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  from inside
     The length of internal auditory is 9.85±0.91mm, and the thickness from inside to outside of back wall of internal auditory is 7.82-3.86mm.
     内耳道长度9.85±0.91mm,内耳道后壁厚度由内向外为7.82~3.86mm。
短句来源
     The single peptide of Bt- R3 protein is a a helix which orients from inside to outside, and the transmembrane domain is also a helix which orients from outside to inside.
     Bt-R3受体蛋白最前端的信号肽是一个由内向外a螺旋,跨膜区域(TMD)是一个由外向内的a螺旋。
短句来源
     According to Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXD), the C/Ti ratio decreases from inside to outside of the coating and the layer structure of diamond-TiC-Ti forms.
     用X射线小角掠射分析了镀层深度层次上的物相变化规律,镀层由内向外,生成的TiC的C/Ti原子比逐渐减小,形成金刚石-TiC-Ti的结构。
短句来源
     Architectural design should experience two-way process both from inside to outside and from outside to inside.
     建筑设计应经历由外到内和由内到外的双向过程,表现建筑与城市环境的关系,使个体建筑的理想形式和实际的都市纹理达到互动与契合,取得最佳的环境效益。
短句来源
     The outer mineral texture of jadeite materials is nearly same to inner's and the granularity of mineral becomes smaller from from inside to outside.
     原石表面的结构多与内部翡翠的结构相同,略微有所差别,结构从内到外表现出比较一致的连续性,矿物颗粒大小由内至外逐渐变小。
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  from the inside
     Nevertheless his love life and his social political activities after his "chang" can also be interpreted from the inside to the outside through his poetic disposition.
     即便是“转变”后的创作、爱情生活和社会政治活动也能够从其诗骚性情作由内而外的解释。
短句来源
     So, efforts should be made to actively explore the ways and methods to prevent moral risks in the spirit of "from the easy to the difficult, from the surface to the center, from the bottom to the top, from the form to the spirit, from the inside to the outside and from the near to the far" by perfecting governance mechanism, innovating incentive methods, fostering governance culture, stressing external governance and share structure.
     为此,必须遵循“由易到难、由表及里、由下而上、由形入神、由内向外、由近至远”六大原则,从完善治理机制、创新激励手段、培育治理文化、注重外部治理和重构股权结构等方面入手,积极探索抑制国有商业银行道德风险的有效方法与路径。
短句来源
     Perfectly combining the rationality of dwelling unit type with beautiful appearance and creating the amenity of living space from the inside to the outside are problems needed to be resolved in housing design.
     如何在住宅设计中将户型合理与外型美观完美地结合在一起,如何创造由内而外舒适宜人的居住空间,是住宅设计需要解决的问题。
短句来源
     The hardness and wear resistance of Al 20Si alloy FGM reduced gradually from the inside to the outside of the specimen, changed in gradient.
     材料内层硬度较高、耐磨性较好 ,由内向外硬度逐渐减小、耐磨性变差 ,呈梯度变化。
短句来源
     Referring to the surface temperature of fence and guards,it indicates that the interior surface temperature is higher than that on the outside surface,resulting in the heat transfer from the inside to the outside,even in the hottest period.
     从围护结构表面温度的测试结果看,内表面温度均高于外表面温度,说明即使在一年最热的时间段内,铝电解厂房的传热方向仍然是由内向外。
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  “由内”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The hardware platform mainly include AT89C55 with 20k bytes Flash, RTL8019AS and RTL8029AS, CPLD EPM7128S etc.
     硬件平台主要是由内带20k字节Flash的AT89C55,32k字节容量的RAM62256,网络接口芯片RTL8019AS和RTL8029AS,做PCI-ISA桥的CPLD EPM7128S等组成。
短句来源
     The hardware platform mainly includes AT89C55 with 20k bytes Flash, RTL8019AS, EPM7128S etc.
     硬件平台主要是由内带20k字节Flash的AT89C55,32k字节容量的RAM62256,网络接口芯片RTL8019AS,做PCI-ISA桥的EPM7128S等组成。
短句来源
     6% and 94% for Pb~(2+); 17% and 83% for Zn~(2+), respectively ; while the adsorption of Cd~(2+) is controlled only by internal diffusion.
     Pb~(2+)为6%,94%,对Zn~(2+)为17%,83%,而吸附Cd~(2+)完全由内扩散所控制。
短句来源
     THE SIMPLE GROUP ~2B_1(K) OF LIE TYPE CONSTRUCTED BY INNERAUTOMORPHISM
     由内自同构构造的李型单群~2B_1(k)
短句来源
     The hardware platform is composed of MCU W78E516B, Ethernet controller RTL8019AS, RAM 62256, network filter 20F-01, programmable logic chip ATF16V8B, etc.
     其硬件平台主要由内带64k字节Flash EPROM的微处理器W78E516B、以太网控制器RTL8019AS、32k字节容量的RAM62256、网络隔离变压器20F-01以及用于片选的ATF16V8B等器件组成。
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  from inside
A collimated beam of polychromatic radiation was directed onto the refracting face from inside under a small glancing angle .
      
