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腓肠肌内侧
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  medial gastrocnemius
     The nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle and the nerve to the lateral gastrocnemius muscle branch off at (-6.6±13.7)mm and (2.4±16.7)mm; the width are (2.3±0.4)mm and (2.5±0.4)mm; the length are (42±12)mm and (50±13)mm.
     腓肠肌内侧头肌支和腓肠肌外侧头肌支起点的平均高度分别为(-6.6±13.7)mm(、2.4±16.7)mm,神经起始处宽度分别为(2.3±0.4)mm(、2.5±0.4)mm,从起点到肌门处神经长度分别为(42±12)mm(、50±13)mm。
短句来源
     Results The triceps surae were all pinnated muscles. The cross sectional area of the lateral gastrocnemius (LG,3.97cm 2) was 1.5 times and 2.8 times to that of medial gastrocnemius(MG, 2.59cm 2)and soleus(SOL,1.41cm 2)respectively .
     结果 家兔小腿三头肌均为羽状肌 ,腓肠肌外侧头的生理横切面积 (3.97cm2 )分别是腓肠肌内侧头 (2 .5 9cm2 )和比目鱼肌 (1.4 1cm2 )的 1.5倍和 2 .8倍。
短句来源
     The percentage of type I,IIA and IIB fibers were separately 15.2%,27.4% and 57.4% of the total amount of medial gastrocnemius muscles,and about 13.7%,65.4% and 20.9% in lateral gastrocnemius muscles.
     三种类型的肌纤维在腓肠肌内侧头中分别约占15.2%,27.4%和57.4%,在站立负荷中提供足够肌力和稳定机体姿势的作用;
短句来源
     Clinical application of the medial gastrocnemius myocutaneous flaps: A report of 30 cases,
     腓肠肌内侧头肌皮瓣的临床应用(附30例报告)
短句来源
     Neurotomy of the motor branches of tibial nerve innervating the medial gastrocnemius muscle for calf reduction
     胫神经腓肠肌内侧头肌支切断的小腿减肥术
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  “腓肠肌内侧”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS:In 51 children with sciatic nerve injury due to injection,EMGs showed abnormal:76.5%(39/51) for the musculi tibialis anterior and 23.5%(12/51) for the medial head of gastrocnemius muscle;
     结果:51例患儿肌电图异常:胫前肌76.5%(39/51),腓肠肌内侧头23.5%(12/51);
短句来源
     2 cases of rupture of gastrocnemius medial head
     腓肠肌内侧头断裂2例
短句来源
     Result: (1). The mean H reflex latency from healthy / pain legs was 28.75 ms/30.41 ms;
     结果 :健侧 /患侧H反射潜伏期平均值分别为 :腓肠肌内侧头 2 8.75ms/30 .41ms;
短句来源
     Muscles examined included soleus (SOL),medial grastrocnemius (MG),lateral grastrocnemius (LG) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL).
     4wk后 ,取大鼠比目鱼肌 (SOL)、腓肠肌内侧头 (MG)及外侧头(LG)与趾长伸肌 (EDL) ,并称其湿重。
短句来源
     The Clinical Research on Repairing Soft Tissues Defect in Anterior Side of Tibia by Transposing Medial Head of Gastrocnemius Muscle Musculo-cutaneous Flap
     腓肠肌内侧头肌皮瓣修复胫前软组织缺损的临床研究与分析
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  相似匹配句对
     2 cases of rupture of gastrocnemius medial head
     腓肠肌内侧头断裂2例
短句来源
     A GASTROCNEMIUS TENOCUTANEOUS ISLAND FLAP
     内侧腓肠肌岛状皮瓣转移术
短句来源
     For motor neuron-muscle condition, ARP was prolonged.
     腓肠肌ARP延长。
短句来源
     the left medial segment,the right medial segment and the right lateral segment.
     左内侧叶小。
短句来源
     A STUDY OF THE MICRO-SURGICAL ANATOMY OF THE GASTROCNEMIUS MYOCUTANEOUS FLAP
     腓肠肌皮瓣的显微外科解剖学
短句来源
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  medial gastrocnemius
In the calves, the medial gastrocnemius muscles were involved earliest and the posteriortibial muscles relatively spared.
      
However, in LGMD2A there was a selective involvement of the medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscle in the lower legs which was not seen in LGMD2I.
      
Electromyographic (EMG) data from the vastus lateralis, medial and lateral hamstrings, and medial gastrocnemius were collected.
      
Women had higher medial gastrocnemius-vastus lateralis cocontraction indices in the preparatory and weight acceptance phases of gait than men after training.
      
Cross-union of the medial gastrocnemius and lateral gastrocnemius-soleus nerves has been performed in 5-8 day old kittens and the effect of this procedure on Ia connections to α-motoneurons has been investigated in the adult about one year later.
      
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Multilead electromyographic studies were made on 15 healthy young adult males to investigate the action of the postural muscles of the lower extremity,especially the gastro- cnemius.The results were as follows: 1.In standing position,either both legs or one leg supported the body weight,the gastrocnemius of the weight bearing leg or legs as well as hamstring muscles showed some potentials.When changing the body position from standing to squatting or the re- verse,the gastrocnemius showed similar activity.It...

