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   破裂孔 在 眼科与耳鼻咽喉科 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.082秒
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破裂孔
相关语句
  foramen lacerum
    (5)destruction of skull base:33 cases,the common positions were foramen lacerum and foramen ovale,which were 30 cases and 23 cases respectively.
    (5 )颅底骨质破坏 :33例 ,其中以破裂孔及卵圆孔破坏、吸收扩大最常见 ,分别为 30例和 2 3例。
短句来源
    (2) 38 cases suffered from middle cranial fossa erosion. There were 32 cases with sphenoid bone destruction, 25 cases with tumor invading sphenoid sinus, 20 cases with foramen lacerum abnormality, 28 cases with foramen ovale abnormality, and 6 cases with sella turcica abnormality. Encroachment on cavernous sinus was found in 35 cases.
    (2)中颅窝受侵38例,蝶骨体破坏32例,蝶窦肿块25例,破裂孔异常20例,卵圆孔异常28例,蝶鞍破坏6例,海绵窦受侵35例。
短句来源
    There were destruction of the base bone in 31 cases. The most common place was the destruction or dilation of the foramen lacerum and the foramen ovale, which was 30 cases and 23 cases respectively.
    (3)颅底骨质破坏31例,其中以破裂孔和卵圆孔的破坏或吸收扩大为最常见,分别为30例和23例。
短句来源
    The DVHs of the brain and lung by two techniques were similar. The minimum dose, maximum dose, median dose, mean dose, D25% V75% and the dose to the foramen lacerum were a little higher in the whole-beam technique than in the half-beam technique, with disparities no more than 1 % .
    两种照射技术脑及肺受照射的DVH相似,脑受照射的最小剂量、最大剂量、中位剂量、平均剂量、D_(25%)、V_(75%)及破裂孔处剂量均以全束照射略高,但相差幅度均不超过1%。
短句来源
    The invaded structures included retropharyngeal space 137 cases, longus scapitis 97 cases, parapharyngeal space 110 cases, pterygopalatine fossa 31 cases, medial pterygoid muscle 83 cases, lateral pterygoid muscle 19 cases, pterygoid plate 43 cases, posterior of nostril 42 cases, nasal cavity 36 cases, oropharynx 48 cases, sphenoid sinus 30 cases, ethmoid sinus 22 cases, maxillary sinus 11 cases, the destruction of bone of petrous temporal bone 75 cases, and clivus and anterior border of foramen magnum 89 cases, bone of sphenoid sinus floor 33 cases, cavenous sinus 28 cases, foramen ovale 35 cases, and hypoglossal canal 22 cases, foramen lacerum 57 cases.
    对周围结构的侵犯:咽后间隙受侵137例,头长肌受侵97例,咽旁间隙受侵110例,侵及翼腭窝31例,翼内肌83例,翼外肌19例,翼板骨质43例,后鼻孔42例,鼻腔36例,口咽48例,副鼻窦受侵:其中蝶窦30例,筛窦22例,上颌窦11例,岩骨75例,斜坡89例,蝶窦底壁33例,海绵窦受侵28例,卵圆孔35例,舌下神经管22例,破裂孔57例。
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  “破裂孔”译为未确定词的双语例句
    17 patients were encroached upon basicranial bone, distributed anterior and middle skull base.
    累及颅底 17例 ,分别为前、中颅底的额叶、颞叶、破裂孔、海绵窦等部位。
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  foramen lacerum
The pterygopalatine fossa is an important space because it communicates with the middle cranial fossa, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, foramen lacerum, and the infratemporal fossa via eight foramina and canals.
      
In the cases presented here, tumor resulted either from metastatic lymph nodes or had invaded through the suture of the temporal and sphenoid bones around the foramen lacerum to the middle cranial fossa and then infiltrated the temporal bone.
      
The intrapetrous carotid artery (ICA), cochlea (CH), eustachian tube (ET), foramen spinosum (FS), foramen ovale (FO) and anterior foramen lacerum (AFL) were exposed by drilling of the glenoid fossa and base of middle cranial fossa.
      
Das Halbbasissyndrom (Garcin) ist analog dem Syndrom des Foramen jugulare, des Foramen lacerum (Vernet), des Sulcus cavernosus, des Jaccodschen Syndroms u.
      
A medially directed artery to the external carotid rete arises from the commencement of the promontory artery and joins the caudal end of the rete, whose cranial end lies in the foramen lacerum.
      
