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  related to sex
     Results rPA was not related to sex (P>0.05).
     结果rPA的大小与性别无明显相关性(P>0.05)。
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     Among Dukes staging, the positive rates of MMP 2 and MMP 9 in stages of C and D were higher than those in stages of A and B ( P <0 01). Expression rates of MMP 2 and MMP 9 were not related to sex,age,location,degree of differentiation and histological type ( P >0 05).
     Dukes分期中 ,C、D期中MMP 2和MMP 9的阳性表达率明显高于A、B期 (P <0 0 5) ,而与性别、年龄、肿瘤部位、组织学类型和分化程度均无关 (P >0 0 5)。
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     Results The positive rate of CEA-mRNA in NSCLC(87.8%) was higher than that in control group P<0.01,The group difference was not related to sex ,age, pathology type,degree differentiation of and clinical stage (P>0.05).
     结果 肺癌组织表达 CEA- m RNA的阳性表达率为 87.8% ,明显高于非肺癌组织 (P<0 .0 1) ,但其阳性表达与性别、年龄、临床分期、分化程度和病理类型无关 (P>0 .0 5 )。
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     The expressions of CD15 antigen and Cath-D were not related to sex,age,and tumor location.
     食管癌CD15和Cath-D表达与性别、年龄、肿瘤部位、大体类型及肿瘤大小无关(P>0.05)。
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     RESULTS The positive rate of P53 protein expression in colorectal cancer was 52 3%, which was not related to sex, age, tumor location, differentiation or invasion ( P >0 05).
     大肠癌P53阳性表达与性别、年龄及肿瘤的部位、分化程度和浸润深度无关(P>005);
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  “与性别”译为未确定词的双语例句
     STUDY ON ANALYSIS AND IDENTIFICATION OF GYNOGENESIS AND SEX DETERMINATION MECHANISM OF paralichthys olivaceu
     牙鲆雌核发育分析鉴定与性别决定机制研究
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     THE INFLUENCE OF HEART RATE, AGE AND SEX ON THE SYSTOLIC TIME INTERVALS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS STIs in 216 Healthy Subjects
     健康人心率、年龄与性别对收缩时间间期的影响216例健康人收缩时间间期测定
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     ADVANCE IN STUDIES ON H-Y ANTIGEN AND SEX DIFFERENTIATION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS
     H-Y抗原与性别分化研究现状
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     Sex determination and measurement of the anterior border of hip bone
     髋骨前缘的的测量与性别鉴定
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     Correlation between Erythrocyte Deformability with Sex and Age in 702 Normal Adults
     702例正常成人红细胞变形性与性别、年龄的相关性
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  相似匹配句对
     Gender and Power
     性别权利
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     Archaeology and Gender
     考古学性别
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     Comparing to the D.
     D.
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     were resolved as sisters to Z.
     Z.
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  related to sex
Specific Features of Neutrophil Response to Chorionic Gonadotropin Related to Sex and the Phase of the Menstrual Cycle
      
The oldest lizards carried the highest number of ticks but no differences related to sex of the host were found.
      
There has been a consensus in the literature that positive attitudes towards the exmental patient are inversely related to age, directly related to education, and not related to sex.
      
Outlier use was not related to sex or body condition, but animals that used outliers tended to be younger and had larger numbers of fleas than those that remained in the main sett year-round.
      
Results: The rate of co-deletion in adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that in squamous cell carcinoma (P>amp;lt;0.05), while it was not related to sex, age and TNM stages (P>amp;gt;0.05).
      
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Although most higher plants are hermophroditic, monoecious or dioeoious plants are not infrequently met with in nature. In some cases, plants or organs of one sex possess greater economic value than those of the other sex. Therefore, to change the sex of plants or vary the numbar of either male or female flowers (usually toward the direction of femaleness) is of both theoretical and practical significance.It has long been observed that the sexuality of plants changes with a change of environmental factors. But...