Multilead electromyographic studies were made on 15 healthy young adult males to investigate the action of the postural muscles of the lower extremity,especially the gastro- cnemius.The results were as follows: 1.In standing position,either both legs or one leg supported the body weight,the gastrocnemius of the weight bearing leg or legs as well as hamstring muscles showed some potentials.When changing the body position from standing to squatting or the re- verse,the gastrocnemius showed similar activity.It indicates that the gastrocnemius acts together with the hamstring muscles to counteract the action of the quadriceps in main- taining the extended position of the knee joint. 2.When one leg stands on the ground and the other hangs freely,then flex and extend the free leg slowly,no activity was recorded in the gastrocnemius.Similarly no activity was recorded in the gastrocnemius when flexing the knee joint in sitting position. It is,therefore,assumed that the gastrocnemius is not necessarily a flexor of the knee joint as usually considered,but an important extensor under certain conditions. 3.When rotate the leg medially or laterally on siting position,the both heads of the gastrocnemius showed activities.The rotation of the leg towards either direction is not the action of a single head although the medial head is always more active than the lateral one. 4.The activities were also shown in the gastrocnemius when standing on the toes or stepping forward of the weight-bearing leg in walking.It confirms the common view that the gastrocnemius is a flexor of the ankle joint. The activities of the quadriceps,hamstring muscles and soleus were also recorded and discussed.

本文以Ediswan脑电墨水描记仪,肌内电极,观察了15例健康青年男子在不同姿势和运动时的下肢姿势肌——股四头肌、股二头肌、半腱肌、腓肠肌及比目鱼肌的电位活动。分析的初步结果是:一、腓肠肌对膝关节的作用1.在下肢支撑体重时:如立正站立时的电位表明腓肠肌拉大腿下端向后,协同股二头肌及半腱肌对抗股四头肌以强固膝关节。在下蹲时膝关节屈曲和起立时膝关节伸展的运动中,腓肠肌都出现了电位活动。在站立位身体前倾时,腓肠肌与比目鱼肌亦都出现了明显的电位活动。腓肠肌内侧头和外侧头在小腿内旋和外旋时皆有电位活动。2.在站立时一个下肢支撑体重:另一个下肢和地面垂直,慢屈及伸小腿时以及在坐位,大腿和地面平行慢伸和屈小腿时,腓肠肌都未出现电位活动。二、腓肠肌对踝关节的作用腓肠肌协同比目鱼肌蹠屈足,当走步支撑腿后蹬及站立位时它可提足跟向上。在直立姿势中,腓肠肌和比目鱼肌都参加强固踝关节,并调节小腿在足骨上的位置关系。三、我们对于股四头肌、股二头肌及半腱肌在膝关节所起的作用上亦做了电位观察。

In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4...

In this report we have provided a preliminary assessment of the application of gastrocnemius in microsurgery after having observed the gastrocnemius and the blood vessels and nerves of 50 adult cadavers (100 cases of lower limbs).1. The gastrocnemius has relatively wide and thick belly both in the medial and in the lateral head , the strength of which is rather strong.Each head of the gastrocnemius has a single vessel and nerve.The outside diameter of the blood vessel is above 2 mm and the vessel pedicle 3-4 cm in length.The removal of either of the heads is of little effect on the functions of lower limbs.2. The medial head of the gastrocnemius has a wider and thicker belly, a bigger diameter and longer pedicle of the blood vessel than the lateral head.Theblood for the skin in the area of the medial head is mainly supplied by the musclocutaneous artery, while that in the area of lateral head by the direct cutaneous artery.

本文调查50具成人尸体(100例下肢〕的腓肠肌及其血管神经,对其在显微外科上的应用作了初步评价。 一、腓肠肌内、外侧头的肌腹较宽厚,肌力较强,各有单一的血管和神经;血管外直径在2mm以上,血管蒂长度为3~4cm;移去一头对下肢功能影响不大,可用于战伤修补大块组织缺损,或对某些动力肌的功能重建。 二、腓肠肌内侧头的肌腹宽厚度、血管外径以及血管蒂长度均大于腓肠肌外侧头,故选用供肌以内侧头为宜。内侧头区的皮肤血供以肌皮动脉为主,外侧头区以直接皮动脉为主,故前者可选用肌皮瓣,而后者可选用皮瓣或肌瓣。

Four casse of total knee arthroplasty after the resection of the tumour of the upper ends of tibia were reported. The defect of the tibia was, ineach case, replaced with a specially designed long tibial arm for the artifici-al knee, and the bare surface of the latter was wholly covered by a muscleflap made of the reversed medial head of the gastrocnemius nearby, Thismuscle flap, together with an artificial fascia, presented an efficient attach-ment to the infrapatellar tendon, and thence the knee extension apparatuswas...

Four casse of total knee arthroplasty after the resection of the tumour of the upper ends of tibia were reported. The defect of the tibia was, ineach case, replaced with a specially designed long tibial arm for the artifici-al knee, and the bare surface of the latter was wholly covered by a muscleflap made of the reversed medial head of the gastrocnemius nearby, Thismuscle flap, together with an artificial fascia, presented an efficient attach-ment to the infrapatellar tendon, and thence the knee extension apparatuswas functionally reconstructed with good recent results.

本文报告4例胫骨上段肿瘤手术切除后所致大段骨缺损,采用带人造胫骨的人工全膝置换术以修复骨缺损和重建关节功能,取得较好近期疗效。文章介绍了这类人工全膝置换术是采用腓肠肌内侧头翻转肌瓣覆盖裸露于皮下的假体和重建膑韧带、伸膝装置,并在人造胫骨外面使用“人工筋膜”。

 
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