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留置     
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  indwelling
     Average operation time( 48.6± 15.2 min), blood loss( 58.7± 12.4 ml), bladder irrigating time( 1.2± 0.8 d), indwelling catheterzation( 1.8± 0.5 d), postoperative hospital( 4.5± 1.2 d)and short-term complication rates in PVP were significant shorter than those in open prostatectomy(P< 0.05).
     PVP组平均手术时间(48.6±15.2min)、术中出血量(58.7±12.4ml)、术后膀胱冲洗时间(1.2±0.8d)、留置尿管时间(1.8±0.5d)、住院时间(4.5±1.2d)及近期并发症发生率明显小于开放手术组(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     There was no correla-tion between detrusor contractility and the lasting time of indwelling catheter (r=-0.024,P>0.05),butdetrusor contractility was correlated with DI,the amplitude of DI and the grade of bladder outlet obstruction(r=0.377,0.604 and 0.473,respectively;P<0.05,0.01 and 0.01,respectively).
     逼尿肌收缩力与留置尿管时间无相关性(r=-0.024,P>0.05),与DI、DI幅度、梗阻程度有相关性(r分别为0.377、0.604、0.473,P分别为<0.05、0.01、0.01);
短句来源
     Tracheotomy and mechanical ventilation (47.06%),indwelling urinary catheter(41.18%),indwelling(central) venous catheter and drainage tube(41.18%),persisted use of broad spectrum antibiotic(76.47%),(chemical) therapy(17.65%),admission to ICU(29.41%),and neutropenia(29.41%) might be the predisposing(factors).
     气管切开机械通气(47.06%),留置尿管(41.18%)、留置静脉导管及体腔引流管(41.18%)、持续使用广谱抗菌药物(76.47%)、化疗(17.65%)、进入ICU治疗(29.41%)及粒细胞减少(29.41%)为可能相关因素;
短句来源
     Results The rates of urinary trac t infection of groups A1 and A2 were 0% vs 0%,0% vs 25.4%,4.6% vs 49.2%,12.3% vs 84.1% at 1 day,3 days,7 days,14 days after indwelling,respectively. The differe nces of infection rates at 3,7,14 days between the 2 groups were significant ( P<0.01 for all).
     结果A1、A2组尿管留置1、3、7、14d,尿路感染率分别为0%、0%,0%、25.4%,4.6%、49.2%,12.3%、84.1%,3、7、14d2组比较差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01)。
短句来源
     The time of nasogastric tube indwelling was (14.23±2.19) days in NNSgroup and (16.43±1.46) in the control group group (P<0. 05);
     鼻胃管留置时间和住院时间NNS组分别为(14.23±2.19)d和(22.47±3.41)d,对照组分别为(16.43±1.46)d和(24.56±3.22)d;
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  lien
     Study on the System of Maritime Possessory Lien
     海事留置制度研究
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     On Countermeasures against Death Accident in Lien
     留置死亡事故预防对策
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     On the Conditions and Procedure of Applying Lien and Interrogation
     浅议适用留置盘问的条件及程序
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     Understanding the conditions of lien and interrogation is the prerequisite of correct application.
     理解留置盘问的条件是正确适用它的前提。
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     Differences and Similarities of Mortgage, Impawn and Lien
     抵押、质押与留置之异同
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  detained
     The occlusion time of superficial vein detained needle was 2.96±0.913 days and 6.00±0.791 days in group of normal saline and group of heparin sodium,respectively(P<0.001).
     浅静脉留置针阻管发生时间生理盐水封管组为(2.96±0.913)d,而肝素钠封管组为(6.00±0.791)d,后者阻管发生时间显著长于前者(P<0.001)。
短句来源
     Results The Arrow catheter had detained for 1 19 days with an average of 5.7 days.
     结果 本组患者Arrow管留置时间 1~ 19d ,平均 5 .7d。
短句来源
     Results :The occlusion rate of superficial vein detained needle was 22.1% in group of normal saline,but 7.4% in group of heparin sodium(P<0.05).
     结果:生理盐水封管组浅静脉留置针阻管发生率为22.1%,而肝素钠封管组为7.4%,后者显著少于前者(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     By carrying on the technical argument on trial and adopting a series crack-control measure,not detained the after-perfuse sew,construction sew,not established the inflation sew to strengthen,and not added any special waterproof material,the whole 12000m~3 concrete is perfused with success continuously.
     通过技术论证试验和采取一系列裂缝控制措施,不留置后浇带、施工缝,不设置膨胀加强带,不掺加任何特殊防水材料,12000m3混凝土一次性整体连续浇筑成功。
短句来源
     Comparison of Two Methods of Washing Superficial Vein Detained Needle in Patients with Cerebral Infarction
     脑梗死患者浅静脉留置针两种封管方法的比较
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  indwell
     Methods:120patients needed to indwell catheter in the department of neurology were divided randomly into the control group(n=60)and observation group(n=60).
     方法将120例神经内科需留置导尿管的病人随机分为对照组与观察组,各60例。
短句来源
     Conclusions In patients who present with BPH and resultant AUR,it is not necessary to indwell catheter2 -3 weeks before urodynamic examination.
     结论BPH并AUR患者尿动力学检查前无需留置尿管2~3周以上;
短句来源
     Objective To compare the bleeding time of indwell vein neddle and the scalp acupuncture in order to avoid hemorrhage.
     目的:对比静脉留置针头和普通头皮针头拔针后针眼局部按压止血时间,避免留置针头拔针后出现针眼局部出血现象。
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     A Survey of the Method to Indwell Gastric Tube in the State of Endotracheal Intubation
     气管插管状态下留置胃管方法研究
短句来源
     As a conventional clinical manipulation, pa tients underwent indwell ing urinary catheter were prone to get urinary system infection because of incor rect handling.
     留置导尿是临床上一项常规操作,但如果操作不当,易引起泌尿系感染。
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  indwelling
In most cases these infections are associated with indwelling urinary catheters.
      
