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处理
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  treatment 1
    When the soil moisture decreased from the treatment 5 to the treatment 1,during different temperature Photochemical conversion effect decreased by 1%~8%,and Photosynthesis rate decreased by about 80%.
    土壤湿度由处理5降到处理1,在不同温度下光化效率可降低1%~8%;
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    Results illustrated that mRNA expression increased step by step under salt stress (1% NaCl treatment 1hr, 3hr, 6hr, 12hr) . its expression was up to
    结果表明,在1%NaC1胁迫处理1、3、6、12h的情况下,OsGSK1的mRNA表达量逐步提高,胁迫6h后的表达量是非胁迫
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    Otherw/se, under salt stress, in treatment 1, 2, 3 decreased content of protein by 3.46%, 7. 55%0 and 7.04%, and decreased content of starch by 3.53%, 11.81% and 12.35% respectively, at the aboveground parts;
    此外NaCl胁迫下,处理1,2及3植株地上部中蛋白质含量分别下降了3.46%,7.55%和7.04%,淀粉含量分别下降了3.53%,11.81%和12.35%;
短句来源
    increased content of protein by 4.15% ,2.04% and 2. 18%, increased content of starch by 1.45% and 2.93% in treatment 1.2, but decreased content of that by 2.92% in treatment 3 at underground parts.
    其地下部中蛋白质含量分别增加了4.15%,2.04%和2.18%。 处理1和2淀粉含量增加了1.45%和2.93%,处理3淀粉含量下降了2.92%。
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    In the wheat seedlings radiated with “Treatment 1”,twobands(Rf 0. 18 and 0.36)disappeared, but five new bands(Rf 0.33,0.34,0.36.0. 37 and 0.38)appeared.
    处理1少一条带(Rf0.18),增加三条带(Rf0.34、0.37、0.38);
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  “处理1”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The same results for the △1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) activity were obtained after the stress treatment, the activity of 'ROC22' increased till after the starting of treatment for 6 d.
    吡咯啉-5-羧酸合成酶活性变化因品种而异,‘ROC22’在处理后第6天才明显上升,其他2个品种则在胁迫处理1d后即明显提高。
短句来源
    The proline dehydrogenase (ProDH) activity of 'ROC22' in-creased after treatment, the other varieties were contrary.
    ‘ROC22’在处理1d后其脯氨酸脱氢酶活性稍有提高,而其他2个品种则下降。
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    The results showed that the root yield, sugar content and sugar yield of sugarbeet were significantly increased under the treatment three and the treatment one, increased by 14.49% and 10.14%, 1.0 and 0.4°S, 17.33% and 16.95%, respectively;
    结果表明:处理3、处理1对甜菜根产量、含糖率和产糖量提高效果显著,分别比对照提高14.49%和10.14%,1.0度、0.4度,17.33%和16.95%;
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    The histochemical and cytochemical localization of water stress-induced H_2O_2 production in leaves of ABA-deficient vp5 mutant and wild-type maize plants were also examined.
    ABA缺失突变体vp5和野生型玉米叶片研究结果显示,离体玉米植株在遭受水分胁迫处理1h时,H_2O_2开始产生,并在2-4h积累最多,且水分胁迫诱导玉米野生型叶片质外体、叶肉细胞的叶绿体、维管束鞘细胞的线粒体、过氧化物酶体、木质部导管中H_2O_2产生。
短句来源
    3. During the sensitive phase, the sterility of the cultivar does not fluctuate treated in artifical chamber with temperature 20±2℃ for 1 day and do fluctuate for 2 days.
    3 在育性敏感期内,人工气候室以20±2℃处理1天,不育性不波动,处理2天能使不育性产生波动。
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  treatment 1
The content of membrane lectins in the chloroplasts (tobacco leaf discs) usually decreased considerably immediately after the treatment (1-2 days) but increased later (2-4 days).
      
Cyclosporine A treatment (1?μmol/l) abolished the preload-induced upregulation of these proteins.
      
One month after treatment 1 of 9 patients was asymptomatic, 5 complained of symptoms and 3 showed clinical and neurophysiological signs of polyneuropathy.
      
Furthermore, in 11 patients cefoperazone serum and CSF levels were determined four times during the first week of treatment (1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th days).
      
01) and of the group with MP-infection plus erythromycin treatment (1.62±0.40,n = 4,P>amp;lt;0.01).
      
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1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year...

