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支气管壁
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  bronchial wall
     Results:(1)Immunohistochemistry showed that the levels of MPO expressions in purified PMN and bronchial wall in group A were significantly increased than in group C(P<0.01).
     结果:(1)A组血PMN和支气管壁中MPO的表达水平均显著高于C组(P<0·01);
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     (4) The findings of the active lesions were presented in 76.8%, which manifested as 2~4mm centrilobular nodules and branching linear opacities,or 5~8 mm fuzzy nodules associated with thickening of the interlobular septa and the bronchial wall.
     (4)具有结核活动征象者占 76 .8% ,HRCT表现为 2~ 4mm小叶中心结节和分支状结构 ,或 5~ 8mm模糊结节、小叶间隔增厚及邻近支气管壁增厚。
短句来源
     Statistic analysis between the two groups were as follows:bronchiectasis,P=0.555; bronchial wall thickening, P=0.009; thickened interlobular septa,P=0.296 ;
     两组数据统计学分析结果:支气管扩张P=0.555,支气管壁增厚P=0.009,小叶间隔增厚P=0.296,胸膜下线P=0.477,毛玻璃样阴影P=0.080。
短句来源
     Of these 28 patients with HRCT scans showed bronchial wall thickening in 15 cases(53.6%),bronchiectasis in 6 cases (21.4%),mosaic pattern in 3 cases(11.8%),mediastinal emphysema in one case and central lobular emphysema in 4 cases,air trapping on end expiratory CT scans in 5 cases. The positivity of HRCT scans was 71.4%.
     HRCT表现呈支气管壁增厚 15例 (5 3 6 % ) ,支气管扩张 6例 (2 1 4% ) ,马赛克征象 3例 (11 8% ) ,纵隔气肿 1例 ,小叶中心型肺气肿 4例 ,呼气末空气潴留 5例 ,总阳性率 71 4% (2 0 / 2 8)。
短句来源
     Of the cancerous invasion at the proximal bronchial wall, 96.1% was observed to be less than 1.5cm apart from the margin of the cancer.
     96.1%的病例癌浸润发生在距瘤缘1.5cm以内的支气管壁上。
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  bronchus wall
     The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for excluding SARS using a combination of consolidation of lung lesions, fiber stripe components and thicken bronchus wall of lung CT in CAP patients were 91.3%, 82.8%, and 86.4%, respectively.
     CAP组CT显示的肺内实变影、纤维索条影及支气管壁增厚 3项作为SARS的反指征 ,总敏感度、总特异度和总准确度分别为 91 3%、82 8%和 86 4 %。
短句来源
     ②The cancer infiltration by the nodes metastasizing into the bronchus wall (bronchial external tunica or cartilage) was also an important way for the cancer to spread, especially in adenocarcinoma. The poor differentiated adenocarcinoma has significantly higher metastatic rate and infiltration rate than the well differentiated ( P <0.01, P <0.01). There were 22 such cases, including 3 of lobar bronchus wall invaded by N1 metastasis and 19 of main bronchus wall by N2 metastasis.
     ②癌细胞经转移淋巴结间接侵袭近侧支气管壁外膜或软骨层 2 2例 ,其中N1者侵袭叶支气管壁 3例 ,N2 者侵袭主支气管壁 19例 ,以腺癌为突出 ,尤其低分化腺癌N2 转移率与侵袭率均显著高于高分化者 (P <0 .0 1,P <0 .0 1)。
短句来源
     The slice of Tianjiu-treated group lung pathology organiization stained by HE showed inflammatory cells of bronchus wall reduced obviously,without a great deal of cup cell being found. The serum IgE was notably lower than that of the model group,and the two groups had obviously difference(P<0.01).
     天灸组肺组织病理切片HE染色见支气管壁炎症细胞浸润明显减少,无大量杯状细胞增生,血清IgE检测较模型组明显减低,两组比较差异明显(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     ② There were fluorescence dense regions found at anterior spinal cord, posterior horn, cerebellum, sarcolemma of sacrospinal muscle, latissimus dorsi and diaphragm, myocardial tunica intima and adventitia, stomach, wall of urinary bladder, bronchus wall of lung, wall of hepatic duct, the adventitia of cholecyst wall, and mucous membrane, synovium of shoulder joint, abdominal aorta, tunica intima and adventitia mesenteric artery, adventitia and the involved parts and sacral region and blood capillary loop in ear skin.
     ②在脊髓前、后角、小脑、骶棘肌、背阔肌、膈肌的肌膜、心肌的内、外膜,胃、膀胱壁、肺支气管壁、肝管壁、胆囊壁的外膜和黏膜、肩关节滑膜、腹主动脉、肠系膜动脉壁的内、外膜、以及牵涉区和骶部及耳皮内毛细血管袢发现有荧光密集区。
短句来源
     Fluorescence dense areas were found in posterior horn of spinal cord, olivary nucleus in hypothalamus, sacral spinal muscle, latissimus dorsi muscle, sarcolemma of diaphragmatic muscle, myocardial intima and adventitia, stomach, bladder wall, bronchus wall of lung, wall of hepatic duct, adventitia and mucous membrane of cholecyst wall, synovium of shoulder joint, abdominal aorta, tunica intima and adventitia of mesenteric artery, renal tubule, referral area of stomach, dermis at Zusanli acpoint, pars sacralis and blood capillary loop in ear, respectively.