This may be difficult from inside the nest cavity.
      
rotundigenitalis were removed from inside the operculum of Rhabdosargus holubi.
      
Private measures by which to ensure fundamental rights in present-day Russia: A view from inside
      
We consider a uniformly rotating isotropic plate whose cross-section is a two-connected domain bounded from the outside by a circle of radius R and from inside by an ellipse with semiaxes a and b.
      
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  from the inside
ppR has the ability of lightinduced proton transport from the inside to the outside.
      
The cell is excited from the inside by a coaxial lamp.
      
The possibility is studied of membrane treatment of liquid radioactive wastes from the inside premises of the Shelter to remove transuranic elements using ultra- and nanofiltration methods.
      
The problem of inspecting tubes and tubular articles from the inside in a nonuniform field of a through-type eddy-current transducer is considered.
      
The problem of inspecting tubes and tubular articles from the inside in a nonuniform field of a through-type eddy-current transducer is considered.
      
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In this paper a new method has been proposed for computing the potential functions of internal rotations.Applying this method,we have calculated the potential functions of several important molecules,such as 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane,1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane,n-butane,2-methyl butane,2,3- dimethyl butane,etc.All the calculated results agree with the experimental data. According to our theory,the potential functions of the three types of molecules CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CXY_2-CXY_2 and CX_2Y-CXY_2 are intimately...

In this paper a new method has been proposed for computing the potential functions of internal rotations.Applying this method,we have calculated the potential functions of several important molecules,such as 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane,1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane,n-butane,2-methyl butane,2,3- dimethyl butane,etc.All the calculated results agree with the experimental data. According to our theory,the potential functions of the three types of molecules CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CXY_2-CXY_2 and CX_2Y-CXY_2 are intimately related,if the poten- tial function of the first molecule is written as V_1(φ)=A_1+Bcosφ+Ccos2φ+D_1cos3φ. Then those of the second and the third will be of the following forms: V_2(φ)=A_2+Bcosφ+Ccos2φ+D_2cos3φ V_3(φ)=A_3-Bcosφ-Ccos2φ+D_3cos3φ where D_i~'s(i=1,2,3)can be calculated from the potential barriers of CX_3-CX_3, CY_3-CY_3,CX_3-CY_3 or similar kinds of molecules,while the A_i~'s are not important for actual problems. In this paper we have also discussed the structures of hydrazine,ethyl alco- hol,hydrogen peroxide,and the meso and active forms of the CXYZ-CXYZ type of molecules.Besides,we have pointed out that the potential functions of both the meso and the active forms of the CXYZ-CXYZ type can be calculated from those of the CX_2Y-CX_2Y,CY_2Z-CY_2Z and CZ_2X-CZ_2X types.