1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year period,was about 45%.It seems that “mixed-pollination” and “repeated pollinaation”tended to increase the percentage of cross-fertility. 4.According to the 3-year experimental results,the hybrid lines, 5414-5 and 5414-8,were found to be hetter than their parents,Triumph 100 and Yoliow Sweet Potato,in yield.The hybrids were also superior to their parents in vine production.It seems that the hybrids were more adaptaple to environment conoitions than their parents. 5.The problem regarding the choice on combinations of parental pairs is discussed.The principle of choosing psrental pairs from geo- graphically distant locaties,propossd by I.V.Michurin,is a guide to sove this problem.A great number of hybrid lines are undergoing study.

1.本文包括两部分,即甘薯开花生物学和有性杂交技术的研究及几个杂交系的三年试验结果。2.当给以8小时短日条件,甘薯植株比在福州自然条件下的提早开花10——25天。但因品种、处理时期及环境条件而不同。3.根据四年来杂交一千余朵花的结果,甘薯杂交成功率约为45%。混合授粉及重复授粉似乎有增加杂交成功率的趋势。4.根据三年试验结果,发现二个杂交系,即5414——5和5414——8,在块根产量上比亲本胜利百号及黄薯都高。在蔓的产量上,杂交系亦比较亲本为优。而且这两个杂交系似乎比亲本具有较大适应不同环境条件的能力。5.关于选择亲本组合的问题曾加以讨论。米丘林所提出关于选择远地亲本的原则,对于这个问题的解决具有指导的作用。许多杂交系尚在继续研究中。

The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed...

The present paper deals with the influence of the intensity and its persistence of nitrogen supply to the formation and development of the organs of rice plant and also with the resulting physiological feature of these influences. Pot culture experiments with paddy soils were conducted in open field. Organic manure and ammonium sulphate were applied at different stages of growth, i.e. tillering, internode elongating and panicle differentiating stage. The results are summarized as follows:1. Experiments revealed that various organs of rice plant gave different responses to the status of nitrogen supply, and to the same organs, their responses of nitrogen varies at different stages of growth. At the tillering stage, a strongly intensified and less persistent supply of nitrogen, as in the case of ammonium sulphate, promoted the assimilation of dry matter in leaf blade, and consequently enlarged the leaf areas. Such an effect on the leaf blade, however, terminated after the internode elongating stage, and more accumulation of dry matter was found in the stems. Top dressing of manures, pertinently after the internode elongating stage, gave a moderate but persistent supply of nitrogen at that time and resulted the formation of large and healthy ears. Under theexperimental condition, such treatments have been proved favourable to the growth and yield of rice.2. The influence on the growth of the organs, as resulted by changing the status of nitrogen supply, is mainly induced by the rate of accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in plant. A strongly intensified, but less persistent, nitrogen supply accelerates the rate of translocation of nitrogenous materials, while a less intensified but rather persistent supply of nitrogen retains more nitrogenous materials in leaf blade.3. It is evidently that the demand of nitrogen supplying status of rice plant differs at different growing stages. Under the experimental condition, high yields of rice crops were attained by a slower but persistent rate of nitrogen suppy in the tillering stage; a faster but less persistent rate in the internode elongating stage and also a moderate but persistent rate in the penicle differentiating stage. Since property of soil nitrogen varies in different soil type, the regulation of nitrogen supplying status by fertilization should be different in cach cases.

1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生...

1.晚稻植株的不同器官对氮素供应状况的反映不同,其中叶片較为敏銳。而同一器官在不同生育时期內影响也不一样谂柙缘奶跫?叶片在分蘖期中,氮素供应強度大、持續时間短比強度小、持續时間长的处理更能促进叶片干物貭累积,增大叶面积。而拔节期以后,影响不明显并略有相反趋势。对于茎稈則在供应強度大及其持續时間短的情况下,不論拔节期或分化期处理都明显地促进其干重的增加。穗粒的形成条件却是強度小而持續时間长的有利于每穗粒数的提高。但是,氮素供应状况的影响显著与否还可能受着基肥水平的制約,在高量基肥的条件下影响极不显著。2.土壤氮素供应状况影响器官生长的原因,初步看来是通过对植株体內氮素累积和运轉速度的影响而发生作用。由于不同生育时期內,叶、鞘、茎、穗本身的生长特点各异,所要求的物貭累积与运轉的強度也各不相同。因此,氮素供应状况对器官生长的影响也就不全相同。3.根据試驗結果,初步认为水稻对土壤氮素供应状况的要求是分蘗初期緩而长,拔节期快而短,穗分化期緩而长。因此,結合不同土壤的供肥特点需要利用有机厩肥或速效化肥等性貭不同的肥料在次数及用量上加以調节。4.初步认为施肥原則掌握的主要內容是根据水稻器官协調生长的需要以調节土壤的氮素供应強度及其持續时間,造成最和諧与最有效的土壤——植物供求关系。

