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目前的研究现状
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  present situation of this research
     This paper focuses on summarizing the main theoretical achievements on the "Double Type" vocational Teaching staff construction problems in the chief journals of our domestic vocational education,and analysis on the present situation of this research in order to provide some theoretical inspiration for the research and its practice in the construction of "Double Type" vocational Teaching staff.
     本文通过总结国内职业教育研究主流学术刊物中的关于“双师型”师资队伍建设问题研究的主要理论成果,分析目前的研究现状,旨在为加强“双师型”师资队伍建设提供一些理论与实践的启迪。
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  “目前的研究现状”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The biological activities of IL-26 are mediated by signaling through receptors IL-26R and IL-20R1/IL-10R2,and result in activation of STAT1 and STAT3.IL-26 is believed to be related to many diseases,though it needs more experimental confirmations.
     它通过IL-26受体(IL-26R,IL-20R1/IL-10R2)的介导而激活STAT1和STAT3,从而发挥生物学活性。 从目前的研究现状来看,IL-26可能与多种疾病有关,但还有待于更多的实验研究证实。
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     Secondly, the significance of establishing CSI and its present situation in research areelaborated.
     其后,介绍了CSI建立的意义和目前的研究现状,这也凸现出本次研究的重要意义。
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     However, there is few research conducted on the combination of urban tourism and landscape ecology theory now according to the present research situation and the analysis of the research framework of the landscape ecology.
     但是从目前的研究现状和景观生态的研究框架分析可知,城市旅游与景观生态理论的结合研究目前还比较少,只有应用景观生态学的核心理念—“斑廊基”理论对城市旅游空间做出表述模型,才能依照景观生态学的研究框架,深入地研究城市旅游的各个方面。
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     The paper reviews the research on springback of bending, discusses the methods of controlling springback and points out the questions to be solved urgently.
     本文综述了前人对弯曲回弹问题的研究工作和研究成果,简述了弯曲回弹控制的方法,最后基于目前的研究现状,提出了弯曲成形回弹研究有待于进一步解决的问题。
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     Generation of intracavity multi-wavelength and the basic principle of sum-frequency lasers are discussed, and the current research status and development of laser diode pumped lasers are introduced in detail.
     讨论了腔内多波长的产生与和频激光器的基本原理,并介绍了激光二极管泵浦腔内和频激光器目前的研究现状及发展趋势。
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     In this paper, actuality of research for scenario generation has been introduced;
     介绍了想定生成目前研究现状;
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     Ropinirole: Current status of the studies
     罗匹尼罗目前研究现状
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     On the Present Status of Bovine Spongy Encephalopathy Researches
     疯牛病研究现状
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     The APO's Researching Status Quo
     细胞凋亡研究现状
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     THE PRESENT SITUATION OF LIVER CANCER RESEARCH
     肝癌研究现状
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The plow bottom surface has been studied variously and in a great quantity by the foreign and native researchers. This paper, in reviewing the past processes of those studies, discussed with regard to three problems, i.e. the theoretical problem in the designing of plow bottom surfaces, the methods of designing of plow bottom surfaces, and the problem of establishing a unified designing equation. The paper proposed at last an initial conception of further development of plow bottom surface studies, This conception...

The plow bottom surface has been studied variously and in a great quantity by the foreign and native researchers. This paper, in reviewing the past processes of those studies, discussed with regard to three problems, i.e. the theoretical problem in the designing of plow bottom surfaces, the methods of designing of plow bottom surfaces, and the problem of establishing a unified designing equation. The paper proposed at last an initial conception of further development of plow bottom surface studies, This conception includes: ( 1 ) The result of researches based on the furrow-slice movement on plow will be used as a starting point of further study;2) bettween the promotion of plowing quality and lowering energy consumption, the main object is the latter; 3) the purpose of the studies is to establish a unified designing equation, this equation should be able to optimize the designing, under conditions that the stub be covered and the furrow-slice be pulverized by action of plow and, being an objective function, the energy consumption(resistance) should be minimized; ( 4 ) in view of the state of current studies, the research work should be started from experiments, finding reasonable modeling of design and other experimental design methods, or studying the processes of plowing, attemptingto use soil-mechanics and hydro-mechanics theory; ( 5 )in order that the experimental research to be proceeded effectively testing techniques and equipments of urgent necessary are proposed.It is the view of this paperthat the various approaches of research started inthis country are not only acceptable but also necessary to promote the rapiddevelopment of research works.

