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条状的
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  strip shaped
     In this paper, TEM was used to carefully observe and research welded joints of mould-used zinc -base alloys that were welded by flame and TIG. It is found that the weld metal is strip shaped eutectic structure, and the structure welded by TIG is tiny than by flame.
     利用透射电镜对新型模用锌基合金气焊接头和TIG焊接头进行了仔细的观察研究 ,发现焊缝组织为条状的共晶组织 ,且TIG焊的焊缝组织较气焊法显著细化 ;
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     The results show that the plasma spraying Al 2O 3 ceramic coating mainly consists of α-Al 2O 3 with a few of γ-Al 2O 3 ceramic grains in its phase interface.
     结果表明 ,等离子喷涂Al2 O3陶瓷涂层主要由等轴晶状的α Al2 O3陶瓷相组成 ,长条状的γ Al2 O3陶瓷相量较少 ,主要分布在α Al2 O3陶瓷相的相界面和几个α Al2 O3陶瓷相晶粒的交汇处 ;
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     Fe3C phase was formed by C ion implantation and non-equilibrious phases Fe6C2 and Fe2C were formed by C-Ti ions simultaneous implantation.
     碳离子注入形成了粒状的Fe_3C相,而碳—钛离子同步注入形成了条状的Fe_5C_2和Fe_2C等非平衡相组织
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     The results show that the microstructure of Ti Zr Si alloy in casting consists of β Ti in matrix, β Ti and 5 3 type silicide in boundary.
     分析结果表明 ,硅锆比为 1∶2的Ti-Zr-Si合金 ,铸造组织由 β -Ti、晶界为块状 β -Ti和条状的 5 - 3型硅化物组成 ;
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     The results show that the microstructure of Ti Zr Si alloy in casting consisted β Ti in matrix, β Ti and 5 3 type silicide in boundary.
     分析结果表明 ,硅锆比为 1/2 (重量百分比 )的Ti Zr Si合金 ,铸造组织为块状 β Ti、晶界由块状β Ti和条状的 5 3型硅化物组成 ;
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     the micvostruchre of carburized layer which is at 0~120μm from the surface is cementite+pearlite,and bar carbides is obtained in the base.
     试样在 1 3 0 0℃的铸铁浴中保留 3 0秒 ,距表面 0~ 1 2 0 μm处 ,其渗层组织为渗碳体 +珠光体 ,且在基体上形成棒条状的碳化物
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     自然条状研制
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     CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO NEWLY DEVELOPED REFORMING CATALYSTS
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     A STUDY OF GRANULAR DESULFURIZER MADE FORM BOG IRON ORE
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     Shape and Crystallography of Lath Martensite
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  strip shaped
Strip shaped specimens have been ob tained from ISO R 527 specimens.
      


1. Firmiana simplex has been cultivated by our Chinese people in both ancient and modein times for medical use, and for the making of furnitures and musical instruments, as well as ornamental tree.2. The distribution of this plant is wide-spread almost through entire China. According to the writer's observation it grows vigorously and reaches its maximum height in the lower part of the Yangtze basin.3. In 1929 Yen states that sex differentiation of Firmiana simplex might be due to the fact of nutrition, the...

1. Firmiana simplex has been cultivated by our Chinese people in both ancient and modein times for medical use, and for the making of furnitures and musical instruments, as well as ornamental tree.2. The distribution of this plant is wide-spread almost through entire China. According to the writer's observation it grows vigorously and reaches its maximum height in the lower part of the Yangtze basin.3. In 1929 Yen states that sex differentiation of Firmiana simplex might be due to the fact of nutrition, the writer, after visiting various parts of China, discovered that everywhere this plant has the same phenomenon of sex differentiation. This fact leads to a new conclusion that sex differentiation in this plant is certainly not entirely influenced by nutrition; it may be due to the historical factor of the plant it-self.4. No phcllum is developed in the hypodermis except in the region of Icnticels. Epidermis, therefore, may grow permanently and never break off. These are very rare even among the perennial woody plants.5. Characteristics which are considered peculiar to Firmiana simplex are: (1) closely arranged epidermal cells may become loose during the increase of the diameter of the branches, (2) rupturing of the fissures on the bark while the branch grows, (3) development of secondary epidermis from the hypodermal cells within the fissures and the lenticels, and (4) continuous division of the epidermal cells. All these characteristics are facts which explain the permanence of epidermis.

