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慢性
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  chronic
    Research on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in acute and chronic myocardial ischemia
    急慢性心肌缺血心肌细胞凋亡的机制研究
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    The Study of Cerebral Tissue Channel in Normal,Acute and Chronic Hypertensive Rats
    正常与急慢性高血压大鼠脑组织通道的研究
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    Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of vascular endothelial growth factor B induces angiogenesis in chronic ischemic myocardium
    腺病毒介导血管内皮生长因子B基因转染慢性缺血心肌血管新生的研究
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    Intervention Studies on ACEI and β-blocker in Chronic Heart Failure
    慢性心力衰竭的ACEI和β受体阻滞剂干预研究
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    Study on the Mechanism of Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Hypertension in Rats
    慢性间歇低氧诱发大鼠高血压发病机制的研究
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  “慢性”译为未确定词的双语例句
    DNA Microarray Study of the Molecular Mechanisms of CML
    基因芯片技术在慢性髓细胞性白血病分子机制中的研究
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    Proteomic Study of Protein Kinase Cε Signaling Complexes in Rat Myocardium during the Development of Hypertrophy, Reversing Hypertrophy and Heart Failure
    心肌肥厚、肥厚—逆转和慢性心力衰竭心肌中PKCε信号复合物的蛋白质组学研究
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    Remodeling of Gap-junctional Proteins, Connexin40 and Connexin43, in Human Valvular Permanent Atrial Fibrillation.
    人类心脏瓣膜病慢性心房颤动心肌中缝隙连接通道CX43和CX40的重构
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    Study on T Lymphocyte Recognition of Tumor Antigens on Autologous CML Cells
    T淋巴细胞识别自体慢性髓系白血病细胞肿瘤抗原的研究
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    GASTRIC MUCORMYCOSIS COMPLICATING PEPTIC ULCER OF STOMACH—A REPORT OF 4 CASES
    慢性胃溃疡合并胃毛霉菌病四例报告
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  chronic
To investigate the expression of JWA after hemin and (or) thermal stress exposure, we treated K562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia cells) cells with different doses of hemin and thermal stress using different exposure times.
      
Clinically, 36.9% (15/41) were categorized as first onset type, 36.9% (15/41) were chronic persistent and 26.8% (11/41) were chronic recurrent.
      
Effect of renal function and hemodialysis on the serum tumor markers in patients with chronic kidney disease
      
It has been recently shown that some tumor markers are higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in the normal population.
      
The 232 non-dialysis patients with CKD and 37 chronic uremic patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this study.
      
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The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic...

The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic attacks, and inflammatory signs in the pharynx and tonsils were observed in 58.6% of the attacks. The antistreptolysin O titer was above 250 units in 80% of the cases examined. Among the clinical manifestations arthritis and carditis were most common, occurring in 55.7% and 49.9% respectively, while arthralgia without frank inflammatory signs was noted in 30% of the attacks. The incidence of arthritis was lower in the cases with chronic valvular defects than in cases without. In 29% of the cases ECG abnormalities constituted the sole clinical evidence of carditis. Since prolongation of P-R interval or higher grades of atrioventricular block are relatively common in rheumatic fever and other manifestations of rheumatic carditis like murmurs, cardiac enlargement, pericarditis and heart failure are equally non-speclfic, it is suggested that a-v block be included as evidence of carditis rather than considered as a minor manifestation if one adopts Jones' criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. In the presence of chronic valvular disease frank arthritis was uncommon and signs of carditis were often masked by those of valvular defects so that in 38.5% of cases the diagnosis of rheumatic activity had to depend upon a combination of clinical and laboratory signs generally concidered as minor rheumatic manifestations according to Jones' criteria.

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导...