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Objective: To study the infiltrating route to skull base and intracranial part and spreading rule of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Materials and Methods:MRI fingdings of 49 NPC cases with basicranial or intracranial involvement were analyzed. The main spreading direction and intracranial involvement pathway were observed and classified.Results:Posterolateral involvement via Eustachian tube was most commonly seen (34.7%), followed in turn by anterial (26.5%), upward (16.3%), superolaterally (14.3%), posteriorly...

Objective: To study the infiltrating route to skull base and intracranial part and spreading rule of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Materials and Methods:MRI fingdings of 49 NPC cases with basicranial or intracranial involvement were analyzed. The main spreading direction and intracranial involvement pathway were observed and classified.Results:Posterolateral involvement via Eustachian tube was most commonly seen (34.7%), followed in turn by anterial (26.5%), upward (16.3%), superolaterally (14.3%), posteriorly (6.1%) and through jugular nodes (2%). A couple of spreading pathways could be seen in same case, with a certain relation to the site of the primary tumor. Intracranial involvement happened most commonly via the lacerated foramen spreading.Conclusion: Spreading of NPC via the anatomic structure is related to primary tumor site, pathway of intracranial involvement and local anatomic features. MRI provides a new imaging means to demonstrate the extension of NPC, and, thus, is useful for the planning of radiation therapy.

目的: 探讨鼻咽癌颅底颅内侵犯途径及其规律。材料与方法: 127 例鼻咽癌经MRI 检查和病理证实,其中49 例确定有颅底和颅内侵犯。观察癌肿的主要扩散方向及其颅内侵犯途径。结果: 癌肿的主要扩散途径以经咽鼓管向后外侵犯最常见(34 .7 % ) ,其次依次为向前(25 .6 % ) 、向上(16 .3 % ) 、向外上(14 .3 % ) 、向后(6 .1 % ) 和经颈内静脉淋巴结(2 % ) ,同一病例常有几种扩散方向,并与原发癌肿的部位和侵入颅内有一定关系;颅内侵犯途径以经破裂孔最常见,其次为卵圆孔、蝶窦侧壁和中颅窝底;49 例中T4 期41 例,T3 期8 例。结论: 鼻咽癌的扩散方向与原发癌肿部位、颅内侵入途径和局部的解剖学特点相关,MRI 提供研究的新方法,也为治疗计划的制定提供某些依据。

Objective To study MRI characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) with anterior and middle cranial fossa spread. Methods 39 cases of NPC with cranial nerve involvement were selected for this study. Axial and coronal T 1,T 2 weighted, sagittal T 2 weighted, and Gd DTPA enhanced MRI were performed. Results (1) 13 cases had frontal cranial fossa invasion. There were 3 cases with ethmoid sinus involvement.4 cases with orbital apex and postbulbar encroachment,6 patients with combined invasion. (2)...

Objective To study MRI characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) with anterior and middle cranial fossa spread. Methods 39 cases of NPC with cranial nerve involvement were selected for this study. Axial and coronal T 1,T 2 weighted, sagittal T 2 weighted, and Gd DTPA enhanced MRI were performed. Results (1) 13 cases had frontal cranial fossa invasion. There were 3 cases with ethmoid sinus involvement.4 cases with orbital apex and postbulbar encroachment,6 patients with combined invasion. (2) 38 cases suffered from middle cranial fossa erosion. There were 32 cases with sphenoid bone destruction, 25 cases with tumor invading sphenoid sinus, 20 cases with foramen lacerum abnormality, 28 cases with foramen ovale abnormality, and 6 cases with sella turcica abnormality. Encroachment on cavernous sinus was found in 35 cases. Conclusions NPC may spread to the anterior and middle cranial fossae by destruction of skull bone, via anatomic bony foramina, or the combination of the two. These patterns could be accurately demonstratd by MRI.

目的探讨鼻咽癌向前、中颅窝侵犯的MRI征象。方法回顾分析39例有颅神经损伤并经病理确诊的鼻咽癌病例,用1.0T磁共振机,行头颅、鼻咽部轴位和冠状面T1WI、T2WI和矢状面T2WI扫描,应用钆喷替酸葡甲胺(GdDTPA)增强后,分别行轴位、冠状面、矢状面T1WI扫描。结果(1)前颅窝受侵13例,筛窦受侵3例,眶尖、球后受侵4例,两者同时受侵6例。(2)中颅窝受侵38例,蝶骨体破坏32例,蝶窦肿块25例,破裂孔异常20例,卵圆孔异常28例,蝶鞍破坏6例,海绵窦受侵35例。结论鼻咽癌经破坏颅底骨质、进出颅腔的自然骨性通道和两者并存的3种途径向前、中颅窝侵犯,MRI能准确显示侵犯途径和程度

Objective:To study CT characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with intraorbital involvement.Materials and Methods:12 cases of intraorbital involvement among 110 cases of NPC proved by pathology were reviewed respectively.CT scanning was performed in all patients with 5mm axial scans with 5mm spacing,and 6 cases were enhanced with angiografin.Result:①110 cases of primary lesions of NPC and 12 cases of them with intraorbital involvement;②the sites of intraorbital involvement:orbital apex,8 cases;intraorbital...