1、梧桐具有观赏,药用,制造器物等价值,我国民众自古就加栽培利用。 2、梧桐上分布几遍及全国,据我所见到的是长江中、下游地区所生长的比较繁茂高大,北京的最为矮小,厦门比北京的高大些,昆明虽然不及长江流域的但比厦门的似乎又茂盛高大些。 3、关于梧桐花两性分异,以前以为是养料的关系,但是现在观察了各地的梧桐花,发现它们对于性的分异都是一样之后,我认为造成性的分异可能下仅是单纯养料的问题。也许和有机体自身的历史发展因素有关。 4、苹婆和大多数多年生木本植物相同,它们茎部表皮的寿命不过1年。新枝条的下皮层在当年夏秋之际分化木栓组织。以后,表皮细胞就会枯死脱落。 5、梧桐,除皮孔而外,枝干表皮层之下一概不发生木栓组织,表皮层与枝干同寿,这是多年生树木中少有的微状。 6、梧桐表皮细胞,随枝干之加粗而疏离,又可分裂增多,同时条状裂纹也可以随枝杆直经之增加而开裂加宽,这些都是表皮长生不老的因素。 7、梧桐树皮裂纹中的下皮细胞向外分裂成为次生表皮组织,这是很特别的。

In the present paper,a study of the so called“Gold beaters skin”hygrometric membranemade by the authers is given.When cut in strips of 1—1.5 mm in width,experimental results inthe laboratory and upper air sounding data show that:1.The force applied on each strip must be less than 5 g(?)s.or other wise the calibrationwill be unstable.2.If an element is in habit of certain tension,the calibration will be changed whenthe tension is changed.3.The relation between elongation and relative humidity follows the so-called“Gay-Lussac”scale...

In the present paper,a study of the so called“Gold beaters skin”hygrometric membranemade by the authers is given.When cut in strips of 1—1.5 mm in width,experimental results inthe laboratory and upper air sounding data show that:1.The force applied on each strip must be less than 5 g(?)s.or other wise the calibrationwill be unstable.2.If an element is in habit of certain tension,the calibration will be changed whenthe tension is changed.3.The relation between elongation and relative humidity follows the so-called“Gay-Lussac”scale generally,but by special treatment a linear relationship may be obtained.4.It gives large hysterisis cycle and the hysterisis phenomenan will be entirely removed assoon as relative humidity reaches 70—75%.5.The calibration will be changed when the element is covered with a film of water.The above stated properties also pocess some of other kinds of organic hygrometricelements,but beside these we found that:6.Our elements are very sensitive at low temperature and have very small lag coefficientcomparable to that of Frankenberg hair(fig.5)using in Western Germany.Because of this small lag coefficient,our hygrometric element may be proved usefulin aerological measurements.Comparison between upper air sounding data obtained by usingordinary hair,Frankenberg hair and our elements on selected weather situations in Peking arealso discussed.

本文介绍了作者处理的肠膜湿度元件的特性。当元件切截为1—1.5毫米宽之长条状时,由实验室内及高空探测结果指出:1.施于元件之拉力不得大于5克重,否则检定曲线不稳定。2.如一元件已适应某种程度之张力,改变张力则检定曲线亦改变。3.通常长度随相对湿度之变化极接近“给呂萨克”尺度,但经过特殊处理后,可使之接近线性关系。4.具有显著之瘫痪效应。但相对湿度达70—75%时,瘫痪现象立即消失。5.表面附有水层时,尺度不稳定。以上所述各种性质,其他各种类型的元件亦多少地存在,但作者处理之肠膜更有下列重要优点。即6.在低温时仍极灵敏,滞性系数很小,与德制旋发相当(图5)。由于滞性系数很小,故作者处理的肠膜当为高空观测工作中极有用之工具。作者在北京选择了不同的天气施放探空仪,同时进行了毛发、旋发及肠膜的比较工作,文中也列举了部分这方面的记录及分析结果。

Six known species, two new species and one new subspecies are described, which arecollected in China, and all belonging to the genus Dendrolimus Germar. The charactersused for the identification of species are: the patterns of the forewing, the structure of thescales and genital organs; the size and structures surrounding the micropyle of the eggs;tufts of the subdorsalis anterior of the mature larvae and the shapes of the pupal cre- masters. Besides, keys to adults, eggs and larvae are prepared separately,...

