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   聚落地理学 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.211秒
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聚落地理学
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  settlement geography
     This paper is divided into the parts of general human geography, commercial (industrial) geography,geography of communications and transportation, agricultural geography,tourist geography, ethnical geography, cultural geography, political geography,settlement geography and military geography. It introduces the basic situation of 43 books on human geography, and ends with a brief analysis of their main characteristics and the causes for their formation.
     该文分通论性著作、商(工)业地理学、交通运输地理学、农业地理学、旅游地理学、人种地理学、文化地理学、政治地理学、聚落地理学和军事地理学10部分,介绍了清末(1871—1911年)出版的43部人文地理学译著的基本情况,并简要分析了它们的主要特点及其形成原因。
短句来源
     The study source data is TM image in 2000.Supported by GIS,togetherwith the theory of regionalizationand settlement geography,the spatial pattern of urban and rural residential landuse in Jilin was analyzed.
     本文以TM为数据源提取了吉林省居民地空间分布信息。 在GIS技术支撑下,结合区划理论和聚落地理学说,分析了吉林省城乡居民地的空间格局。
短句来源
     The study source data is TM image in 2000.Supported by GIS,togeth- er with the theory of regionalization and settlement geography,the spatial pattern of urban and rural residential ar- ea in Jilin were analyzed.
     本文以TM为数据源提取了吉林省居民地空间分布信息。 在GIS技术支撑下,结合区划理论和聚落地理学说,分析了吉林省城乡居民地的空间格局。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Cultural Geography
     文化地理学
短句来源
     Settlement culture landscape has been one of the essential subjects of cultural geography.
     聚落文化景观历来是文化地理学研究的核心内容之一。
短句来源
     Underdevelopment Theory:A Geography Review
     发展地理学(摘译)
短句来源
     A Summary of Settlement Archaeology
     聚落考古综述
短句来源
     Approach to University Settlement
     大学聚落研究
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In ancient China, there was no systematic research on rural settlement. What we can see today on ancient rural settlement is the general description in local records, novels and travels. Xu Xiake──the great ancient geographer, born 400 years ago, was the first one who

本文论述了农村聚落地理学的研究对象,分析了我国农村聚落地理研究的各个阶段及其研究特点,提出了我国当前开展农村聚落地理研究的意义、主要内容和有待解决的重大问题。

A vast number of foreign geographical works including many books on human geography were translated and pubished towards the end of the Qing Dynasty,thus creating condition for the formation of human geography in China. This paper is divided into the parts of general human geography, commercial (industrial) geography,geography of communications and transportation, agricultural geography,tourist geography, ethnical geography, cultural geography, political geography,settlement geography and military geography.It...

A vast number of foreign geographical works including many books on human geography were translated and pubished towards the end of the Qing Dynasty,thus creating condition for the formation of human geography in China. This paper is divided into the parts of general human geography, commercial (industrial) geography,geography of communications and transportation, agricultural geography,tourist geography, ethnical geography, cultural geography, political geography,settlement geography and military geography.It introduces the basic situation of 43 books on human geography, and ends with a brief analysis of their main characteristics and the causes for their formation.

在清末翻译出版的大量外国地理学著作中,包括了不少的人文地理学译著,为中国近代人文地理学的建立创造了条件。该文分通论性著作、商(工)业地理学、交通运输地理学、农业地理学、旅游地理学、人种地理学、文化地理学、政治地理学、聚落地理学和军事地理学10部分,介绍了清末(1871—1911年)出版的43部人文地理学译著的基本情况,并简要分析了它们的主要特点及其形成原因。

In this paper, we studied the spatial patterns in the residential area and its i nfluencing factors in Zhangye oasis located in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin in northwest China. Five pattern indices (including the Area, the Mean Pa tch Area, the Patch Density,Average Nearest Distance and the Aggregation Index) were computed and analyzed using FRAGSTATS version 3\^0, and the shape index an d the spatial neighboring length and number between the residential area and oth er patches were calculated using...

In this paper, we studied the spatial patterns in the residential area and its i nfluencing factors in Zhangye oasis located in the middle reaches of Heihe River basin in northwest China. Five pattern indices (including the Area, the Mean Pa tch Area, the Patch Density,Average Nearest Distance and the Aggregation Index) were computed and analyzed using FRAGSTATS version 3\^0, and the shape index an d the spatial neighboring length and number between the residential area and oth er patches were calculated using Geographic Information System, and the Nearest Index that determines the type of residential area distribution were counted usi ng the method of settlement geography, and the radius of cultivation were comput ed using the method of buffer zone. The results indicated that the irrigated far mland which is the matrix of oasis landscape possesses the largest area in Zhang ye and its sub-oasis, and the residential patches are most broadly distributed and dominate the landscape patches. The mean area of residential area is small, and the shape is simple but its aggregation index is high. The irrigated farmlan d is the type that has the highest neighboring length with residential area, sug gesting a complex and close relationship between them. The distribution of resid ential area is random in Shajing sub-oasis but aggregated in the scale of oasis and other two sub-oasis (including the core oasis and Ganjun sub-oasis). Farm land is the key factor influencing the pattern of residential area distribution. The radius of cultivation, that can be derived by the method of buffer zone the oretically, showed a high correlation with the type of residential area distribu tion, suggesting that the former has a link of the latter. The average distance between residential patches and the nearest canals and rivers is 215m, and more than 75\^6% villages have canals passing through. The administrative center, Zha ngye city, has significant impacts on the distribution of residential area, the nearer the distance from Zhangye city, the greater the impacts on the residentia l area. We concluded that the combination of landscape pattern analysis, the set tlement geography and GIS can benefit the research on the pattern of residential area distribution and its influencing factors, and the Nearest Index, that have explicit ecological meanings, can be used to replace the Aggregation Index in F RAGSTATS.

以张掖绿洲居民地为研究对象 ,用景观格局分析软件 FRAGSTATS计算了 5个景观格局指标 ,用GIS计算了形状指数、景观类型空间邻接比例、最邻近指数、最近距离以及居民地的耕作半径 ,借鉴聚落地理学中的居民地分布研究方法 ,分析了居民地的空间格局特征及其影响因子。结果表明 :1耕地是张掖绿洲内的景观基质 ,居民地是绿洲内分布最广、斑块数最多的景观类型 ;居民地的平均斑块面积小、形状简单、聚集度高 ,与耕地的空间邻接长度和数目均最高 ,其空间分布类型存在空间差异 ;2耕地是影响居民地分布格局的重要因子。缓冲区分析方法可以从理论上确定居民地的耕作半径 ,耕作半径与居民地的空间分布类型紧密相关 ;3居民地到渠系的平均最临近距离为 2 1 5m,75.6%的居民地中有渠系穿过 ;4居民地分布受中心城市——张掖市的影响程度极其明显 ,两者呈指数相关 ;5景观格局分析、居民地分布研究方法和 GIS空间分析方法的有效结合 ,可以较好的反映居民地的空间分布特征及其影响因子的相关性 ;6借鉴聚落地理学的最近邻点指数具有明确的生态含义 ,可以作为量化景观聚集度的指标

 
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