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腓肠肌外侧头     
相关语句
  lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle
     STUDY OF COMPARTMENTALIZATION OF HUMAN LATERAL HEAD OF GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE
     人腓肠肌外侧头的亚部化研究
短句来源
     Lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle was supplied by muscle cutaneous perforating branches of peroneal lateral artery, which sent 2~5 branches with average diameter 0.2~1.2 mm.
     腓肠外侧动脉发2~5支外径0.2~1.2mm肌皮穿支,营养腓肠肌外侧头及相应区域皮肤。
短句来源
     Methods: The relationship of intermuscular septum perforating branches of peroneal artery and muscle cutaneous perforating branches of peroneal lateral artery with nutritional vessels of sural nerve, small saphenous vein, lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle, soleus muscle and fibula were observed on 30 adult cadaveric low limb specimens perfused with red gelatin, while superficial-deep communicating branches of saphena parva venous were dissected.
     方法:30侧经动脉灌注红色乳胶成人下肢标本,解剖观测腓动脉肌间隔穿支、腓肠外侧动脉肌皮穿支与腓肠神经-小隐静脉、腓肠肌外侧头、比目鱼肌以及腓骨营养血管的关系; 小隐静脉浅深交通支。
短句来源
  lateral head of gastrocnemius
     Lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle was supplied by muscle cutaneous perforating branches of peroneal lateral artery, which sent 2~5 branches with average diameter 0.2~1.2 mm.
     腓肠外侧动脉发2~5支外径0.2~1.2mm肌皮穿支,营养腓肠肌外侧头及相应区域皮肤。
短句来源
     STUDY OF COMPARTMENTALIZATION OF HUMAN LATERAL HEAD OF GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE
     人腓肠肌外侧头的亚部化研究
短句来源
     The treatment to the deep ulcer in the lateral part of heel with the lateral head of gastrocnemius muscular cutaneous flap from the crossing legs
     交腿带蒂腓肠肌外侧头肌皮瓣治疗足跟外侧深部溃疡
短句来源
     Methods: The relationship of intermuscular septum perforating branches of peroneal artery and muscle cutaneous perforating branches of peroneal lateral artery with nutritional vessels of sural nerve, small saphenous vein, lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle, soleus muscle and fibula were observed on 30 adult cadaveric low limb specimens perfused with red gelatin, while superficial-deep communicating branches of saphena parva venous were dissected.
     方法:30侧经动脉灌注红色乳胶成人下肢标本,解剖观测腓动脉肌间隔穿支、腓肠外侧动脉肌皮穿支与腓肠神经-小隐静脉、腓肠肌外侧头、比目鱼肌以及腓骨营养血管的关系; 小隐静脉浅深交通支。
短句来源
     Twenty samples of lateral head of gastrocnemius from both sides of ten human bodies have been dissected carefully.
     本研究详细解剖了二十侧人体的腓肠肌外侧头
短句来源
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  lateral gastrocnemius
     The nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle and the nerve to the lateral gastrocnemius muscle branch off at (-6.6±13.7)mm and (2.4±16.7)mm; the width are (2.3±0.4)mm and (2.5±0.4)mm; the length are (42±12)mm and (50±13)mm.
     腓肠肌内侧头肌支和腓肠肌外侧头肌支起点的平均高度分别为(-6.6±13.7)mm(、2.4±16.7)mm,神经起始处宽度分别为(2.3±0.4)mm(、2.5±0.4)mm,从起点到肌门处神经长度分别为(42±12)mm(、50±13)mm。
短句来源
     Results The triceps surae were all pinnated muscles. The cross sectional area of the lateral gastrocnemius (LG,3.97cm 2) was 1.5 times and 2.8 times to that of medial gastrocnemius(MG, 2.59cm 2)and soleus(SOL,1.41cm 2)respectively .
     结果 家兔小腿三头肌均为羽状肌 ,腓肠肌外侧头的生理横切面积 (3.97cm2 )分别是腓肠肌内侧头 (2 .5 9cm2 )和比目鱼肌 (1.4 1cm2 )的 1.5倍和 2 .8倍。
短句来源
     The body weight and the lateral gastrocnemius muscle weight were significantly lower in ER group on 14 d and 63 d (P <0.05, n =20).
     结果表明,早期限饲组体重及腓肠肌外侧头重均低于对照组(P<0.05,n=20)。
短句来源
     A Study of Compartmentalization of Human Lateral Gastrocnemius Muscle
     人腓肠肌外侧头亚部化的研究
短句来源
     In 30% cases,the nerve into the soleus muscle originates from the nerve into the lateral gastrocnemius muscle.
     ②比目鱼肌肌支与腓肠肌外侧头肌支共干起始(30%)。
短句来源
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  “腓肠肌外侧头”译为未确定词的双语例句
     There were six sural nerve musculocutaneous flaps with the size from 6.0 cm×5.0 cm×1.0 cm to 10.0 cm×7.0 cm×2.0 cm.
     6例设计为肌皮瓣(腓肠肌外侧头),肌瓣最大为10.0cm×7.0cm×2.0cm,最小为6.0cm×5.0cm×1.0cm。
短句来源
     Thelateralheadofthegastrocnemiushasasingle branchand 95 %have 3endingbranches; and 80 %ofthemappearedattheportalsofentrytothemuscle .
     腓肠肌外侧头神经肌支为 1支 ,95 %分为 3支终支 ,在肌门处分为终支者占 80 %。
短句来源
     Conclusions 1.Six weeks post-crushing,characteristics of intramuscular nerve became the same to control’s.
     结论  1.家兔腓肠肌外侧头各亚部在神经挤压损伤六周后肌内神经分支分布恢复至正常形态 ,神经末梢感受器及运动终器恢复。
短句来源
     Tibial nerve send out musculor nerve beanches to the triceps muscles of the calf and tibialis posterior muscle.
     胫神经在月国窝部发出肌支到小腿三头肌和胫骨后肌 ,其分布规律由内向外依次为腓肠肌内侧头支、腓肠肌外侧头支、比目鱼肌远支、胫骨后肌支和比目鱼肌近支。
短句来源
     DISTRIBUTION OF FIBER TYPES IN HUMAN LATERAL GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE
     人类腓肠肌外侧头的肌纤维型分布
短句来源
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  lateral head of gastrocnemius
Oxygenation in vastus lateralis and lateral head of gastrocnemius during treadmill walking and running in humans
      
