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住院时间延长
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  prolonged hospitalized course
     [Conclusion] The basics of chronic infection of hepatitis B causes declined attack age, prolonged hospitalized course, changed prominently in cholestasis, aggravated in patient's condition and poor prognosis, as well as shortened the persistent time of anti-HEV-IgM in the convalescent period and declined the seroconversion of anti-HEV-IgG in the sporadic hepatitis E.
     [结论 ] 乙型肝炎病毒的慢性感染基础使散发性戊型肝炎患者的发病年龄降低、住院时间延长、肝内瘀胆明显、病情加重和预后变差 ; 而且 ,缩短抗 -HEV -IgM在恢复期的持续时间和降低抗 -HEV -IgG阳性率
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     It results in aggravated liver functions, prolonged hospitalized course and made poor prognosis.
     但能引起散发性甲型肝炎患者的肝功能损害加重 ,住院时间延长并且预后差
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  admission time was extended
     The incidence rale of hospital infection for the first 30 days of admission was 64.7%, which increased as the admission time was extended.
     入院前 3 0天发生率为 64 7%,随住院时间延长而明显增加。
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  time of hospitalization was also longer
     The speed for disappearance of the wheezing and the pulmonary signs in the infants with atopy was slower than that in infants without atopy and the time of hospitalization was also longer than that in infants without atopy(P<0.05).
     特应性组喘憋和肺部体征消失均较非特应性组慢 ,住院时间延长(P<0.05) ;
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  “住院时间延长”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results The incidence of the postoperative complications and mortality were 11.94 % and 5.22 % in low BMI group and 10.68 % and 2.91 % in high BMI group, which were higher than that in normal nutrition group(2.76 % and 0.39 %).
     10.68%,死亡率分别为5.22%和2.91%,均高于营养正常组的2.76%和0.39%; 且住院时间延长、住院费用增加、体重丢失严重。
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     RESULTS The total nosocomial infection rate was 67.9%. Its infection rate was increased obviously with length of stay elongation (P<0.05).
     结果重肝医院感染总发生率为67.9%,随住院时间延长感染率明显增加(P<0.05);
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     Decreased postoperative TP,HF,LF,VLF,RRmean might be associated with severe complications and longer stay at hospital.
     (3)术后 2 4小时内TP、HF、LF、VLF、RRmean的急剧下降可预示术后并发症增多和住院时间延长
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     Conclusion Nosocomial infection can cause the increase of hospitalization expense and extension of hospitalization time.
     结论医院感染导致患者住院费用增加和住院时间延长
短句来源
     Among 280 death cases, 62 had nosocomial infec-tion accounting for 22.1%, The patients who died ofmalignant tumor had the highest infection rate (36.2%), which tended to increase with the prolonga-tion of hospitalized days.
     280例住院死亡患者中,62例发生医院内感染(22.1%),以恶性肿瘤死亡患者医院感染率最高(36.2%)。 医院感染率随住院时间延长而呈增高趋势。
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    Nosocomial infections(NI) developed during

    1988年10月~1989年9月期间共收治老年患者1490例,住院期间发生院内感染190例,院内感染率12.7%。原发病严重程度与院内感染有密切关系,最终致死性疾病,快速致死性疾病的院内感染率分别为20.7%及28.6%。白血病、粒细胞<2×10~9/L、肾功能不全、激素及化疗、晚期转移性肿瘤等院内感染率高。随着住院时间的延长,院内感染率呈逐渐增加趋势。院内感染部位以下呼吸道最常见,其次为尿路、胃肠道、皮肤软组织、上呼吸道及外科伤口感染。院内感染致病菌中革兰氏阳性球菌占19.1%,革兰氏阴性杆菌60.2%,真菌20.6%。院内感染病死率为10.5%。本文就发生院内感染的原因及控制院内感染的措施进行讨论。

    Control of infection in hospital has been paid more and more attention along with the development of medicine. The nursing of paraplegic patients has al- so been taken seriously in recent years, but few systemic survey on infection in such patients has been reported. 132 patients with paraplegia treated at the Sccond A ffiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Medical Uni- versity between January 1987 and December 1989 were reviewal. The hospital infection rate was 61.4%. Urinary tract, skin and lower respiratory tract...

    Control of infection in hospital has been paid more and more attention along with the development of medicine. The nursing of paraplegic patients has al- so been taken seriously in recent years, but few systemic survey on infection in such patients has been reported. 132 patients with paraplegia treated at the Sccond A ffiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Medical Uni- versity between January 1987 and December 1989 were reviewal. The hospital infection rate was 61.4%. Urinary tract, skin and lower respiratory tract were the main infection sites accounting for 98% of all sites. The longer the stay in hospital, the higher the infection rate. No significant difference was found in relation to sex and age of the patients. Antibiotics had been ad- ministered in 95.5% of the group. Without exception all infected cases had undergone invasive procedures.

    本文对脊柱损伤伴截瘫病例进行了回顾性调查,调查从1987年1月~1989年12月共132例病人,院内感染率为61.4%,感染主要部位为泌尿道,皮肤及下呼吸道,占整个感染部位的98%。随着住院时间延长,院内感染率增高,与性别及年龄无显著差异,抗生素的应用高达95.5%,发生院内感染病例100%接受过插入性操作。

    Among 280 death cases, 62 had nosocomial infec-tion accounting for 22.1%, The patients who died ofmalignant tumor had the highest infection rate (36.2%), which tended to increase with the prolonga-tion of hospitalized days. The 62 cases with the infec-tion were hospitalized for 41.7 days on average, andthe rest 218 cases without the infection werehospitalized for 12.2 days (P<0.01). Gram-negativebactrium appeared to be the main bacterium in lowerrespiratory tract was higher and had bigger hazardand was the first...

    Among 280 death cases, 62 had nosocomial infec-tion accounting for 22.1%, The patients who died ofmalignant tumor had the highest infection rate (36.2%), which tended to increase with the prolonga-tion of hospitalized days. The 62 cases with the infec-tion were hospitalized for 41.7 days on average, andthe rest 218 cases without the infection werehospitalized for 12.2 days (P<0.01). Gram-negativebactrium appeared to be the main bacterium in lowerrespiratory tract was higher and had bigger hazardand was the first death risk.

    280例住院死亡患者中,62例发生医院内感染(22.1%),以恶性肿瘤死亡患者医院感染率最高(36.2%)。医院感染率随住院时间延长而呈增高趋势。62例医院内感染者平均住院41.7天,218例无医院内感染者为12.2天(P<0.01)。细菌培养以革兰氏阴性杆菌为主(67.9%),死亡病例医院感染以下呼吸道感染发生率高,危害性大,为死亡因素首位。

     
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