In the theories of institutional change and policy process, first, the article defines the transport policy, as economic rules in the field of transport, which is the formal institution provided by the government and restricted by political rules, and is of the process;
The author's original classification of fiscal reforms, including the concepts of fiscal quasi-and pseudo-traps, offers a deeper insight in the specific character of the institutional change taking place in Russia.
The impact of structural and institutional change on budgetary policy is studied.
Economic ideas and institutional change in the twentieth century
The paper discusses specific national and regional contexts highlighting aspects of institutional change in sub-Saharan Africa.
We argue that institutional change laid down in the Treaty of Amsterdam was facilitated by a policy-image that lacked the latter element.
The case of Mannesmann demonstrates how institutional changes have loosened these barriers to hostile takeovers in German corporate governance and facilitated a ?free" market for corporate control.
(3) How these institutional changes led to the Qing court playing an active role in the transformation of a regional lower-class entertainment into Peking opera, a national art form appreciated by all classes.
Examples of the industry's main institutional changes in the Russian Federation are presented.
Attention is given to the impact of political philosophies (those represented by names of Václav Havel and Václav Klaus) upon legal and institutional changes.
The "political theater" of the organized student leaders was complemented by institutional changes that had been occurring over the decade of reform in China and a political opportunity that allowed wide coverage of the students' activities.