The proximal part of the lateral head of gastrocnemius may, at times, contain a sesamoid bone called the fabella.
      
  lateral gastrocnemius
In order to investigate the pathological basis of muscle hypertrophy in Duchenne dystrophy, 9 biopsy specimens of the lateral gastrocnemius and 7 of the vastus lateralis were compared.
      
Cross-union of the medial gastrocnemius and lateral gastrocnemius-soleus nerves has been performed in 5-8 day old kittens and the effect of this procedure on Ia connections to α-motoneurons has been investigated in the adult about one year later.
      
Compartmentalization of single muscle units in cat lateral gastrocnemius
      
The distribution of muscle fibers in single muscle units in cat lateral gastrocnemius (LG) muscle was analyzed using the method of glycogen depletion.
      
Both plantar flexion rotation and headward translation activated the posterior hindlimb synergy (which included gluteus medius, semitendinosus and lateral gastrocnemius).
      
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In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4...

In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4 cm in length.The removal of either of the heads is of little effect on the functions of lower limbs.2. The medial head of the gastrocnemius has a wider and thicker belly, a bigger diameter and longer pedicle of the blood vessel than the lateral head.Theblood for the skin in the area of the medial head is mainly supplied by the musclocutaneous artery, while that in the area of lateral head by the direct cutaneous artery.

本文调查50具成人尸体(100例下肢〕的腓肠肌及其血管神经,对其在显微外科上的应用作了初步评价。 一、腓肠肌内、外侧头的肌腹较宽厚,肌力较强,各有单一的血管和神经;血管外直径在2mm以上,血管蒂长度为3~4cm;移去一头对下肢功能影响不大,可用于战伤修补大块组织缺损,或对某些动力肌的功能重建。 二、腓肠肌内侧头的肌腹宽厚度、血管外径以及血管蒂长度均大于腓肠肌外侧头,故选用供肌以内侧头为宜。内侧头区的皮肤血供以肌皮动脉为主,外侧头区以直接皮动脉为主,故前者可选用肌皮瓣,而后者可选用皮瓣或肌瓣。

Botulinum toxin(B.T.)type A was injected into the triceps surae group ofmuscles in the cat,causing chronic n-m block in these muscles.About three weeks-after the injection electrophysiological responses of the motoneurones of the medialgastrocnemius(m.g),lateral gastrocnemius(1.g.) and soleus(sol.)muscles,eitherto othodromic stimulation of the dorsal roots,or to antidromic stimulation of theirrespective muscle nerves,or to a constant current passing,through the soma mem-brane,were examined with the aid of intracellular...

