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   处理1 在 畜牧与动物医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.041秒
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处理
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  treatment 1
    The first experiment: it is separately dealed with CIDR (treatment 1), CIDR + PG (treatment 2) and (treatment 3) to compare the oestrus synchronization effect.
    实验一,分别用CIDR(处理1)、CIDR+PG(处理2)、CIDR+PG+PMSG(处理3)处理徐淮山羊比较同期发情的效果。
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    Five treatments were as followed:treatment 1 (control group), treatment 2( lower phosphorus group LP), treatment 3(LP+500U/kg phytase), treatment 4(LP+650U/kg phytase) treatment 5 (LP+750 U /kg phytase).
    五个处理组分别为:处理1,对照组(总磷=0.60%):处理2,副对照组,低磷组(总磷=0.50%); 处理3,低磷+500U/公斤植酸酶日粮组;
短句来源
    the concentration of serum Ca and serum P in treatment 3 was significantly lower than that of control group(P<0.05), while there were no significant differences among treatment 1, treatment 2 and control group (P>0.05) .
    血钙和血磷浓度,处理1和处理2与对照组无显著差异(P>0.05),处理3显著低于其它各组(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    The diet of treatment 1 contained FeSC>4 100 mg/kg, the diets of treatment 2-5 were respectively added iron-amino acid complex 30, 60, 90, 120mg/kg on the basis of the diet of treatment 1. All the indexes were same as that in experiment 1. The results indicated:1 n The iron-amino acid complex can increase the growth performance still when inorganic iron had content the need of piglets.
    处理1添加FeSO_4 100 mg/kg,处理2~5分别在处理2的基础上添加螯合铁30、60、90、120mg/kg(都以铁元素计)。 所有指标与试验(一)相同。
短句来源
    The value of the litter weight gain at 21d in treatment 2 group was 10% higher than that in control and treatment 1 group.
    从仔猪 2 1d窝增重来看 ,处理 2组比对照组和处理 1组约高 10 %。
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  “处理1”译为未确定词的双语例句
    When spermatozoa are incubated with calcium ionophore A23187 for 1 h,about 70% of them were acrosome-reacted and about 72% of the activities of α-L-fucosidase lost from spermatozoa.
    当精子用10μmol/L钙离子载体A23187处理1h后,有70%精子发生顶体反应和72%的酶活性被释放。
短句来源
    5kg growing pigs were used in this study, 4 treatments were designed, 8 pens per treatment, 4 pigs per pen. Treat. 1, corn-soybean meal (control); Treat. 2, pea protein replaced of 25% total protein in diet;
    试验选用96头平均体重为18.9±2.5kg的三元杂交(黑×长×杜)生长猪,随机分为3个处理,处理1为玉米-豆粕对照组、处理2为用豌豆蛋白取代25%的基础日粮蛋白、处理3用豌豆蛋白取代50%的基础日粮蛋白,每个处理8个圈(重复),每圈4头猪,测定生长性能。
    (2) From 15 to 50 days of age, the mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) of broilers in treated group (2.91±0.29~3.62±0.39 kPa) were significantly higher than that of control group(2.18±0.40~2.41 ±0.39 kPa)(P<0.05).
    高盐负荷诱发肉鸡肺动脉高压,高盐处理1周试验组肉鸡肺动脉压升高为2.91±0.29kPa,显著高于对照组2.18±0.40kPa(P<0.05),并在整个处理期间持续升高,均显著(P<0.05)或极显著地高于对照组(P<0.01);
短句来源
    Treated on the engorgement day and detected on d2, 10μg, 50μg and 100μg promoted evidently the synthesis of protein, 100μg dose caused the expression of 28 kDa new protein and up-regulated expression of 67 kDa protein, higher doses of 200μg and 400μg resulted in
    饱血当天处理,1μg和10μg剂量均能显著提高饱血后4d雌蜱唾液腺蛋白含量,400μg剂量则显著降低饱血后4d雌蜱唾液腺蛋白含量,100μg、200μg和400μg
短句来源
    Each of which includes three replicates of 8 weanling pigs, the control group received the basal diet (DE 3.17 MJ/kg, CP 18.5%), treatment 2, 3, 4 received the basal diet supplemented with 100 mg/kg, 3000 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg Zn as ZnO, ZnSO4 and Nano-ZnO, respectively.
    基础日粮相同(消化能13.25 MJ/Kg,粗蛋白18.5%), 处理1日粮中不添加任何锌源,处理2、3、4分别饲喂以硫酸锌、氧化锌和纳米氧化锌的形式添加100 mg/kg、3000 mg/kg、100 mg/kg锌的饲粮。
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  treatment 1
The content of membrane lectins in the chloroplasts (tobacco leaf discs) usually decreased considerably immediately after the treatment (1-2 days) but increased later (2-4 days).
      
