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分化为
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  differentiate into
     TPO firstly induced Lin-CD41a-CD226-cells to differentiate into CD226-CD41a+/CD61+cells and then into CD226+CD41a+/CD61+cells.
     TPO可诱导Lin-CD41a-CD226-细胞先分化为CD41a+CD226-细胞,再进一步分化为CD41a+CD226+细胞,TPO也可诱导Lin-CD226+细胞表达CD41a和CD61。
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     Conclusions:NGF,BME,BHA and ATRA could induce mMSCs to differentiate into neuron-like cells,and the highest induction was induced byNGF(10μg/L)+BME(2.5mM)+ATRA(2.5M).
     结论:NGF、BME、ATRA能诱导mMSCs分化为神经元样细胞,其中以NGF(10μg/L)+BME(2.5mM/L)+ATRA(2.5M/L)组效率最高。
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     Methods HMSCs were induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells by HGF, FGF-4 and HGF + FGF-4 in vitro.
     方法分别用HGF、FGF-4、HGF+FGF-4诱导HMSCs分化为肝样细胞。
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     RESULTS:The clone cultured MSCs could be passaged and amplified under this culture condition. They expressed CD13,CD29 and CD59,rather than CD11,CD14,CD31,CD34,CD45,CD80,CD86,CD117 and HLA DR,and could also be induced to differentiate into NSCs.
     结果:克隆培养的MSCs能够传代扩增,它们表达CD13、CD59、CD29,而不表达CD11、CD14、CD31、CD34、CD45、CD80、CD86、CD117、HLA-DR,并能诱导分化为NSCs。
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     Conclusion:MSCs can differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vitro after the induction of 5-aza.
     结论:MSCs体外经5-aza诱导后可分化为心肌细胞。
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  differentiation into
     To explore the induction and differentiation of hepatic stem cells into insulin-secreting cells, we use methods of immunohistochemical staining, cell culture, molecular clone technology, SDS-PAGE, ELISA and RIA to study the distribution and migration of hepatic stem cells, as well as the mechanism of their differentiation into islet P-cells.
     本文采用免疫组织化学、细胞培养、分子克隆、SDS-聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳、酶联免疫吸附实验、放射免疫等方法和技术,就近些年来干细胞领域研究的热点问题——干细胞诱导分化为胰岛素分泌细胞进行了研究,着重探讨了肝干细胞在肝脏中的分布及迁徙,并从基因和化学因子两个方面探讨肝干细胞诱导分化为胰岛素分泌细胞的机制。
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     Study of Embryonic Stem Cells Differentiation into Neural Cells in Vitro
     胚胎干细胞体外分化为神经细胞的研究
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     Background and objective:Neural stem cells(NSCs) posses the capabilty of self-cleavage,self-duplication, self-renewing,and the potentiality of differentiation into various neural cells,including neuron, astrocyte, oligodendrocyte.
     研究背景和目的:神经干细胞(Neural stem cells,NSCs)是能分化为神经元、星形胶质细胞、少突胶质细胞,能自我更新并足以提供大量脑组织细胞的细胞。
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     MSCs' differentiation into myoblasts and positive expression of desmin were observed on the 15th day in purified MSCs group and on the 6th day in induced MSCs groups.
     单纯 MSCs植入正常肌肉组织 15 d,5 - Aza- CR诱导后的 MSCs植入正常肌肉组织 6 d,可见 MSCs分化为肌细胞 ,表达 desmin阳性 ;
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     HGF+FGF-4 may achieve more effective induction of HMSC differentiation into hepatocyte-like cells, and the efficiency of HGF is greater than that of FGF-4.
     以HGF+FGF-4诱导HMSCs分化为肝样细胞的阳性率最高,HGF次之,FGF-4则较弱。
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  “分化为”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Derivation of ES Cell Line from 615 Mice and Differentiation of ES Cells to Neural Cells by Induction
     分离615小鼠ES细胞集落及诱导ES细胞定向分化为神经细胞的实验研究
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     Study about Lysosomes and Cytoskeleton Protein in the Orientable Differentiation to Neural Cells from Cortex Neural Stem Cells of Neonatal Rat
     新生大鼠皮层神经干细胞定向分化为神经元过程中溶酶体与微管蛋白的相关性研究
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     Isolation and Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow and Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Vitro
     骨髓与脂肪间质干细胞分离与诱导分化为成骨细胞的研究
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     Isolation and Culture of Embryonic Stem Cells and Neuronal Differentiation of Cultured Human Embryonic Germ Cells
     胚胎干细胞的分离培养和诱导分化为神经细胞的实验研究
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     The Expression of α-Actinin、F-Actin、Vinculin in Committed Neural Stem Cells Derived from Cerebral Cortex
     细胞骨架蛋白α-Actinin、Actin、Vinculin在大脑皮层神经干细胞定向分化为神经元的时空表达
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  differentiate into
More importantly, culture-expanded pluripotent stem cells from all these fetal tissues were able to differentiate into cells with morphologic and phenotypic characteristics of adipocytes, osteocytes, neurons, glial cells and hepatocytes.
      