Six known species, two new species and one new subspecies are described, which arecollected in China, and all belonging to the genus Dendrolimus Germar. The charactersused for the identification of species are: the patterns of the forewing, the structure of thescales and genital organs; the size and structures surrounding the micropyle of the eggs;tufts of the subdorsalis anterior of the mature larvae and the shapes of the pupal cre- masters. Besides, keys to adults, eggs and larvae are prepared separately, each basedupon the more common and conspicuous characteristics. Types are preserved in theMuseum of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Peking. Dendrolimus tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu, n. sp. Colour variable, being pale greyish brown to deep brown. closely allied to D.punctatus Wk., but with distinguished transverse stripes and not strongly curved costalmargin on the primaries. Submarginal line broken into black spot-series, to line through2 spots in the 1st and 2nd interspaces crossed with the termen. white discocellularspot on primaries much clear than ; transverse stripes distinct; submarginal black spot-series is defined internally by reddish brown colour which is quite different from thatof D. punctatus. Minor harpe. of male genitalia approached to 1/2 the length of the major;mid-antevaginalis of female genitalia large, latero-antevaginalis nearly round. Micropyleend of the eggs without distinct protuberance; surrounding micropyle with 2--3 layers ofinner-layer cells; outer-layer cells with irregular stripe like central invaginations. Abovethe mid- and metathoracic segment of larvae with black belt-like hairy scales; tufts ofsubdorsalis anterior strongly developed; the base of tufts not covered with spindle-shapedscales, only with black hairs; spatulate hairs small, scarcely with dental ends.: length,20—28 mm.; exp., 45—61 mm. : length, 23—30 mm.; exp., 57—75 mm. Holotype: , Hopeh: Lanping (1961, Ⅷ, 2), allotype: , Peking (1955, Ⅶ,21), paratype: 15 specimens (,) from various localities of Hopeh and Liao-ning provinces. Dendrolimus xichangensis Tsai et Liu, n. sp. Primaries light brown; median and postmedian lines deep brown, the interspacebrown; costal margin 1/3 near the apex strongly curved; outer margin wavy. Submarginalline broken into black spot-series, to line through 2 spots in the 1st and 2nd interspacescrossed with the apex. Minor harpe of male genitalia strongly chitinized, with a 90°turning, closely connected with major, mid-antevaginalis and latero-antevaginalis of fe-male genitalia fused together. Micropyle end of the eggs without distinct protuberane;surrounding micropyle without middle layer cells; outer layer cells without central in-vaginations; corner-setae sometimes not distinct, but with distinct basal papilla. Abovethe mid- and metathoracic segment of larvae without black belt-like hairy scales; lateralside of each abdominal segment with black tufts. : length, 37 mm.; exp., 60 mm.: length, 37 mm.; exp., 78 mm. Holotype: , allotype: , Szechuan: Xichang (1959). Dendrolimus kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu, n. ssp. The characters used for the identification of this subspecies are closely allied to D.kikuchii Mats., but with distinguish dark brown color in , distributed in Hunan andKiangsi provinces, with Pinus massoniana Lambert as its hostplant. : length, 38 mm.;exp., 62 mm. : length, 38 mm.; exp., 83 mm. Holotype: , allotype: , Kiangsi: Yifeng (1959, Ⅶ, 3).

松毛虫属变异较复杂,过去文献上的记载比较紊乱,本篇着重以各虫期的形态特征为主,修订记载了我国严重为害松柏科的6种松毛虫,计:西伯利亚松毛虫(Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv.),赤松毛虫(D.spectabilis Butler),马尾松毛虫(D.punctatus Walker),铁杉毛虫(D.superansButler),云南松毛虫(D.latipennis Walker),和思茅松毛虫(D.kikuchii Mats.),同时记述了2个新种,计:油松毛虫 (D.tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu)和西昌松毛虫(D. xichangensis Tsai et Liu)及1个新亚种:赭色松毛虫(D.kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu)。模式标本保存在中国科学院动物研究所。 新种油松毛虫和赤松毛虫、马尾松毛虫很近似,但其成虫前翅较狭长,中横线与外横线为白色,亚外缘斑列内侧有白色斑;外生殖器小抱针长度约为大抱针的1/2;外生殖器侧前阴片接近圆形。卵壳上内层室和中层室壁很薄,外层室中央凹下部分呈不规则条状。幼虫毛片束发达,片状毛小,先端极少有齿...

松毛虫属变异较复杂,过去文献上的记载比较紊乱,本篇着重以各虫期的形态特征为主,修订记载了我国严重为害松柏科的6种松毛虫,计:西伯利亚松毛虫(Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv.),赤松毛虫(D.spectabilis Butler),马尾松毛虫(D.punctatus Walker),铁杉毛虫(D.superansButler),云南松毛虫(D.latipennis Walker),和思茅松毛虫(D.kikuchii Mats.),同时记述了2个新种,计:油松毛虫 (D.tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu)和西昌松毛虫(D. xichangensis Tsai et Liu)及1个新亚种:赭色松毛虫(D.kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu)。模式标本保存在中国科学院动物研究所。 新种油松毛虫和赤松毛虫、马尾松毛虫很近似,但其成虫前翅较狭长,中横线与外横线为白色,亚外缘斑列内侧有白色斑;外生殖器小抱针长度约为大抱针的1/2;外生殖器侧前阴片接近圆形。卵壳上内层室和中层室壁很薄,外层室中央凹下部分呈不规则条状。幼虫毛片束发达,片状毛小,先端极少有齿状突起,无贴体倒伏鳞毛。 新种西昌松毛虫和云南松毛虫、思茅松毛虫比较近似,但成虫前翅中横线与外横线之间明显形成褐色宽带;外生殖器前阴片愈合成一块。卵壳表面无花斑。幼虫胸部背面无明显毒毛带,但体侧有黑丛毛。根据以上几点,显然和其他两种松毛虫有区别。 新亚种赭色?

 
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