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尿道     
相关语句
  urethra
    Posterior urethra valves in children: diagnosis with cysto-urethrography and effect of ballooning therapy
    儿童后尿道瓣膜造影诊断及球囊治疗
短句来源
    Review of Prolapse of Urethra in Children
    小儿尿道粘膜脱垂(附31例分析)
短句来源
    There were 15 cases of pure anorectal injuries, 17 cases of complicated injuries including 7 cases of pelvis fracture, 10 cases of urethra impairment, 2 cases of vagina impairment, two cases of bladder impairment and two cases of spleen rupture.
    单纯肛门直肠损伤15例,合并伤17例,其中骨盆骨折7例、尿道损伤10例、阴道损伤2例、膀胱损伤2例、脾破裂2例。
短句来源
    Cutting perineal skin flap with stalk about 1.5cm×2.5cm~2.0cm×5.0cm,prepure flap about 1.5cm×3.0cm~2.5cm×4.0cm. First,each was turned into skin tube,then they were used as a urethra.
    裁取带蒂会阴皮瓣约1.5cm×2.5cm~2.0cm×5.0cm,包皮皮瓣约1.5cm×3.0cm~2.5cm×4.0cm各制管道,成形尿道
短句来源
    Results There were 19 cases with uret hra fistula and 1 case with external orifice stricture of urethra.
    结果 术后发生尿瘘 19例 ,尿道外口狭窄 1例 ,总成功率 90 .2 %。
短句来源
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  urethral
    Urethral Injury in Girls:A Report of 6 Cases
    女孩尿道损伤(附6例报告)
短句来源
    Incidence of complication was 11.5%(7 /61),including 3 cases of urinary fistula,3 cases of urinary meatus stenosis and 1 case of urethral orifice retraction.
    并发症发生率11.5%(7/61),其中尿瘘3例、尿道外口狭窄3例,尿道口退缩1例。
短句来源
    Congenital anterior urethral valve in the infant (Report of 3 cases)
    小儿先天性前尿道瓣膜3例报告
短句来源
    Urethral duplication in male children: 5 cases reported
    男性儿童尿道重复畸形五例报告
短句来源
    Preservation of urethral plate in hypospadias repair
    保留尿道板手术在尿道下裂治疗中的应用
短句来源
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  urethral diverticulum
    Results:The examination suggested 5 cases existed anterior urethral valve,2 were associated with anterior urethral diverticulum.
    结果:检查提示5例前尿道瓣膜,2例并发前尿道憩室。
短句来源
    Methods: Five cases of CHV(age range: 8 months8 years) were treated from 1988 to 1996. All of the patients presented with dysuria after birth. Voiding urethrocystography (VUC) was performed on 4 cases. A filling defect of the posterior urethra was found in all patients and anterior urethral diverticulum in one.
    方法:对1988~1996年6月收治的8个月~8岁精阜增生症5例,行排尿性膀胱尿道造影(VCU)检查4例,均发现后尿道有充盈性缺损,其中1例合并前尿道憩室。
短句来源
    The author reviewed 300cases of hypospadias treated with urethroplasty in our hospital,urethral calculus accurred in 21 cases. All of the 21 cases had complications of urethral stricture,urethral diverticulum formation and chronic infection of urinary tract.
    回顾我院1978年~1995年手术治疗尿道下裂300余例,术后出现尿道结石21例,所有病例均合并有尿道狭、憩室及慢性感染。
短句来源
    6 patients had concomitant meatal stenosis and urethral diverticulum after previous hypospadias repair.
    尿道下裂术后并外口狭窄及假性尿道憩室 6例。
短句来源
    Results The whole series have been followed up for 6 months to 14 years. Normal urination was achieved in 187(89%),incomplete urinary incontinence in 17,still with perineal urethrostomy in 5,and intermittent catheterization needed in 1.Posterior urethral diverticulum with chronic epididymitis persisted in one. Conclusions Appropriate initial treatment is important for the management of traumatic posterior urethral injury.
    结果  2 10例随访 6个月~ 14年 ,获正常排尿 187例 (89% ) ,有不全尿失禁 17例 ,会阴尿道造瘘尚未修复 5例 ,需清洁间歇导尿 1例。
短句来源
  urethral meatus
    Four cases with fistula,1 case with chordee,urethral meatus stricture in 1 case. Overall,the complication rate was 28.5%.
    术后尿瘘4例,阴茎下曲、尿道口狭窄各1例,总并发症发生率28.5%。
短句来源

 

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      urethra
    On a Theory of the Infusion Method of Measuring the "Opening Pressure" in the Urethra
          
    At rest the muscles which control the urethra (urine duct) are contracted and its lumen is practically equal to zero over its entire length.
          
    To open the urethra, a mechanical effort (due, for example, to a pressure rise in the bladder) must be applied.
          
    A widespread method of estimating the "blocking capability" of the urethra consists in inserting a catheter with lateral perforations near the end.
          
    The problems of theoretical biomechanical studies of the urine formation and excretion system (urinary system), from renal filtration to urine motion in the urethra, are reviewed.
          
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      urethral
    The catheter enters the bladder and is then removed at a constant velocity while a fluid is constantly pumped (infused) into it by a syringe pump at a steady rate and then flows out through the gap between the catheter and the urethral wall.
          
    Substantial new findings have been published on alternatives to urethral catheters and new catheter materials.
          
    In a newborn with anal atresia and urethral valves an incomplete VACTERL association, was diagnosed and a colon anus praeter was placed.
          
    Evoked urethral and anal responses are produced by electrical stimulation of penis, bladder neck and anus.
          