Indwelling catheters should be removed if possible, otherwise be changed.
      
Dogs were instrumented with indwelling portal vein and carotid artery catheters, a catheter jejunostomy and an electromagnetic flow measuring probe around the portal vein enabling continuous flow recordings.
      
To determine the effects of cardiac tamponade on myocardial blood flow and its distribution, dogs were prepared with indwelling pericardial catheters.
      
Thirty of 221 (14%) currently used an indwelling catheter, and 84 of the remainding190 (44%) reported symptoms of urinary dysfunction, of which the most common were urgency and frequency.
      
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  lien
Waiguo lienü zhuan (Biographies of foreign women), the first systematic introduction of foreign women to the Chinese audience, was compiled by the late Qing writer Xue Shaohui (1866-1911) and her husband Chen Shoupeng (1857-?).
      
Du vin pour le Collège de veille Mise en lumière d'un lien occulté entre le Choeur de Dionysos et le νυκτερινο? συλλογο? dans le
      
Ce texte cherche à montrer que plusieurs allusions textuelles indiquent l'existence d'un lien significatif entre le Choeur de Dionysos et le νυκτερινο? συλλογο? dans les Lois de Platon.
      
Cette hypothèse inédite se trouve confirmée par un examen attentif des diverses correspondances entre les deux instances, examen qui permet en outre de préciser la nature de leur lien.
      
- La co?ncidence spatiale et temporelle du volcanisme gothlandien et de la minéralisation mercurifère laissent à supposer un lien génétique entre les deux.
      
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  detained
Higher proportions of Afro-Caribbeans received a diagnosis of schizophrenia, considered themselves to have nothing wrong with them and were compulsorily detained.
      
However, after adjustment for diagnosis, black patients were significantly more likely to be receiving depot anti-psychotic medication, to be detained under a section and to have been involved in a violent incident during the present admission.
      
A diagnosis of psychosis, risk of committing violence and being Black-Caribbean had independent effects on the risk of being compulsorily detained.
      
Black patients, as compared to Asian but especially white patients, were more often detained in hospital against their will, confined to the ward and treated within a secure environment.
      
In the proceedings in which an appeal against a detention order is being examined, "equality of arms" between the parties, the prosecutor and the detained person, must be ensured.
      
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  indwell
Fever and leukocytosis are of little value in diagnos ing acute pyelonephritis in patients who have indwell ing bladder catheters.
      
It is a concept that needs long and careful attention so that one can indwell it and use it as a tool.
      
Only a small number ofpatients had indwell ing catheters at any time while on the unit.
      
Partial or complete obstruction of the upper extremity venous system also occurs be cause of clotting associated with indwell ing catheters.
      
Twenty-five milliliters of flush/blood mixture was drawn from the indwell ing arterial catheter to rid the line of any traces of heparin.
      
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  其他


A review of 176 isolation of prostatic fossa for hemostasis without to use of indwelling urethral catheter in suprapubic prostateetomies has been presented. In a comparison of this series from three other literatures. The results of our series are favorable, especially in relation to decrease blood loss and complications. Operative and postoperative blood transfusions were given to 104 patients, of these transfusions 60 patients received 200ml of blood and 31 patients received 400ml, the most being 400ml received...