本文对分子内旋转问题作了以下的贡献:首先在理论上,提供了一种分子内旋转势函数的新的计算方法。这种新方法不仅理论上来得谨严,避免了以往旧方法中的一些缺点,而且比较简单,应用范围也因此比较广泛。其次,应用这种方法到一些具体问题,得到了下列结果:1.严格的得到了 Pitzer 方程,并估计了它的准确程度。2.证明了 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2X-CY_2X 和 CX_2Y-CXY_2内旋转势函数间的连系性,设第一种分子的势函数为V_1(φ)=A_1+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_1 cos 3φ第二和第三两种分子的势函数分别为V_2(φ)=A_2+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_2 cos 3φ和V_3(φ)=A_3-B cosφ-C cos 2φ+D_3 cos 3φ具体讨论了两类很重要的相关的分子:一类是 CH_2Cl—CH_2Cl、CHCl_2—CHCl_2和CHCl_2—CH_2Cl,另一类是 CH_2(CH_3)—CH_2(CH_3)、CH(CH_3)_2—CH(CH_3)_2和CH_2(CH_3)—CH(CH_3)_2。理论上得到的结果和实验全都符合。3.批判了以往一些人建议的乙醇的内旋...

本文对分子内旋转问题作了以下的贡献:首先在理论上,提供了一种分子内旋转势函数的新的计算方法。这种新方法不仅理论上来得谨严,避免了以往旧方法中的一些缺点,而且比较简单,应用范围也因此比较广泛。其次,应用这种方法到一些具体问题,得到了下列结果:1.严格的得到了 Pitzer 方程,并估计了它的准确程度。2.证明了 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2X-CY_2X 和 CX_2Y-CXY_2内旋转势函数间的连系性,设第一种分子的势函数为V_1(φ)=A_1+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_1 cos 3φ第二和第三两种分子的势函数分别为V_2(φ)=A_2+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D_2 cos 3φ和V_3(φ)=A_3-B cosφ-C cos 2φ+D_3 cos 3φ具体讨论了两类很重要的相关的分子:一类是 CH_2Cl—CH_2Cl、CHCl_2—CHCl_2和CHCl_2—CH_2Cl,另一类是 CH_2(CH_3)—CH_2(CH_3)、CH(CH_3)_2—CH(CH_3)_2和CH_2(CH_3)—CH(CH_3)_2。理论上得到的结果和实验全都符合。3.批判了以往一些人建议的乙醇的内旋转势函数经验式,从理论上提出了乙醇势函数的正确形式,并推断了乙醇的内旋转异构体。4.由内旋转势函数推得过氧化氢的结构,并推得联氨的可能结构,和实验结果相符合。并提供了一种实验方法,来判断联氨分子中的——因此也就是氨分子中的氮原子上独对电子的性格,是 s 还是 sp~3,或者接近于哪一种。 5.讨论了 CXYZ-CXYZ 内旋消式和活性式的内旋转问题,证明了它们的内旋转势函数,和 CX_2Y-CX_2Y、CY_2Z-CY_2Z 以及 CZ_2X-CZ_2X 的密切相关联。知道了后三者的势函数,前者的也就立刻可以计算。同时推测了 CXYZ-CXYZ内旋消式有两种内旋转异构体,活性式有三种,都以对位结构为最稳定。根据我们所讨论的,可以很清楚地看出:Pitzer 和 Crawford 等人所造的计算表已经不够用了。为了使得分子内旋转问题很好的向前发展,需要造一种以V_(φ)=A+B cosφ+C cos 2φ+D cos 3φ为内旋转势函数的计算表。

~~

本文主要内容包括:(1)扼要总结关于上理式涵管土压力理论,并提出马斯顿的修正公式;(2)简要总结关于土坝、土堤在横断面上的拱作用及其所引起应力分布的研究成果,本文着重探讨断面由内外部填土构成的土坝,提出这种土坝下竖向压应力分布的理论计算方法,这种压力分布当计算土坝下涵管土压力时,应予以考虑;(3)根据前二部分的探讨结果并结合某工程的具体情况,提出该工程土坝下涵管竖向压力的计算。

The arch type gravity dam has the advantage of , uniform distribution of stresses in it, and also, of higher compressive stresses near the heel at its base than that of ordinary gravity dam. It is anticipated that the arch type gravity dam will have greater factor of safety. Rupture tests have been made to study the overloading factors of the arch type gravity dam and to compare it with the ordinary gravity dam. In the paper, model similarity of rupture test is derived. The method of the tests is described....

