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饮食
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  diet
    Evaluation of Etiologic Factors of Gastric Cancer in Tianjin——Ⅱ.Relationship Between Diet and Gastric Cancer
    天津市胃癌发病因素的探讨 Ⅱ.饮食与胃癌发病的关系
短句来源
    A Case Control Study on Diet and Gastric Cancer
    饮食与胃癌关系的病例对照研究
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    Effects of dietary calcium and vitamin D on induced epithelial hyperproliferation in mouse mammary gland by a high-fat diet
    钙和维生素D对高脂饮食诱发的小鼠乳腺上皮增生的影响
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    Diet and Brain Tumor in Adults
    饮食与成人脑瘤
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    The Relation between Diet and Liver Cancer
    饮食与肝癌的关系
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  dietary
    A Retrospective Study on the Relation between Some Dietary Factors and Stomach Cancer-Investigation of the Etiology of 220 Cases of Stomach Cancer in Wuhan
    某些饮食因素和胃癌发病的关系——武汉市220例胃癌病因学调查研究
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    A Meta Analysis or Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer
    饮食脂肪与乳腺癌危险性META分析
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    [Conclusion] Environmental factors such as duration of indoor pesticides use,duration of exposure to organic solvents and dietary factors played important role in female breast cancer in Tangshan area.
    [结论]唐山地区女性乳腺癌危险因素中,室内杀虫剂使用、有机溶剂暴露、饮食因素等环境因素起着重要的作用。
短句来源
    Effects of dietary calcium and vitamin D on induced epithelial hyperproliferation in mouse mammary gland by a high-fat diet
    钙和维生素D对高脂饮食诱发的小鼠乳腺上皮增生的影响
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    Investigation on the relationship between dietary factors and higher prevalence of gastric cancer in residents of islands
    饮食因素与海岛居民胃癌高发的关系研究
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  diets
    Univariate and multivariate analysis by logistic regression model was to choose significant risk factorsResults The main risk factors on gastric cancer include alcohol drinking (OR=1.58,95% CI1.18~2.13)? irregular diet (OR=2.00,95% CI 1.34~3.10)? intake of high salt diets (OR=1.82,95% CI 1.21~2.74),etc.
    结果 影响胃癌发生的主要危险因素有 :饮酒 (OR =1.5 8,95 %CI1.18~ 2 .13)、饮食不规律 (OR =2 .0 0 ,95 %CI 1.34~ 3.10 )、高盐饮食 (OR =1.82 ,95 %CI 1.2 1~ 2 .74 )等 ;
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    Objective To discuss the meaning and measures of diets in the first-grade prevention of cancer.
    目的:探讨饮食在癌症“一级预防”中的意义和措施。
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    Diets high in animal fats increase risk of breast cancer,while painkillers lower risk,studies say
    高动物脂肪饮食增加患乳腺癌风险,而止痛药可降低风险
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    On diets and the first-grade prevention of cancer
    饮食与癌症的一级预防
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    Epidemiological data showed that consumption of soybean-containing diets was associated with a low incidence of certain human cancers in Asia populations, such as breast, coli and prostatic carcinomas, et al.
    九十年代初的流行病学调查资料显示,摄用高豆类饮食与乳腺癌、大肠癌、前列腺癌、黑色素瘤等恶性肿瘤的低发病率有关。
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  “饮食”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Patients in the laparoseopic colectomy group enjoyed faster GI function recovery (P<0.01),less need for postoperative analgesics and shorter hospital stay (P<0.01).
    术后肠功能恢复时间、术后镇痛时间、饮食恢复时间以及术后住院时间均优于开腹手术(t值分别为6.15、6.53、6.15、45.6,P均<0.01);
短句来源
    Oral intake was started on hospital day 4~5,ureteral stents were removed with in 3 week and the pouch catheter was removed in 4 week.
    术后4~5天恢复饮食,3周拔除输尿管支架管,4周拔除尿管。
短句来源
    As a result, the rate of tests of the cp in two groups were quite different. Group A was 69%, Group B Was 21.0%.
    结果CP检出率在两组有极明显差异:A组69.9%,B组21.0%,这提示CP感染可能与两地区海拔、气候、地理生活坏境、饮食结构习惯等不同有关。
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    The general odds ratio (OR) is 1.49 (95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.32,1. 68).
    结果显示最高饮食脂脂摄入量组与最低组相比.总比数比值为1.49,95%可信区间为1.32~1.68,说明高饮食脂肪是乳腺癌危险因素。
短句来源
    However, the OR of cohort studies is 1.01 (95 % CI: 0.77, 1. 33) and that of thecase - control studies is 1.67 (95% CI: 1. 47,1.89 ). The difference of results between two kinds of epidemiologic studies is statistically significant.
    队列研究组高饮食脂肪摄入的乳腺癌危险性为1.01(95%可信区间:0.77~1.33),而在病例对照组则为1.67(95%可信区间:1.47~1.89),两类设计研究结果差异有统计学意义。
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  diet
Chinese Early Cretaceous birds had experienced a significant differentiation in morphology, flight, diet and habitat.
      
