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破裂孔
相关语句
  foramen lacerum
    (5)destruction of skull base:33 cases,the common positions were foramen lacerum and foramen ovale,which were 30 cases and 23 cases respectively.
    (5 )颅底骨质破坏 :33例 ,其中以破裂孔及卵圆孔破坏、吸收扩大最常见 ,分别为 30例和 2 3例。
短句来源
    (2) 38 cases suffered from middle cranial fossa erosion. There were 32 cases with sphenoid bone destruction, 25 cases with tumor invading sphenoid sinus, 20 cases with foramen lacerum abnormality, 28 cases with foramen ovale abnormality, and 6 cases with sella turcica abnormality. Encroachment on cavernous sinus was found in 35 cases.
    (2)中颅窝受侵38例,蝶骨体破坏32例,蝶窦肿块25例,破裂孔异常20例,卵圆孔异常28例,蝶鞍破坏6例,海绵窦受侵35例。
短句来源
    There were destruction of the base bone in 31 cases. The most common place was the destruction or dilation of the foramen lacerum and the foramen ovale, which was 30 cases and 23 cases respectively.
    (3)颅底骨质破坏31例,其中以破裂孔和卵圆孔的破坏或吸收扩大为最常见,分别为30例和23例。
短句来源
    The DVHs of the brain and lung by two techniques were similar. The minimum dose, maximum dose, median dose, mean dose, D25% V75% and the dose to the foramen lacerum were a little higher in the whole-beam technique than in the half-beam technique, with disparities no more than 1 % .
    两种照射技术脑及肺受照射的DVH相似,脑受照射的最小剂量、最大剂量、中位剂量、平均剂量、D_(25%)、V_(75%)及破裂孔处剂量均以全束照射略高,但相差幅度均不超过1%。
短句来源
    In the basilar region of rabbits, such as the where near to the foramen magnum, jugular foramen, carotid foramen and foramen lacerum, there were definite structures like the lymph vessel.
    ②家兔颅底区(枕大孔附近、颈静脉孔、颈动脉管外口和破裂孔附近)存在明确的淋巴管状结构。
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  “破裂孔”译为未确定词的双语例句
    17 patients were encroached upon basicranial bone, distributed anterior and middle skull base.
    累及颅底 17例 ,分别为前、中颅底的额叶、颞叶、破裂孔、海绵窦等部位。
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  foramen lacerum
The pterygopalatine fossa is an important space because it communicates with the middle cranial fossa, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, foramen lacerum, and the infratemporal fossa via eight foramina and canals.
      
In the cases presented here, tumor resulted either from metastatic lymph nodes or had invaded through the suture of the temporal and sphenoid bones around the foramen lacerum to the middle cranial fossa and then infiltrated the temporal bone.
      
The intrapetrous carotid artery (ICA), cochlea (CH), eustachian tube (ET), foramen spinosum (FS), foramen ovale (FO) and anterior foramen lacerum (AFL) were exposed by drilling of the glenoid fossa and base of middle cranial fossa.
      
Das Halbbasissyndrom (Garcin) ist analog dem Syndrom des Foramen jugulare, des Foramen lacerum (Vernet), des Sulcus cavernosus, des Jaccodschen Syndroms u.
      
A medially directed artery to the external carotid rete arises from the commencement of the promontory artery and joins the caudal end of the rete, whose cranial end lies in the foramen lacerum.
      
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Seventy-nine histologically proved cases of cancer of the nasopharynx(Ca NPX)were

本文分析研究了79例经组织学检查证实为鼻咽癌的CT 扫描所见。鼻咽癌发生早期吞咽,肌粘膜下侵犯并有提腭肌肿大及咽旁间隙消失或移位。肿瘤堵塞耳咽管后可并发浆液性中耳炎。常见的CT 改变有咽隐窝消失及鼻咽腔气道壁隆凸性肿块。由于鼻咽癌常经破裂孔侵至颅内,CT 扫描可确切显示颅底破坏的部位、范围,并可了解鼻窦及眼眶受累情况。

The pterygiod approach most conveniently exposes the nasopharynx, pterygo-palatine fossa and infratemporal fossa for excision of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma extending to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae. The advantages of this approach is that it does not necessitate sacrificing the temporamandibular joint, middle ear, facial nerve or Eustachian tube, and the tumor can be removed en bloc. Because the tumor and its relationship to the intrafosseal structures are clearly visible through this access,...