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作者等认为,P-R间期延长或更高度的房室傳导阻滞,若发見于有鏈球菌感染之后的年青患者,应作为急性风湿性心炎的診断依据之一。 6.在已有慢性心瓣病的病例中,有38.5%得根据Jones氏診断标准中的几項次要表現而診断为风湿活动。 7.366例中58.5%有风湿热的复发,其中半数发生子初发以后的第一年內。住院期的当时病死率为6.5%。

Chromosome analysis of metaphases from bone marrow cells or cul-tured peripheral blood lymphocytes of 15 patients with blood disorderswas carried out. The final diagnoses of 12 patients were confirmed aschronic myeloid leukemia(CML). The clinical diagnoses of another 2 pa-tients were acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and the other 1 was secondarypolycythemia. Cytogenetically, the Ph~1 chromosomes were found among 11 of 12 pa-tients with CML, the mean of Ph~1 positive cells was 72.3%. The presenceof Ph~1 chromosomes...

Chromosome analysis of metaphases from bone marrow cells or cul-tured peripheral blood lymphocytes of 15 patients with blood disorderswas carried out. The final diagnoses of 12 patients were confirmed aschronic myeloid leukemia(CML). The clinical diagnoses of another 2 pa-tients were acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and the other 1 was secondarypolycythemia. Cytogenetically, the Ph~1 chromosomes were found among 11 of 12 pa-tients with CML, the mean of Ph~1 positive cells was 72.3%. The presenceof Ph~1 chromosomes in 2 cases with AML was emphasized and their diag-noses were discussed in detail. The percentage of Ph~1 positive cells in thecase of so called secondary polycythemia was 69.4%, the revised diagno-sis of this case was more likely to be polycythemia vera.

对15例血液病患者进行了骨髓或外周血培养细胞的染色体观察。15例中12例临床确诊为慢性粒细胞白血病,2例诊断为急性粒细胞白血病,1例为继发性红细胞增生症。在12例慢性粒细胞白血病中,11例Ph~1染色体为阳性(阳性率平均为72.3%),1例为Ph~1阴性;2例急性粒细胞白血病患者的骨髓中期分裂细胞具Ph~1染色体者分别占1/4及1/5,其中1例还发现微小体;1例继发性红细胞增生症患者,70%的骨髓中期分裂细胞为Ph~1染色体阳性,并发现染色体碎裂细胞。

The authors have studied the effect of altitude hydoxia on health and labour ability of 191 young male subjects at 4,500m. above sea level.The changes of some physiological parameters were determined on these subjects, staying at 4,340m above sea level for 4 months and after their coming back to 2,800m. The results showed that after residing at 4,300m.for 4 months, owing to the influence of altitude hypoxia for a long time, the heart rate increased about 17-26% than that of subjects at sea level,SaO2% decreased...

The authors have studied the effect of altitude hydoxia on health and labour ability of 191 young male subjects at 4,500m. above sea level.The changes of some physiological parameters were determined on these subjects, staying at 4,340m above sea level for 4 months and after their coming back to 2,800m. The results showed that after residing at 4,300m.for 4 months, owing to the influence of altitude hypoxia for a long time, the heart rate increased about 17-26% than that of subjects at sea level,SaO2% decreased to 85-75%, and labour ability lowered about 20-30%. It was also found that 40% of them had changes in ECG, with the main character showing increment of right heart load and right ventricular hypertrophy. The blood pressure of all tested subjects fell down more or less. About 20% persons usually had chronic mountain inadaptative symptoms such as headache, dizziness, insomnia and bad appetite which obviously influenced the physical and mental state of the subjects. After their coming back to the 2,800m, 70% persons with abnormal ECG recovered naturally in 1-2 months; 94% of them recovered in 6 months. After half year, about 6% of them not yet recovered, corresponding to 1.3% of the whole tested subjects.On the basis of investigation mentioned above, the authors have discussed the principle of labour hygiene and labour protection and proposed some measures for people working at altitude.

本文研究了海拔4340米高原低氧环境对163例男性青年健康和劳动能力的影响。结果表明,在到达海拔4340米地区施工4个月后,心率较平原增加17—26%,劳动时血氧饱和度降到76%以下,劳动能力下降20—30%,心电图出现以右心负荷过重与右室肥厚为主的异常者近40%,血压下降,约20%的人常有头痛头晕、睡眠不好及食欲减退等慢性高原反应症状。当他们回到海拔2800米地区以后,绝大多数人在半年内均恢复正常。作者据此讨论了高原劳动卫生与劳动保护的各项原则,并提出了相应的具体措施。

 
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