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   慢性 在 呼吸系统疾病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.686秒
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慢性     
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  chronic
    The Effects of CpG-ODN on Airway Remodeling and Expression of ADAM33 Gene in Chronic Asthmatic Mice
    CpG-ODN对慢性哮喘小鼠模型气道重塑及ADAM33基因表达的影响
短句来源
    Correlations between Cytology and Levels of Eotaxin, IL-8 the Sputum of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    支气管哮喘、慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者诱导痰液中Eotaxin、IL-8与气道炎症关系的研究
短句来源
    The Role of IL-5 and IL-8 in the Pathogenesis of Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis
    白介素-5、白介素-8在支气管哮喘和慢性支气管炎中的作用
短句来源
    Studies on Expression of HSP70, HSP90α and HSP90β mRNA in PBMC of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis
    热休克蛋白70、90α、90β mRNA在支气管哮喘与慢性支气管炎患者外周血单个核细胞中的表达研究
短句来源
    A DISCUSSION ON PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF SENILE CHRONIC BRONCHITIS BASED ON 42 DEAD CASES
    从42例死亡病例探讨老年性慢性支气管炎防治中的几个问题
短句来源
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  patients with chronic
    A Report on the Survival Rates of 366 Patients with Chronic Cor Pulmonale in 1 to 5 Years
    366例慢性肺心病1~5年存活情况报告
短句来源
    Detection of diaphragmatic fatigue with electromyography in patients with chronic obstructive emphysema
    膈肌肌电图检测慢性阻塞性肺气肿患者膈肌疲劳
短句来源
    Study on Mechanism of Erythrocytic Acid-base changes in Patients With Chronic Respiratory
    慢性呼吸衰竭病人红细胞内酸碱变化机制的研究
短句来源
    Studies on Immune Status in Adult Patients with Chronic Bronchitis
    慢性支气管炎病人免疫状态的研究
短句来源
    Amino Acid Metabolism in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Complicated with Acute Infection
    慢性阻塞性肺病并发感染时氨基酸代谢
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  and chronic
    Correlations between Cytology and Levels of Eotaxin, IL-8 the Sputum of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    支气管哮喘、慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者诱导痰液中Eotaxin、IL-8与气道炎症关系的研究
短句来源
    The Role of IL-5 and IL-8 in the Pathogenesis of Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis
    白介素-5、白介素-8在支气管哮喘和慢性支气管炎中的作用
短句来源
    Studies on Expression of HSP70, HSP90α and HSP90β mRNA in PBMC of Patients with Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis
    热休克蛋白70、90α、90β mRNA在支气管哮喘与慢性支气管炎患者外周血单个核细胞中的表达研究
短句来源
    Effects of L-arginine on pulmonary circulation andcerebral blood flow in acute and chronic hypoxic rats.
    L-精氨酸对急慢性缺氧大鼠肺循环和脑血流的影响
短句来源
    A Study on the Relationship between In-door Air Pollution and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Xuanwei County
    宣威县室内空气污染与慢性阻塞性肺部疾病关系的研究
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  chronicity
    Conclusion:、Increased activation of NF-κB might be the basis for chronicity of airway inflammation in asthma.
    结论:肺组织NF-κB过度激活可能是哮喘慢性气道炎症持续存在的基础;
    Methods 1∶1case_control study was made among adults and children,there were 40 cases in adult CVA group which were controlled with 40 cases with chronicity bronchitis,and 30 cases in child CVA group which were controlled with 30 cases with chronicity coughing after upper respiratory infection.
    方法 采用 1∶1病例对照研究 :成人CVA组 40例 ,慢性支气管炎 (简称 :慢支 )组 40例。 儿童CVA组 3 0例 ,上呼吸道感染后慢性咳嗽 (简称 :慢咳 )组 3 0例。
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  chronic
To investigate the expression of JWA after hemin and (or) thermal stress exposure, we treated K562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia cells) cells with different doses of hemin and thermal stress using different exposure times.
      
