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年度费用
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  annual cost
     On the basis of comparative principles of engineeringeconomics, this paper has made an analysis of the technologyand operation properties of auxiliary brakes of drilling rigs. With the help of the theory and methods of the service lifecharges and annual cost, the paper also has come up enginee-ring economic rules for designing, manufacturing and selectingeddy current brake and hydraulic brake with automatic water-level regulating device.
     从技术经济比较原理出发,结合石油矿场实际,分析了钻机辅助刹车的工艺特性和操作特性,用全寿命费用和年度费用的理论和方法,提出了设计制造和选择使用电磁涡流刹车与带水位自动调节装置的水刹车的技本经济原则,具有实用价值。
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     The IMS software system can be used in computer aided overall design of warehouse to define bin sizes,rack dimensions on basis of static as well as dynamic analysis of the rack,work out investment and annual cost and make comparison among vairous design alternatives with the output of computational results.
     立体仓库总体设计应用计算机软件IMS系统,可完成确定货格尺寸、静态法确定货架尺寸、动态法确定货架尺寸、投资和年度费用计算、设计方案比较和设计结果输出等
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     Taking the concrete equipment in subsidiary company of Enterprises Development Company of SPC as example,this paper analyzed the economic life,annual cost oi equipment with dynamic eco -tech index,namely,time value of capital,aiming to provide basis for decision - making in selecting optimal renewal period of equipment and rational renewal scheme.
     为 此,运用动态经济技术指标即资金的时间价值,以企发公司下属企业具体设备为例,分析设备的经济寿命、年度费用,为设 备选择最佳报废更新期以及合理的更新方案提供决策依据
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  “年度费用”译为未确定词的双语例句
     presents the load rate mathematical model and its calculation method for the transformer.
     提出了计算配电变压器经济负载率的数学模型和计算方法,并以此为依据,提出了配电变压器额定容量选择的新方法─—年度费用最小法。
短句来源
     After the prediction, taking the lowest value of ship cargo and port (berth) expenses per year (AAC)as target function the mixed integral optimizing model is applied to derive the most reasonable shiptype, line and berth from the view point of system engineering. At the same time.
     在预测未来的客货运量之后,从系统工程的观点出发,以船、港(泊位)、货平均年度费用(AAC_综)的最小值为目标函数,应用混合整数优化模型优化出合理的船型、班期和泊位。
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     Abstract Methods for economical assessment of water treatment technologies including static economical estimation and annual equivalent cost calculation are conducted from the eminent economical estimation procedures for the technologies in other fields
     根据一些国际上有影响的对其它技术的经济评价方法,得出水处理技术的静态经济评价方法和等效年度费用计算法。
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     Studying the initial investment ,the running cost and the energy consumption of different kinds of refrigerators in the present price give the point that direct fired (coke oven gas)lithium─bromide absorption chiller is only used widely in the district of rich coke oven gas.
     对三种热动力源直燃型溴化锂冷温水机组 ,从机组的初投资、运行费用和年度费用三个方面进行了技术经济比较 ,得出的结论是直燃 (焦炉煤气 )溴化锂冷温水机组目前只能在焦炉煤气富裕的地区推广应用
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     In this paper,a reasonable maintaining plan and strategy for replacing diesel are put forward; that means to set up a mathematical pattern of maintaining plan,to optimize a function with year-cost as the lowest target and to extract the optimum moment for renewal diesel.
     并提出一种合理的计划维修和更新柴油机策略 ,即建立计划维修的数学模型 ,以年度费用最低为目标函数进行优化 ,求出更新柴油机的最佳时间。
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     Crashing Costs
     粉碎费用
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     the charges is high;
     费用高;
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     Method: Using the annual tables of comprehensive hospitals in Shanxi Province, to analyze the expenditure and its composition.
     方法:利用陕西省综合医院的年度报表,统计分析病人的费用及构成。
短句来源
     Study on the Synthesis Rules of Minimizing Annual Cost of Heat Exchanger Networks
     最小年度费用换热网络综合的匹配规则研究
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     Events in Greece
     希腊的年度大事
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  annual cost
The objective function is the total annual cost (TAC).
      
Ways of reducing the annual cost of production are sought (by 40.5 million rubles in plant growing and by 13.7 million rubles in animal husbandry).
      
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health problem in the US that afflicts at least 2% to 4% of middle-aged Americans and incurs an estimated annual cost of 3.4 billion dollars.
      
The annual cost to treat prostatitis is approximately $84 million.
      
It results in enormous societal burden, including the need for joint replacement at an annual cost to the community of billions of dollars.
      
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  annual expenditures
Among women with no comorbid urinary diagnoses, approximately 11% ($769; SD $1180) of total mean regression-adjusted annual expenditures ($6892; SD $5067) was attributable to UI.
      
We concluded that after diagnosis, annual expenditures for patients were roughly twice those in the year prior to diagnosis.
      
In spite of increasing annual expenditures for flood control, losses from flooding continue to rise in the United States.
      
We find that total annual expenditures are $4,027 higher for about-to-be-widowed households compared to otherwise comparable continuously married couples.
      