The pterygiod approach most conveniently exposes the nasopharynx, pterygo-palatine fossa and infratemporal fossa for excision of nasopharyngeal angiofibroma extending to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae. The advantages of this approach is that it does not necessitate sacrificing the temporamandibular joint, middle ear, facial nerve or Eustachian tube, and the tumor can be removed en bloc. Because the tumor and its relationship to the intrafosseal structures are clearly visible through this access, one would not run a risk of damaging the basal dura of the skull, parasellar structures, cavernous sinus and carotid artery. Operations were completed successfully in 4 cases. No recurrence has been found in 3-5 years follow-up.

经翼腭窝入路手术方法摘除鼻咽-翼腭窝-颞下窝血管纤维瘤,此法可满意显露鼻咽、翼腭窝和颞下窝三个区域,将侵入上述三区的瘤体整体取出。这一入路无颞颌关节、面神经、中耳和咽鼓管损伤的缺点,手术时可窥及肿瘤与窝周诸壁的关系,可避免损及中颅底、鞍旁、海绵窦和破裂孔、颈动脉等重要构造。手术共4例,随访3~5a未复发。

Objective: To study the infiltrating route to skull base and intracranial part and spreading rule of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Materials and Methods:MRI fingdings of 49 NPC cases with basicranial or intracranial involvement were analyzed. The main spreading direction and intracranial involvement pathway were observed and classified.Results:Posterolateral involvement via Eustachian tube was most commonly seen (34.7%), followed in turn by anterial (26.5%), upward (16.3%), superolaterally (14.3%), posteriorly...

Objective: To study the infiltrating route to skull base and intracranial part and spreading rule of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Materials and Methods:MRI fingdings of 49 NPC cases with basicranial or intracranial involvement were analyzed. The main spreading direction and intracranial involvement pathway were observed and classified.Results:Posterolateral involvement via Eustachian tube was most commonly seen (34.7%), followed in turn by anterial (26.5%), upward (16.3%), superolaterally (14.3%), posteriorly (6.1%) and through jugular nodes (2%). A couple of spreading pathways could be seen in same case, with a certain relation to the site of the primary tumor. Intracranial involvement happened most commonly via the lacerated foramen spreading.Conclusion: Spreading of NPC via the anatomic structure is related to primary tumor site, pathway of intracranial involvement and local anatomic features. MRI provides a new imaging means to demonstrate the extension of NPC, and, thus, is useful for the planning of radiation therapy.

目的: 探讨鼻咽癌颅底颅内侵犯途径及其规律。材料与方法: 127 例鼻咽癌经MRI 检查和病理证实,其中49 例确定有颅底和颅内侵犯。观察癌肿的主要扩散方向及其颅内侵犯途径。结果: 癌肿的主要扩散途径以经咽鼓管向后外侵犯最常见(34 .7 % ) ,其次依次为向前(25 .6 % ) 、向上(16 .3 % ) 、向外上(14 .3 % ) 、向后(6 .1 % ) 和经颈内静脉淋巴结(2 % ) ,同一病例常有几种扩散方向,并与原发癌肿的部位和侵入颅内有一定关系;颅内侵犯途径以经破裂孔最常见,其次为卵圆孔、蝶窦侧壁和中颅窝底;49 例中T4 期41 例,T3 期8 例。结论: 鼻咽癌的扩散方向与原发癌肿部位、颅内侵入途径和局部的解剖学特点相关,MRI 提供研究的新方法,也为治疗计划的制定提供某些依据。

 
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