The arch type gravity dam has the advantage of , uniform distribution of stresses in it, and also, of higher compressive stresses near the heel at its base than that of ordinary gravity dam. It is anticipated that the arch type gravity dam will have greater factor of safety. Rupture tests have been made to study the overloading factors of the arch type gravity dam and to compare it with the ordinary gravity dam. In the paper, model similarity of rupture test is derived. The method of the tests is described. Altogether twelve models have been tested: 2 of the ordinary gravity dam, 1 of the ordinary gravity dam with vertical construction joint, 9 of the arch type gravity dam divided into three groups. From the results of these tests, the following conclusion may be drawn: 1) The Overloading factor under rupture of the arch type gravity dam is 8%-19% higher than that of ordinary gravity dam. And the overloading factor, under rupture, of the ordinary gravity dam with vertical construction joint is 25%-30% lower than that of the ordinary gravity dam without vertical construction joint. Vertical construction joint, however, are always used in the ordinary gravity dams, but could be avoided in the arch type gravity dam. Therefore, the arch type gravity dam will have greater factor of safety than the ordinary gravity dam. 2) During the tests of rupturing the models, cracks occured at the upstream face of the ordinary gravity dam. As for the arch type gravity dam, cracks occured near the inner face of the arch. The cracks at the upstream face of the dam will greatly in crease the uplift pressure, thereby endangering the dam. Therefore, the way of cracking of the dam near rupture is also in favor of arch type gravity dam,

(一)重力坝超载破坏的原因是多方面的,而且比较复杂。本文讨论新型的腹拱式重力坝由于改善了结构特点和应力状态,对提高超载破坏能力的影响,并与相应的宽缝重力坝进行比较。(二)本文阐述了结构破坏的模型试验原理,并附带地提到地基连接条件及纵缝灌 浆条件的模拟。(三)对实验方法,模型制作,加载方法,量测方法,以及实验步骤进行了阐述。(四)根据上述原理和方法进行了十二组模型超载破坏试验,模型材料均采用砼, 比例尺为1:200,根据实验结果初步分析如下: 1)腹拱坝和同体积宽缝坝的超载能力,在其他条件相同时,腹拱坝较宽缝坝大 8%-19%,初步证明了腹拱坝具有较好的承载能力。 2)就腹拱坝而言,其坝体剖面形状对超载能力亦有颇大影响。实验结果,初步认 为腹拱高约占坝高1/3左右,倾角与合力线大致吻合(一般为60°-66°),拱顶曲率 适当减少,前后腿厚度比在1.2-1.4之间比较适宜。 3)坝体破坏的原因均由于主拉应力破坏,宽缝坝裂缝由外而内,腹拱坝则由内拱 向外裂开,因而在抵抗渗透的危险上腹拱坝亦有利。 4)对带有纵缝灌浆的宽缝坝进行的破坏试验说明,从缝对超载能力有一定影响,超载系数与同样的整体宽缝坝要低25-...

(一)重力坝超载破坏的原因是多方面的,而且比较复杂。本文讨论新型的腹拱式重力坝由于改善了结构特点和应力状态,对提高超载破坏能力的影响,并与相应的宽缝重力坝进行比较。(二)本文阐述了结构破坏的模型试验原理,并附带地提到地基连接条件及纵缝灌 浆条件的模拟。(三)对实验方法,模型制作,加载方法,量测方法,以及实验步骤进行了阐述。(四)根据上述原理和方法进行了十二组模型超载破坏试验,模型材料均采用砼, 比例尺为1:200,根据实验结果初步分析如下: 1)腹拱坝和同体积宽缝坝的超载能力,在其他条件相同时,腹拱坝较宽缝坝大 8%-19%,初步证明了腹拱坝具有较好的承载能力。 2)就腹拱坝而言,其坝体剖面形状对超载能力亦有颇大影响。实验结果,初步认 为腹拱高约占坝高1/3左右,倾角与合力线大致吻合(一般为60°-66°),拱顶曲率 适当减少,前后腿厚度比在1.2-1.4之间比较适宜。 3)坝体破坏的原因均由于主拉应力破坏,宽缝坝裂缝由外而内,腹拱坝则由内拱 向外裂开,因而在抵抗渗透的危险上腹拱坝亦有利。 4)对带有纵缝灌浆的宽缝坝进行的破坏试验说明,从缝对超载能力有一定影响,超载系数与同样的整体宽缝坝要低25-30%左右,破坏规律?

 
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