     在脊髓后角、下丘脑的橄榄核、骶脊肌、背阔肌、膈肌的肌膜、心肌的内、外膜,胃、膀胱壁、肺支气管壁、肝管壁、胆囊壁的外膜和黏膜、肩关节滑膜、腹主动脉、肠系膜动脉壁的内、外膜、肾小管以及胃牵涉区、足三里穴的皮和骶部及耳的皮内毛细血管袢发现有荧光密集区。
短句来源
  airway wall
     (2) The airway wall thickness,bronchial smooth muscle thickness and the number of bronchial smooth muscle nucleus in two asthmatic groups were significantly higher than control group,respectively(P<0.01),and in asthmatic 6 weeks group were higher than asthmatic 4 weeks group,respectively(P<0.01).
     哮喘4周和6周组支气管壁厚度、支气管平滑肌厚度及平滑肌细胞核数量均较对照组明显增加(P<0.01),且6周组高于4周组(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Measurement of total airway diameter(D)and lumen diameter(L)then calculated the airway wall thickness(T)and wall thickness to airway diameter ratio(T/D)and the percentage of airway wall area to total airway cross sectional area(WA%).
     测量支气管壁横截面的气道壁的外径D和内径L,通过公式计算出支气管管壁厚度与外径比值(T/D)、气道壁面积占气道总截面积百分比(WA%)。
短句来源
     Dexamethasone aerosol inhalation was given 1 h before each OVA challenge. The mRNA expressions of the cytokines IL 4,IL 5,IFN γ were analyzed by RT PCR, the airway wall thickness(WA/Pi) and the airway smooth muscle thickness(SMC A/Pi) were measured and the numbers of eosinophils,lymphocytes and neutrophils in the bronchial mucosa and submucosa were counted with microscope.
     采用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)技术检测地塞米松对哮喘大鼠肺组织IL-4、IL-5以及IFN-γ的mRNA表达的影响,并用光镜观察肺组织支气管壁厚度(WA/Pi)、支气管平滑肌厚度(SMC-A/Pi)及支气管黏膜及黏膜下嗜酸粒细胞(Eos)、淋巴细胞(L)、中性粒细胞(Neu)数量。
短句来源
     The mRNA expression of c fos and c jun were examined by RT PCR and their protein expression by immunohistochemical method. The airway wall thickness, the ASM thickness, the number of ASM nucleus and pulmonary tissue changes were observed with microscope.
     采用逆转录 聚合酶链反应 (RT PCR)法检测各组的c fos与c jun的mRNA表达水平 ,同时用免疫组化方法检测c fos与c jun蛋白表达水平 ,并在光镜下观察支气管壁厚度 (WA/Pi)、支气管平滑肌厚度 (平滑肌面积 /Pi)、支气管平滑肌细胞核数量 (N/Pi)及肺组织形态学改变。
短句来源
     the airway wall thickness(WA/Pi),the bronchial smooth muscle thickness(smooth muscle area/Pi) and the number of bronchial smooth muscle nucleus(N/Pi) were measured by image analysis system;
     图像分析软件测定支气管壁厚度、支气管平滑肌厚度及支气管平滑肌细胞核数量; 用免疫组织化学染色方法检测PI3K蛋白表达;
短句来源
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  “支气管壁”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Experimental Study of Biological Effects on Canine Bronchia by Nd:YAP Laser
     Nd:YAP激光照射犬离体支气管壁生物效应的实验研究
短句来源
     (3) Number of PMN were significantly higher in BALF, bronchus and lung tissue in asthma group than those in control group (P<0.01).
     (3)哮喘组BALF、支气管壁、肺组织中PMN的计数均显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results We demonstrated from the asthmatic control group that the bronchial apoptotic index(AI)of EOS was (0 23±0 05)%,and that all intraepithelial NF κB staining throughout the respiratory tree made up of a network where the density of nuclear NF κB + staining was(1*#261±190) cells/mm 2 epithelial surface in the conducting airways;
     结果 对照组豚鼠支气管壁EOS凋亡指数为 (0 2 3± 0 0 5 ) % ,整个肺组织包括气管、支气管、肺泡和脏层胸膜构成了一个NF κB+ 细胞网络 ,其中支气管壁胞核NF κB+ 细胞密度为 (12 6 1± 190 )个 /mm2 上皮面积 ;
短句来源
     Results ①The direct invasion of cancerous cells through mucous, submucous or multiple layers was the most frequent way during lung cancer spread, rating 9.3%, 21.8% and 68.9% respectively.
     结果 ①癌直接沿近侧支气管壁粘膜层、粘膜下层或多层面侵袭蔓延 ,分别占 9.3 %、2 1.8%与 68.9%。
短句来源
     The expression of it was down-regulated after acute PE. The protein of TGF-β1 and TGF-βRⅡwere mainly distributed in the pulmonary arteries, bronchus and alveolar walls, and were all down-regulated after acute PE.
     TGF-β1和TGF-βR主要分布在肺动脉壁、支气管壁和肺泡壁,急性肺栓塞后TGF-β1和TGF-βR在上述组织内的表达均明显降低。
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  bronchial wall
Several characteristic changes occur in the bronchial wall in asthma, including specific changes to the vasculature.
      