中外学者对犁体曲面曾经进行过多方面的、大量的研究工作。本文仅就三个问题,即犁体曲面设计的几个理论问题,犁体曲面设计方法问题,和建立统一的设计方程问题,回顾了研究工作的进展,本文最后提出了我们进一步开展犁体曲面研究工作的初步设想。达个设想包括:(1)把建立在土垡运动基础上的研究成果,作为进一步研究的出发点;(2)在提高犁耕质量和能量消耗方面,以降低能量消耗为主;(3)以建立统一的设计方程为目标。这个方程应以残茬覆盖和垡片破碎为约束条件,以能量消耗(或阻力)最小为目标函数,实现优化设计;(4)鉴于目前的研究现状,研究工作应首先从实验研究入手,寻求合理的模拟设计方法和其它经验设计方法,也可尝试应用工程土壤力学和流体力学原理,进行犁耕过程的研究;(5)为使实验研究有效地进行,提出了一些急需的实验技术和实验装置的研制项目。 本文认为,目前国内已经开展起来的多种研究途径,不仅是可行的,对于推动研究工作较快地取得进展,也是非常必要的。

Robust system design is one of the most important current research areas in control theory. Time domain method is a very prosperous direction. In this overview, authors first look back on its development briefly, then represent main contributions to this field and comment some advantages and drawbacks existing in hitherto various definitions of robust indices and their correspondent design methods. Based on this discussion, authors expound their own opinions about the outlook of this research area.

鲁棒系统的设计方法是当前控制理论中最重要的前沿课题之一。时域方法是其中的一个重要组成部分,也是近年来非常活跃的一个研究方向。本文用不大的篇幅较为全面地回顾了其发展并介绍了目前的研究现状,评述和讨论了各种鲁棒指标的定义及设计方法的优缺点。在总结的基础上,阐述了笔者对这一研究领域发展前景的展望。

Functionally gradient material(FGM) was a new concept developed by Japanese scientists six years ago. The two sides of FGM are composed of different kinds of materials with different properties to face harsh conditions. While the composition and micro-structure of the materials between the two parts are changing gradiently that there are no interfaces inside FGM. In this way, we can eliminate the non-matching factors of properties in linking parts. This kind of materials will find wide applications and high...

Functionally gradient material(FGM) was a new concept developed by Japanese scientists six years ago. The two sides of FGM are composed of different kinds of materials with different properties to face harsh conditions. While the composition and micro-structure of the materials between the two parts are changing gradiently that there are no interfaces inside FGM. In this way, we can eliminate the non-matching factors of properties in linking parts. This kind of materials will find wide applications and high service value in astronautic technology and nuclear industry. This paper describes the design idea of FGM, the advances on the study of FGM, and the work on FGM conducted by ourselves. Different preparation methods are reviewed and compared.

梯度功能材料是五年前由日本科学家提出的新概念和新思想,其两侧由不同性能的材料组成,以对付苛刻的使用环境;而中间部分的组成和结构又是连续变化的,使其内部界面消失,以减小和克服结合部位的性能不匹配因素。这类材料在航天事业和核工业中有看广阔的应用前景和极高的使用价值。本文着重介绍了梯度功能材料的设计思想、目前的研究现状、以及我们在这方面做的一些工作。并综述和比较了各类制备工艺技术。

 
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