At 16 weeks' gestation, most hepatic cord cells begin to differentiate into hepatocytes and abundant HSCs remain in ductal plate (the origin site of Hering canals).
      
In fish (at the example of danio), this signal is passed to somite cells neighboring the notochord; later the cells migrate to the embryo surface and differentiate into slow muscle fibers.
      
The former can be maintained in vitro for an infinitely long time and can differentiate into all cells of adult organisms.
      
Depolarized cells of the primary mesenchyme with a well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum differentiate into sclerenchyme syncytium.
      
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  differentiation into
Both rat and human embryonic multipotent neural cells showed similar behavior and differentiation into neurons and glial cells.
      
Evidence has been obtained that, in a closed system, individual clones are capable of differentiation into the bone, cartilaginous, and reticular tissues.
      
The recently revealed capacity of these cells for differentiation into nonmesenchymal derivatives is of considerable theoretical and practical interest.
      
SCs are undifferentiated cells capable of both self-maintenance and differentiation into specialized cells.
      
The plasticity of somatic SCs, i.e., their capacity for context-dependent differentiation into "unrelated" cell types, is of considerable therapeutic importance, although some researchers doubt this capacity.
      
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1. Leaves of the plants oE Cactaceae may be divided into three categories:(1) Completely reduced, such as Cereus peruvianus Haw.(2) Small and rudimentary, such as Opuntia brasileiusis.(3) Leaf with normal blade and petiole, such as Pereskia aculeate Mill.2. Areole has been regarded as an axil bud which according to the writer's interpretation is a branch in its dormant stage. The flower or elongated branch, which is differentiated from the areole may be regarded as a branch in its growing stage.3. Lateral primordium...

1. Leaves of the plants oE Cactaceae may be divided into three categories:(1) Completely reduced, such as Cereus peruvianus Haw.(2) Small and rudimentary, such as Opuntia brasileiusis.(3) Leaf with normal blade and petiole, such as Pereskia aculeate Mill.2. Areole has been regarded as an axil bud which according to the writer's interpretation is a branch in its dormant stage. The flower or elongated branch, which is differentiated from the areole may be regarded as a branch in its growing stage.3. Lateral primordium develops into a lea?on a branch, which is in its growing stage, but the same primordium develops into a spine or glochid instead of a leaf on a branch which is dormant. However, the primordia of spine and leaf arc fundamentally the same thing, it differentiates into different organs (leaf or spine) according to the different growing stage of the branch (dormant or growing).4. No leaf is developed from an areole and no spine or glochid is developed from an elongated branch (branch in growing stage). At the same time only spines or glochids are developed on the areole and they are never developed from any elongated branch (branch in growing stage).5. The external morphology and internal structure of both leaf and spine arc entirely diffeient.6. There is no correlation between the number, size and presence or absence of the leaf and the spine.

1.仙人掌的叶子的演化可以分为三种类型: (1)叶子完全退化的像:篱仙人掌. (2)叶子钻形而早落的像:巴西仙人掌. (3)叶子片状,生长正常的像:仙人藤. 2.叶腋裹的球状突起由形态及发育方面证明是特化的腋芽.那么就是一个没有处长的枝子或者看作枝子的休眠阶段.从球状突起上长出枝子或者花,可以看作是枝子的生长阶段. 3.叶原基在球状突起生长延长阶段分化成叶子,在休眠阶段分化成刺或钩刺,所以刺和叶子的原基在形态上虽然相同,但是因为枝子的生长阶段不同(休眠或生长)而分化为不同的器.(刺或叶子) 4.在球状突起上仅能发生刺或钩刺决不能长叶子.在延长生长的枝子上只能长叶子决不能长刺. 5.叶子和刺的外形与构造都不相同. 6.叶子的有无,大小和刺的多少没有关系.

The anatomical and histological studies of the alimentary canal of Erthesina fullo Thunberg was studied in detail. The alimentary canal consists of three parts:the stomodaeum(pharynx and oesophagus),the mesenteren and the proctodaeum(rectum).The mesenteron in its turn differentiates morphologically into four parts,while the fourth part bears four reddish mycentoms——modified epithelial cells containing symbiotic bacteria. The paired salivary glands consists each of the main gland,the reservior, the tubular accessory...