Because remodeling of the airway wall is thought to be a result of chronic inflammation within the bronchial wall, it follows that because steroids reduce or reverse inflammation, they may also prevent or modulate remodeling.
      
With this bronchogram obtained by inhalation, even small lesions of the bronchial wall can be shown.
      
We propose the term secondary angiomatoid vascular convolusions in a scarred, deformed bronchial wall or peribronchial tissue.
      
Successful recanalization in patients with pre-existing bronchial obstruction presupposes a short-segment, polypous tumor growth, intact bronchial wall structures, and short occlusion time.
      
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  bronchus wall
Biopsy of the blind bronchus wall revealed normal epithelial tissue and a mild chronic inflammation.
      
IA is defined by the area limited by the internal border of a bronchus wall.
      
The affection of bronchus wall in the form of caseous endoand panbronchitis was observed, including zone of bronchus cutting during the operation.
      
  airway wall
Patients with severe asthma exacerbations develop progressive airflow obstruction over hours to days as a result of airway wall inflammation, bronchospasm and intraluminal mucus.
      
As a consequence of these structural changes, the airway wall in asthma is usually characterized by increased thickness and markedly and permanently reduced airway caliber.
      
These properties may contribute to the increase in the amount of airway smooth muscle that characterizes the asthmatic airway wall and the remodeling that underlies the structural changes that lead to persistent asthma.
      
They respond poorly to conventional anti-inflammatory therapy and frequently exhibit a component of fixed airflow obstruction that has been linked to airway wall remodeling.
      
Recent studies also have shown that inflammation involves the alveoli surrounding small airways in asthma and that the distribution of different inflammatory cells across the airway wall varies in both large and small airways.
      
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The human bronchial arteries and their anastomoses with pulmonary vessels were studied on normal and diseased lungs in 30 adult and infant cadavers under a magnification of 3~40 times.The bronchial arteries pursue a tortuous serpentine course along the surface of the bronchi. They divide either before or after the bifurcation of the bronchi and often send two branches coursing along each bronchus with one branch on each side of the bronchial wall. These branches usually form a network in the fibrous coat of...

The human bronchial arteries and their anastomoses with pulmonary vessels were studied on normal and diseased lungs in 30 adult and infant cadavers under a magnification of 3~40 times.The bronchial arteries pursue a tortuous serpentine course along the surface of the bronchi. They divide either before or after the bifurcation of the bronchi and often send two branches coursing along each bronchus with one branch on each side of the bronchial wall. These branches usually form a network in the fibrous coat of the bronchus. Smaller twigs penetrate the bronchial walls and form a similar network in the submucosa.Mediastinal pleural branches and interlobar pleural branches of the bronchial arteries have their subpleural, independent course from the bronchial tree and their larger caliber at peripheral sites.In the visceral pleura and on the surface of the bronchi or within the bronchial wall, there are precapillary anastomoses between the bronchial and pulmonary arteries, and between the bronchial artery and pulmonary veins. The anastomoses occur either end to end or end to side.In the pleural adhesions of 9 cases of the lungs, the newly developed pleural branches arising from the intercostal, the superior intercostal, the pericardiophrenie or the internal mammary artery, anastomose with the bronchial artery via pleural arterial network to reinforce the blood supply for the diseased pulmonary area.The important physiological function of the anastomoses between the bronchial arteries and pulmonary vessels, as well as the course and distribution of the bronchial arteries in the lungs were discussed.