Cyclosporine A treatment (1?μmol/l) abolished the preload-induced upregulation of these proteins.
      
One month after treatment 1 of 9 patients was asymptomatic, 5 complained of symptoms and 3 showed clinical and neurophysiological signs of polyneuropathy.
      
Furthermore, in 11 patients cefoperazone serum and CSF levels were determined four times during the first week of treatment (1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th days).
      
01) and of the group with MP-infection plus erythromycin treatment (1.62±0.40,n = 4,P>amp;lt;0.01).
      
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The present study,a continuation of the work in 1961,was conducted with the purpose of futher improvement on sperm vitality by modifying the composition of different diluents.Three experiments were designed.In the 1st experiment effects of 6 diluents with different composition on preserving boar semen at 13-18℃ were compared,while in the 2nd experiment to determine the optimal content of egg-yolk,and in the 3rd to determine the optimal level of anti-bacterial agents.10,12 and 12 ejaculates from 2 boars were...

The present study,a continuation of the work in 1961,was conducted with the purpose of futher improvement on sperm vitality by modifying the composition of different diluents.Three experiments were designed.In the 1st experiment effects of 6 diluents with different composition on preserving boar semen at 13-18℃ were compared,while in the 2nd experiment to determine the optimal content of egg-yolk,and in the 3rd to determine the optimal level of anti-bacterial agents.10,12 and 12 ejaculates from 2 boars were used in 1st,2nd and 3rd experiments respectively,and various treatments were made from each ejaculate by using split sample technique.The dilution rate was 1: 2.In 1st experiment,the longest duration of survival (373.6±17.3hrs.) and highest vitality index (140.4±5.4) of spermatozoa were obtained in milk-citrate-glucose-yolk diluent.More-over,during storage the motility rate of spermatozoa in this diluent remained on a higher level as compared with those in the others.The motility rate of semen samples stored for four days remained over 0.6.Milk-glucose-yolk Ⅱ and glucose-yolk showed to be inferior to the diluent described above,but were better than the other three extenders consisting of milk,sodium citrate and egg-yolk.In the 2nd experiment,it was found that,the glucose-yolk containing 20-30% of egg-yolk gave best results,while in the milk-citrate-glucose-yolk,extender,the optimum egg-yolk content was at a 10-20% level.Data of the 3rd experiment showe'd that,better results could be obtained only when penicillin,streptomycin and sulfanilamide were used together.In general,500-1000 I.U.of penicillin,500-1000μg.of streptomycin and 1-3mg.of sulfanilamide per ml.of diluent were optimal. Based on the results of investigations,the following three extenders may effectively preserve boar semen at 13-18℃.,which can be easily obtained under field conditions (in vacuum flask filled with cold water,or at room temperature in cold seasons).After storage of three days in these extenders,the motility rate of spermatozoa remained over 0.5,i.e.more than 50% of spermatozoa showing progressive movement. 1.Milk-citrate-glucose-yolk—heated milk (at 92-95℃. for 10 min),2.9% sodium citrate dihydrate solution and 5% glucose solution mixed in equal parts,10-20% egg-yolk of final concentration added. 2.Milk-glucose-yolk Ⅱ—heated milk mixed with 5% glucose solution (ratio 1: 3),10% egg-yolk of final concentration added. 3.Glucose-yolk—5% glucose solution mixed with egg-yolk in ratio of 7: 3 or 8: 2. In each ml.of extenders 500-1000 I.U.of penicillin,500-1000μg.of streptomycin and 1-3 mg.of sulfanilamide included.