Although most higher plants are hermophroditic, monoecious or dioeoious plants are not infrequently met with in nature. In some cases, plants or organs of one sex possess greater economic value than those of the other sex. Therefore, to change the sex of plants or vary the numbar of either male or female flowers (usually toward the direction of femaleness) is of both theoretical and practical significance.It has long been observed that the sexuality of plants changes with a change of environmental factors. But those -observed facts received little attention in the past, since they could not be reconciled with the then-prevalent chromosome theory of sex determination. Biologists of the Michurin school believe .that sexuality of plants is but one of the characteristics that the plant exhibits under certain environmental conditions. Thus, like any other characteristic, it is determined by the metabolic conditions of the plants themselves. We are convinced that by changing one or more of the environmental factors, thereby altering the metabolic pattern of the plants, we can successfully control the sexuality of plants for the banefit of mankind.Minina in her monograph has comprehensively reviewed the literature pertinent to the change of sexuality in the plant world under changed enviromental conditions. It has been shown that either treatment with CO, or an alteration of the nutritional status of plants can affect the sex expression of plants.The present investigation purposes to study in greater detail the principles governing the formation of male and female flowers in the cucumber plants.Treatment of the 24-day-old cucumber seedlings with CO gas (at 1%, 0.5% and 0.3%) for 161 hours has remarkably altered the order in which the mala and .female flowers appear. The numbar of female flowers greatly increases, whereas the male flowers do not appear until much later. Marked morphological changes have also been noticed. Physiologically, treated young plants decrease their respiratory activity by 50-70%, as measured at the close of the experimental period. The activity of catalasa has had corresponding changes.When plants are given ample phcspliorus fertilizer successively at the 3-leaf stage, the. stage of bud appearance, and the stage of opening of the female flowers, they bear much more female flowers, whereas the number of male flowers remains unchanged. Plants thus treated also show lower calalase activity hi their leaves.Higher water content of the soil has favored the formation of female flowers. Plants grown under such condition absorb more nitrogen than control plants. This is in line with what is reported in the literature to the effect that high nitrogen is favorable for the development of femaleness.The increase of the number of female flowers is not necessarily connected with the state of the growth of plants. This has led us to believe that it is not the general nutritional status of plants, i.e., the abundance or deficiency of fertilizer, that determines sexuality,The present investigation has clearly demonstrated the possibility that different environmental factors which showed their effect on sex expression may have performed their functions through the same or similar mechanism.The effects of some respiratory inhibitors, including NaN3, malonate, fluoride, etc. are being examined. Investgations are also being undertaken to elucidate the possibility of treatment of seeds with various substances to change the sex ratio of the flowers in the cucumber plants.

在自然界中不少植物是雌雄异株或雌雄同株而异花的。不同性别的植株或花的经济价值不同,因此,定向改变植物性别的问题就不仅仅具有理论上的意义,而且也有着实践上的意义。很早就有人观察到植物性别可随环境而发生改变的事实;但是这些事实没有受到足够的重视,因为它们与性别决定的染色体学说是不相容的。米丘林生物学者认为植物性别的形成和发展也是植物有机体在一定环境条件下所表现的发育特性之一,是决定于植物体内的新陈代谢的。因此,我们深信,通过环境条件的改变,改变植物体内的新陈代谢过程,从而定向地控制植物的性别是完全可能的。 曾详尽而全面地介绍了定向改变植物性别方面的文献。本文目的在于进一步探讨环境条件对于黄瓜雌雄花出现的规律性的影响以及这些影响的生理实质。 在黄瓜幼苗期间用CO(浓度为1%,0.5%,0.3%)处理植株161小时显著地改变了雌、雄花出现的顺序,增加了雌花的数目,降低了雄花的数目。提高了果实的产量。在外部形态方面亦发生了显著的改变。在生理方面,遭受气体处理的植物在处理结束后呼吸强度降低50—70%,过氧化氢酶的活性也有相应的改变。 在植株三叶期、现蕾期、雌花开放期均施以充足的磷肥,这种处理选择性地增加了雌...

在自然界中不少植物是雌雄异株或雌雄同株而异花的。不同性别的植株或花的经济价值不同,因此,定向改变植物性别的问题就不仅仅具有理论上的意义,而且也有着实践上的意义。很早就有人观察到植物性别可随环境而发生改变的事实;但是这些事实没有受到足够的重视,因为它们与性别决定的染色体学说是不相容的。米丘林生物学者认为植物性别的形成和发展也是植物有机体在一定环境条件下所表现的发育特性之一,是决定于植物体内的新陈代谢的。因此,我们深信,通过环境条件的改变,改变植物体内的新陈代谢过程,从而定向地控制植物的性别是完全可能的。 曾详尽而全面地介绍了定向改变植物性别方面的文献。本文目的在于进一步探讨环境条件对于黄瓜雌雄花出现的规律性的影响以及这些影响的生理实质。 在黄瓜幼苗期间用CO(浓度为1%,0.5%,0.3%)处理植株161小时显著地改变了雌、雄花出现的顺序,增加了雌花的数目,降低了雄花的数目。提高了果实的产量。在外部形态方面亦发生了显著的改变。在生理方面,遭受气体处理的植物在处理结束后呼吸强度降低50—70%,过氧化氢酶的活性也有相应的改变。 在植株三叶期、现蕾期、雌花开放期均施以充足的磷肥,这种处理选择性地增加了雌花的数目,而对雄花的数目无影响。受到这种处理的植物