For each test group, 20 loaches with similar body size (5.17-7.99 g; 11.79-13.21 cm) were selected and kept in aquaria with dechlorinated water at (22±1)°C and fed a commercial diet every 48 h.
      
Diet composition of post-metamorphic bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) in the Zhoushan archipelago, Zhejiang Province, China
      
The analysis of the stomach contents shows that, for adult bullfrogs, the most important prey (by diet volume) overall were Decapoda, Coleoptera, Odonata, Mesogastropoda, Raniformes, and Cypriniformes.
      
Moreover, the prey size and diet volume increased with the body size of both adult and juvenile bullfrogs.
      
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  dietary
Effect of Dietary Intoxication by Mercury Salts on Cysteine Proteinase Activity in Rat Tissues
      
The measures mobilizing the self-defense include administration of natural adaptogens and various types of adaptation, such as adaptation to dietary restrictions, promotion of physical and mental activity, and adaptation to hypoxia.
      
Effect of Deficiency of Dietary Nitrogen on Cellulose Digestibility and Nitrogen-Fixing Flora Activity in Sibling Vole Microtus
      
Statin Drugs and Dietary Isoprenoids Downregulate Protein Prenylation in Signal Transduction and Are Antithrombotic and Prothrom
      
They exhibit both features typical for all dietary supplements in ultra-low doses and those specific to bioantioxidants, thereby complicating interpretation of the relevant findings.
      
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  diets
Studies on the Fatty Liver Diseases of Sciaenops ocellatus Caused by Different Ether Extract Levels in Diets
      
An experiment was conducted to study fatty liver disease caused by different ether extract levels in diets of juvenile Sciaenops ocellatus.
      
Nine kinds of diets containing different protein (38, 42, 46%) and ether extract levels (4, 8, 12%) were used.
      
Results showed that the relative growth ratio and survival ratio of the fish fed on medium lipid diets (8%) or high ether extract diets (12%) were significantly lower than those of the fish fed on low ether extract diets (4%) (p >amp;lt; 0.05).
      
There was a positive correlation between the ether extract contents in hepatopancreas of fish and the ether extract contents of diets.
      
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This report summarized the results of studies on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) fromseveral hospitals in Shanghai,which included a survey of etiological factors,histopathologicand ultrastructural studies of gastric mucosa,gastric acid secretory test,fasting serumgastrin determination and augmented protein-meal stimulated gastrin secretion test,andcertain immunological determinations.It was found that acid secretory function correlatedwell with the severity of antral atrophic lesion and intestinal metaplasia.However,theclassification...

This report summarized the results of studies on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) fromseveral hospitals in Shanghai,which included a survey of etiological factors,histopathologicand ultrastructural studies of gastric mucosa,gastric acid secretory test,fasting serumgastrin determination and augmented protein-meal stimulated gastrin secretion test,andcertain immunological determinations.It was found that acid secretory function correlatedwell with the severity of antral atrophic lesion and intestinal metaplasia.However,theclassification of CAG could be made according to the acid secretory function test and thedynamic serum gastrin response pattern to a test meal which reflect more correctly thepathophysiological lesion at gastric body and antrum.The enzyme linked immunnassay(ELISA) was more sensitive than immunofluorescent assay (IF) for detection of theparietal cell antibody (PCA).As false-positive test of PCA was frequently found inpatients without CAG,so a positive PCA might only indicate existence of gastric mucosallesion.It was suggested that CAG could be separated into two types,A and B,the latter beingfurther divided into subtypes B_1 and B_2.The prevalence of B type CAG was higher ineast China,and pernicious anemia was rare in patients with A type CAG.

