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尿道
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  urethra
    Posterior urethra valves in children: diagnosis with cysto-urethrography and effect of ballooning therapy
    儿童后尿道瓣膜造影诊断及球囊治疗
短句来源
    Review of Prolapse of Urethra in Children
    小儿尿道粘膜脱垂(附31例分析)
短句来源
    Five adult patients, aged 16-24, were treated with elongation of anterior urethra for hypospadias of penile type.
    应用前尿道延伸法治疗5例成人阴茎型尿道下裂,年龄16~24岁。
短句来源
    Satisfactory results were achieved in all of the cases, the elongation of anterior urethra was up to 4.0-5.5 cm.
    前尿道可以延伸4~5.5cm。 5例手术结果满意。
短句来源
    There were 15 cases of pure anorectal injuries, 17 cases of complicated injuries including 7 cases of pelvis fracture, 10 cases of urethra impairment, 2 cases of vagina impairment, two cases of bladder impairment and two cases of spleen rupture.
    单纯肛门直肠损伤15例,合并伤17例,其中骨盆骨折7例、尿道损伤10例、阴道损伤2例、膀胱损伤2例、脾破裂2例。
短句来源
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  urethral diverticulum
    6 patients had concomitant meatal stenosis and urethral diverticulum after previous hypospadias repair.
    尿道下裂术后并外口狭窄及假性尿道憩室 6例。
短句来源
    Results The whole series have been followed up for 6 months to 14 years. Normal urination was achieved in 187(89%),incomplete urinary incontinence in 17,still with perineal urethrostomy in 5,and intermittent catheterization needed in 1.Posterior urethral diverticulum with chronic epididymitis persisted in one. Conclusions Appropriate initial treatment is important for the management of traumatic posterior urethral injury.
    结果  2 10例随访 6个月~ 14年 ,获正常排尿 187例 (89% ) ,有不全尿失禁 17例 ,会阴尿道造瘘尚未修复 5例 ,需清洁间歇导尿 1例。
短句来源
  “尿道”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Urethro-vesical Reflux
    尿道膀胱反流的临床研究
短句来源
    The Application of Mitrofanoff Channel in Neurogenic Cystourethral Dysfunction of Children (Report of 25 cases)
    神经原性膀胱尿道功能障碍中Mitrofanoff通道的应用(附25例报告)
短句来源
    For sphincterinnervation, S~ is the most dominant, which provided 43.4% of total pressure uprising, S~ plus S2 provided 76.7%.
    S1单独提供了尿道压力增高值的43.4%,S_1+S_2提供了76.7%。
短句来源
    Group B (98 patients) had 1 superficial surgical site infection, 1 postoperative pneumonia and 2 low urinary tract infection with a 1% wound infection rate and an overall infection rate of 4.1%;
    术前用抗生素组98例,术后切口表浅感染1例(1%)、肺感染1例(1%)和下尿道感染2例(2%),总的术后感染率为4.1%;
短句来源
    Group C (100 patients) had 2 superficial surgical site infection, 2 postoperative pneumonia and 1 lower urinary tract infection with a 2% wound infection rate and an overall infection rate of 5%.
    术后用抗生素组100例,术后切口表浅感染2例(2%)、肺感染2例(2%)和下尿道感染1例(1%),总的术后感染率为5%。
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  urethra
On a Theory of the Infusion Method of Measuring the "Opening Pressure" in the Urethra
      
At rest the muscles which control the urethra (urine duct) are contracted and its lumen is practically equal to zero over its entire length.
      
To open the urethra, a mechanical effort (due, for example, to a pressure rise in the bladder) must be applied.
      
A widespread method of estimating the "blocking capability" of the urethra consists in inserting a catheter with lateral perforations near the end.
      
The problems of theoretical biomechanical studies of the urine formation and excretion system (urinary system), from renal filtration to urine motion in the urethra, are reviewed.
      
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  urethral diverticulum
Ventral urethral diverticulum in a 10 year old girl
      
All were found to have a posterior urethral diverticulum thought to represent the remains of the original rectourethral fistula accompanying the high rectal atresia.
      
A urethral diverticulum is one treatable cause of urinary symptoms in children with high anorectal malformations, and should be considered when symptoms recur late after definitive surgical correction of the malformation.
      
Twelve women with a presumptive clinical diagnosis of a urethral diverticulum underwent VCUG followed by DBU, and the radiological data from each modality were compared.
      
In 4 of 12 patients (33.3%) VCUG completely failed in demonstrating the diverticulum, whereas DBU showed a large complex diverticulum in 2 patients and a distinct mid-urethral diverticulum in 2 patients.
      