本研究是在1961年猪精液保存試验的基础上从改变保存液成分进一步提高精子的存活能力。共进行了三个实驗,在第一实驗中比較了6种成分不同的保存液在13—18℃下保存猪精液的效果。第二实驗和第三实驗是測定保存液中卵黄和制菌物质的适当含量。在三个实驗中,由两头公猪分別采取10,12和12次的精液,并将每次精液以样品平分法进行不同处理。稀释比例均为1:2。第一实驗的結果說明,精子在奶-檸-糖-黄保存液中的存活时間最久(373.6×17.3小时),存活指数亦最大(140.4±5.4)。在保存期間,精子活率此在其他数种保存液中維持較高的水平,保存4天活率仍在0.6以上。奶-糖-黃液Ⅱ及糖-黄液的效果虽然較上述一种为差,但优于共他三种奶-檸-黄液。第二实驗的結果确定在糖-黄液中当卵黄含量为20—30%时,所得結果最好,而在奶-檸-糖-黄液中,則以10—20P6的卵黄含量較为适当。第三实驗說明,在保存液中需要按一定的量同时添加青霉素、鏈霉素和氨苯磺胺三种制菌物质才能得到較好的結果。一般說来,每毫升保存波中上述三种制菌物质的适当含量分別为500—1000单位,500—1000微克,1—3毫克. 根据本研究的結果,在通...

本研究是在1961年猪精液保存試验的基础上从改变保存液成分进一步提高精子的存活能力。共进行了三个实驗,在第一实驗中比較了6种成分不同的保存液在13—18℃下保存猪精液的效果。第二实驗和第三实驗是測定保存液中卵黄和制菌物质的适当含量。在三个实驗中,由两头公猪分別采取10,12和12次的精液,并将每次精液以样品平分法进行不同处理。稀释比例均为1:2。第一实驗的結果說明,精子在奶-檸-糖-黄保存液中的存活时間最久(373.6×17.3小时),存活指数亦最大(140.4±5.4)。在保存期間,精子活率此在其他数种保存液中維持較高的水平,保存4天活率仍在0.6以上。奶-糖-黃液Ⅱ及糖-黄液的效果虽然較上述一种为差,但优于共他三种奶-檸-黄液。第二实驗的結果确定在糖-黄液中当卵黄含量为20—30%时,所得結果最好,而在奶-檸-糖-黄液中,則以10—20P6的卵黄含量較为适当。第三实驗說明,在保存液中需要按一定的量同时添加青霉素、鏈霉素和氨苯磺胺三种制菌物质才能得到較好的結果。一般說来,每毫升保存波中上述三种制菌物质的适当含量分別为500—1000单位,500—1000微克,1—3毫克. 根据本研究的結果,在通常容易得到而易于控制的溫度——13—18℃下(在保溫瓶中裝以冶水,在凉爽季节可在室溫下),应用下列三种保存液可以有效的保存猪精子。保存三天后精子仍具有0.5以上的活率,可作为授精之用。 1.奶-檸-糖-黄液——加热处理(92°—95℃,10分钟)牛奶,2.9%二水檸檬酸鈉溶液,5%葡萄糖溶液等量混合再添加占最終容量10—20%的卵黄。 2.奶-糖-黃液Ⅱ——加热处理牛奶与5%葡萄糖溶液按1:3混合再添加占最終容量10%的卵黄。 3.糖-黄液——5%葡萄糖溶液与卵黄按7:3或8:2相混合。以上三种保存液每毫升添加青霉素500—1000单位,鏈霉素500—1000微克,氨苯磺胺1—3毫克。

Several experiments were carried out during the last few years on the improvement of conception rate for increasing the hinny productions—a crossbreed between the stallion and jennet. Twenty eight jennets were used in the investigations of 1957 and a factorial design was employed to study the effect of "mixed semen" and blood-injection upon the conception rate. The conception rate was only 28.5% of the 14 animals which were inseminated with semen of the stallion and it was raised to 64.3% for the remaining jennets,...