在解剖显微镜下放大3~40倍,观察了30例(成人与儿童)正常和病变肺的肺内支气管动脉及其与肺血管的吻合。支气管动脉伴随支气管呈弯曲、蛇行经过,于支气管分叉的前方或后方分支,常以2支沿支气管支分布,呈对向排列,在支气管外膜中形成动脉网。小支穿支气管壁,在粘膜下层亦形成动脉网。支气管动脉的纵隔面胸膜支与叶间胸膜支位于肺胸膜下,与支气管树分离,在肺外周部管径较粗。在支气管壁与肺胸膜中,支气管动脉与肺动、静脉间存在毛细管前的端一端吻合或端一侧吻合。9例胸膜粘连处的新生胸膜支(发自肋间动脉、最上肋间动脉、心包膈动脉或胸廓内动脉)通过肺胸膜动脉网与支气管动脉吻合,以加强肺病变区的血液供应。此外,对支气管动脉在肺内的经过、分布及其与肺血管吻合的生理功能进行了讨论。

In this paper, 20 cases of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA) were reported with review of literature. Bronchial asthma and plugs o sputum were usually complained. Bronchial wall thickening and pulmonary infiltration are the most common X ray findings. Central or proximal bron-chiectasis are characteristic features in ABPA patients. Other abnormal manifestations, such as peripheral blood and sputum eosinophilia and marked increase of serum IgE were commonly encountered.

本文报告了20例变态反应性支气管肺曲霉菌病。本病常见和特殊的临床症状是支气管哮喘和痰栓;最常见的X线表现是支气管壁增厚和肺浸润性实变;特征性的X线表现是中心性或近侧支气管扩张;其它可见末梢血,痰嗜酸性细胞增多和血清IgE显著增高等。

30 Cases of neonatal hyaline membrane disease were observed by light micro-scopy,9 cases of which by electron microscopy.The main pathological changes were the formation of hyaline membrane.Mean-while,atelectasls,lung fluid and interstitial or intraalveolar hemorrhage could beseen.Under electron microscopy,the alveoli contained amorphous cottonlike materialof varying amounts,intermingled with necrotic cells and cellular debris.Type Ⅰal-veolar cells presented retrograde changes of varying degrees.Type Ⅱ alveolar...

30 Cases of neonatal hyaline membrane disease were observed by light micro-scopy,9 cases of which by electron microscopy.The main pathological changes were the formation of hyaline membrane.Mean-while,atelectasls,lung fluid and interstitial or intraalveolar hemorrhage could beseen.Under electron microscopy,the alveoli contained amorphous cottonlike materialof varying amounts,intermingled with necrotic cells and cellular debris.Type Ⅰal-veolar cells presented retrograde changes of varying degrees.Type Ⅱ alveolar cellsshowed vacant changes or presented retrograde and lamellated bodies decrease.Thevascular endothelium was damaged severer than alveolar epithelium.Some of thebasement membrane showed thickening of lamina densa,some showed unevenness ofthickness in which electron-dense material deposition could be seen.As to the pathogenesis of neonatal hyaline membrane disease most authors consi-dered the absence of surfactants,and is relation with the abnormality of congenitalimmune function will depend on further study.

本文报告30例新生儿肺透明膜病尸检病例,其中9例肺组织作了电镜观察,并讨论发病病因。新生儿肺透明膜病(Hyaline membrane disease)又称新生儿呼吸窘迫综合征(IRDS),多见于早产儿及低体重儿,临床表现为出生后不久出现进行性呼吸困难、紫绀和呼吸衰竭等。病理以肺泡壁及细支气管壁附着嗜伊红性透明膜和肺不张为特征。我室于1982~1986年在106例新生儿尸检中有新生儿肺透明膜病30例(28.3%),居死因首位。我们将此30例尸检资料整理分析,并对其中9例肺组织作了电镜观察。

 
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