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Forty one cases of double vertical fracture-dislocation of the pelvis are analysed. Thirty seven (90%) of them had various kinds of concomitant injuries: hemorrhagic shock 22 (53.7%), injury of genitourinary organs 16 (39%), injury of the enteric tract 5 (12%), fractures and/or dislocations at other sites 20(48.8%), and injury of the sacrolumbar nerve 11(26.8%), as well as lacerations of soft tissuesEight victims (19.5%) died: four died of hemorrhagic shock during resuscetation, two expired as a result of uncontrolable...

Forty one cases of double vertical fracture-dislocation of the pelvis are analysed. Thirty seven (90%) of them had various kinds of concomitant injuries: hemorrhagic shock 22 (53.7%), injury of genitourinary organs 16 (39%), injury of the enteric tract 5 (12%), fractures and/or dislocations at other sites 20(48.8%), and injury of the sacrolumbar nerve 11(26.8%), as well as lacerations of soft tissuesEight victims (19.5%) died: four died of hemorrhagic shock during resuscetation, two expired as a result of uncontrolable hemorrhage at exploratory surgery, two succumbed to acute ranal failure and sepsis respectively after operation. Thirty three cases were cured while many of them had been complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrom, acute renal failure, stress ulcer, traumatic psychosis, urithralstricture, decubitus ulcers, gangrene of foot and thrombophlebitis of leg.

本组分析41例骨盆垂直双骨折—脱臼。37例(90%)合并其他损伤;出血性休克22例(53.7%),泌尿生殖器伤16例(39%),肠道伤5例(12%),其他骨折脱臼20例(48.8%),腰骶神经伤11例(26.8%)以及大块软组织撕裂伤等等。8例(19.5%)死亡,6例死于急性出血性休克,2例分别死于急性肾功能衰竭和败血症。33例治愈,但并发病较多:急性呼吸功能衰竭、急性肾功能衰竭、应激性溃疡、外伤性精神病、尿道狭窄、褥疮、足坏死和小腿栓塞性静脉炎等等。

Since 1978, 4 cases of complicated stricture of posterior urethra by retropubic urethra-vesieal anastomosis have been performed. All had complete stricture of the posterior urethra and were complicated with fracture of pelvis. The age of the patients ranged from 10 to 50. Before operation, they had suprapnbic cystostomy drainage which maintained for 1 to 8 years. The length of their posterior urethra stricture ranged from 3.5 to 7 cm. The results of operations were excellent in 3, but poor in one case which...

Since 1978, 4 cases of complicated stricture of posterior urethra by retropubic urethra-vesieal anastomosis have been performed. All had complete stricture of the posterior urethra and were complicated with fracture of pelvis. The age of the patients ranged from 10 to 50. Before operation, they had suprapnbic cystostomy drainage which maintained for 1 to 8 years. The length of their posterior urethra stricture ranged from 3.5 to 7 cm. The results of operations were excellent in 3, but poor in one case which became stricture again due to wound infection. We consider retropubic urethra-vesical anastomosis to be a valuable procedure for the complicated stricture of the posterior urethra.

1978年以来,我们已施行耻骨后坠道套接吻合治疗复杂性后尿道狭窄4例。所有病例都是由于骨盆骨折合并后尿道完全性狭窄。年龄范围是10岁至50岁,手术前已置放耻骨上膀胱造瘘1~8年。后尿道狭窄长度为3.5至7厘米。3例手术后效果很好,1例由于手术后伤口感染而重新狭窄。2年10月后再作经耻骨劈开途径作尿道与膀胱颈部再吻合术而治愈。

In June 1981 and Jan 1982, totally lost penis was reconstructed with free skin flap from forearm in two cases respectively. The vessels of vascular pedicles were anastomosed to the femoral artery and the branches of saphenous vein. In the first case, skin graft was used for urethral reconstruction. In the second case part of forearm skin flap was "use(?) to construct the urethra and the other part of this flap was used for the body of penis, and a piece of cartilage was inserted in between the two layers, the...

In June 1981 and Jan 1982, totally lost penis was reconstructed with free skin flap from forearm in two cases respectively. The vessels of vascular pedicles were anastomosed to the femoral artery and the branches of saphenous vein. In the first case, skin graft was used for urethral reconstruction. In the second case part of forearm skin flap was "use(?) to construct the urethra and the other part of this flap was used for the body of penis, and a piece of cartilage was inserted in between the two layers, the operations being completed in one stage. These operations were successful, the patients have satisfactory outward looks of the penis and good urinary stream during micturition.

本文报道应用游离皮瓣(取自前臂)为2名阴茎全缺损患者进行了阴茎再造手术。皮瓣血管蒂分刖与股动脉及大隐静脉吻合。其中一例之尿道采用游离皮片制成,另一例则将前臂皮瓣之一部分内卷形成。手术一期完成,术后外观满意,排尿通畅。

 
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