Several experiments were carried out during the last few years on the improvement of conception rate for increasing the hinny productions—a crossbreed between the stallion and jennet. Twenty eight jennets were used in the investigations of 1957 and a factorial design was employed to study the effect of "mixed semen" and blood-injection upon the conception rate. The conception rate was only 28.5% of the 14 animals which were inseminated with semen of the stallion and it was raised to 64.3% for the remaining jennets, inseminated with the "mixed semen" of jack and stallion. This jack semen had previously been treated with heat at about 55℃ for 10 minutes, and then followed by pulverization of the spermatozoa. In the same investigations the effect of the injection of horse blood was analyzed. Successive injections of 20-40 ml of horse blood subcutaneously at about one-week intervals started 45 days before the insemination were given to one-half of these 28 jennets, and the other half remained intact. The conception rate of the injected was 42.9% and that of the non-injected was 50%, which including the stallion semen and the "mixed semen" insemination for the both treatments. The injection of horse blood therefore had no effect on the rate of conception whereas one animal died after this treatment. During 1958-59 and 1961-62 further investigations were made on the effect of the insemination of "mixed semen". One hundred and ten jennets were inseminated with the stallion semen and 121 jennets, with the "mixed semen". The conception rate of the former group was 27.3% and that of the latter was 52.7%. This confirmed our earlier result.

由于公马配母驴(繁殖驴骡)的受胎率低,因此自1957—59,1961—62五年中进行了几次试验,探求提高受胎率的途径。在1957年试验中,用28匹母驴研究了“混精”授精及在母驴体内注射马血对受胎率的影响。在马驴“混精”中,驴精在加入马精以前先水浴加温至55℃,10分钟,再将精子磨碎。结果是用马精授精的14匹母驴,受胎率为28.6%;其余用“混合精液”受精的14匹母驴,受胎率为64.3%。在此同一试验中,也分析了注射马血对受胎率的影响。有14匹母驴从配种前45天开始,每周皮下注射属血20—40毫升,受胎率为42.9%;其余14匹母驴未注射马血,受胎率为50%。(在这两种处理的母驴中都包括有马、驴“混精”和马单精的母驴。)在母驴体内注射马血不但对提高受胎率并无影响,而且还产生不良作用,有一匹母驴因注射马血而死亡。 1958—59及1961—62四年的继续试验中,用精子已被杀死的驴精液加入马精液中“混精”授精母驴121匹次,其受胎率为52.7%,用马精液授精的母驴110匹次,共受胎率为27.3%。进一步藐明“混精”可以提高公马配母驴的受胎率。

~~

一、本试验在筛选和比较国外六种牛精液常温保存液的基础上,改制成一种既不需要通CO_2处理,又适于20—25℃较高常温下保存牛精液的方法,保存液配方是:蒸溜水100毫升,二水柠檬酸钠2.3克,氨苯磺胺粉0.3克。先加热到100℃,冶却后再加入蜂蜜1.0克,过滤后再加热到50℃,冷却到室温后加青霉素10万单位,链霉素100毫克和新鲜卵黄10毫升。共pH为6.65,冰点下降度为-0.562℃,在20—25℃室温下保存牛精液,活力为0.5的保持天数为5~7天,总存活时间达9.7天。这种保存液简称为:卵—柠—蜜液。二、用本保存液1:20~1:30稀释牛精液,在20—25℃保存2.5—4.0天,授精母牛49头,情期受胎率为59.2%;同惯用的卵黄—柠檬酸钠液在5—10℃低温保存1—2天的精液授精母牛40头,情期受胎率为47.5%相此,差异显著(p<0.01)。三、本试验对于卵—柠—蜜液中蜂蜜种类不同的保存效果曾做了对比。初步结果表明:只要蜂蜜纯、品质好,尚未看出蜜源及其色调不同,对精液保存效果有显著影响。但对共授精效果的差异,尚待进一步观察。

 
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