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髓损伤
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  spinal cord injury
     the 14 cases of the middle cervical spinal cord injury,(125.19±6.51)mmol/L;
     中颈髓损伤14例,血钠(125.19±6.51)mmol/L;
短句来源
     the 8 cases of the lower cervical spinal cord injury,(130.18±7.24)mmol/L.
     下颈髓损伤8例,血钠(130.18±7.24)mmol/L。
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the effects of platelet activating factor (PAF) and its receptor on expression of intercellular adhesion molecule1 mRNA(ICAM1mRNA) and endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule1mRNA (ELAM1mRNA) in the cervical cord vascular endothelial cell after spinal cord injury.
     目的:为了探讨血小板活化因子(PAF)及其受体对颈髓损伤后颈髓血管内皮细胞细胞间粘附分子1mRNA(ICAM1mRNA)和内皮细胞白细胞粘附分子1mRNA(ELAM1mRNA)表达的影响。
短句来源
     Results All the cases showed hyponatremia. The serum sodium of 6 cases of the upper cervical spinal cord injury was(122.51±13.34)mmol/L;
     结果28例均出现低钠血症,其中上颈髓损伤6例,血钠(122.51±13.34)mmol/L;
短句来源
     AIM: To explore the relationship of expressions of growth associated protein (GAP)-43 mRNA and endothelins-1 (ET-1) mRNA with blood spinal cord barrier damage after cervical spinal cord injury.
     目的:探讨颈髓损伤后生长相关蛋白43mRNA及内皮素1mRNA表达与血脊髓屏障损害的关系。
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  cord injury
     the 14 cases of the middle cervical spinal cord injury,(125.19±6.51)mmol/L;
     中颈髓损伤14例,血钠(125.19±6.51)mmol/L;
短句来源
     the 8 cases of the lower cervical spinal cord injury,(130.18±7.24)mmol/L.
     下颈髓损伤8例,血钠(130.18±7.24)mmol/L。
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of changes in platelet activating factor(PAF),thromboxane B2 (TXB2 ), 6 - keto - prostaglandin F1a (6 - keto - PGF1a) levels in patients withcervical cord injury.
     目的:探讨急性颈髓损伤患者全血血小板活化因子(PAF)、血浆血栓素B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1a(6-keto-PGF1a)含量的动态变化及其临床意义。
短句来源
     The significance of changes in platelet activating factor, thromboxane B_2, 6-keto-prostaglandin F_(1α) levels in patients with cervical cord injury
     颈髓损伤患者血小板活化因子、血栓素B_2和6-酮-前列腺素F_(1α)测定及其临床意义
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the effects of platelet activating factor (PAF) and its receptor on expression of intercellular adhesion molecule1 mRNA(ICAM1mRNA) and endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule1mRNA (ELAM1mRNA) in the cervical cord vascular endothelial cell after spinal cord injury.
     目的:为了探讨血小板活化因子(PAF)及其受体对颈髓损伤后颈髓血管内皮细胞细胞间粘附分子1mRNA(ICAM1mRNA)和内皮细胞白细胞粘附分子1mRNA(ELAM1mRNA)表达的影响。
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  “髓损伤”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS:The level of pulmonary function in 40 patients with late cervical spinal injury showed lower(VCMAX%=51.83±17.65,FVC% =52.08±18.51,FEV1%=56.99±18.45,PEF%=59.55±20.26),and ASIA score was positively correlated with VCMAX,FVC,FEV1 and PEF.
     结果:40例颈髓损伤晚期患者肺功能VCMAX%=51.83±17.65,FVC%=52.08±18.51,FEV1%=56.99±18.45,PEF%=59.55±20.26皆显示降低,ASIA评分与VCMAX,FVC,FEV1,PEF成正相关;
短句来源
     Conclusion0.04 mg/kg·h of ketamine can enhance the efficacy of morphine (0.02 mg/kg·h) and do not increase side-effect events.
     结论0·04mg/kg·h氯胺酮在颈髓损伤患者静脉术后镇痛中能够增强吗啡(0·02mg/kg·h)的镇痛作用,而且不增加副作用。
短句来源
     Result:In SCI group,the latency and amplitude of the APB MEP were 31 4±11 4ms and 0 35±0 21mV respectively,the latency and amplitude of the AT muscle's MEP were 44 5±15 9ms and 0 38±0 51mV respectively. All of them were significantly different from the results of control group( P <0 05).
     结果 :颈髓损伤组APB肌MEP潜伏期为 31 4±11 4ms,波幅为 0 35± 0 2 1mV ,AT肌潜伏期为 44 5± 15 9ms,波幅为 0 38± 0 5 1mV ,与正常对照组相比有显著性差异 (P <0 0 5 )。
短句来源
     NAA/Cr(P<0.05).
     颈髓损伤不同程度组间NAA/Cho、NAA/Cr有显著性差异(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Forty -five cases were followed for 6 months to 4 years,average 20. 4 months. The result showed that 28 cases were excellent (62. 2%) ,13 cases good (28. 9%),3 cases improved (6. 7%)and one exacerbated(2. 2%).
     本术式治疗45例,其中包括7例颈段外伤后颈髓损伤而导致不完全瘫痪的患者,45例获6个月~4年,平均20.4个 月的随访,其中优28例(62.2%),良13例(28.9%),改善3例(6.7%),恶化1例(2.2%).
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  spinal cord injury
Adaptation to and coping with disability one year after spinal cord injury: An epidemiological study
      
Acute spinal cord injury affects more than 3000 individuals per year with predominantly young people between 15 and 20 years of age being involved.
      