Average annual expenditures per youth for outpatient therapy were greater for youth with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.
      
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  annual charge
A separate annual charge is agreed for each project based on full cost recovery.
      
For multifamily units, there is a $150 per unit annual charge.
      
There is an annual charge for administration costs payable to your CAIS Administration.
      
The fixed commitments this farm could afford to carry to minimize downside risk would appear to be an annual charge of $150 per hectare.
      
Whilst an annual charge is levied on parking spaces, there are rebates for electric and LPG vehicles.
      


On the basis of comparative principles of engineeringeconomics, this paper has made an analysis of the technologyand operation properties of auxiliary brakes of drilling rigs.With the help of the theory and methods of the service lifecharges and annual cost, the paper also has come up enginee-ring economic rules for designing, manufacturing and selectingeddy current brake and hydraulic brake with automatic water-level regulating device.

从技术经济比较原理出发,结合石油矿场实际,分析了钻机辅助刹车的工艺特性和操作特性,用全寿命费用和年度费用的理论和方法,提出了设计制造和选择使用电磁涡流刹车与带水位自动调节装置的水刹车的技本经济原则,具有实用价值。

A set of methods for optimizing the characteristic elements of sea-transportation systems of coal in China are presented in this paper.It consistsof three steps:(1)Based on the queueing theory in combination with theMonte Carlo experimental method sea-transportation operations for a specialroute are simulated.Variables considered in this step are ship's demensions,number of berths and their capacity,type of loading/unloading facilities andtheir rate.Through calculation,the relationships between ship,berth andloading/unloading...

A set of methods for optimizing the characteristic elements of sea-transportation systems of coal in China are presented in this paper.It consistsof three steps:(1)Based on the queueing theory in combination with theMonte Carlo experimental method sea-transportation operations for a specialroute are simulated.Variables considered in this step are ship's demensions,number of berths and their capacity,type of loading/unloading facilities andtheir rate.Through calculation,the relationships between ship,berth andloading/unloading facilities are revealed.(2)The goal programming methodis used to study the entire coal sea-transportation system in multi-route cases.The goals concerned in this step are AAC,investment amounts and steelconsumption according to the concept of goal preference.Changes of resultsare also discussed when the structures of goals are changed.(3) Based on theabove two steps,the main demensions of ships are optimized in detail interms of the nonlinear programming method.It can be seen from the resultsthat most of the ships are short and full with C_B>0.8,B/T>3.0,5.0

提出一种分三个层次优选我国煤炭海运系统特征元素的方法.(1)在特定航线上,结合蒙特卡洛试验分析,用排队理论随机模拟船舶的营运,对煤炭运输进行系统仿真,分析中的变量参数有:船舶尺度、泊位个数与规模、装卸机械的型式和装卸率.通过计算,揭示了船舶、装卸机械和泊位的内在关系;(2)在多航线情况中以目标规划的方法对沿海煤炭运输系统整体进行规划研究,以平均年度费用、投资量、钢材消耗等为目标,按照目标优先等级的概念进行了列式解算,并且讨论了目标结构变化时解的结构变化;(3)进一步对单船船型进行了优化计算,发现船的方形系数多数超过0.8,B/T在3.0以上,L/B 在5.0~6.0,即船舶向肥短方向发展,航速较低,约13节左右.

The paper carries out a quantitative analysis on the passanger—cargo capacity of the ro—ro transportation. Multi—principle hinterland dividing method and gravity model are used in the estimation of cargo capacity where the induced transportation capacity caused by the reduced transportation period was taken into consideration. Whereas a grey model is used in the prediction of passanger transportation. After the prediction, taking the lowest value of ship cargo and port (berth) expenses per year (AAC)as target...

The paper carries out a quantitative analysis on the passanger—cargo capacity of the ro—ro transportation. Multi—principle hinterland dividing method and gravity model are used in the estimation of cargo capacity where the induced transportation capacity caused by the reduced transportation period was taken into consideration. Whereas a grey model is used in the prediction of passanger transportation. After the prediction, taking the lowest value of ship cargo and port (berth) expenses per year (AAC)as target function the mixed integral optimizing model is applied to derive the most reasonable shiptype, line and berth from the view point of system engineering. At the same time. traditional passanger-eargo ship is also taken as one of the schemes in the comparison of the economy between passenger/ro—ro ship and passenger/cargo ship, Finally, calculations are carried out with the Dalian/ Yantai, Dalian/Tianjin and Yantai/Tianjin course as examples.

本文首先从理论上对滚装运输的客货量进行定量分析研究。作者应用多准则腹地划分方法和重力模型估算货运量,此时考虑了由于运输时间缩短而产生的诱发运量;而对客运量则采用灰色模型预测。在预测未来的客货运量之后,从系统工程的观点出发,以船、港(泊位)、货平均年度费用(AAC_综)的最小值为目标函数,应用混合整数优化模型优化出合理的船型、班期和泊位。同时,将传统的客货船也作为一种船型方案,以便客滚船与客贷船的经济性比较。最后,以渤海湾地区的大连—烟台、大连—天津和烟台—天津等3条航线为例进行了计算。

 
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