1.The pressent report consists of the karyotype analysis of cultured Amphibian somatic cells in vitro and the comparison of different cells from various tissues with regard to their karyotypes.2.The chromosomes of the cells from the tongue,kidney and lung tissues of the common toad (Bufo bufo gargarizans) were studied.They were found to possess the diploid chromosome number of 22 (2n = 22),i.e.12 large and 10 small chromosomes.The large chromosomes were matched into 6 homologous pairs and the small chromosomes...

1.The pressent report consists of the karyotype analysis of cultured Amphibian somatic cells in vitro and the comparison of different cells from various tissues with regard to their karyotypes.2.The chromosomes of the cells from the tongue,kidney and lung tissues of the common toad (Bufo bufo gargarizans) were studied.They were found to possess the diploid chromosome number of 22 (2n = 22),i.e.12 large and 10 small chromosomes.The large chromosomes were matched into 6 homologous pairs and the small chromosomes were matched into 5 homologous pairs.All of them were metacentric and submetacentric.According to the size,shape and position of the centromere,22 chromosomes were tentatively classified into 4 groups:Group 1-2,Group 3-6,Group 7-10 and Group 11.The chromosome pair 6 can be identified unequivocally by direct observation for the small satellites on the long arms.Sexual dimorphism of the chromosomes was not detected in somatic karyotype of male and female common toad.3.From the phenomenon of satellite association and the other behavior,it was concluded that the No.6 chromosome is the nueleolus organizer in the common toad cells.4.Similar studies were made on the karyotype of the cells from tongue and kidney of the frog (Rana plancyi).They were found to possess the diploid chromosome-number of 26 (2n = 26),i.e.10 large and 16 small chromosomes.The large chromosomes were matched into 5 homologus pairs and small chromosomes were matched into 8 homologus pairs.All of them were metacentric,submetaeentric and sub-telocentric.According to the size,shape and the position of the centromere,26 chromosomes were tentatively classified into 3 groups:Group 1,Group 2-5 and Group 6-13.The chromosome pair 9 can be identified unequivocally by direct observation for the secondary constriction on the long arms.Sexual dimorphism of the chromosomes was not detected in somatic karyotype of male and female frog.5.The karyotype of tongue cells and kidney cells were indistingishable from each other in quantitative characteristics,e.g.the relative length of each chromosome and the arm ratio (long arm/short arm).From the above investigation,it was concluded that the differentiation of the tissues cells was not reflected in the chromosomal morphology neither in the common toad nor in the frog.

本文报道离体培养的两栖类体细胞的染色体组型及不同组织细胞的染色体组型的比较分析结果。对于中华大蟾蜍(Bufo btfo gargarizans)离体培养舌细胞、肾细胞与肺细胞的染色体组型分析表明,其二倍体染色体数目为22个(2n=22),包括12个大型染色体,10个小型染色体。全部染色体可配成11对,均为中部和亚中部着丝点染色体。根据染色体的特征,可分为四组:即1—2组、3—6组、7—10组及11组。在第6染色体的长臂上发现随体。雌雄个体之间,并末发现与性别决定有关的异型染色体之存在。根据中华大蟾蜍第6染色体之间在随体和次缢痕部位的联合现象及其他有关现象,作者认为第6染色体是核仁组织者。对于金线蛙(Rana plancyi)离体培养舌细胞与肾细胞染色体组型的分析表明,其二倍体数目为26个(2n=26),包括10个大型染色体和16个小型染色体。全部染色体可配成13对,其着丝点为中部、亚中部和亚端部,根据染色体的特征,可分为三组:即1组、2—5组和6—13组。在第9染色体的长臂上发现次缢痕。雌雄个体之间,并未发现与性别决定有关的异型染色体之存在。离体培养的体细胞(舌细胞与肾细胞)染色体的相...

