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荒政     
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  famine policy
     Research on the Relieving Famine Policy during Northern Warlords Government (1912—1927)
     北洋政府时期(1912-1927)荒政研究
短句来源
     Research on the Natural Disaster and Relieving Famine Policy from Late Qing Dynasty to Early People's Republic of China (1840-1927)
     清末民初的灾荒与荒政研究(1840—1927)
短句来源
     This paper, in the aspects of famine and economy, politics, military affairs, ideological culture as well as the famine policy, the famine reason, discusses the achievements and historiography trends of the recent ten years of the Chinese modern famine history research and puts forward several problems about strengthening and perfecting the Chinese modern famine history research.
     文章从灾荒与经济、政治、军事、思想文化以及荒政、灾因等方面,综述近十年来中国近代灾荒史研究的成果和史学动态,并提出了关于加强和完善中国近代灾荒史研究的几个问题。
短句来源
     A Study on Famine Policy during the Sixteen States and North Dynasty
     十六国北朝荒政研究
短句来源
     As the important part of the reliving famine history, the papers choose relieving famine policy of the period of the Northern Warlords Government as the research object, and the serious natural disaster and calamities in between 1912 and 1927 as the exploration setting.
     作为近代荒政史的重要组成部分,本文以北洋政府时期发生的灾荒为背景,对该时期的荒政进行探讨,时间跨度为1912-1927年。
短句来源
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  relieving famine policy
     Research on the Relieving Famine Policy during Northern Warlords Government (1912—1927)
     北洋政府时期(1912-1927)荒政研究
短句来源
     Research on the Natural Disaster and Relieving Famine Policy from Late Qing Dynasty to Early People's Republic of China (1840-1927)
     清末民初的灾荒与荒政研究(1840—1927)
短句来源
     As the important part of the reliving famine history, the papers choose relieving famine policy of the period of the Northern Warlords Government as the research object, and the serious natural disaster and calamities in between 1912 and 1927 as the exploration setting.
     作为近代荒政史的重要组成部分,本文以北洋政府时期发生的灾荒为背景,对该时期的荒政进行探讨,时间跨度为1912-1927年。
短句来源
     Today,it has not only certain historic significance ,but also certain practical significance to study Lin Zexu's relieving famine policy .
     今天研究林则徐的荒政实践及其思想,不仅有一定的历史价值,而且有一定的现实意义。
短句来源
     The Relieving Famine Policy was defined as the measures to relieve famine in Chinese history,and it was beneficial to the stability of the society and the reproduction.
     荒政,《辞源》解释为“中国历史上救济灾荒的措施”,它“有利于稳定社会秩序和维护再生产”。
短句来源
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  relief policy
     Huizhou Merchants and Relief Policy of Huizhou in the Ming and Qing Dynasties
     徽商与明清徽州荒政
短句来源
     Comment on the Relief Policy during the Period of Bei Yang Government
     北洋政府时期荒政述论
短句来源
     Study on the Relief Policy in Six Dynasties
     六朝荒政研究
短句来源
  “荒政”译为未确定词的双语例句
     the difference of relieving policies between traditional and modern society;
     传统社会与近代社会荒政的差异 ;
短句来源
     With the development of the society and the changes of system, the thought of the social assistance changes too: The establishment of the stateresponsibility and the development of human rights make up the basis of modern social assistance theory.
     本部分详细阐述了中国古代荒政的内容和西方国家济贫的发展历程,由此论证了随着社会的发展、制度的变迁,社会救助理念的嬗变,即国家责任的确立与人权观念的发展,两者的结合构成了现代社会救助法律制度的理论基础。
短句来源
     Reasons for the Flood in the Area of the Dongting Lake in 1931 and Features of the Disaster-relief Policy
     1931年洞庭湖区水灾原因及荒政特色
短句来源
     A Study of Anti-Camality in Zhou Dynasty
     周代荒政研究
短句来源
     On the policies of relieving disasters in the Wei,Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties
     魏晋南北朝时期荒政述论
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  relief policy
The PPSG does not have a consistent source of funding for its efforts to improve cancer pain relief policy and communications in the world.
      


The rulers of Two Han Dynasties (THD) attached much importance to the policy of handling disaster (PHD). It was a basic national policy, which was aimed at consolidating the government and administing the country. Besides a great threat to its economy and politics caused by the disaster of that time, an important factor, which couldnt be neglected, was the rulers new recognication of PHD beeause of their ruling idea of administing nation by Confucianism and esthic law, protecting the environment and paying...

The rulers of Two Han Dynasties (THD) attached much importance to the policy of handling disaster (PHD). It was a basic national policy, which was aimed at consolidating the government and administing the country. Besides a great threat to its economy and politics caused by the disaster of that time, an important factor, which couldnt be neglected, was the rulers new recognication of PHD beeause of their ruling idea of administing nation by Confucianism and esthic law, protecting the environment and paying attention to life.

两汉王朝的统治者高度重视荒政建设 ,荒政成其为巩固政权、治理国家的一项基本国策。其原因除了当时严重的灾情给社会经济、政治带来巨大威胁外 ,汉代以经治国的统治思想 ,以孝治天下的伦理原则以及汉代环保意识和生命意识的崛起 ,使统治者对荒政产生的新认识是不可忽视的重要因素

In the form of interlocution,this article discusses a few theoretic questions on disaster and famine history:the relationship between the local government and the central government;the problems of replacing relief by loan in Hunan Province;the difference of relieving policies between traditional and modern society;the roles of the government and the public in relieving activities.

以问答形式 ,探讨灾荒史研究的几个理论问题 :地方政府与中央政府的关系 ;关于湖南改赈为贷的问题 ;传统社会与近代社会荒政的差异 ;政府和民间人士在赈灾活动中的地位

In the Pre Qin period its social formation was in a changing stage of ups and downs. The rulers then attached great importance to the problem of guarding against famime and disaster. In Zhou Li, the book considered to be written by the Duke of Zhou, was summarized the state work of relieving victims of a disater and preparing against famine in the category of measures for relief of a famine, the conception of which was adopted trroughout the ages. Pre Qin measures for relief of a famine covers a wide range...

In the Pre Qin period its social formation was in a changing stage of ups and downs. The rulers then attached great importance to the problem of guarding against famime and disaster. In Zhou Li, the book considered to be written by the Duke of Zhou, was summarized the state work of relieving victims of a disater and preparing against famine in the category of measures for relief of a famine, the conception of which was adopted trroughout the ages. Pre Qin measures for relief of a famine covers a wide range of ideas in policy and many of them in regard to famine relief and its policy, looked upon as theoretical basis thronghout the ages, were mostly put forward and to use one ofter another in the Pre Qin period. On today's work, the work of relieving a famine and guarding against natural calamities we still can gain a great deal of enlightment from the ideas of measures for relief of a famine.\;

先秦时期处于社会形态的更替变动阶段 ,当时的统治者已对灾荒防治问题很重视。《周礼》把国家的救灾备荒工作概括为“荒政”范畴 ,后世救灾备荒一直沿用荒政概念。先秦荒政包容了广泛的政策思想 ,许多被后世奉为理论依据的救荒思想和政策 ,在先秦时已陆续提出和运用。有关荒政思想对我们今天的救荒防灾工作仍有极大的启示

 
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