    Evaluation of vesico-urethral and sweating function in disorders presenting with parkinsonism
          
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      urethral diverticulum
    Ventral urethral diverticulum in a 10 year old girl
          
    All were found to have a posterior urethral diverticulum thought to represent the remains of the original rectourethral fistula accompanying the high rectal atresia.
          
    A urethral diverticulum is one treatable cause of urinary symptoms in children with high anorectal malformations, and should be considered when symptoms recur late after definitive surgical correction of the malformation.
          
    Twelve women with a presumptive clinical diagnosis of a urethral diverticulum underwent VCUG followed by DBU, and the radiological data from each modality were compared.
          
    In 4 of 12 patients (33.3%) VCUG completely failed in demonstrating the diverticulum, whereas DBU showed a large complex diverticulum in 2 patients and a distinct mid-urethral diverticulum in 2 patients.
          
    更多          
      urethral meatus
    Simultaneous measurements inside and outside the urethra at different levels above the external urethral meatus showed that an intra-abdominal pressure rise was transmitted via the pre-urethral space to the urethra.
          
    A case is presented in which attempted catheterization of the urethral meatus resulted in the inadvertent catheterization of the cervical os.
          
    Visualization of the urethral meatus is a requisite for successful catheterization of infant females and young girls.
          
    Blood at the urethral meatus was the most reliable indicator of prostatomembranous disruption (49 of 50; 98%), and pelvic fracture was also present in 98% of these patients.
          
    During ultrasound examinations (endovaginal and vulvar), the prepubien and its movements are easily visible in the space located between the external urethral meatus and the clitoris.
          
    更多          


    In a series of 60 duplex kidneys, there were 48 with ectopic ureter, 7 with ureterocele, 4 with giant hydroureter, 6 with renal hypoplesia and one with hydronephrosis. There were 2 male and 58 female with the age raning from 4 months to 13 years. Left sided 36 , right sided 24. The clinical manifestations were: dripping incontinence in 48 cases, urinary infection in 10, abdominal mass in 6 , dysuria in 5 and prolapse of ureterocele in 4. The diagnosis was usualy made on intravenous urography. Excision of uppen...

    In a series of 60 duplex kidneys, there were 48 with ectopic ureter, 7 with ureterocele, 4 with giant hydroureter, 6 with renal hypoplesia and one with hydronephrosis. There were 2 male and 58 female with the age raning from 4 months to 13 years. Left sided 36 , right sided 24. The clinical manifestations were: dripping incontinence in 48 cases, urinary infection in 10, abdominal mass in 6 , dysuria in 5 and prolapse of ureterocele in 4. The diagnosis was usualy made on intravenous urography. Excision of uppen renal pole with the corresponding ureter was performed in 51 cases. Nephrectomy was done in 7. All of the 59 eases recovered satisfactorily except the one in whom there were still some abnormal findings in her urine.

    60例重复肾中,48例合并输尿管口异位,7例合并输尿管囊肿,4例伴巨大输尿管积水,5例合并肾发育不良,1例为肾积水。年龄4个月~13岁。临床表现:滴沥性尿失禁48例,尿路感染10例,腹部包块6例,排尿困难5例,尿道口有肿物脱出4例。诊断主要依靠IVU。58例经手术治疗,其中51例作患侧上肾部及输尿管切除,7例行患侧肾切除。术后除1例尿内仍有异常外,均恢复满意。

    This paper reports 5 cases of congenital urethral diverticulum in male patients.Among then,1 ease was saccular diverticulum and 4 were globular. Spontaneous rupture of the diverticulum in 1, associated calculi in 2,VUR 1 and hydronephrosis 2. All patients cured after operation. The incidence, symptoms, diagnosis and treat ment were discussed. Diverticulectomy and urethroplasty would be the treatment of choice. But a preliminary external drainage should be done in case of perforation or infection.

    男孩先天性尿道憩室5例,其中囊状憩室1例,球形憩室4例。对本症发病、症状、诊断及治疗作了讨论。认为切除憩室修补尿道的手术治疗为好;憩室发炎或穿孔时宜先作造瘘,待炎症消退后再作根治术。

    A retrospective analysis of urethral fistula in recent 6 years was made in order to choose a proper procedure for repair. There were 117 cases who received 155 urethral fistula repairs which were performed at least 6 months after the previous operation. The method of repair was chosen mainly on the size of the urethral fistula , so it was divided into two groupos: small fistula and larger one. Seventy-three cases were cured by one operation (successful rate: 62. 4%). Large fistula required urethroplasty including:...

    A retrospective analysis of urethral fistula in recent 6 years was made in order to choose a proper procedure for repair. There were 117 cases who received 155 urethral fistula repairs which were performed at least 6 months after the previous operation. The method of repair was chosen mainly on the size of the urethral fistula , so it was divided into two groupos: small fistula and larger one. Seventy-three cases were cured by one operation (successful rate: 62. 4%). Large fistula required urethroplasty including: Duplay's (23), Thiersch's(19).Duckett's(3) .Denis-Browne's(11). Mathieu's ( 3),A them, Duplay's and Thiersch's were the common methods. The result of Thiersch's was better than Duplay's result(P<0. 05 ).Small fistulas were repaired by:1.ligation of the fistula (18).2. suturing of fistula and skin (55), 3. Suturing of the fistula and closing of skin by Y-V flap(23) which would cover the suture line of fistula with better results.Suture material and skillfulness of the operator were also the important factors.

    总结尿道下裂尿道成形术后尿瘘117例。一次修补成功率62.4%,其中大瘘为52.4%,小瘘70%。大尿瘘修补用Duplay、Thiersch、Duckett、Denis-Browne、Mathieu等尿道成形术。小瘘用结扎法、简单切开缝合法、Y-V皮瓣覆盖尿瘘修补法。对各种方法的应用指征、手术效果、术前术后的处理及影响手术的因素作了探讨。

     
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