本文报道离体培养的两栖类体细胞的染色体组型及不同组织细胞的染色体组型的比较分析结果。对于中华大蟾蜍(Bufo btfo gargarizans)离体培养舌细胞、肾细胞与肺细胞的染色体组型分析表明,其二倍体染色体数目为22个(2n=22),包括12个大型染色体,10个小型染色体。全部染色体可配成11对,均为中部和亚中部着丝点染色体。根据染色体的特征,可分为四组:即1—2组、3—6组、7—10组及11组。在第6染色体的长臂上发现随体。雌雄个体之间,并末发现与性别决定有关的异型染色体之存在。根据中华大蟾蜍第6染色体之间在随体和次缢痕部位的联合现象及其他有关现象,作者认为第6染色体是核仁组织者。对于金线蛙(Rana plancyi)离体培养舌细胞与肾细胞染色体组型的分析表明,其二倍体数目为26个(2n=26),包括10个大型染色体和16个小型染色体。全部染色体可配成13对,其着丝点为中部、亚中部和亚端部,根据染色体的特征,可分为三组:即1组、2—5组和6—13组。在第9染色体的长臂上发现次缢痕。雌雄个体之间,并未发现与性别决定有关的异型染色体之存在。离体培养的体细胞(舌细胞与肾细胞)染色体的相对长度与臂比指数的测量统计值的比较分析表明,同一个体的不同组织的细胞之间,无论是中华大蟾蜍还是金线蛙,均无显著差异。因此,可以认为

Harringtonine (HA) and homoharringtonine (HO), two new antileukemic agents, were submitted to toxicological studies in mice, rabbits and dogs. The major target organs involved in toxicity in rabbits and dogs produced by 5 or 7 day treatments with either alkaloid were limitted to G. I. tract, heart and hematopoietic organs. Most deaths were attributable to cardiac dysfunction. After injection of lethal doses, hepatic and renal toxicities of mild to moderate degree occurred only in individual cases. When such...

Harringtonine (HA) and homoharringtonine (HO), two new antileukemic agents, were submitted to toxicological studies in mice, rabbits and dogs. The major target organs involved in toxicity in rabbits and dogs produced by 5 or 7 day treatments with either alkaloid were limitted to G. I. tract, heart and hematopoietic organs. Most deaths were attributable to cardiac dysfunction. After injection of lethal doses, hepatic and renal toxicities of mild to moderate degree occurred only in individual cases. When such treatments were repeated for two additional courses, no additional significant toxicity was observed. However, the cardiac and hematopoietic toxicity appeared to be moderately cumulative. All toxicities observed were dose-dependent, predictable and completely reversible upon discontinuation of treatment. No significant delayed toxicity was noted during an observation period of 6 weeks or more. Neither inter or intraspecies nor sex related differences in qualitative toxicity of either HA or HO were observed. 0.42 mg/kg/d×5 of HA and 0.16 mg/kg/d×7 of HO were established as the toxic doses high for dogs. The LD_(50) S (±S·E) of HA and HO in mice (I. P.) were found to be 4.17±0.30 and 3.17±0.19 mg/kg, respectively. Although He was found to be more potent than HA, qualitatively the two alkaloids did not differ significantly.

用小鼠、兔及犬研究了三尖杉酯碱(HA)和高三尖杉酯碱(HO)的毒性。兔及犬连续给药五或七天,两药毒性的主要靶器官都是胃肠道、心脏和造血器官。大多数毒性死亡皆可归因于心功能障碍。用致死剂量时,尚个别出现轻、中度肝、肾损害。间歇地重复给药共三疗程,未出现其它重大毒性,但心脏及造血显示为轻、中度累积性的毒性,毒性与剂量大小平行,可及时发现,停药后是完全可逆的。在至少六周的观察期内未见重大迟发毒性,两药均未见种属间、个体间或与性别有关的毒性性质上的显著差异。HA及HO的家犬中毒剂量(高)分别是0.45mg/kg/天×5及0.16mg/kg/天×7。小鼠急性LD_(50)(±S.E.)分别是4.17±0.30及3.17±0.19mg/kg。HA与HO相比,两者毒性在性质上无重大差别,程度上则HO显著大于HA。

 
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