .0mm显微断层切片 ,对斜坡区及周围结构进行观测 ;②对 30个颅底斜坡区进行显微解剖观测。结果 :斜坡区与脑桥、延髓腹侧及第Ⅴ~Ⅻ对脑神经关系密切 ,两侧毗邻破裂孔、颈内动脉、内耳门及颈静脉孔。斜坡长 40 .5mm ,可分为上、中、下斜坡三部。两破裂孔、两颈内动脉、两内耳门、两颈静脉孔间最小间距分别为 2 0 .2、1 4 .0、30 .5和 2 3 .3mm。结论 :了解斜破区各结构的形态及相互间的毗邻关系 ,可提高该区相关手术时的安全度和成功率

 
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