Randomized trial of 4-aminopyridine in patients with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury
      
Objective To test the efficacy of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on functional status, walking speed and vibration perception in patients with chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury.
      
Due to the chronicity of MS, the therapeutic window for neuroprotective agents is wider than that following stroke or acute spinal cord injury, and may therefore allow the use of some drugs that have proven disappointing in other situations.
      
更多          
  cord injury
Adaptation to and coping with disability one year after spinal cord injury: An epidemiological study
      
Acute spinal cord injury affects more than 3000 individuals per year with predominantly young people between 15 and 20 years of age being involved.
      
Randomized trial of 4-aminopyridine in patients with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury
      
Objective To test the efficacy of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on functional status, walking speed and vibration perception in patients with chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury.
      
Due to the chronicity of MS, the therapeutic window for neuroprotective agents is wider than that following stroke or acute spinal cord injury, and may therefore allow the use of some drugs that have proven disappointing in other situations.
      
更多          


Twenty-seven cases of acute central cervical cord syndrome were admitted from 1968 to August 1984,with an incidence of 21.8% of all cases of cervical cord injury during the same period.Sixteen cases were caused by hyperextension injury of the cervical spine and five cases by flexion in jury.Paralysis in the upper extremity was more severe than that in the lower extremity,as clinically observed characteristics. Seven cases had impaired bladder function,25 cases had various degrees of sensory disturbance below...

Twenty-seven cases of acute central cervical cord syndrome were admitted from 1968 to August 1984,with an incidence of 21.8% of all cases of cervical cord injury during the same period.Sixteen cases were caused by hyperextension injury of the cervical spine and five cases by flexion in jury.Paralysis in the upper extremity was more severe than that in the lower extremity,as clinically observed characteristics. Seven cases had impaired bladder function,25 cases had various degrees of sensory disturbance below the level of in jury of the cord.X-Ray examinations showed no signs of fracture and dislocation in 11 cases.Conservative treatment gave good recovery.All cases showed definite neurological improvement after hospitalization for an average of 20 days,and all recovered from paralysis on follow-up study.Only 9 cases revealed some localized numbness of the upper extremity and atrophy of hand muscles.

1968~1984年8月,共收治27例急性颈髓中央综合征,占同期颈髓损伤的21.8%。16例为颈椎过伸性损伤所致,5例为屈曲外伤所致。其临床特征为上肢瘫痪重于下肢,7例有排尿功能障碍,25例损伤平面以下有不同程度的感觉障碍。11例 X 线摄片未见骨折和脱位征象。保守疗法疗效明显。全组在平均20天的住院期间,神经功能均有明显恢复。随访结果:四肢瘫痪均已恢复,仅9例后遗上肢局限性麻木及手肌萎缩。

0≤t_1<……

本文介绍了由Apple Ⅱ微型计算机控制的股四头肌锻炼系统,以及对于颈髓损伤病人的临床应用情况。该系统与通常所用的电刺激方式的主要区别在于采用了闭环控制,并增加了肢体负重。结果表明经过锻炼能较快地恢复肌容积和肌强度,这将有利于进一步应用电脑控制技术,使这些病人能安全的站立和简单的行走。

Four hundred and fourty-nine cases of cervical vertebral and accompanied cord injuries treated in our hospital were reported. Flexion injuries accounted for 90.6%, with damages of the fifth and sixth vertebrae about 66%, of which 86.5% were accompanied by cervical cord injuries. The diagnosis was established by patient's posture during the accident, clinical features and radiography . Cervical spine injuries should be highly suspected when symptoms and signs were clearly present, although radiographic examinations...

Four hundred and fourty-nine cases of cervical vertebral and accompanied cord injuries treated in our hospital were reported. Flexion injuries accounted for 90.6%, with damages of the fifth and sixth vertebrae about 66%, of which 86.5% were accompanied by cervical cord injuries. The diagnosis was established by patient's posture during the accident, clinical features and radiography . Cervical spine injuries should be highly suspected when symptoms and signs were clearly present, although radiographic examinations were negative. Skull traction should be applied as early aspossible in order to enhance restoration of vertebral fracture or dislocation. Surgical intervention should be delayed for a few days until the general condition of the patients had become better enough to endure the operation. According to the type and degree of the injuries, anterior decompression and fusion might be indicated. The recovery rate for the operation group was 72.3% (126 cases) and that for the non-operation group was 32.6%(236cases) only. The mortality rate was 25.7 %in total. Recognition and management of the lesion were discussed.

本文报告我院1951~1982年末收治颈椎及颈髓损伤449例。主要根据受伤姿势、症状、体征、X线片诊断,如体征存在X线片改变不显著也不能忽视颈椎损伤。非手术治疗组236例神经功能恢复好转率32.6%,前方减压植骨固定手术组126例恢复好转率72.2%。全部病例死亡率占25.7%。本文结合文献讨论了诊断和治疗等问题。

 
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