本文综合上海地区部分医疗单位对慢性萎缩性胃炎(CAG)的一些研究资料,包括病因学调查,光学和电子显微镜的病理学观察,泌酸功能的研究,血清胃泌素的测定,以及免疫学方面的一些研究等。调查提示吸烟、饮食不规则、胆汁返流等因素可能和 CAG 的发生有关。指出壁细胞泌酸功能与胃窦的萎缩性变化及肠腺化生程度有关,而按胃酸分泌功能和试餐后血清胃泌素值变化来分型,更能准确反映胃窦和胃体的病理生理。以酶免疫法测定壁细胞抗体(PCA)的阳性率高于免疫荧光法.因 PCA 测定有假阳性,故认为其仅示有胃粘膜的损害,而对 CAG 的诊断并无特异性.本文提出,CAG 可分为 A、B_1和 B_2诸型,在我国华东地区以 B 型为多见.观察发现,我国的 A 型患者临床上很少出现恶性贫血.

Since October 1981, intravenous hyperalimentation through subclavian vein was used during chemotherapy in advanced cachectic cancer patients with encouraging results. The first two cases of Hodgkin's disease so treated are herein reported. During chemotherapy, the patients were given usual diet and the intravenous hyperalimentation supplemented for 3 days each week containing mixtures of amino acids 1.82g/kg/ day and hypertonic dextrose 8g/kg/day in average. Following 2 and 4 courses of therapy, the two patients...

Since October 1981, intravenous hyperalimentation through subclavian vein was used during chemotherapy in advanced cachectic cancer patients with encouraging results. The first two cases of Hodgkin's disease so treated are herein reported. During chemotherapy, the patients were given usual diet and the intravenous hyperalimentation supplemented for 3 days each week containing mixtures of amino acids 1.82g/kg/ day and hypertonic dextrose 8g/kg/day in average. Following 2 and 4 courses of therapy, the two patients improved markedly, both the body weight and serum albumin level were increased and their condition remained stabilized for 8 and 13 months respectively. The indices of their Karnofsky Performance status were elevated to 80%. The deleyed cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions became positive and the phagocytic fraction and E-rosette forming cell tests improved.

自1981年10月我们对晚期恶性肿瘤伴有恶液质病人采用化疗和锁骨下静脉高营养支持治疗。本文报道观察时间较长的头两例何杰金氏病。化疗期间常规饮食,每周加静脉高营养3天,平均复方氨基酸1.82g/kg/日、萄葡糖8g/kg/日。两例病人分别经2、4疗程治疗后体重、白蛋白增加。皮肤迟发超敏反应由阴性转为阳性,吞噬细胞百分比与E—玫瑰花结试验的免疫指标提高。使病人的病情稳定分别达8、13个月。Karnofsky体力状况指标升高至80%。本疗法可提高晚期肿瘤病人的疗效。

The geographic distribution of stomach cancer is more extensive and thedifference between high and low provincial distribution is very remarkable inChina and also in Japan. The histopathological type of stomach cancer is diffe-rent in high and low risk regions of stomach cancer. It seems that the intestinaltype of stomach cancer is higher in high risk regions than that in low riskregions. At the same time the occurrence of precancerous diseases of the stomachare also higher than that in regions of low incidence...

The geographic distribution of stomach cancer is more extensive and thedifference between high and low provincial distribution is very remarkable inChina and also in Japan. The histopathological type of stomach cancer is diffe-rent in high and low risk regions of stomach cancer. It seems that the intestinaltype of stomach cancer is higher in high risk regions than that in low riskregions. At the same time the occurrence of precancerous diseases of the stomachare also higher than that in regions of low incidence of stomach cancer. Themortality of stomach cancer in Japan decreased year by year. This is attribut-able to various factors. The improvement of treatment is important one of themand the modernization of dietary pattern in Japanese has been observed andconsidered one of major causes in reduction of stomach cancer in Japan.

胃癌的地理分布较为广泛。中国和日本胃癌的高低发区的分布差别十分明显。高低发区的病理组织学类型各异,肠型胃癌在高发区较低发区似乎更多见,同时胃癌前疾病的发病率也比低发区为高。日本死于胃癌的人数从1968年以来逐年下降,治疗水平的提高是一个很重要原因,更重要的原因是日本的现代化饮食方式。

 
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