A review of 176 isolation of prostatic fossa for hemostasis without to use of indwelling urethral catheter in suprapubic prostateetomies has been presented. In a comparison of this series from three other literatures. The results of our series are favorable, especially in relation to decrease blood loss and complications. Operative and postoperative blood transfusions were given to 104 patients, of these transfusions 60 patients received 200ml of blood and 31 patients received 400ml, the most being 400ml received by 13 patients with hypertension and local adhesion of prostate. As a whole, in our series the blood loss is less than those reported in the literatures. Suprapubic prostatic enucleation continues to be a safe and effective operative technigue for relieving obstructive prostatism.

本文总结了176例不用尿道留置导尿管止血的经耻骨上前列腺切除术,并与文献报导的3组经耻骨上前列腺切除的类似手术结果进行比较。本组手术效果是良好的,特别是能减少术中和术后的失血量以及併发症。本组有104例在术中或术后输血,其中输血200毫升者60例;输血400毫升者31例;有13例因患高血压或因局部粘连于术中失血较多而输血超过400毫升。总之,采用尿道不留置导尿管的止血法施行耻骨上前列腺切除术治疗梗阻性前列腺病失血量显著减少,是一种安全有效的手术方法。

In order to reduce the blood loss of suprapubic prostatectomy we have employed the following measures on 33 consecutive patients since September 1975 and have found them quite effective They were: (a) Giving diethylstilbestrol 3~4 mg daily for at least one week preoperatively. (b) Using retention catheter for several days before operation if urination was difficult or the residual urine was aboundant or more than 80 ml. It seems that the above mentioned measures can relieve the prostatic congestion and lessen...

In order to reduce the blood loss of suprapubic prostatectomy we have employed the following measures on 33 consecutive patients since September 1975 and have found them quite effective They were: (a) Giving diethylstilbestrol 3~4 mg daily for at least one week preoperatively. (b) Using retention catheter for several days before operation if urination was difficult or the residual urine was aboundant or more than 80 ml. It seems that the above mentioned measures can relieve the prostatic congestion and lessen the bleeding. (c) Intravenous infusien of antifibrinolysin agents during the operation. (d) Packing of the prostatic bed with gause (preferably soaked with EDCA). (e) Appropriate suturing of broken mucosal margin at the bladder neck so as to narrow its opening and control the bleeding,

为减少耻骨上前列腺手术出血,从1975年9月起,我们为33例病人采取了以下措施,取得了显著效果:(1)术前用乙芪酚,至少一周。(2)尿路梗阻症状明显,或残余尿量较多,超过80毫升者,术前留置导尿管引流,以减少局部充血。(3)手术开始后,静滴抗纤溶药。(4)前列腺窝填塞干纱布和浸有6-氨基己酸的纱布。(5)膀胱颈口边缘作适当的缝合并缩小其口径,控制出血。用上述措施后,平均出血量较未改进前减少50%以上。

In a 17-year period (1961-1978) 26 patients with primary cancer of trachea weretreated in our hospital.They comprised 0.8% of the total 3096 patients with primarylung cancer in the same period.Histopathologically there were 7 squamous cell carcinomas,6 adenocarcinomas,6 adenoid cystic carcinomas,4 anaplastic carcinomas and one each ofmuco-epidermoid carcinoma,malignant mixed tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma.Only 3 caseswere seen early enough to allow segmental resection of the trachea.Most wore late casestreated by...

In a 17-year period (1961-1978) 26 patients with primary cancer of trachea weretreated in our hospital.They comprised 0.8% of the total 3096 patients with primarylung cancer in the same period.Histopathologically there were 7 squamous cell carcinomas,6 adenocarcinomas,6 adenoid cystic carcinomas,4 anaplastic carcinomas and one each ofmuco-epidermoid carcinoma,malignant mixed tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma.Only 3 caseswere seen early enough to allow segmental resection of the trachea.Most wore late casestreated by partial removal of the intra-luminal tumor through tracheotomy followed bypost-operative ~(60)Co irradiation.13 patients survived more than five years,six of thembeing treated by combined cryosurgery or electro-coagulation through trach(?)otomy andirradiation.The results indicate that those cases with advanced lesion,old age or poorcardio-pulmonary function,combined treatment is better than surgery alone.

本文对1961~1978年间共收治的原发性气管癌26例进行了临床分析。它占同一时期诊治原发性肺癌的0.8%,其中以鳞癌、腺癌为多。本组病例大多属晚期,不宜行气管段切除术,而行手术与放射综合治疗。作者认为,对于病变较长、年迈或心肺功能较差及恶性程度较高的气管癌患者,宜经气管造口,将肿瘤电凝或冷冻后尽量钳除,留置气管导管术后放射.全组生存五年以上者13例,其中11例系手术加放射综合治疗。

 
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