Objective:To study CT characteristics of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with intraorbital involvement.Materials and Methods:12 cases of intraorbital involvement among 110 cases of NPC proved by pathology were reviewed respectively.CT scanning was performed in all patients with 5mm axial scans with 5mm spacing,and 6 cases were enhanced with angiografin.Result:①110 cases of primary lesions of NPC and 12 cases of them with intraorbital involvement;②the sites of intraorbital involvement:orbital apex,8 cases;intraorbital but out of the muscle cone,3 cases;involvement of extraocular muscle only,1 case with the lateral rectus muscle involvement;③directions of involvement:the main direction of NPC with intraorbital involvement was divided into four directions,which were superior extensions,anterosuperior extension,anterosuperolateral extension and anterosuperomedial extension;④destructions of skull base were often detected.Conclusion:CT can accurately provide the sites,extend,and the routes of NPC with intraorbital involvement,and is helpful in T staging of NPC,radiotherapy and prognosis.

目的 :探讨NPC眶内侵犯的CT特点。材料和方法 :收集经病理确诊的110例NPC患者中伴眶内侵犯的CT资料12例。采用西门子SOMATOMPLUS全身CT扫描机对鼻咽及眼眶进行轴位扫描 ,层厚及层距均为5mm。其中6例采用An giografin进行了增强扫描。结果 :①鼻咽癌患者110例 ,其中伴眶内侵犯12例 ,其发生率为10 9 % ;②眶内侵犯部位 :眶尖8例(其中4例包绕视神经 ,1例视神经增粗) ,占66 7 % ;眶内肌锥外3例 ,占25% ;外直肌单独受侵1例 ,占8 3% ;③侵犯途径 :向上侵犯海绵窦 ,经眶上裂或视神经管入眶 ,占73 3%(11/15部位) ,向前上侵犯翼腭窝 ,经眶下裂入眶 ,占13 3%(2/15部位) ;向前外上扩展至翼腭窝、颞下窝 ,破坏外侧壁入眶 :占6 67 %(1/15部位) ;向前内上破坏筛窦纸板入眶 ,占6 67%(1/15部位)。④颅底骨质改变 :眶上裂增宽11例 ,眶下裂增宽2例 ,眶外侧壁骨质破坏1例 ,蝶骨体破坏3例 ,蝶骨大翼2例 ,岩尖、斜坡及筛骨纸板破坏各1例 ,破裂孔及卵圆孔破坏或吸收扩大各5例。结论 :CT可以精确显示N...

目的 :探讨NPC眶内侵犯的CT特点。材料和方法 :收集经病理确诊的110例NPC患者中伴眶内侵犯的CT资料12例。采用西门子SOMATOMPLUS全身CT扫描机对鼻咽及眼眶进行轴位扫描 ,层厚及层距均为5mm。其中6例采用An giografin进行了增强扫描。结果 :①鼻咽癌患者110例 ,其中伴眶内侵犯12例 ,其发生率为10 9 % ;②眶内侵犯部位 :眶尖8例(其中4例包绕视神经 ,1例视神经增粗) ,占66 7 % ;眶内肌锥外3例 ,占25% ;外直肌单独受侵1例 ,占8 3% ;③侵犯途径 :向上侵犯海绵窦 ,经眶上裂或视神经管入眶 ,占73 3%(11/15部位) ,向前上侵犯翼腭窝 ,经眶下裂入眶 ,占13 3%(2/15部位) ;向前外上扩展至翼腭窝、颞下窝 ,破坏外侧壁入眶 :占6 67 %(1/15部位) ;向前内上破坏筛窦纸板入眶 ,占6 67%(1/15部位)。④颅底骨质改变 :眶上裂增宽11例 ,眶下裂增宽2例 ,眶外侧壁骨质破坏1例 ,蝶骨体破坏3例 ,蝶骨大翼2例 ,岩尖、斜坡及筛骨纸板破坏各1例 ,破裂孔及卵圆孔破坏或吸收扩大各5例。结论 :CT可以精确显示NPC眶内侵犯的部位、程度、侵犯途径 ,对鼻咽癌的分期、放射治疗及预后有重要意义

 
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