Clinically, 36.9% (15/41) were categorized as first onset type, 36.9% (15/41) were chronic persistent and 26.8% (11/41) were chronic recurrent.
      
Effect of renal function and hemodialysis on the serum tumor markers in patients with chronic kidney disease
      
It has been recently shown that some tumor markers are higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in the normal population.
      
The 232 non-dialysis patients with CKD and 37 chronic uremic patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this study.
      
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  patients with chronic
Effect of renal function and hemodialysis on the serum tumor markers in patients with chronic kidney disease
      
It has been recently shown that some tumor markers are higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in the normal population.
      
Electrical activity of the triceps surale muscle under static load in patients with chronic peripheral circulatory insufficiency
      
Estimation of short musical fragments in normal subjects and patients with chronic depression
      
Amiodarone-Induced Changes in Intracellular Ca2+ Homeostasis in the Atrial Myocardium of Patients with Chronic Coronary Insuffic
      
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  and chronic
Acute and chronic exposures to ethanol are accompanied by changes in structure and function of GABAA receptors.
      
In addition to having a key role in thrombogenesis, platelets are actively involved in acute and chronic inflammation: they induce the release of proinflammatory mediators, expose adhesion molecules, and recruit leukocytes.
      
Dynamics of Certain Parameters of Immunograms in Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Diseases with Regard to the Features of the Clin
      
Certain regularities in changes in immunograms in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases were analyzed.
      
Promoter polymorphism G-1607GG in the interstitial collagenase gene (MMP1) was studied in patients with COPD, bronchiectasis, and chronic nonobstructive bronchitis.
      
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  chronicity
Of the factors influencing this situation, the clinical aspects such as diagnosis, chronicity, recovery etc.
      
This led to secondary abnormalities in the patients' behaviour and to chronicity due to insufficient contact with the community.
      
The mental hospitalisation rates for Canadians of different European origins have been compared with allowance made for factors such as migrational status, provincial distribution, education and chronicity of illness.
      
The French-origin have a high overall rate and high chronicity, but this does not apply to the white-collar stratum or to the over-65s.
      
We would add the very importance and the chronicity of symmetrical relationships.
      
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  其他


43 cases of lobar pneumonia of aged patients were analysed.Apart from thefundamental clinical features of lobar pneumonia,the aged often show several chara-cteristics different from the young,such as(1)less typical clinical picture,(2)more symptoms of the nervous system and more arrhythmia,(3)resolution of thelesion on X-ray examination usually delayed,(4)usually associated with COPD,coronary heart disease and essential hypertension,(5)liability to have incorrectdiagnoses,(6)higher mortality.The mortality in...

43 cases of lobar pneumonia of aged patients were analysed.Apart from thefundamental clinical features of lobar pneumonia,the aged often show several chara-cteristics different from the young,such as(1)less typical clinical picture,(2)more symptoms of the nervous system and more arrhythmia,(3)resolution of thelesion on X-ray examination usually delayed,(4)usually associated with COPD,coronary heart disease and essential hypertension,(5)liability to have incorrectdiagnoses,(6)higher mortality.The mortality in our series was 11.63%.In treating such patients,potent broad-spectrum antibiotics,antipyretics andoxygen should be used more often.The dosage of antibiotics,sedatives,antipyreticsand the concentration of oxygen should be carefully selected.The associated diseasesshould be treated simultaneously.