From 1957 to 1960,colchicine aqueous solution has been used for doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids.The concentrations of colchicine used for treatmentwere 0.04% and 0.05%.Hybrid seedlings were exposed in colchicine solution for 4 days inroom temperature not over 15℃.After the treatment,the seedlings were transplanted ingreenhouse where a condition of high humidity and comparatively low temperature (usuallybelow 10℃) was maintained until the seedlings had recovered from colchicine poisoning.Themain...

From 1957 to 1960,colchicine aqueous solution has been used for doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids.The concentrations of colchicine used for treatmentwere 0.04% and 0.05%.Hybrid seedlings were exposed in colchicine solution for 4 days inroom temperature not over 15℃.After the treatment,the seedlings were transplanted ingreenhouse where a condition of high humidity and comparatively low temperature (usuallybelow 10℃) was maintained until the seedlings had recovered from colchicine poisoning.Themain results are summarized as follows:1.A total of 4210 wheat-rye F_1 hybrid seedlings were treated with colchicine and 2599or 61.7% of the treated seedlings had recovered from the treatment.2.Among the recovered seedlings,about 40.8% of the sterile F_1 hybrid plants were turnedto be partial fertile and various amount of seeds were obtained from these successful plants.3.Whither the hybrid seedlings were vegetatively propagated by separating the tillersor not,no difference in percentage of successful plants has been observed.However,theseedlings which have been slightly wounded on crown part by a sharp razor blade before treat- ment,resulted in 8.8% more successful plants than those not wounded.4.In successful plants,an average of 30% of spikes would be partial fertile and setvarius amount of seeds.In other words,an average of 30% of the spikes that came from theaxile buds which have been exposed directly to colchicine treatment,would become sectorialchimera of polyhaploid and amphidiploid.The tillers that came from the directly exposedaxile buds are called primary tillers.5.The tillers that came from the axile buds of the primary tillers are called secondarytillers.According to the analysis of the data,it has been shown that the secondary tillerusually begin at the eighth tiller of an individual plant.Compared with the primary tillers,only 10% of the secondary tillers,as calculated from the data,would show sectorial chimeraon spikes and set various amount of seeds.6.The chimera spikes would produce 7 grains per spike in average.In an individualplant,the fewer the number of chimera spikes,the less the number of grains could be pro-duced by each chimera spike.In the case of only one chimera spike per plant,only 4.5 grainsin average per changed spike could be obtained.While there was 6 changed spikes per plant,the number of grains per chimera spike would increase to 22.4.7.If the average number of primary tillers of the recovered plants could be increasedto 6 or 7 per plant by some proper measures at tillering stage,it has been estimated that inaddition to the usual rate of successful plants,at least 15% more could be obtained.8.After analysis of the data,it has been clearly shown that the axile buds which havebeen effected by treatment would have a less chance to grow into tillers than those which havenot been effected.If we could find some proper measures to eliminate such a difference intillering,then,by estimation,the percentage of successful plants could be increased to morethan 80%.This is an interesting problem to be studied concerning the efficiency of colchicinetechnique.9.A total of 712 lines of Triticales have been thus produced by doubling the number ofchromosomes in wheat-rye F_1 hybrids with colchicine treatment at tillering stage.

自1957年到1960年曾三次用秋水仙精处理小麦——黑麦杂种第一代的分蘖苗,获得小黑麦品系712个。秋水仙精用0.05%及0.04%水溶液,处理时间四天。在处理后的成活植株中,处理成功的植株,三次总平均占40.8%。根据资料分析的结果,由直接受到处理影响的腋芽所长成的一次分蘖有30%的成功率,而由一次分蘖上所长出来的未直接受到处理影响的二次分蘖则只有10%的成功率。如能促使处理后恢复的植株尽可能多地产生一次分蘖,使每一单株都具有6—7个以上穗子,这样,以株为单位的处理成功率估计至少还能增加15%。

 
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