The anatomical and histological studies of the alimentary canal of Erthesina fullo Thunberg was studied in detail. The alimentary canal consists of three parts:the stomodaeum(pharynx and oesophagus),the mesenteren and the proctodaeum(rectum).The mesenteron in its turn differentiates morphologically into four parts,while the fourth part bears four reddish mycentoms——modified epithelial cells containing symbiotic bacteria. The paired salivary glands consists each of the main gland,the reservior, the tubular accessory gland and the salivary duct. The four malpighian tubules of this insect open into the pylorus,just above the pyloric valve.The epithelium of the malpighian tubule is continuous with that of the mesenteron,and not with the proctodaeum.This confirms the obser- vations of other authors in Orthoptera and Dermaptera.

1.本文记载了黄斑椿象(Erthesina fullo Thunberg)消化系统及马氏管的解剖与组织构造。2.黄斑椿象的消化管分为前肠(咽、食道)、中肠及后肠(直肠)三部,其中中肠又分化为形态不同的四部份,第四部份上着生有四条贮菌器,系由中肠上皮细胞增殖交形而成。3.黄斑椿象的唾腺分为主腺、副腺、贮囊及唾管四部。4.黄斑椿象的马氏管开口于中肠末端的幽门部,幽门瓣的前方,幽门部及马氏管凸的上皮,其形状与中肠相同,而与后肠不同。

1.As material for this study we use Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen; thedevelopmenal processes at the embryonic stages of its abdominal tymppanal organ isstudied in detail. 2.The scoloparia of the abdominal tympanal organ of this insect are found to beformed by the invagination of the embryonic epidermic cells which at certain stagesundergo intensive mitosis and subsequently gradual growth and differentiation of thesecells, hence we may conclude that the sense cells of the scoloparia originate, at certinembryonic...

1.As material for this study we use Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen; thedevelopmenal processes at the embryonic stages of its abdominal tymppanal organ isstudied in detail. 2.The scoloparia of the abdominal tympanal organ of this insect are found to beformed by the invagination of the embryonic epidermic cells which at certain stagesundergo intensive mitosis and subsequently gradual growth and differentiation of thesecells, hence we may conclude that the sense cells of the scoloparia originate, at certinembryonic stage, from the epidermic cells. 3.The abdominal tympanal ganglion of Locusta migratoria manilensis during itsdevelopment in embryo passes through the following stages: (1) On the first part of6th day the invagination of the epidermic layer begins at one point of the first abdomi- nal. (2) From the 6th day to the first part of the 7th day,the opening owing to theprocess of invagination deepens. (3) On the 7th and 8th day, the invaginated abdominalpro-tympano-ganglion appears pear-shaped, its distal end being larger, there is no cellu-lar differentiation at this moment. (4) On the 9th day, the cells of the abdominal pro-tympano-ganglion have differentiated morphologically into five categories of cells (Theneurolemmal cell, sense cell, middle cell, distal cell and cone-formation cell) and atransversely situated clear area begins to appear. (5)On 10th day, the opening of theinvagination gradually becomes obliterated, and on the last part of the same day, theaxial filament appears, the scolopale is somewhat visible, the apical body is not yetformed. (6) On 11th day the axial filament, the scolopale and the apical body all becomevisible, the number of scolopale counts about 60--70. (7)On 12th-13th day, the variouspro-ganglionic cells undergo further differentiation until a state is reached where themorphological characteristics of these cells are approximately similar to those of thesame organ of the nymph just hatched and the number of scolopale is increased to about90--100. 4. The axial filament is at all stages strongly argentophilic in reaction while the scolo-pale is not so; although both of these structures appear almost at the same time, butbased on tha evidence of the developmental morphology we infer that the scolopale issecreted by the middle cell, while the axial filament is a part of the sense cell.

1.本文以东亚飞蝗(Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen)为材料,仔细地研究了它的腹听器在胚胎期内的发生过程。 2.东亚飞蝗的腹听器中的剑鞘器是由胚胎的表皮细胞内陷,经过细胞分裂、分化而形成;因此,我们可以肯定剑鞘器中的感觉细胞是在胚胎某一时期从表皮起源的。 3.东亚飞蝗腹听神经节在胚胎期中发生时经过以下的步骤:(1)第6天初期的胚胎表皮细胞开始内陷;(2)第6天到第7天内陷口加深;(3)第7天和第8天,内陷的原腹听神经节呈梨状,近表皮的一端较大,细胞尚无分化;(4)第9天,原腹听神经节的细胞已开始分化为5种;横列的明区开始出现;(5)第10天,内陷口逐渐愈合;本天后期,轴丝已出现,剑鞘体隐约可见,鞘顶结尚未形成;(6)第11天,轴丝、剑鞘体和鞘顶结已全部出现,剑鞘体数目约60~70个;(7)第12~13天,各种细胞进一步分化,与第14天孵出的蝗蝻的听 神经节大致相同,剑鞘体的数目约90~100个。 4.轴丝具有强烈的嗜银性,剑鞘体则缺乏。它们虽然大致同时出现,但我们就发生形态方面的事据推断,剑鞘体是由中间细胞分泌而成,轴丝是由感觉细胞所产生。

 
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