老年人大叶性肺炎与青壮年比较,缺乏典型临床表现者较多。前者神经症状、发绀、心律失常较多见,肺部阴影消散较慢,合并症多,较易误诊,病死率高。治疗时应掌握老年人机体变化的特点,慎重选择抗菌素、退热剂和镇静剂的种类及剂量。治疗肺炎时兼顾其他慢性疾病。

A study of the maximal expiratoryflow volume (MEFV) curves of 168cases of chronic obstructive pulmonarydiseases (COPD) was made. Severalordinary pulmonary function tests(FVC,FEV_(1.0), MMEF and FEF_(75~85%))were determined. The patientsconsisted of 59 cases (men 33, women26) of chronic bronchitis, 45 cases(men 25, women 20) of emphysemaand 64 cases (men 34, women 30) ofcor pulmonale. The method used was the same asthe one previously used "the point-measured method". The means andSD of the measured values wereobtained...

A study of the maximal expiratoryflow volume (MEFV) curves of 168cases of chronic obstructive pulmonarydiseases (COPD) was made. Severalordinary pulmonary function tests(FVC,FEV_(1.0), MMEF and FEF_(75~85%))were determined. The patientsconsisted of 59 cases (men 33, women26) of chronic bronchitis, 45 cases(men 25, women 20) of emphysemaand 64 cases (men 34, women 30) ofcor pulmonale. The method used was the same asthe one previously used "the point-measured method". The means andSD of the measured values wereobtained from this determination foreach index according to disease andsex groups. Also their means ofpredicted values and the normal lowerlimits were estimated from the regres-sion equations made by the authors.Thus, their means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to predictedvalues were calculated. There were significant differencesbetween the means of FVC, FEV_(1.0),and V_(25) in chronic bronchitis, FVCin emphysema and all indices in corpulmonale; but no significant differ-ences in the means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to predictedvalues except FVC in emphysema inwhich p<0.05. Using the means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to the pre-dicted values, we grossly made therange of diagnosing COPD with expiredV_(50) and V_(75): Chronic bronchitis>65%, emphysema between 65 and30% and cor pulmonale<30%. The shapes of MEFV curves ofchronic bronchitis were essentiallynormal, while in emphysema and corpulmonale, the decending parts ofMEFV curves became flat and convextoward the volume axis. The positionof the peak flow rate (PFR) in chronicbronchitis was normally located inexpired 20~25% VC. while in emphy-sema and cor pulmonale it appearedbefore expired 10% VC. This indicatedsome pathological changes in elasticrecoil of lung and small airways.

本文报导用“点值法”测定168例慢性阻塞性肺部疾病(COPD)老年患者的MEFV曲线。发现男女之间同种病例以实测值占估计值百分数的均数表示无显著差异(P>0.05)。采用实测值占估计值的百分数,本测定初步订出用呼出V75和V50诊断COPD的范围为:慢性支气管炎大于65%,肺气肿为65~30%,肺心病小于30%。

A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria isolated...

A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria isolated from the exudate of the tracheostomy wound were quite similar in kinds and antibiotic Sensitivity to those isolated from TTA. These seemed to suggest that the bacteria of the lower respiratory tract came from the upper respiratory tract, the tracheostomy wound, the contaminated medical apparatus or the surroundings.The pathogenicity of these bacteria in the lower respiratory tract varies with the host immunological status. They could be innocent when the patient is in good condition, but would cause a severe infection when host defence is further compromized.The clinical significance of the presence of bacteria in the lower respiratory tract of COPD patients following tracheostomy and measures to prevent lower respiratory infection in such patients were discussed.

本文报道14例慢性阻塞性肺病呼吸衰竭气管切开后,下呼吸道分泌物创面渗出液菌群检查的结果。分离所得均为鼻、口、咽部、皮肤正常菌群或病室环境中的常有菌种,如金黄色葡萄球菌、绿脓杆菌等。下呼吸道菌种可能是上呼吸道的正常菌群或气管切开创面菌种的下行播散,或由于器材消毒以及无菌操作技术不够严格导致交叉感染。病情稳定时,这些细菌可长期寄居于下呼吸道而并无危害,在不利条件下才增生繁殖导致肺部严重感染。结合资料分析,讨论了这些菌群的临床意义,并提出气管切开后防治下呼吸道感染的意见。

 
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