Botulinum toxin(B.T.)type A was injected into the triceps surae group ofmuscles in the cat,causing chronic n-m block in these muscles.About three weeks-after the injection electrophysiological responses of the motoneurones of the medialgastrocnemius(m.g),lateral gastrocnemius(1.g.) and soleus(sol.)muscles,eitherto othodromic stimulation of the dorsal roots,or to antidromic stimulation of theirrespective muscle nerves,or to a constant current passing,through the soma mem-brane,were examined with the aid of intracellular microelectrodes.The main resultsobtained were:In comparison either with the typical responses in the the normalcat or with the responses of the contralateral unpoisoned side of the spinal cord ofthe same experimental animal,the responses of the motoneurones of the poisonedside showed in most cases a striking shortening of the after hyperpolarization(AHP),a decrease in the duration of the action potential and a decrease in the prominenceof the IS-SD spike inflection,and in general started to give repetitive dischargeswith the passage of weaker constant current.With two antidromic stimuli,thesecond SD response appeared at shorter stimulus intervals on the poisoned side.B.T.did not affect the conduction velocity of the motor axons and the resting po-tential of the motoneurone soma,and in general left the size of the action potentialovershoot unchanged.On all these three points the effect of B.T.forms a strikingcontrast to that of axotomy.In relation to AHP,B.T.distinguishes itself by ha-ving a shortening effect on the motoneurones of all the three muscles-m.g.,l.g.and sol.,while axotomy and TTX block of nerve conduction only affect the AHPof the sol.motoneurone.The various possible mechanisms underlying,the B.T.effect are discussed.

注射肉毒素(A 型)于成年猫一侧的内侧头腓肠肌、外侧头腓肠肌和比目鱼肮内,功能性地阻断这些肌肉与神经的联系。注射肉毒素约三星期后,用细胞内记录技术观察一侧被注射肉毒素肌肉(简称肉毒侧)的运动神经元电生理特性的变化,主要结果如下:(1)与正常动物的或一侧肌内注射肉毒素动物的对侧运动神经元比较,肉毒侧极大多数运动神经元的后超极化电位时程明显减短,动作电位上升相的弯折不明显,动作电位时程减短;并且这运动神经元在通较弱电流时就产生重复发放。(2)给二个逆向刺激时,肉毒侧的极大多数运动神经元在较短的刺激间隔时间就出现第二个 SD 峰电位。(3)肉毒侧运动神经元的静息电位、神经轴突传导速度及动作电位超射均无异常。第三项中的结果与切断轴突后的结果不同。肉毒侧内侧头腓肠肌、外侧头腓肠肌和比目鱼肌运动神经元的后超极化电位时程都减短的结果与切断轴突、横切脊髓或河豚毒阻断神经冲动使肌肉不活动后的结果也不同,后两者仅使比目鱼肌运动神经元的后超极化电位时程减短。最后讨论了产生这些结果的可能机制,它需要进一步进行研究。

Twenty lateral gastrocnemius muscle from both sides of ten human bodies have been dissected carefully. According to the Principle of the primary branch distribution, the muscle fibers architecture, and their different orig- ins and insertions, the lateral gastrocnemius muscle is able to be divided into three discrete subvolumes or compartments: the medial compartment (mus- cular compartment), the lateral superfcial compartment, and the lateral deep compartment. The medial compartment, which is composed of unipennate...

Twenty lateral gastrocnemius muscle from both sides of ten human bodies have been dissected carefully. According to the Principle of the primary branch distribution, the muscle fibers architecture, and their different orig- ins and insertions, the lateral gastrocnemius muscle is able to be divided into three discrete subvolumes or compartments: the medial compartment (mus- cular compartment), the lateral superfcial compartment, and the lateral deep compartment. The medial compartment, which is composed of unipennate bundles, is the most upper and medial portion of the lateral gastrocnemius muscle. The lateral superficial compartment, being pennate in form, is the largest of the three and occupies the lateral and superficial portion or the muscle. The lateral deep compartment is fanshaped, and is situated beneath the lateral snperficial one. Two pattern of nerve branchings have been found. In the first pattern there are four primary nerve branches, and in the se- cond there are five. The former is more frequent (70). No difference has been found among ages of between sexes and sides. The authors consider that the method for studying compartmentalization in human autoptic materials seems to be improved and the compartmentalization of the lateral gastrocn- emius muscle in human body is needed to be investigated further, However it is valuable to divide into compartments in certain muscles in order to investigate the distribution of different fiber types,

本研究详细解剖了二十侧人体的腓肠肌外侧头。基于肌神经一级分支的分布、肌纤维排列和起止点的互异将腓肠肌外侧头分为三个肌亚部(亚体),即内侧亚部(肌性部)、外侧浅亚部和外侧深亚部。内侧亚部为半羽状肌位于腓肠肌外侧头内上方。外侧浅亚部为羽状肌,体积最大,居该肌的外侧浅部,外侧深亚部呈扇形,位于外侧浅亚部的深面。腓肠肌外侧头的神经在肌质内的分支有二型:1型分为四支,2型分为五支。二十侧解剖中以1型较多见(占70%)。无性别、年龄和侧别差异。我们认为腓肠肌外侧头分三个肌亚体的研究有待进一步证实。就人肌尸检材料作亚部化的研究在方法学上有待进一步探讨。并认为在腓肠肌外侧头中按亚部化原则取材以研究各亚部内肌纤维型的构成比可能更具有参考价值。

 
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