There is a big difference between indoor temperatures and outdoor ones in winter and summer, which leads the energy to flow into and out of the rooms in the form of heat. The energy consumed by heating and air conditioning facilities supplenments the lost energy.

In this model,the energy approach is utilized and the crack extension resistance is decomposed into three parts: the surface energy needed to overcome in the extension of cracks in the hardened cement paste,the energy consumed to resist the cohesive traction of fine aggregate in fracture zone,and the energy dissipated to overcome the cohesive traction of coarse aggregate in fracture zone.

Dissipated energy due to axial plastic deformation is proportional to that of lateral plastic deformation and the proportional coefficient is dependent on inclination angle of shear band.

According to the actual measured value of shear band inclination,the dissipated energy of axial plastic deformation is greater than that of lateral plastic deformation.

As flow compressive stress approaches zero,the dissipated energy by shear band,the dissipated energies of axial and lateral plastic deformations attain their maxima.

Bigger inclination angle of shear band leads to bigger dissipated energy of lateral plastic deformation and smaller dissipated energy of lateral plastic deformation.

1. The history and actuality of damping research is reviewed, damping energy dissipation is defined, and the sources and classification of structural damping energy dissipation is analysed.

A method of energetic analysis has been presented based on the theory of conservation ofenergy,using the upper bound theory,to analyse the whole stability of slope supported,that is,the work done byexterhal forces should be equal to the rate of energy dissipation for slope deformation and absorbed by thesustaining structure. According to the analysis,the equation of the factor of safety is given.

By means of numerical simulation with MATLAB software,a damping force hysteresis loop is presented,and the influence of displacement amplitude,temperature and dimensions on damper's characteristics such as equivalent secant stiffness,energy dissipation for each cycle and equivalent damping ratio is investigated.

Energy consumed for soil formation and efficiency of solar energy utilization have been comparatively evaluated for various soil types in natural landscapes of Georgia.

As the amount of energy consumed during the mechanical treatment of powders increased, the value of the heat effect rose synchronously with the degree of amorphization.

Generation of a nonaxisymmetric, predominantly toroidal magnetic field in the convective layer of the Sun is considered assuming that the process is related to a decrease in the energy consumed for the convective heat transfer.

The useful work of separation and the minimum energy consumed in the reversible separation process were evaluated based on a thermodynamic analysis.

Twelve healthy, non-obese males and females (age: 26±2, BMI: 21.4±0.5, habitual fat intake: 29±1% energy) consumed a low-fat diet for 6 days (day 1-6) followed by a high-fat diet for 7 days (day 7-13).

Depending on the electrical strength of the load, the generator produces voltages of up to 50 kV, the dissipated energy of the pulse is up to 200 J, and the pulse repetition rate is up to 100 Hz.

For the dissipated energy W and the clock rate f, it is found that W ～ fαC1 + αΣ as f tends to infinity, where α is essentially less than unity.

The magnitudes of elastic modula, pinning strength, dissipated energy, viscous friction of the vortexes, and pinning potential were calculated.

Evaluation of the computation capacity of a classical computer under the assumption that the switching rate of such devices is exponentially dependent on the dissipated energy leads to a conclusion that contradicts the real situation.

Solving this system of equations leads to a power dependence of the switching rate on the dissipated energy, which is confirmed in practice.

In order to raise the tractive efficiency of a Boat-Tractor further, according to a point of view about reducing energy consumption by reducing the volume of blade cavity, we have put forward an imagination of four feet walking Boat-Tractor and a walking device has been designed and manufactured with two feet and four small wheels preliminarily. It moves on the rails of a paddy soil bin to simulate the tractive performance of a Boat-Tractor in the paddy field. In this paper, we have analysed on it kinematically...

In order to raise the tractive efficiency of a Boat-Tractor further, according to a point of view about reducing energy consumption by reducing the volume of blade cavity, we have put forward an imagination of four feet walking Boat-Tractor and a walking device has been designed and manufactured with two feet and four small wheels preliminarily. It moves on the rails of a paddy soil bin to simulate the tractive performance of a Boat-Tractor in the paddy field. In this paper, we have analysed on it kinematically and dynamically. Because it can guarantee the blade foot in and out of the soil vertically, and eliminates the functions of the soil compression and picking by the blade entirely, so the volume of the blade cavity can be reduced to minimum and the efficiency of the walking system has been raised considerably. Thus we consider that if is feasibly to adopt a four feet walking mechanism in Boat-Tractor.

In this paper,a computer simulation methodis used to calculate and analyse thecoil energy-recovery loops under different coil face velocities,different coil rows,dif-ferent capacity-rate ratios of water to air,different air flow rate ratios of fresh airto exhausted air, different fresh air and exhausted air temperatures,and different ex-hausted air humidity ratios.Based on the resets of the calculation and analysis,apractical calculation method and curves for the design of coil energy-recovery loopsare given...

In this paper,a computer simulation methodis used to calculate and analyse thecoil energy-recovery loops under different coil face velocities,different coil rows,dif-ferent capacity-rate ratios of water to air,different air flow rate ratios of fresh airto exhausted air, different fresh air and exhausted air temperatures,and different ex-hausted air humidity ratios.Based on the resets of the calculation and analysis,apractical calculation method and curves for the design of coil energy-recovery loopsare given so as to simplify the design calculation of coil energy-recovery loops.

In order to improve the aseismic ability of high-rise steel buildings, an energy absorption brace device based on friction is presented in this paper.Based on the tests,the working mechanism of this device has been explored preliminarily.The working behavior, hysteretic characteristics and influencing factors are analysed. The results show that this energy absorption brace devioe can dissipate more ground energy and is very efficient in increasing the structural ductility. Another important thing is that the...

In order to improve the aseismic ability of high-rise steel buildings, an energy absorption brace device based on friction is presented in this paper.Based on the tests,the working mechanism of this device has been explored preliminarily.The working behavior, hysteretic characteristics and influencing factors are analysed. The results show that this energy absorption brace devioe can dissipate more ground energy and is very efficient in increasing the structural ductility. Another important thing is that the stress in brace can be controlled to keep in elastic stage.